Where is Patagonia?

Where is Petagonia? Patagonia is the southernmost part of the American continent. It includes the provinces of Neuquén, Ro Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz, and Tierra del Fuego in Argentina, as well as Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands, all of which have distinct features from the rest of the country. It also comprises a tiny piece of La Pampa, Mendoza, and Buenos Aires to the south (Patagones party).

:arrow_right: Where is Patagonia?

Patagonia is a huge territory in southern South America that is shared by Argentina and Chile, with the Andes Mountains serving as its dividing line. Arid steppes, grasslands, and deserts can be found on the Argentine side, while glacial fjords and temperate rainforests can be found on the Chilean side.

Patagonia lies in the south of Argentina and Chile, far away and mythological. Exploring it is difficult, therefore we may say that it saves its most valuable riches for the most daring adventurers.

:arrow_right: Where is Patagonia located?

Patagonia is the southernmost part of the American continent. It includes the provinces of Neuquén, Ro Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz, and Tierra del Fuego in Argentina, as well as Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands, all of which have distinct features from the rest of the country. It also comprises a tiny piece of La Pampa, Mendoza, and Buenos Aires to the south (Patagones party).

Patagonia encompasses the province of Palena as well as the regions of Aysén and Magallanes in Chile (without the Chilean Antarctic Territory). Currently, it is recommended to distinguish between the land lying north of the Corcovado Gulf (Lake region) and the territory of Chilean Patagonia.

However, geological investigations demonstrate the state of connection and geological unity of the South Patagonian massif with the North Patagonian Massif, establishing the northern border of Patagonia in the Huincul fault, encompassing the Los Ros Region and the Araucana Region.

:arrow_right: Facts about Patagonia:

:dizzy: Geology

The Huincul Fault, which produces a large discontinuity, has been identified as Patagonia’s geological limit. Various structures, like the Pampean orogen to the north, are truncated by the fault. Across the fracture, the ages of the base rock drastically alter.

There have been disagreements among geologists on the origins of the Patagonian landmass. In the Permian period, 250 to 270 Mya, Victor Ramos claimed that the Patagonian continent formed as an allochthonous terrane that broke from Antarctica and docked in South America. R.J. Pankhurst and associates’ 2014 study refutes any notion of a well-traveled Patagonia, claiming that it is more likely of parautochtonous (nearby) origin.

A fascinating vertebrate fauna has been discovered in Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata. This, together with the discovery of the perfect cranium of a chelonian of the species Niolamia in Queensland, which is nearly identical to Ninjemys owner of the Pleistocene period, provides clear evidence of the continents’ link.

The Sarmienti Formation includes the Patagonian Niolamia. Fossils of the mid-Cretaceous Argentinosaurus have been discovered in Patagonia, and a model of the mid-Jurassic Piatnitzkysaurus graces the Trelew airport concourse (the skeleton is in the Trelew paleontological museum; the museum’s staff has also announced the discovery of a species of a dinosaur even bigger than Argentinosaurus).

The middle Jurassic Los Molles Formation and the even richer late Jurassic (Tithonian) and early Cretaceous (Berriasian) Vaca Muerta formation above it in the Neuquén basin are said to contain massive hydrocarbon reserves (mostly gas in Los Molles, both gas and oil in Vaca Muerta), which are partly accessible through hydraulic fracturing.

Other Middle Cenozoic Patagonia fauna examples include the enormous wingless birds, which dwarf any previously known species, and the unique animal Pyrotherium, which is also of enormous proportions. Cetaceans have been discovered in large numbers in the Cenozoic marine deposit.

Large swaths of Patagonia were subjected to a marine transgression during the Oligocene and early Miocene, which may have temporarily linked the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, as evidenced by the discovery of marine invertebrate fossils with both Atlantic and Pacific affinity in the La Cascada Formation.

The connection would have been made by narrow epicontinental seaways that generated channels in a topography that was dissected. During the Miocene, the Antarctic Plate began to subduct beneath South America, establishing the Chile Triple Junction.

