Online Education:

Online education is a learning tool which is delivered and administered through the use of internet. Online education is a flexible instructional conveyance system that provides any kind of learning that takes place via the Internet. Online education gives educators an option to reach students who may not be able to enroll in a face to face classroom course and supports students who want to work at their own pace and on their own schedule.

Resources for Online Education

In general, when taking an online education degree program we might go through resources like:

  1. EBooks;
  2. Journals;
  3. Videos;
  4. Recorded lectures;
  5. Quizzes;
  6. Discussion forums
  7. Live Q&A sessions; and
  8. Interviews.

The resources offered to us for online learning will depend on the institution where we take our online program. Some online learning programs may require us to order physical textbooks in advance by in the mail, but these are generally being phased out in favor of online Books and online-only methods of delivery.

For those institutions that have made the change to using 100 percent online materials, students can anticipate to study using a combination of cutting-edge technological resources with no need to go to campus to attend lectures, exams or personal discussion sessions.

School and course instructor will determine the pattern for each individual course and will select delivery methods that are best suitable for the course or program. What an Art History major needs to learn successfully online will totally different from what a Biology major needs.

Online education may be a completely new experience for students and teachers. If we are belonging to a more traditional learning background, read on to discover how to make the most of the study resources we may encounter in our online learning journey.

1. eBooks, textbooks & journals

These written resources are important materials in almost every course we will take when learning online.

Using the reading catalogue for each course, or on the advice of our course teacher, we will need to dedicate the amount of time we need to reading and understanding the topics in the literature. The main benefit of using this forum (particularly eBooks) is the fact that they are completely portable, allowing to study on the go from computer, phone or tablet.

Pro tip:

When a course or program is being researched, remember to check whether textbooks are included in tuition fees! We may have to pay additional for our textbooks, or they may be available as online Books from our institution’s library.

2. Recorded lectures

A necessary way of obtaining a large amount of information in a relatively short amount of time, lectures are a staple of online and campus-based learning. With online learning, we can take lectures from our bedroom and any place of our comfort.

Pro tip:

If we can make notes of the complete lecture; this will make it easier to review for exams, and any assignments we will need to complete throughout our course.

3. Interactive sessions

The greatest challenge that an online education provider has to face is how to replicate the in-person discussions that on-campus institutions can easily provide.

The possible solution of this problem is; Online degree programs often use a combination of discussion conventions and interactive question-and-answer sessions to give the interaction with other students and instructors we need.

Pro tip:

Before starting an interactive session or online discussion forum, make sure to read the rules and requirements; some institutions may require to create posts that have a minimum word count.

Students can expect to study using a combination of technological resources with no need to go to colleges and universities to attend lectures, exams or in-person discussion sessions.

How Will Online Education Be Delivered?

The course or module of learning resources will be provided through the institution’s online education environment or platform. The education platform will different depending on the software used, but it will usually consist of a central online platform that students can get from their personal PC, mobile or tablet.

One of the major advantage of utilizing resources that are given completely online is unending flexibility.

An online students can choose to access course information and complete their assignments at their own schedule. This allows the students to fit study time in around work, family and other commitments. This also means that students who want to continue work and study at a same time do not have to put their careers on hold. Get the best of both worlds.

How will online education be delivered

How is Online Education Assessed?

For those who are new to online education, this procedure can be intimidating. But there is no need to worry about it. Mostly, online institutions are experienced professionals, they will ensure that assessments are fair, comfortable, and designed to help us make the most of our learning experience.

Discover the types of assessments we are probably to encounter when taking an online degree program or course:

1. Individual Assignments

These are probably the technique of assessment that students will have the most experience with. For each assignment, students will receive their topic, word count and deadline. They will be required to produce a arranged, reasoned argument within the confines set out by their course instructor.

2. Discussion activities

Face-to-face discussions between friends and colleagues is something that we all do in our daily routine. However, an online academic discussion requires a different set of abilities, and might not come as naturally when we first start our online learning journey. You should not to worry about it, we will get the hang of it.

