How to get rid of depression?

What is depression

Depression is a feeling of sadness and hopelessness with losing pleasure in usual activities that a person enjoyed once, change in sleep patterns, loss of appetite, loss of energy and recurrent suicidal thoughts.
It’s a major cause of disability as it renders an individual purposeless and completely hopeless.

What is the difference between depression and anxiety?

Depression should not be confused with anxiety as anxiety is the feeling of restlessness or fear about what to happen. Anxiety causes mental irritation with elevated mood as compared to depression in which mental suppression is obvious.

What is Mania or Bipolar disorder?

Mania is an opposite behavior characterized by overactivity, enthusiasm, anger, rapid thoughts, rapid speech patterns and impaired judgment.
In Bipolar disorder a person exhibits severe mood swings, sometimes emotionally very high and sometimes very low.

What are the symptoms of depression?

o Disturbed sleep patterns (sleeplessness or sleeping too much)
o Losing energy
o Increasing fatigue
o Feelings of worthlessness
o Losing or gaining weight without conscious effort
o Suicidal thoughts
o Facing difficulties in concentrating or taking decisions
o Confused behaviors
If these symptoms are lasting for more than two weeks, its time to go for diagnosis of depression. To better diagnosis, some medical issues that can overlap the symptoms of depression (for example; brain tumor) must be ruled out first.

Are grief, sadness and depression the synonyms?

Feeling sad or grieved in response to some upsetting situations; for example, losing a loved one, failing in exam, losing a job or facing a breakup is a normal phenomenon. Most people passing though these feelings consider and describe themselves as they are “depressed”.
But sadness and depression are two different things. Feeling of grief is specific to each person including some features of depression for example extreme feeling of sadness or lack of interest in some activities.
But as a whole both of them are two different feelings. However, grief sometimes may lead to depression if a person is unable to overcome the emotional stress because of a major loss

What is the underlying mechanism of depression?

Depression is not merely the game of high or low levels of some particular brain chemicals.
There are lot of other causes that can give rise to depression that may involve, disturbed mood regulation by the brain, genetically vulnerable individuals, stress causing events, side effects of some medicines or some underlying medical issues.
No doubt, certain brain chemicals known as mediators are also involved in depression, but they are not the only reason. Several other factors, outside the brain are also taking part.

According to researches, there are several genes involved in increased vulnerability to depression and response to drug therapy.

What are risk factors?

Depression is not specifically attacking the individuals living in some specific situations, it can attack anyone—at each age group. A person living in ideal environment can also be equally vulnerable as a person living in tough circumstances.
However, some factors are involved in causing depression;
• Changes in certain chemicals in the brain can be involved in depression.
• Genes also play important role in depression. Some individuals are genetically more vulnerable to depression.
• Self-esteem is an important factor in personality building of an individual. Pessimism pays vital role in depression building.
• Several environmental factors (mistreatment by others, financial conditions, loneliness) can affect an individual, leading him to depression.

How can depression be treated?

In this era of progress and development in the fields of science and technology, there are rare conditions that are not treatable and luckily depression is not among them. There are more than 80 percent chances that an individual suffering from depression will be cured completely.

Diagnosis of depression

Before starting treatment, an individual has to be diagnosed for depression by a health care professional, to exclude the possibilities that there may be some other conditions, representing the symptoms similar to depression.
For example, thyroid problem may express the symptoms of depression.


There are three types of depression therapy. Either it is treated by Psychotherapy or by medications.

1. Psychotherapy

If an individual is suffering from mild depression, he can be treated solely by psychotherapy.
CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) is effective to treat the depression. It is a talk therapy in which an individual is taught to understand and control the destructive or upsetting thoughts that may have a negative effect on that person’s mood and emotions.
Depending upon the level of depression, treatment can be continued for several weeks or can be ended soon. Normally, 10-15 sessions are enough to overcome depression.
But if depression is moderate to severe, it cannot be treated only by psychotherapy. It needs involvement of medication along with psychotherapy.

2. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

ECT is a kind of treatment that is used for the patients with severe depression and who are not responding to psychotherapy or medications. In this kind of therapy, the brain of an anesthetized patient is stimulated electrically.

3. Medication therapy

Medicines involved in treatment of depression are called “antidepressants” and there are following classes of antidepressants

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

• Citalopram
• Escitalopram
• Fluvoxamine
• Paroxetine
• Sertraline
They specifically inhibit serotonin reuptake leading to increased concentrations of the neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft.
They have little blocking activity at muscarinic, α-adrenergic, and histaminic H1 receptors.

Serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

• Venlafaxine
• Desvenlafaxine
• Sertraline
May be effective in treating depression in patients in whom SSRIs are ineffective

Atypical antidepressants

• Bupropion
• Mirtazapine
• Nefazodone
• Trazodone
• Vilazodone
The atypical antidepressants are a mixed group of agents that have actions at several different sites

Tricyclic antidepressants

• Imipramine
• Desipramine
• Clomipramine
• Doxepin
• Desipramine
• Nortriptyline
TCAs are effective in treating moderate to severe depression. Some patients with panic disorder also respond to TCAs.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

• Phenelzine
• Isocarboxazid
• Tranylcypromine
• Selegiline
The MAOIs are indicated for depressed patients who are unresponsive or allergic to TCAs and SSRIs or who experience strong anxiety.

How can a person help himself to overcome depression?

There are following activities that can help an individual to cope with his depression by himself;
• Regular exercise and involvement in outdoor games
• Better sleep
• Healthy diet
• Alcohol free lifestyle
• Thinking optimistically
• Surrounding himself with friendly individuals

Related topics
What is definition of depression?
What are the main causes of depression?
What is treatment of depression?
What is psychotherapy?
What is mania or bipolar disorder?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder related to cognition (a mental process that is involved in understanding or interpretation). A schizophrenic patient understands the reality in an abnormal way and in many cases, it involves hallucinations, delusions, speech disorganization, and dispersed thoughts, resulting in functional abnormalities. Schizophrenia can only be treated symptomatically and no proper recovery is possible.

What are the causes of schizophrenia?

There is no exact known cause of schizophrenia, but according to studies, it may develop because of the combined effects of genes, brain chemicals and environmental factors.

Some important neurotransmitters (dopamine, glutamate) can be involved in the development of this disease. According to studies, there are some differences in the morphology of the nervous system of affected individuals which can be a leading cause of schizophrenia.

However, there is no clear evidence regarding this concept.

What is the age of onset of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia normally expresses itself between the late teens to early thirties. It is manifested earlier in men (at the age of 15 to 25) as compared to women, in which it is expressed lately (in the late twenties).
However, schizophrenia is not a gender or age-specific. Its onset is variable in different people.

What are the risk factors for schizophrenia?

There are some important factors that increase the chances of triggering the disease in some individuals. These actors include:

  • Exposure to some kind of toxic substances, viruses, or lack of nutrition during pregnancy, may interfere with the developing brain of the fetus, later manifesting itself as schizophrenia.

  • Several environmental factors can also be involved in the development of the disease, such as poor living, stressed environment, ignorance by family members, or loved ones.

  • If there is a family history of the disease, as suggested by some gene-related studies, several genes can be involved in increasing the risk of schizophrenia, but not only a single gene can cause the disease. However, genetic information is not enough to predict which person is at more risk.

  • Taking some drugs that affect the brain activity (either brain stimulants or depressants)

Intoxication, viral infection, or malnutrition in pregnancy are some important risk factors for schizophrenia. Moreover, socioeconomic status, family history, genetic reasons, or use of brain affecting drugs are also the risk factors.

What are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia can be expressed in the following ways:

  • Alterations in normal patterns of vision, listening, smelling or touching, and taste.

  • Expressing strange behaviors, such as expressionless gaze.