At first, the Antarctic Plate subducted exclusively in Patagonia’s southernmost reaches, putting the Chile Triple Junction near the Magellan Strait. The more northerly parts of the Antarctic Plate began to subduct beneath Patagonia as the southern half of the Nazca Plate and the Chile Rise were eaten by subduction, causing the Chile Triple Junction to advance to the north over time.

The asthenospheric window associated with the triple junction disrupted earlier mantle convection patterns beneath Patagonia, causing a 1 km uplift and reversing the Miocene transgression.

:dizzy: Economy

Mining, whaling, livestock (particularly sheep throughout), agriculture (wheat and fruit production towards the Andes to the north), and oil after its discovery near Comodoro Rivadavia in 1907 have been the area’s main economic activities.

The local economy is also reliant on energy generation. Railways were intended to serve the oil, mining, agricultural, and energy industries in continental Argentina, and a line was completed between San Carlos de Bariloche and Buenos Aires.

Other lines were erected to the south, but only the La Trochita in Esquel and the Train of the End of the World in Ushuaia, both heritage lines, and a short run Tren Histórico de Bariloche to Perito Moreno are still in operation.

Wood logging has historically been an important element of the economy in the western Patagonian Andes and archipelagoes, and it fueled the colonization of Argentina’s Nahuel Huapi and Lácar lakes, as well as Chile’s Guaitecas Archipelago.

:dizzy: Livestock

Sheep farming, which began in the late 1800s, has been a major source of income. The drop in world wool prices, which peaked during the First World War, had an impact on sheep production in Argentina.

Patagonia now houses about half of Argentina’s 15 million sheep, a number that is increasing as sheep farming in the pampas to the north diminishes. Chubut (mostly Merino) produces the most wool, followed by Santa Cruz (Corriedale and some Merino). With the depreciation of the peso and increased global demand for wool, sheep ranching resurrected in 2002.

Despite this, few new abattoirs are being built (mostly in Comodoro Rivadavia, Trelew, and Rio Gallegos), and phytosanitary limitations frequently limit the export of sheep meat. The Cordilleran range’s extensive valleys have supplied ample grazing pastures, and the southern region’s low humidity and weather make Merino and Corriedale sheep production prevalent.

Cattle, pigs, and horses are also included in the livestock category, though in smaller quantities. Sheep farming creates a modest but significant number of jobs in rural locations when there are few alternative options.

:dizzy: Tourism

Tourism formed an increasingly important aspect of Patagonia’s economy in the second half of the twentieth century. Originally a remote backpacking destination, the region is now attracting a growing number of high-end visitors, cruise passengers crossing Cape Horn or visiting Antarctica, and adventure and activity vacationers.

The Perito Moreno Glacier, the Valdés Peninsula, the Argentine Lake District, and Ushuaia and Tierra del Fuego are all popular tourist destinations (a city is also a jumping-off place for travel to Antarctica, bringing in still more visitors). Traditional goods like Mapuche handicrafts, guanaco fabrics, and confectionery, and preserves have found new markets locally and for export thanks to tourism.

The purchase of often vast swaths of land by foreigners, typically as a prestige purchase rather than for agriculture, has resulted as a result of increased tourism. Sylvester Stallone, Ted Turner, and Christopher Lambert were among the buyers, as was Luciano Benetton, Patagonia’s greatest landowner.

His “Compania de Tierras Sud” has supported museums and community facilities while also bringing new techniques to the struggling sheep-rearing business. However, his treatment of local Mapuche populations has been contentious.

:dizzy: Energy

Argentine Patagonia already has multiple dams for irrigation, some of which are also utilized for electricity, due to its low rainfall in agricultural areas. Five dams along the Limay River’s course are utilized to create hydroelectricity, Alicurá, Piedra del Guila, Pichi Picn Leuf, El Chocón, and Arroyito.