These activities will vary depending on the institution, but course instructor will generally start each discussion off with a question or topic for debate. Students then need to research the subject matter and post their replies to the task demonstrating their own knowledge and understanding. It will often end up in a debate with the ideas and views posted by fellow students.

3. Journal activities

As like discussion boards, journal activities are likely to be specific to online courses. A journal entry is an ongoing update giving the chance to reflect back on what learned during the period under review, and how to apply what is learned in the future. Online learning doesn’t take place in classrooms, and journal entries are straightforward ways for course instructors to get a understanding of how students are progressing through the course and if they are gaining knowledge in the right areas.

Unlike other assignments, it is acceptable to use a subjective, personal style of writing in journal entries and refer to yourself in the first person.

4. Exams

Exams are a key way to test learning. Institutions may choose to allow students to complete their exams on their own personal computer, in a location of their choosing. Because tutors have no way to oversee a virtual exam or test, they are typically open-book and open-note. As a viable alternative, many institutions will offer the option of completing ‘take-home’ examinations in the form of an essay or final assignment. Some institutions may use exam software like virtual proctors, or tools to monitor if you visit new web pages.

Students taking a degree program or an individual course online will still be tested at regular intervals throughout their study period to assess their understanding of the course materials.

how is online education assessed

Types of Online Education

These are the 10 different types of online education:

Computer Managed Learning (CML)

In the case of computer-managed learning (CML), also known as Computer Managed Instruction (CMI), computers are used to manage and assess learning processes. Computer managed learning systems operate through information databases. These databases contain bits of information which the student has to learn, together with a number of ranking parameters which enables the system to be individualized according to the preferences of each student.

As a result of two-way communication between the student and the computer, determinations can be made as to whether the student achieved their learning goals on a satisfactory level. If not, then the processes can be repeated until the student has achieved their desired learning goals.

Additionally, educational institutions use computer-managed learning systems for storing and retrieving information which aids in educational management. This could mean information such as lecture information, training materials, grades, curriculum information, enrolment information among others.

Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), also sometimes referred to as computer-assisted learning (CAL), is another type of online education which uses computers together with traditional teaching. This could mean interactive software for the students or the kind of training software used by Patrick Suppes of Stanford University in 1966.

Computer-assisted training methods use a combination of multimedia such as text, graphics, sound, and video in order to enhance learning. The primary value of CAI is interactivity. It allows students to become active learners instead of passive learners, by utilizing various methods such as quizzes and other computer-assisted teaching and testing mechanisms.

Most schools nowadays, both online and traditional, use different variations of computer-assisted learning to facilitate the development of skills and knowledge in their students.

Synchronous Online education

Synchronous online education enables groups of students to participate in a learning activity together at the same time, from any place in the world. Real-time synchronous online education often involves online chats and videoconferencing, as these tools allow training participants and instructors to ask and answer questions instantly while being able to communicate with the other participants.

This kind of community-oriented online learning has been made possible with the rapid development of online learning technologies. Before the invention of computer networks in the 1960s, truly synchronous online education was practically impossible to implement. Nowadays, synchronous e-learning is considered to be highly advantageous as it eliminates many of the common disadvantages of e-learning, such as social isolation and poor teacher-to-student and student-to-student relationships. Synchronous online education is currently one of the most popular and quickest growing types of e-learning.


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Asynchronous Online Education

In the case of asynchronous online education, groups of students study independently at different times and locations from each other, without real-time communication taking place. Asynchronous online learning methods are often considered to be more student-centered than their synchronous counterparts, as they give students more flexibility.

For these reasons, asynchronous online education is often preferred by students who do not have flexible schedules, because it allows them to utilize self-paced learning. They can set their own timeframes for learning, and they are not required to learn at specific time intervals together with other students.

Before the invention of the PLATO computer system, all online learning was considered to be asynchronous, as there were no methods of computer networking available. However, nowadays, with the availability of computers and the World Wide Web, deciding between synchronous and asynchronous online education becomes a more difficult task, as each has their pros and cons.