  • Disturbed sleep patterns

  • A person having schizophrenia starts living in an imaginary world

  • Person starts to hallucinate for example he starts hearing the voices or seeing the things or persons that are not actually present.

  • Delusions (strange believes or impressions that are far away from reality) which are firmly held beliefs not supported by objective facts

  • Disorganized thoughts or speech problems

  • Losing motivation, interests or fun in routine activities

  • Social distancing, abnormal functioning

  • Difficulty in paying attention, difficult to concentrate or make a memory

  • Problems in decision making

What is the treatment of schizophrenia?

Because of the complexity and least knowledge about the underlying causes of schizophrenia, the treatment strategies are mainly considered to treat the disease symptomatically.

Treatment is given as follows:

1. Antipsychotics

Antipsychotics are used to decrease the intensity and frequency of the symptoms of schizophrenia. They can be taken as tablets, syrups, or injections.

These antipsychotics are usually associated with some side effects for example weight gain, dry mouth or drowsiness, etc. in the start. Medications that are used in the treatment of mental disorders, should not be stopped on their own, as they cause the withdrawal symptoms.

  • Second-Generation Antipsychotics

Second-generation antipsychotics are relatively associated with fewer side effects but some can cause weight gain and interfere with blood sugar and cholesterol.

There are few examples of second-generation antipsychotics:

  • Aripiprazole

  • Brexpiprazole

  • Clozapine

  • Asenapine

Clozapine is the drug of choice in the patients who are not responding to typical antipsychotics.

  • First generation antipsychotics

They act by blocking dopamine (neurotransmitter) and are more likely than second-generation antipsychotics to cause extrapyramidal symptoms such as dystonia or dyskinesia.

Few examples of these drugs are:

  • Chlorpromazine

  • Fluphenazine

  • Haloperidol

  • Loxapine

2. Psychotherapy

Teaching a patient to control the thought patterns and behavioral problems by a psychiatrist is a better way to treat. This is called psychotherapy. The more the individual knows about his illness, the more it’s easy for them to manage their disease.

3.Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a kind of behavioral therapy in which the patient is taught to deal with hallucinations and delusional voices.

The combined effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy and antipsychotic medicines makes it possible for the individual to interpret the triggering factors and the ways to control them.

4. Cognitive enhancement therapy

In cognitive enhancement therapy, the combination of computer-based mental training and group sessions is used to help the schizophrenic patient to make better control over his disease.

5. Other methods

  • Involvement of family members and loved ones by several educational or training programs about giving awareness regarding causes, symptoms, and management of schizophrenia can help to improve the condition of patients.

  • Assertive Community Treatment is a treatment strategy specifically for schizophrenic patients who are at risk to frequent hospital admissions or suffering from homelessness.

  • In ACT, there is the involvement of a team, consisting of a health care professional, a shared caseload, directly providing the services, frequently patient meetings, to lessen the hospital expenditure

For the treatment of schizophrenia, antipsychotics, psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy, cognitive enhancement therapy, and assertive community disorder are important considerations.

How can others help a patient with schizophrenia?

  • As environmental factors are major contributing factors in developing the disease, so increased attention and care by family and loved ones can play important role in the management of the disease.

  • But it’s always associated with some difficulties because it’s not a child’s play to handle a person exhibiting a serious psychotic issue.

  • One should call 911 if he knows a person with schizophrenia who may cause some danger to others or not able to earn living and shelter for himself.

  • Suicidal thoughts and harmful behavior are two important things that are highly expressed in a schizophrenic person. If one knows a person with these possibilities to happen, he/she must stay with that patient or call security agencies.

Is there any relationship between depression and schizophrenia?

  • Both schizophrenia and depression are interpreted as a sign of some mental problem, by the majority of people. People think that either schizophrenia actually results from extreme stress or depression.

  • But depression and schizophrenia are not the alternate terms, although few symptoms overlap and both are related to brain functioning, yet there are some major differences.