They generate more than a quarter of the country’s total hydroelectric power, along with the Cerros Colorados Complex on the Neuquén River. Patagonia has long been Argentina’s primary source of conventional oil and gas, as well as Chile’s sole source.

Oil and gas have contributed significantly to the growth of Neuquén-Cipolleti as Patagonia’s most populous city, as well as Comodoro Rivadavia, Punta Arenas, and the Rio Grande.

Although hydraulic fracturing is still being used to develop the Neuquén basin’s massive unconventional oil and gas reserves, the YPF-Chevron Loma Campana field in the Vaca Muerta formation is already the world’s largest producing shale oil field outside of North America, according to former YPF CEO Miguel Gallucio.

The legendary winds of Patagonia have already made the region Argentina’s primary producer of wind energy, and efforts have been made to significantly enhance wind power generation. In the Rio Turbio area, coal is mined and utilized to generate electricity.

:dizzy: Cuisine

Argentine Patagonian cuisine is mainly similar to Buenos Aires cuisine - grilled meats and pasta – but with more emphasis on local ingredients and less on things that must be brought into the region. Lamb is the traditional Patagonian meat, cooked over an open fire for several hours.

According to certain guidebooks, games are prominent in restaurant cuisine, particularly guanaco and introduced deer and boar. However, because guanaco is a protected species in both Chile and Argentina, it is unlikely to be served in restaurants regularly. Trout and Centola (king crab) are also plentiful, though Centola has become increasingly uncommon due to overfishing.

A well-known Alpine food heritage exists in the area of Bariloche, with chocolate bars and even fondue restaurants, and tea rooms can be found in the Welsh settlements of Gaiman and Trevelin, as well as in the mountains. In Argentine Patagonia, particularly in Neuquén, some success with winemaking has happened since the mid-1990s.

:dizzy: Foreign land buyers issue

Major land portions are owned by foreign investors such as the Italian multinational Benetton Group, Ted Turner, Joseph Lewis, and conservationist Douglas Tompkins. This condition has resulted in various clashes with residents and the Chilean and Argentine governments, such as Douglas Tompkins’ objection to the proposed Carretera Austral route through Pumaln Park.

Ted Turner owns two properties: the estancia La Primavera, which is located inside Nahuel Huapi National Park, and the estancia Collón Cura, both of which are embroiled in a scandal. Mapuche organizations, especially Mapuche International Link, have chastised Benetton for purchasing traditional Mapuche territories in Patagonia. Following Benetton’s claim to the land in 2002, the Curianco-Nahuelquir family was evicted, but the land was returned in 2007.

:dizzy: In science fiction

In Olaf Stapledon’s Last and First Men, a far-future time is imagined in which Patagonia becomes the heart of new world civilization, while Europe and North America are reduced to backward, poverty-stricken territories.

The search for Captain Grant begins in Jules Verne’s novel Les Enfants du Capitaine Grant (alternatively ‘In Search of the Castaways’), when the Duncan, a vessel owned by Lord Glenarvan, is taken on a journey to the western shore of South America’s Patagonian region, where the crew is split up, and Lord Glenarvan leads a party eastwards across Patagonia to eventually reunite with the Duncan (which had doubled the Cape in the meanwhile).

Summary:

Wood logging has historically been an important element of the economy in the western Patagonian Andes and archipelagoes. The local economy is also reliant on energy generation. Patagonia has long been Argentina’s primary source of conventional oil and gas. Neuquén-Cipolleti is Patagonia’s most populous city.

:arrow_right: Patagonia, INC.:

Patagonia, Inc. is a clothing brand based in the United States that markets and distributes outdoor gear. Yvon Chouinard created the company in 1973, and it is situated in Ventura, California.

They have hundreds of stores in tens of nations on five continents, as well as factories in sixteen of them.

