Definition of Stress:

  1. Pressure or tension exerted on a material object.

  2. A state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances.

  3. Subject to pressure or tension.

  4. Give particular emphasis or importance to (a point, statement, or idea) made in speech or writing.

  5. Physiological disturbance or damage caused to an organism by adverse circumstances.

  6. Engineering: Load (force) per unit area that tends to deform the body on which it acts. Compressive stress tends to squeeze a body, tensile stress to stretch (extend) it, and shear stress to cut it. See also strain.

  7. Psychology: (1) As a cause: mental, physical, or social, force or pressure that puts real or perceived demands on the body, emotions, mind, or spirit, and which (when it exceeds the stress-handling capacity of the individual) lead to a breakdown. (2) As an effect: physiological effect produced in an organism in its attempts to cope (called adaptive response) with the demands created by a stressor.

  8. Particular emphasis or importance.

  9. Cause mental or emotional strain or tension in.

Synonyms of Stress

Emphasize, Draw attention to, Focus attention on, Underline, Underscore, Point up, Place emphasis on, Lay stress on, Highlight, Spotlight, Turn the spotlight on, Bring to the fore, Foreground, Accentuate, Press home, Impress on someone, Make a point of, Dwell on, Harp on, Belabour, Insist on, Rub in, Emphasis, Importance, Weight, Force, Insistence, Strain, Pressure, Tension, Nervous tension, Worry, Anxiety, Nervousness, Pressure, Tension, Strain, Tightness, Tautness, Alexandrine, Accent, Accentuate, Accentuation, Ache, Aching, Adverse circumstances, Adversity, Affliction, Aggravation, Ambivalence, Ambivalence of impulse, Amphibrach, Amphimacer, Anacrusis, Anapest, Anguish, Annoyance, Antispast, Anxiety, Arsis, Assault, Bacchius, Bear, Bear upon, Bearing, Beat, Belabor, Blight, Blow, Boost, Buck, Bull, Bulldoze, Bummer, Bump, Bump against, Bunt, Burden, Butt, Butt against, Cadence, Caesura, Care, Catalexis, Chloriamb, Chloriambus, Clutch, Colon, Compulsion, Concern, Concernment, Conflict, Consequence, Consequentiality, Consideration, Constraint, Counterpoint, Cram, Cramp, Cretic, Crisis, Cross, Crowd, Crunch, Curse, Cut, Dactyl, Dactylic hexameter, Decompensation, Diaeresis, Difficulties, Difficulty, Dig, Dimeter, Dipody, Distress, Disturb, Dochmiac, Dolor, Downer, Drive, Dwell on, Elbow, Elegiac, Elegiac couplet, Elegiac pentameter, Emergency, Emotional shock, Emphasis, Emphasize, Epitrite, Excellence, Exigency, External frustration, Feature, Feminine caesura, Focus on, Foot, Force, Forcefulness, Frustration, Give emphasis to, Goad, Grief, Harass, Hard knocks, Hard life, Hard lot, Hardcase, Hardship, Harp on, Haul, Head, Heave, Heptameter, Heptapody, Heroic couplet, Hexameter, Hexapody, High order, High pressure, High rank, Highlight, Hurt, Hurtle, Hustle, Iamb, Iambic, Iambic pentameter, Ictus, Imperativeness, Import, Importance, Impulse, Impulsion, Injury, Insistence, Interest, Ionic, Irk, Irritation, Italicize, Jab, Jam, Jingle, Jog, Joggle, Jolt, Jostle, Lesion, Level of stress, Lilt, Mark, Masculine caesura, Materiality, Measure, Mental shock, Mental strain, Merit, Meter, Metrical accent, Metrical foot, Metrical group, Metrical unit, Metrics, Metron, Molossus, Moment, Mora, Movement, Nasty blow, Nervous strain, Nervous tension, Note, Nudge, Numbers, Overaccentuate, Overemphasize, Overexert, Overexertion, Overextend, Overextension, Overstrain, Overstress, Overtax, Overtaxing, Paeon, Pain, Pang, Paramountcy, Passion, Pentameter, Pentapody, Period, Pile drive, Pinch, Place emphasis on, Play up, Plight, Point up, Poke, Precedence, Predicament, Preeminence, Press, Pressure, Primacy, Primary stress, Priority, Proceleusmatic, Prod, Prominence, Prosodics, Prosody, Psychological stress, Pull, Punch, Punctuate, Push, Pyrrhic, Quantity, Rack, Ram, Ram down, Rash impulse, Rattle, Rhythm, Rhythmic pattern, Rhythmical stress, Rigor, Rub in, Run, Run against, Sea of troubles, Secondary stress, Self-importance, Shake, Shock, Shoulder, Shove, Significance, Sore, Sore spot, Spasm, Spondee, Spotlight, Sprung rhythm, Star, Strain, Strain every nerve, Straining, Stress accent, Stress and strain, Stress of life, Stress pattern, Stressfulness, Stretch, Stroke, Suffering, Superiority, Supremacy, Sweat blood, Swing, Syzygy, Tamp, Tautness, Tax, Taxing, Tender spot, Tense, Tenseness, Tension, Tertiary stress, Tetrameter, Tetrapody, Tetraseme, Thesis, Throes, Thrust, Torque, Torsion, Trauma, Traumatism, Trial, Tribrach, Tribulation, Trimeter, Tripody, Triseme, Trochee, Trouble, Troubles, Try, Tug, Underline, Underscore, Upset, Urge, Urgency, Vale of tears, Value, Vicissitude, Weak stress, Weight, Worry, Worth, Wound, Wrench, Overstretch, Overtax, Push to the limit, Pressurize, Pressure, Burden, Make tense, Cause to feel emotional strain, Cause to feel mental strain