  • The main difference between these two is, while talking about schizophrenia, it triggers negative emotions in the patient. In the case of depression, the positive effect is dominant.

  • A schizophrenic individual is dangerous and extremely unpredictable, as compared to a depressed person who does not evoke fear in people around him.

Schizophrenia and depression are not the same diseases although both are related to the brain. A depressed person is not dangerous, while schizophrenic patients are extremely dangerous because of their unpredictability.

What are some famous personalities having schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder and can manifest itself at any age and in any gender. Some of the very famous personalities have also been suffered from this disease. Some of them are named below:

Lionel Aldridge

A professional football player, born in 1941 and died in 1998, suffered from schizophrenia in his late twenties. As a result of this illness, he lost each and everything he owned, including his family.

Zelda Fitzgerald

She was a writer, dancer, and wife of famous writer F. Scott Fitzgerald was diagnosed with schizophrenia, most probably because of her extreme alcoholism and toxic married life.

Peter Green

The founder of Fleetwood mac (rock band) and a British musician and guitarist has also suffered from schizophrenia.

Syd Barret

Syd Barret, another famed British music writer, singer, and guitarist became schizophrenic during his late life.

Eduard Einstein

The Son of famous scientist Albert Einstein was diagnosed with schizophrenia in his twenties.

Buddy Bolden

Also known as King Bolden, suffered from schizophrenia, because of alcoholic psychosis.

Darrel Hammond

A famous actor who played the role of Bill Clinton has also suffered from schizophrenia as well as bipolar disorder.

Jack Kerouac

An American novelist was a schizophrenic in his early age.

Frequently asked questions

1. What are the early signs of schizophrenia?

Some early signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are given as:

  1. Depression and anxiety
  2. Social distancing
  3. Intense reactions to any objection or criticism
  4. No personal care
  5. Gazes with no expressions
  6. Inability to express the emotions
  7. Sleep disturbances

2. How do people get schizophrenia?

The exact etiology of schizophrenia is not known. However, studies suggest that there are a lot of reasons that can result into schizophrenia, for example, intoxication during pregnancy, genetic causes, socioeconomic conditions. Some people may be more sensitive to produce schizophrenia or depression and stress can also cause schizophrenia.

3. What are different types of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is further divided into different types. These types are given below:

  1. Paranoid schizophrenia, includes delusions and hallucinations
  2. Catatonic schizophrenia, characterized by extreme movements.
  3. Hebephrenic schizophrenia, also called as disorganized schizophrenia
  4. Residual schizophrenia, when a person has the past history of at least one episode of schizophrenia.
  5. Undifferentiated schizophrenia, including symptoms of two or more types of schizophrenia

4. What kind of voices do schizophrenics hear?

A schizophrenic person hears different kinds of voices, sometimes louder and become persuasive with the advancement of disease. For example, excessively loud screams, scratching sounds or some musical voices.


Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder associated with cognitive psychology. Schizophrenic patient interprets the reality in a way that is far away from normal behavior. It is expressed mostly in the middle phase of age. Disturbance in neurotransmitters is the main cause of schizophrenia. Antipsychotics, psychotherapy, CBT, CET are the main therapeutic components.

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What is Depression?

Depression is a feeling of sadness and of emotional tension. Depression is a strain which causes negative effects on your behavior, on your physical body and make your lose of interest in several things. How to get rid of depression? As we know, it is the disorganization of the mood and is often due to life happenings and changes in life. Depression can be treated with normal activities but if it got chronic stage, it need serious treatment.

What are the symptoms of Depression?

As we know, depression is often for changing and due to various events in our life. So the symptoms of depression vary from person to person and also vary due to different situations.

Some of the symptoms are;

  • Off mood in the morning is a sign of depression

  • loss of interests in the activities

  • boreness due to repetitive work

  • feeling guilty over mistakes

  • loss of appetite or late hunger

  • Too much sleepy mood or no sleep in depressed moods even not in nights

  • loss of pleasure in life.