:dizzy: Origin:

Chouinard Equipment, founded by Yvon Chouinard, an excellent rock climber, began selling hand-forged mountain climbing gear in 1957. He sold his gear on his own until 1965 when he teamed up with Tom Frost to develop his items and handle a growing supply and demand problem.

Chouinard obtained rugby shirts from Scotland in 1970, which he used when climbing because the collar protected his neck from the climbing sling. Patagonia’s first store, Great Pacific Iron Works, opened in 1973 near Chouinard’s blacksmith shop on Santa Clara St. in Ventura, in the former Hobson meat-packing plant.

Patagonia and Chouinard Equipment were merged into Great Pacific Iron Works in 1981. Chouinard renamed Great Pacific Iron Works to Lost Arrow Corporation in 1984.

Patagonia’s product range has extended to include clothes for other sports, such as surfing. They also sell sporting equipment, backpacks, sleeping bags, and camping food, in addition to apparel.

Patagonia announced in April 2017 that good-condition products can be returned for new merchandise credits. On its “Worn Wear” website, discarded merchandise is cleaned, repaired, and sold. Worn Wear had sold almost 120,000 products as of April 2020.

It introduced the ReCrafted program in 2019, which makes and sells apparel created from fabric scraps from discarded Patagonia gear. Patagonia announced in September 2020 that Rose Marcario would step down as CEO, and Ryan Gellert would take her place.

:dizzy: Materials:

:star: Down:

Patagonia was accused of using live-plucked down feathers and the downs of force-fed geese by the UK animal rights organization Four Paws in 2012. Patagonia denied using live-plucking in a statement on their website but acknowledged it had used down obtained from the foie-gras industry.

Patagonia stated in fall 2014 that it uses 100% traceable down to assure that birds are neither force-fed nor live-plucked, and that down is not combined with down from unknown sources.

:star: Wool:

PETA challenged Patagonia’s source of wool from Australia in February 2005, citing the practice of mulesing. Patagonia has since shifted its wool sourcing from Australia to South America’s Ovis 21 cooperative.

However, in August 2015, PETA published fresh video evidence revealing how sheep in Ovis 21 farms were treated horribly. Patagonia decided to cease buying wool from Ovis 21 as a result of this. Patagonia established a set of new wool principles in June 2016 that dictate animal treatment, land-use methods, and sustainability.

Men’s top and jacket sizing information:

Size Chest Waist Sleeve
XX-Small 31-33 26 30
X-Small 34-35 28 32
Small 35-37 29-30 33
Medium 38-40 31-33 34
Large 42-44 34-36 35
X-Large 46-48 38-40 36
XX-Large 50-52 42-44 37

Summary:

Patagonia was founded in 1973 by Yvon Chouinard, an excellent rock climber. Good-condition products can be returned for new merchandise credits. Patagonia’s product range has extended to include clothes for other sports, such as surfing and backpacking.

:arrow_right: Patagonia:

Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: [pataonja]) is a geographical region in Argentina and Chile that encompasses the southernmost part of South America. The Andes Mountains’ southern portion, lakes, fjords, and glaciers in the west, and deserts, tablelands, and steppes in the east make up the region.

Patagonia is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and the south by the Drake Passage, the Strait of Magellan, and numerous more bodies of water that connect them. The Colorado and Barrancas rivers, which extend from the Andes to the Atlantic, are widely regarded as Argentine Patagonia’s northernmost reaches.

Tierra del Fuego’s archipelago is sometimes considered part of Patagonia. The northernmost point of Chilean Patagonia, according to most geographers and historians, is the Huincul Fault in the Araucana Region.

Patagonia was home to several indigenous tribes when the Spanish arrived. Indigenous peoples practiced agriculture in a tiny section of northwestern Patagonia, but lived as hunter-gatherers in the rest of the country, going by foot in eastern Patagonia or by dugout canoe and dalca in the fjords and channels.