How to use Stress in a sentence?

  1. I find that writing freely while listening to Jazz music helps me relieve the stress I often have after a long day of work.
  2. When the engineers designed the bridge they calculated the exact amount of stress that the steel cables would be able to handle.
  3. I avoid many of the things that used to stress me before.
  4. This type of workout does stress the shoulder and knee joints.
  5. He has started to lay greater stress on the governments role in industry.
  6. They stressed the need for reform.
  7. Hes obviously under a lot of stress.
  8. The distribution of stress is uniform across the bar.
  9. When I am on vacation I don�t want to know anything about my job or school, these kinds of things cause me too much stress .

Meaning of Stress & Stress Definition

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How stress impacts your body

Our bodies are well prepared to deal with stress in lesser quantities, but if stress starts increasing then it can have severe impacts on your body.

Musculoskeletal disorders

When your body is stressed and your muscles tense up. We can say muscle uncertainty is almost a reflex response to stress the body’s means of protecting against injury and pain. And muscles will not work properly with a stressed condition.


For instance, headaches and migraine is linked to chronic muscle stress. In which neck, head, and shoulders are inflicted with pain. However, this is a pain in the low back mostly when you have job stress.

Several individuals suffer from chronic severe circumstances due to musculoskeletal disturbances. Moreover, but not daily nor always, there may be an injury that comes forward with the chronic pain state. What deduces whether or not an injured person goes on to endure ic pain is how they react to the pain. Individuals who are worried about pain and re-injury, and who seek only a physical cause and cure for the injury, generally have a worse recovery than individuals who retain a certain level of reasonable, physician-supervised activity. Therefore, muscle uncertainty, and ultimately, muscle atrophy due to the inaction of the body, all increase chronic, stress and disorders in the body

The respiratory system will not work properly

The respiratory system delivers oxygen to cells and eradicates carbon dioxide from the body. Moreover, air comes through the nose and goes through the larynx in the throat, down through the trachea, and into the lungs through the bronchi. And at last, the bronchioles then transfer oxygen to red blood cells for circulation, and finally, the respiratory system is completed with its cycle.

How the respiratory system can be affected

Stress can also affect the respiratory system such as shortness of breath and increase is breathtaking, as the airway between the nose and the lungs constricts. For people without respite oratory disease, this is commonly not a problem as the body can manage the additional work to breathe with comfort, but psychological stressors can worsen breathing difficulties for people with pre-existing respiratory diseases i.e. asthma and other breathing diseases. Stress can be the death of a loved one which can be a reason for asthma.

The cardiovascular system can be affected due to stress

The heart and blood vessels comprise the two elements of the cardiovascular system that work together and perform heart functions. The activity of these two elements is also organized in the body’s response to pressure. Acute stress that is momentary or short-term such as coming close to deadlines, stuck in traffic, or suddenly slamming on the brakes to avoid an accident which increases the heart rate and stronger contractions of the heart muscle, with the stress hormones. Furthermore, the blood vessels that take blood to the large muscles and the heart dilate, thereby increasing the amount of blood pumped to these parts of the body and improving blood pressure. Which is recognized as the fight or flight response. Once the acute stress is finished, the body returns to its usual state.

Chronic stress affects

You can suffer from chronic stress for a long time, it can be a long-term difficulties in the heart and blood vessels. The constant and ongoing increase in heart rate, and the elevated degrees of stress hormones and blood pressure, can take-ups and downs. This long-term ongoing stress can boost the risk for hypertension, heart attack, and stroke.

Endocrine hormonal stress

When someone distinguishes a condition that is challenging, threatening, or intractable, the brain inaugurates a stream of events involving the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which is the major driver of the endocrine stress reaction. This ultimately results in an increase in the production of steroid hormones called glucocorticoids, which include cortisol, often related to the stress hormone”.

HPA axis and stress

During stress, the hypothalamus, a combination of nuclei that binds the brain and the endocrine system, signals the pituitary gland to expand a hormone, which in turn signals the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, to expand the production of cortisol.