These are few symptoms but there are much more symptoms that can be discussed under particular conditions.

What are the causes of Depression?

Depression is a kind of sadness and can due to several reasons because there are lot of things which can cause depression and many purposes through which depression is caused. Some causes of depression are;

  • Unemployment - Unemployment leads to depression. As there are lot of people in the world who don’t have work to earn, even there are several people who have degrees and have experiences in particular fields, but they don’t have works and because of no job or work, they think about their life and worry about their appetite which leads to depression.

  • Financial issue - If you are a business man or you are an employee or you are jobless, financial issues of your life make you depressed because money is the need of the hour and without it life is impossible.

  • Death - Every person in this world is mortal and has to die one day. But deaths are also causes of depression because when your nearly person or family members dies, you feel depressed because that person was the part of your life and without that person life seems difficult, which leads to depression.

  • Abuse - Abuse can also be called as top source of depression. Abuse is done in many ways, if you go to a place where people disrespects you, you will feel depressed at that time.
    Similarly, if your are being abused sexually and you don’t have power to stop that act, then you will be depression in life and it can lead to whole life depression.

  • Love Failure - Human nature is a kind of loving and wants someone who love him/her and takes care. Due to this reason people make couples and live their relationship life, but when compulsions came in their way some people break their relation and go their own ways, due to this apathy and no attention People feel depression. Love failure depression can be serious and it can cause medical disorders.

What are the treatments of depression?

Depression is of many types and of many conditions. Some depression is of normal condition and can be cured with time by little things, like relaxation, exercise of physical body and mind, taking interests in good things, eating good and healthy food, playing with children, taking therapies. Normal depression can also be controlled by family members in helping the suffering person.

But if depression has gained the the chronic situations, then there is need to consult the medical specialist and to take proper checkup. Some of the treatments of depression are;

  • Psycho Therapy - Psychotherapy is known as ‘‘talk therapy’’. It is one of the most used therapy to cure the patient. Because talking with patient and sharing his sorrows, make him/her return to life.

  • Interpersonal Therapy - Interpersonal therapy is a short-term therapy and is related to personal relations. This therapy explore relations and tells how to deal with them and how to make their depression go away.

  • Medication - Medication is last step of depression. If you are not having any positives responses through exercises and therapies, then you will have to take medicines like antidepressants, which will cure you properly with medication.

Frequently Asked Questions

Depression is a serious stage of stress and depression lead to other body diseases like mental illness and disorders in body functioning. So, some frequently asked questions about depression are;

Does depression count as a disability?

According to American Disability Act (ADA), depression is included in psychiatric disability because depression is a mood disorder and behavioral sadness. It disturbs you daily routine life and interfere in your work. So, that’s why it is counted as Disability of mind.

Can you get long term disability for depression and anxiety?

If your are suffering from long term depression and anxiety and you are insured, then you will surely receive disability terms for your disorder. Because disorders make changes in health and there are insurance policies for health. In short, disabilities caused by depression are also included in disability terms of insurance.

Can depression change your personality?

Depression has serious effects on our personality. It changes our mood and style and behavior for short terms or even for whole life personality of person changes. Mental illness can cause personality changes. Problems or disorders like anxiety, depression, manic depression and PTSD can certainly cause personality changes. Mental disorders are often a results of variety of things including experience, genetics or maybe physical injury or illness.


How to get rid of depression?. In short depression is a mental disorder which has serious implication on our health and life. If you are having depression, you are ill and there is proper treatment for this disorder. Do not ignore your depression because it increases with time and may lead to chronic stage.

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Depression is a major depressive disorder. It is very common and serious mental illness that negatively effects on a person that how a person feels, the way he/she thinks and how he/she acts. Fortunately, it is also treatable. In depression, a person has a feeling of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. The person has to face a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.