Indigenous peoples of northeastern Patagonia embraced a horseriding culture during colonial times. While the Spanish Empire’s primary goal was to keep other European countries out of Patagonia, independent Chile and Argentina gradually colonized the region during the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

The indigenous inhabitants’ livelihoods and ecosystems were disrupted as a result of this process, while thousands of Europeans, Argentines, Chilotes, and mainland Chileans settled in Patagonia. In the twentieth century, border conflicts between Argentina and Chile were common.

All of these disagreements have been resolved today, except for the boundary along with the Southern Patagonian Ice Field. Eastern Patagonia’s economy is based on sheep farming and oil and gas extraction, whereas western Patagonia’s economy is based on fishing, salmon aquaculture, and tourism. Patagonia’s cultural heritage is diverse, including influences from Criollo, Mestizo, Indigenous, German, Croat, Italian, and Welsh.

:arrow_right: History:

:dizzy: Pre-Columbian Patagonia (10,000 BC-AD 1520)

The region has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years, with some early archaeological finds dating back to at least the 13th century BC, however, later dates around the 10th millennium BC are more reliably recognized.

Human activity may be traced back to roughly 12,500 BC at Monte Verde in Chile’s Llanquihue Province. The settlement would have been impossible at the time due to glacial-period ice fields and subsequent massive meltwater torrents. Since 10,000 BC, the region appears to have been constantly populated by diverse cultures and alternating waves of migration, the details of which are yet unknown.

Several caves, including Cueva del Milodon in llasta Esperanza, southern Patagonia, and Tres Arroyos, Tierra del Fuego, have been excavated to support this date. East of the Andes, hearths, stone scrapers and animal remains dating from 9400–9200 BC have been discovered.

The Cueva de las Manos is a well-known attraction in the city of Santa Cruz, Argentina. This cave at the base of a cliff is covered in wall paintings, including negative pictures of hundreds of hands, which are thought to date from around 8000 BC.

According to artifacts discovered in the area, guanaco hunting and, to a lesser extent, rhea (and), hunting was the principal food source for cultures living on the eastern plains. Although this is now the more frequently accepted story, it is questionable whether the megafauna of Patagonia, including the ground sloth and horse, were extinct in the area before the arrival of humans.

It’s also unclear whether domestic dogs played a role in early human activity. Bolas was used to trapping guanaco and rhea and are being used today. The Yaghan (Yámana) to the south of Tierra del Fuego, the Kaweshqar between Taitao Peninsula and Tierra del Fuego, and the Chonos people in the Chonos Archipelago were all part of a nautical heritage along the Pacific coast.

The Tehuelches were among the region’s original peoples, whose numbers and society were brought to near extinction not long after European contact. The Gununa’kena to the north, Mecharnuekenk in south-central Patagonia, and the Aonikenk or Southern Tehuelche to the south, north of the Magellan strait, were all Tehuelches.

The Selk’nam (Ona) and Haush (Manek’enk) lived in the north and southeast, respectively, on Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. Yámana lived in the southern archipelagos of Tierra del Fuego, with the Kawéskar (Alakaluf) on the coastal areas and islands of western Tierra del Fuego and the southwest of the peninsula.

The Chronos lived in the Patagonian archipelagoes north of the Taitao Peninsula. Although it is uncertain when this configuration arose, it was found throughout the early times of European contact with distinct lifestyles, body ornamentation, and language.

Mapuche-speaking agriculturalists reached the western Andes at the end of the 16th century, then crossed into the eastern plains and down to the deep south. They dominated the other peoples of the region in a short amount of time via confrontation and technological aptitude, and they are now the main indigenous community.

The Mapuche paradigm of dominance through technological superiority and violent conflict was eventually replicated by Europeans, who followed a similar but fundamentally different cycle, basically replacing the prior rulers with a new, albeit predominantly European class.

:dizzy: Early European exploration (1520–1669)

Navigators such as Gonçalo Coelho and Amerigo Vespucci may have arrived in the area (his report of 1502 claims that they arrived around latitude 52°S), but Vespucci’s failure to adequately identify the region’s important geographical features, such as the Ro de la Plata, raises questions.