Fixed Online Education

Fixed online education is a fancy name for something you are likely already familiar with. “Fixed” in this context means that the content used during the learning process does not change from its original state and all the participating students receive the same information as all the others. The materials are predetermined by the teachers and don’t adapt to the student’s preferences.

This type of education has been the standard in traditional classrooms for thousands of years, but it’s not ideal in online education environments. That is because fixed online education does not utilize the valuable real-time data gained from student inputs. Analyzing each student individually through their data and making changes to the materials according to this data leads to better learning outcomes for all students.

Adaptive Online Education

Adaptive online education is a new and innovative type of online learning, which makes it possible to adapt and redesign learning materials for each individual learner. Taking a number of parameters such as student performance, goals, abilities, skills, and characteristics into consideration, adaptive e-learning tools allow education to become more individualized and student-centered than ever before.

We are now at a point in time where laboratory-based adaptive instructional techniques can be used for mathematical sequencing of student data. When done correctly, this could mean a new era for educational science. While this type of online education can be more difficult to plan and accomplish than traditional teaching methods, it’s potential value and effectiveness is often understated.

Linear Online Education

When referring to human-computer interaction, linear communication means that information passes from sender to receiver, without exception. In the case of e-learning, this becomes a very limiting factor, as it does not allow two-way communication between teachers and students. This type of online learning does have its place in education, although it’s becoming less relevant with time. Sending training materials to students through television and radio programs are classic examples of linear online education.

Interactive Online Education

Interactive online education allows senders to become receivers and vise versa, effectively enabling a two-way communication channel between the parties involved. From the messages sent and received, the teachers and students can make changes to their teaching and learning methods. For this reason, interactive online learning is considerably more popular than linear, as it allows teachers and students to communicate more freely with each other.

Individual Online Education

Individual online education in this context refers to the number of students participating in achieving the learning goals, rather than the student-centeredness of the material. This type of learning has been the norm in traditional classrooms for thousands of years. When practicing individual learning, the students study the learning materials on their own (individually), and they are expected to meet their learning goals on their own.

This type of learning is not ideal for developing communicational skills and teamwork abilities in students, as it largely focuses on students learning independently, without communication with other students. Therefore, a more modern approach is necessary to supplant the communicational of skills and abilities.

Collaborative Online Education

Collaborative online education is a modern type of learning method, through which multiple students learn and achieve their learning objectives together as a group. Students have to work together and practice teamwork in order to achieve their common learning objectives.

This is done through the formation of effective groups, where each individual student has to take into account the strengths and weaknesses of each other student. This boosts the communicational skills teamworking abilities of the students. Collaborative online learning expands on the idea that knowledge is best developed inside a group of individuals where they can interact and learn from each other.

While this type of learning is more often used in traditional classrooms than in online courses, it’s still a valid type of e-learning which can be highly effective if done correctly.

Alternatively, some educational scientists have chosen to classify e-learning types more simply. They identify just two primary types of online education: computer-based online education and internet-based online education. This method of classification could be seen as more accurate because it differentiates online learning from online education, the two of which are often incorrectly used interchangeably. Some forms of learning such as CML and CAL are not required to take place online, but they are considered types of online learning nonetheless.

Positive and Negative Effects of Online Education

Online education has both positive as well as negative effects:

Positive Effects of Online Education

Online education offers many positive benefits since students:

  • have flexibility in taking classes and working at their own pace and time
  • face no commuting or parking hassles
  • learn to become responsible for their own education with information available at their fingertips
  • find the submission of assignments easy and convenient
  • are more apt to voice their own opinions and share and debate issues with other students, as well as learn from other students during the group discussions

Negative Effects of Online Education

Possible negative effects of learning online are that some students:

  • may miss the face-to-face interaction with the instructor and among students
  • may prefer to attend traditional classes with an instructor who teaches and guides them through the course
  • find access to the necessary technology challenging and the availability of technical support limited

In addition, some administrators and instructors who do not understand the workload may display a negative attitude toward online education.