What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder related to cognition (a mental process that is involved in understanding or interpretation). A schizophrenic patient understands the reality in an abnormal way and in many cases, it involves hallucinations, delusions, speech disorganization, and dispersed thoughts, resulting in functional abnormalities. Schizophrenia can only be treated symptomatically and no proper recovery is possible.
How depression is different from sadness or grief?

Depression and sadness are two different things. There are some difficult experiences for every person’s life to endure, like the death of a loved one, loss of job or ending of a relationship. It is normal feelings of sadness or grief to develop in response to such situations. Most of the people experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”

But sadness is not the same as having depression. The grieving is a natural process and unique to each person and shares some of the same features of depression. Both grief and depression may have involvement of severe sadness and withdrawal from usual activities, but they are also different in important ways:

  • In grief, a person experienced painful feeling that come in waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the deceased. But in major depression, mood or pleasure feelings of a person are decreased for most of two weeks.
  • In major depression, feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing are common but in grief, morale is usually maintained.
  • some people think that the death of a loved one can bring on major depression. Losing a job can lead to depression for some people. When grief and depression exist at the same time, the grief is more severe and lasts longer than grief without depression. Distinguishing between depression and grief can help people get the help, support or treatment they need.

Types of depression

There are different types of depression. Some events in our life cause some, and chemical changes in our brain cause others.

Whatever the cause it is, our first step is to let our doctor know how we are feeling. He may refer us to a mental health specialist to help diagnose the type of depression we have. This diagnosis is important in deciding the right treatment for us.

1. Major Depression

Doctor may call this disorder as a "major depressive disorder. This type might have present if someone feels depressed most of the time for most days of the week.

major depression

What could be the symptoms of major depression?

A person with major depressive disorder must also experience 5 or more of the following symptoms in the 2-week period:

  • Feelings of sadness or irritable most of the day, nearly every day.
  • Have less interest in most activities that once enjoyed.
  • Suddenly loss or gain of a weight or have a change in appetite.
  • Have trouble falling asleep or want to sleep more than usual.
  • Experiencing feelings of restlessness.
  • Feeling of tiredness and have a lack of energy.
  • Feeling of worthless or guilty, often about things that wouldn’t normally make him/her feel that way.
  • Have difficulty in concentrating, thinking, or making decisions.
  • Thinking about harming themselves or suicide.

What are the causes major depressive disorder?

The exact cause of Major depressive disorder is not known. However, there are many factors that can increase the risk of developing the condition.

Brain chemistry can be effected by the combination of genes and stress and it may reduce the ability to maintain mood stability.

Changes in the hormonal balancing might also contribute to the development of major depressive disorder.

Major depressive disorder may also be caused by:

  • Use of alcohol or drugs

  • Several medical problems, such as cancer or hypothyroidism

  • Specific types of medications, including steroids

  • Any type of abuse during childhood

Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder

This disorder is often treated with medication and psychotherapy. Adjustments of some lifestyle can also help ease certain symptoms.

People who have severe major depressive disorder or who have thoughts of harming themselves may need to stay in a hospital during treatment to protect them from harm. Some patients might also need to take part in an out patient treatment program until unless symptoms improve.


Primary care providers often start treatment for this disorder by prescribing antidepressant medications.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

SSRIs are often prescribed type of antidepressant. These inhibitors work by helping inhibit the breakdown of serotonin in the brain, which result in higher amounts of this neurotransmitter.

Serotonin is a chemical of brain that is believed to be responsible for mood. Serotonin may help improve mood and produce healthy sleeping patterns.

People with major depressive disorder are often thought to have low levels of serotonin. An SSRI can relieve symptoms of this disorder by increasing the amount of available serotonin in the brain.


Psychotherapy is also known as psychological therapy or talk therapy. It can be an effective treatment for people with major depression. It involves meeting with a Psychotherapist on a regular basis to talk about condition and related issues.