Also, cortisol improves the level of energy fuel accessible for rounding up glucose and fatty acids from the liver. Cortisol is normally created in varying degrees throughout the day, typically increasing in concentration upon waking up and slowly declining throughout the day, delivering a daily cycle of stability.
During a stressful event, a rise in cortisol can deliver the energy compelled to deal with long or severe challenges.

Stress can affect the immune system

Glucocorticoids, comprising cortisol, are crucial for operating the immune system and lowering breakout. While this is valuable during stressful or threatening situations where pain might result in enhanced immune system activation, chronic stress can result in defective communication between the immune system and the HPA axis. This undermined communication has been associated with the future development of various physical and mental health conditions, comprising chronic fatigue, metabolic disorders i.e., diabetes, obesity, depression, and immune disorders.

The esophagus is affected due to stress

When a person is stressed, it may eat extensively more or much less than normal. More or different foods, or a rise in the use of alcohol or tobacco, can result in heartburn or acidity. Stress or fatigue can also gain in the stringency of regularly arising heartburn pain. A rare case of spasms in the esophagus can be set off by intense stress and can be easily misinterpreted for a heart attack.

Stress also may make gulping foods difficult or increase the amount of air that is swallowed, which increases burping and bloating.

Stomach pain due to stress

Stress may make discomfort, bloating, illness, and other stomach pain felt more effortlessly. Also, vomiting can arise if stress is serious enough. Similarly, stress may cause an unfair boost or decline in craving. Harmful diets may in turn deteriorate one’s attitude.


Stress can also create discomfort, bloating, or pain felt more easily in the bowels. It can affect how rapidly food activities through the body, which can cause either diarrhea or constipation. Furthermore, stress can induce muscle spasms in the bowel, which can be sensible. Stress can impact digestion and what nutrients the intestines absorb. Gas creation related to nutrient absorption may aggrandize.

Intestine barrier gets weak

The intestines have a tight barrier to insure the body from the good bacteria. Stress can create an intestinal barrier vulnerably and allows bacteria to enter the body. Although most of these bacteria can easily take care of the immune system and do not make us unhealthy, the persistent low need for inflammatory action can lead to chronic mild symptoms. However, stress extremely affects people with chronic bowel infections, such as inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome. Your immune system can get affected due to stress.

The nervous system is affected

The nervous system is a vast system of your body and consists of several divisions. The central division implicating the brain and spinal cord and the peripheral division consisting of the autonomic and somatic nervous systems.

There is some automatic reaction that the nervous system has an immediate role in physical response to stress and is allocated into the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). When the body is stressed, the SNS contributes to what is known as the “fight or flight” response. The body shifts its energy resources toward fighting off a life hazard or running from an opponent. Also, chronic stress, experiencing stressors over a prolonged period, can arise in a long-term drain on the body. As the autonomic nervous system continues to trigger physical reactions, it causes a wear-and-tear on the body. It is not so much what chronic stress does to the nervous system, but what continual activation of the nervous system does to other bodily systems that become complicated.

Male reproductive system

The male reproductive system is affected by the nervous system. The parasympathetic part of the nervous system causes relief whereas the sympathetic part causes arousal. Moreover, in the male anatomy, the autonomic nervous system, also known as the fight or flight response, produces testosterone and activates the sympathetic nervous system which creates arousal. However, stress affects the body to release the hormone cortisol, which is generated by the adrenal glands. Cortisol is crucial to blood pressure regulation and the normal functioning of various body systems i.e cardiovascular, circulatory, and male reproduction. Extra doses of cortisol can affect the normal biochemical processes of the male reproductive system.

Sexual desire

Chronic stress, ongoing stress over an extensive period, can affect testosterone production resulting in a decrease in sex which can even cause erectile dysfunction in the body.


Chronic stress can also negatively impact sperm creation resulting in hardships in couples who are trying to conceive. According to the research, men who suffered two or more stressful life events in the past year had a lower amount of sperm motility ability to swim and a lower amount of sperm of normal morphology size and shape, compared with men who did not suffer any stress.

Female reproductive system

Menstruation pains and cycle

Stress may implicate menstruation among young girls and women in several ways. For instance, high levels of stress may be related to irregular menstrual cycles, more severe periods, and changes in the duration of cycles.


Stress can have a crucial effect on a woman’s reproductive planning according to life. Stress can negatively consequence a woman’s proficiency to create or conceive, the health of her pregnancy, and her postpartum adjustment. Sorrow or depression is the main complication of pregnancy adjustment.
Additional stress enhances the likelihood of developing depression and uncertainty during this time. Maternal stress can negatively influence fetal and ongoing childhood development and disrupt bonding with the baby in the weeks and months and put an effect on the delivery.


Stress contains a bad effect on the main organs and systems of the body. The nervous system, reproduction system, and cardiovascular system are badly affected. However, your body will contain several disorders occurring in stress.