Future of Online Education

Online teaching is here to stay. Many students prefer the online classroom since it offers flexibility in their busy schedules. With the proliferation of information and knowledge, students must become lifelong learners in today’s world, and online education plays an important role in helping individuals access the learner-centered and self-directed instruction.

With enhanced software, hardware, and Internet access, more options for online education will become available. With student enrollments increasing faster than classrooms can be built, students becoming more proficient with technology, and students pursuing an education that meets their needs, the future of online education will continue to grow. Online degree programs will become more widely accepted as they become a more common practice.

Frequently Asked Questions

Following are the frequently asked questions related to online education.

Why is online education important?

Online education is important because it enables the teacher and the student to set their own learning pace, and there’s the added flexibility of setting a schedule that fits everyone’s agenda. As a result, using an online educational platform allows for a better balance of work and studies, so there’s no need to give anything up.

Is online education Good or bad?

While logistically sound, taking too many online courses or having poor online instruction can be harmful to a student’s future. One of the most glaring issues with online education is the lack of interpersonal communication. A big disadvantage to middle and high school students is the lack of one-on-one support.

What do you think about online learning and classroom learning?

It depends on the needs of the customer. In some cases a purely online solution is best. “purely online” is defined as interaction between learner and content via a user interface without an instructor, other students, or other means of transmission than online. Learning is possible anytime and anywhere the learner has Internet access and a few minutes to spare. That was my company’s model. It was designed for a specific professional development market in which purely online fit.

In the case of classroom learning, that is actually a much more complicated and thus involved answer. Generally speaking, I have found it helps to meet my students where they are, rather than hope to drive them like cattle to some ideal point where learning can take place. If I don’t have a learning tool to meet them at some clear point, I invent one. That has typically involved using simulations, role play, AI, immersive learning, student as teacher, etc.

What are the pros and cons of online education?

Here are some pros & Cons Of Online learning

Pros of Online Learning:

  • No traveling time.
  • You can attend class at any time according to your schedule.
  • It is convenient for those who work a full-time job.

Cons Of Online Learning:

  • you can not express your thoughts, feelings or opinions in writing.
  • Emails, discussion board posts, and chats may be misunderstood because there is no visual person.
  • It is difficult to form a real connection with your teacher.

What is your opinion about online courses?

Students can fit them around their existing responsibilities and commitments, and can engage with multimedia content and learning materials at whatever time is most convenient to them. Even better: they don’t have to travel anywhere to study, they can simply log in to the virtual campus from the comfort of their own home or office.

There’s a second reason why online learning has become so popular: it’s cheaper. Cost can often be a prohibitive factor in why individual students don’t enrol in courses they’re interested in. This is also an issue for corporations who wish to encourage their employees to undergo further training but don’t have much of a budget for conferences and training courses. Online courses are easily accessible on much smaller budgets.


The quantity of online education and online degrees in most disciplines is large and increasing rapidly. Schools and institutions that offer online education are also increasing in number. Students pursuing degrees via the online approach must be selective to ensure that their coursework is done through a respected and credentialed institution.

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Very thorough information and very easy to read article. My point of view about online education is that all those 90s generation and before them would be less interested in online reading, whether it be reading online novels etc or taking online education, but it still depends on person to person preference. Still its a great medium and old generation needs to learn to adapt to this change.