Psychotherapy can help us in:

  • adjusting to a crisis or other stressful event
  • replacing negative thoughts and behaviors with positive and healthy ones
  • Improving communication skills
  • finding better ways to cope with challenges and problem solving
  • increasing self-esteem
  • regaining a sense of satisfaction and control in life

2. Persistent Depressive Disorder

If the depression lasts for 2 years or longer than it is called persistent depressive disorder. This term is used to explain two conditions previously known as dysthymia and chronic major depression.

people with persistent depressive disorder may have symptoms such as:

  • Appetite change i.e. not eating enough or overeating
  • Too much sleeping or too little
  • Lack of energy or feeling of tiredness
  • Low self-esteem
  • Facing trouble in concentrating or making decisions
  • Feeling of hopelessness


This disorder may be treated with psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two.

3. Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar depression is also known as manic depression. In this disorder, patient has a mood episodes that range from extremes of high energy with an “up” mood to low “depressive” periods.


In this disorder medication can help bring mood swings under control. Whether the patient are in a high or a low period, doctor may suggest a mood stabilizer, such as lithium.

Three medicines are approved by FDA to treat the depressed phase:

  • Seroquel
  • Latuda
  • Olanzapine-fluoxetine

4. Psychotic Depression

People with this depression may have the symptoms of major depression along with psychotic symptoms such as:

  • Hallucinations (to see or hear those things that aren’t there)
  • Delusions including false beliefs
  • Paranoia, wrongly believing that someone is trying to harm you


Antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs can treat psychotic depression. ECT may also be an option.

5. Situational Depression

This term is not technical term in psychiatry. But a person can have a depressed mood when he/she is having trouble managing a stressful event in his/her life, such as a death in family, a divorce, or losing your job. Doctor may call this stress response syndrome.


Psychotherapy can often help to get through a period of depression that’s related to a stressful situation.

6. Atypical Depression

This type of depression is different than the persistent sadness of typical depression. It is considered to be a “specifier” that describes a pattern of depressive symptoms. If
a person has atypical depression, a positive event can temporarily improve his mood.

Other symptoms of atypical depression are:

  • Increased appetite
  • Oversensitive to criticism
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Feeling of heaviness in arms and legs


Antidepressants can help this disorder. Doctor may suggest a type called an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) as the first-line treatment.

7. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder have depression and other symptoms at the start of their menstruation.

Besides feeling depressed, women may also have:

  • Mood swings
  • feeling of irritability
  • Feeling of anxiety
  • Feeling of trouble in concentrating
  • Fatigue and heaviness in arms and legs
  • Change in appetite or sleep habits
  • Feelings of being overwhelmed


Antidepressant medication or sometimes oral contraceptives can treat Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.

Frequently asked questions

  • What is the real cause of depression?

According to the research, there are many suggestions that depression doesn’t come from simply having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals. Rather, there are many other possible causes of depression in which faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems are included.

  • What is the meaning of anxiety and depression?

Depression and anxiety disorders are different, but people who have depression may often experience symptoms similar to those of an anxiety disorder, such as nervousness, irritability, and problems sleeping and concentrating. But each disorder has its own causes and its own emotional and behavioral symptoms.

  • How does depression affect human behavior?

People who suffer with milder forms of depression, this mild disorder can effect many facets of their life. Clinical depression can complicate serious health conditions such as heart disease or cancer. Depression may also lead to problems with pain, sexual desire and performance, and sleep.

  • Does depression age your face?

Psychological distress, as experienced by person with depression, has a large long lasting impact on the ‘wear and tear’ of a person’s body, resulting in accelerated biological aging.

  • What is the biggest cause of depression?

It is complicated question as there are multiple causes depression. Factors including genetic vulnerability, severe life stressors, substances you may take (some medications, drugs and alcohol) and medical conditions can affect the way our brain regulates moods.

If we have been diagnosed with depression, we need to get proper treatment in order to get better. we should not suffer needlessly when depression is a highly treatable illness. In fact, between 80% and 90% of people who get treatment feel better. Treatment usually includes medication, counseling, or a combination of the two.

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