A Portuguese journey in 1511–1512, generally assigned to captain Diogo Ribeiro, who was replaced by Estevo de Frois following his death, and directed by the pilot and cosmographer Joo de Lisboa, may have been the first or more complete description of a section of the Patagonia coastline.

After reaching Rio de la Plata (which they would explore on the way back, meeting the Charra and other peoples), the explorers arrived in San Matias Gulf, located at 42°S. The mission discovered a “land” or a “point extending into the sea” south of the 40th parallel, as well as a gulf further south. The expedition is reported to have traveled approximately 300 kilometers (186 miles) around the gulf and observed the continent on the other side.

While Sir Francis Drake’s voyage down the Atlantic coast, through the Strait of Magellan, and northward along the Pacific coast in 1577 was memorable, the descriptions of the geography of Patagonia owe much more to the Spanish explorer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa (1579–1580), who devoted himself especially to the south-west region and made careful and accurate surveys.

The Spanish authorities ignored the towns he established at Nombre de Jess and San Felipe, with the latter being abandoned when Thomas Cavendish reached there in 1587 during his tour, and so bleak that he named it Port Famine.

The Spanish Crown lost interest in southern Patagonia after the discovery of the route around Cape Horn until the 18th century, when the coastal settlements Carmen de Patagones, San José, Puerto Deseado, and Nueva Colonia Floridablanca were established, despite maintaining de jure sovereignty over the region.

:dizzy: Spanish outposts:

The failure of the Spanish to colonize the Strait of Magellan prompted the Chiloé Archipelago to take on the responsibility of protecting western Patagonia from foreign encroachment. Valdivia, which was founded in 1645, and Chiloé served as sentinels, gathering information and rumors from all around Patagonia.

Due to the threat of corsairs and pirates, Spanish rulers ordered the depopulation of the Guaitecas Archipelago, robbing opponents of any potential backing from native communities. The majority of the indigenous Chono population was then relocated to the Chiloé Archipelago in the north, while some relocated south of Taitao Peninsula, effectively depopulating the land in the 18th century.

:dizzy: Scientific exploration (1764–1842)

The travels of John Byron (1764–1765), Samuel Wallis (1766, in the same HMS Dolphin that Byron had earlier sailed in), and Louis Antoine de Bougainville in the second part of the 18th century added to European understanding of Patagonia (1766).

Francisco Viedma founded El Carmen, now Carmen de Patagones, and Antonio settled the area of San Julian Bay, where he founded the colony of Floridablanca and advanced inland to the Andes; Thomas Falkner, a Jesuit who spent nearly forty years in those parts, published his Description of Patagonia (Hereford, 1774); and Thomas Falkner, a Jesuit who spent nearly forty years in those parts, published his Description of Patagonia (Hereford, 17 (1782).

The Rio Negro was ascended by Basilio Villarino (1782). The first trip (1826–1830), which included HMS Adventure and HMS Beagle under Phillip Parker King, and the second (1832–1836), which included the Beagle under Robert FitzRoy, were both important hydrographic investigations of the shores.

Charles Darwin spent time onshore researching various locations of Patagonia, including long rides with gauchos in Ro Negro, and joined FitzRoy in a 200 mile (320 km) trip piloting ships’ boats up the channel of the Santa Cruz River.

:dizzy: Spanish American independence wars

Rumors of the impending arrival of Spanish troops in Patagonia, either from Peru or Chiloé, were widespread among indigenous peoples of the Pampas and northern Patagonia during the independence struggles.

In 1820, José Miguel Carrera, a Chilean patriot, united with the Pampas’ indigenous Raquel people to battle rival patriots in Buenos Aires. José Miguel Carrera intended to traverse the Andes Mountains into Chile and defeat his competitors there.

As patriots secured control of Chile, the Pincheira brothers, the last royalist armed organization in what is now Argentina and Chile, marched from the vicinities of Chillán across the Andes into northern Patagonia.