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I am flattered. The way you’ve approached this topic is absolutely brilliant. It covers everything related to Online education. You’ve done great research before reaching this topic. I appreciate it. Also, I am impressed by your writing skills. Plus, I have learned many new things related to Online Education through this Article. Like, I didn’t know about the types of Online Education :grin: However, I would like to share my views on Online Education (these are coming from my own experience),
1. The Quality of Online Education depends upon the Institution, How a specific institute approaches Online Education. Are they providing all the facilities needed for online education or they are just wasting the time of students and money of their parents? My own brother who is a student of 9th class seems to agree with the concept of online education, but if I compare his level of knowledge with the student of 9th class (studied in the physical environment), I will (and I am pretty sure about this) see a clear difference. Students seem to learn much more and easily in Physical Environments than in Online Education System.
2. In Pakistan, if you’ll interview students (specifically talking about Hardworking Students) they will discourage the concept of Online education. The reason is this, even though their Institutes are providing them the facilities, but they think the Physical Environment of classes is much more suited to them.
3. A lot of students find it disappointing that even the undeserving students are getting high marks and great results (which I am sure good for them), even though they don’t pay attention to the class. This clearly highlights the serious flaws in the Online Education System.
4. One major concern is in Online Education System is the stability of the Internet. And from my own experience, I can say that this is probably the only problem I faced throughout my last semester (Thanks to Corona :unamused:). Even though being a Computer-Science student I seem to enjoy Online Education. Maybe, it’s because it was the last semester of my degree and I am just concentration on my FYP so there’s nothing new to learn in the last semester.
5. It’s a golden time for most of the students because everything is now one click away for them. Also, the students who struggled in the Physical Environment enjoy this study environment a lot because there are no reliable tools for assessing a student in online education.
6. Last, the routine of the students will not be the same, as it was during the Physical environment of education.

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In the previous 20 years, the Internet has full-grown from existence closely non-existent into the major, most available database of info ever created. It has altered the way people connect, shop, socialize, do business, and think about information and learning. Much additional than just a new rotation on expanse learning, online education is exchanging the face of old-style classrooms and making education more available than ever previously.

Online education is a form of education where students use their home computers to finish the internet. For many nontraditional students, amongst them all those who want to last working full time or raising families, online qualifications and courses have become popular in the past period. Frequently online graduation and progression programmers, some of which are behavior using digital knowledge, are providing via the online learning gateway of the host university.

What is online education?

Computer-based training, Web-based training, Internet-based training, online training, e-learning (electronic learning), m-learning (mobile learning), computer-aided reserve education – online education spirits by many names and comes in a variety of styles, but at its core:

Online Education Programs:

  • 100% Online Education – fully-online degrees are received from the relief of your own home with no necessary visits to your college or university campus.
  • Hybrid Education – Hybrid learning permits students to follow a mixture of online and on-campus courses.
  • Online Courses – Through online courses may be part of a degree program, they can also be reserved on their own to master a confident subject or learn a definite skill.
  • MOOCs – MOOCs, or massive open online courses, are usually delivered in the lecture from online “classrooms” with as many as 10, 000 people.

It’s not easier to study online! Online establishments must meet the same superiority requirements as brick-and-mortar institutions. With the progression of online learning skills, virtual officialdoms have improved automated methods to deter scam and/or plagiarism.

Personal Benefits of Education:

This is not inescapable to imply that the university is just a chance to increase your physical wealth. The resolution of teaching at its heart has always been to make s more alert and careful human existences who can transport positive change in the world. In calculation to teaching us principles and ethics, the ultimate purpose of education is to make us interesting people. College lets us rub accepts with important scholars, well-known speakers, and gifted peers. The determination of education is therefore to agrees you to experiment in exotic like medieval art and unknowable works at your heart’s relaxation. Not ever over will you get the knowledgeable enjoyment of following a field just for the joy of knowing something new. Those who use college to enlarge their knowledgeable perspectives and become more self-confident writers and speakers truly appreciate the purpose of education. No one can put a price on this teaching since its advantage is not physical but the sense of self-fulfillment is precious.

You’re not Bound by Geography:

Huge progress in knowledge has made a college education more available than ever. With a computer and Internet admission, the entire learning world can buy yours as long as your Internet admission, no substance where you live.

That’s scarcely an embellishment when you reflect that for the past few years, highly respected schools, such as Harvard, MIT, and Stanford, have been contributing full, non-credit courses of study online for free finished something called MOOCs usually have the same fellows and the same study material you’d get if you were attending the university in-person.

It was perhaps unavoidable that the school would begin wanting to monetize all of the physical they were if online. In 2013, Georgia Tech developed the first school to create a MOOC-based degree program. The University of Illinois followed outfit two years late. Now, additional than 30 brick-and-mortar schools proposal MOOC-based degrees, complete organizations with tech-ed companies like Coursera, edx, and Udacity.

But MOOCs are only the gradient of the online-learning iceberg. Arithmetical and old-style institutions are also impeccable more-intimate online learning options, with lesser classes abound and if you can’t find the offering you want at a local university, you can probably find it at an additional school.

So whether you’re observing to earn your degree to go nab a 9-to-5, or you’re looking to study the stars with the world’s top stargazers, you can find what you’re looking for online.

Online education may be more engaging than classroom learning:

A fresh object in Forbes offers some understanding of the state of online learning. Investigators have begun diving into how well-organized online learning is likened to classroom education. So far, the results have been talented.

An education from California State University in San Bernadino create that two changed sets of the students-one group who studied online and the other who went to class-who conventional the same education from the same lecturer fared similarly well in terms of presentation. However, the study exposed that online students were less overwhelmed about contributing and that there was a higher-quality of communication between students and the professor.

Also, the Forbes article records online classes are more likely to present physically in attention-grabbing, multimedia formats that may be better well-matched to today’s students.

The upshot: Educationalists have long known that altered people take in information in different methods, but instructive methods have thrashed to adapt. If you’re someone whose eyes blank over during a classroom lecture, you may find that you reply better to online learning methods.

Feedback is Faster and more Frequent:

Trust it or not, online learners may have additional contact with their education than classroom learners.

Online students are frequently asked to thorough more-frequent assessments so that professors can monitor their competence. Because of this, learning gaps can be identified and spoken faster, relatively than allowing a stressed student to slip through the blows until exam time.

Recall, this isn’t just about GPAs. When you’re disbursing thousands of dollars for an edification, you don’t want to rawhide in the back corner of the classroom. You want to safeguard you understand the course physical so you can apply it later.

Online College can be an inexpensive way to earn your bachelor’s or master’s degree:

What’s the main difference between online and old-style schools? The campus. If you join an even college, you’re maybe going to spend several thousand dollars a year on room and boarding, as well as transport.

The online college takes out all of those expenditures from the equation, successfully yielding you a five-figure reduction during your studies.

You may experience a lot less student loan debt:

In addition to not devising to pay for room and board and traveling, online study may moderate your costs in an additional very important way.

Maximum online programs are organized around the idea that students are working and perhaps employed full-time. Life can continue working while going to school resources that you may have to take on less student loan debt.

Lesser student loans mean you’ll be repaying less student loan interest. When you reflect that most people take close to 20 years to pay off their student loan debt, reducing your total debt load is one of the most important plans you can adopt. You can adapt to it. Your future self will thank you.

You have more control over your schedule:

Absence and preparation struggles are virtually removed from the online learning calculation. While some programs may need contribution in online lectures at confident times, those same lectures are usually archived for later orientation.

Because online learning is more supple than classroom-based learning, students can work finished the material at their own pace. People who need more time to grasp a thought can take it. People who need more time to knowledge the concept can take it. People who want to work earlier may do so.

Timetable suppleness is also a huge advantage for people who work full-time or who have childcare accountabilities that would delay regular campus attending. Just think about an it-the single mom whose babysitter disregarded at the last tiny would be out of luck with old-style learning. With online learning, she can still join a class with the guarantee that her child is caring for.

The Online classroom is good training for an altering workforce:

Receiving relaxation with knowledge is an outstanding side help to online education.

As technology advances, personnel is become progressively distributed. Whether you’re working with someone transversely the national or the world, suitable adept at technology for video conferencing, messaging, aggregating information, and collaborating is an ability set that you’re likely to find a requirement for.

Online learning is getting a good reputation:

Researchers have seen the value of online learning for quite some time. A 2012 study from Babson/College Board presented that 77% of academic selected believed that online education help was just as good, if not better than classroom-based educational contributions.

Employers are also receiving that message are far-sighted the value in online degrees, as long as they come from accurately recognized.