The Pincheira brothers were a group of outlaws made up of Europeans, Americans, Mestizos, and indigenous peoples. Because of their partnership with two indigenous tribes, the Ranqueles and the Boroanos, this group was able to go to Patagonia.

The Pincheira brothers created a permanent encampment with thousands of inhabitants in the interior of Patagonia, far from the de facto territory of Chile and the United Provinces. The Pincheiras led multiple attacks into the newly constituted republics’ countrysides from their bases.

:dizzy: Chilean and Argentine colonization (1843–1902)

The araucanization of northern Patagonia’s inhabitants accelerated in the early nineteenth century, and many Mapuches migrated to Patagonia to live as nomads who farmed cattle or pillaged the Argentine countryside.

The cattle (Malones) kidnapped during the raids were eventually transported to Chile via mountain routes and exchanged for goods, particularly alcoholic beverages. The principal route for this trade was the Camino de Los Chilenos, which runs for about 1000 kilometers from the province of Buenos Aires to the mountain passes of Neuquén province.

After a request from the governor of Buenos Aires, Juan Manuel de Rosas, to destroy the Boroano people, the lonco Calfucurá crossed the Andes from Chile to the pampas in 1830. With 3,000 men, he assaulted Bahia Blanca in Argentina in 1859.

Many more Mapuches, like Calfucura, became embroiled in Argentina’s internal battles until the Conquest of the Desert. Argentina erected the Zanja de Alsina trench in the pampas in the 1870s to protect cattle against raids.

The newly established nations of Argentina and Chile launched an aggressive era of expansion into the south in the mid-nineteenth century, escalating conflict with the region’s indigenous peoples. In 1860, Orelie-Antoine de Tounens, a French adventurer, declared himself king of the Mapuche Kingdom of Araucana and Patagonia.

In 1843, Chilean President Manuel Bulnes dispatched an expedition to the Strait of Magellan, following Bernardo O’Higgins’ dying commands, and constructed Fuerte Bulnes. The Chilean government relocated the main colony to Punta Arenas, the oldest permanent community in Southern Patagonia, five years later.

The establishment of Punta Arenas was crucial in cementing Chile’s claim to the Strait of Magellan. Sheep from the Falkland Islands were introduced to the areas near the Straits of Magellan in the 1860s, and sheep herding became the most important economic sector in southern Patagonia throughout the 19th century.

Summary:

Patagonia has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years. Human activity may be traced back to 12,500 BC at Monte Verde in Chile’s Llanquihue Province. Many Mapuches migrated to Patagonia from Chile in the 19th century. They farmed cattle or pillaged the Argentine countryside for cattle, which were transported to Chile via mountain routes.

:arrow_right: Frequently Asked Questions:

Usually many people ask questions abou this keyword, some of them are given below;

1: What country owns Patagonia?

Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: [pataonja]) is a geographical region in Argentina and Chile that encompasses the southernmost part of South America. The Andes Mountains’ southern portion, lakes, fjords, and glaciers in the west, and deserts, tablelands, and steppes in the east make up the region.

2: Is Patagonia worth the price?

If you want a long-lasting, well-made jacket while also having the peace of mind that you’ve had as little impact on the environment as possible, a Patagonia jacket is well worth the money. Their jackets are faultless, and it’s difficult to be dissatisfied with any of them.

3: Why is the Patagonia brand famous?

Patagonia is a multibillion-dollar American clothing brand that sells environmentally friendly outdoor gear and apparel. It was formed in 1973 by Yvon Chouinard and has always placed a strong emphasis on ethical and environmental issues.

4: What language do they speak in Patagonia?

Spanish is the official language of Chile and Argentina, including Patagonia. For further information, see our Chile and Argentina sections. Welsh is spoken in some places of Argentine Patagonia, which may surprise you.

5: Does anyone live in Patagonia?

Patagonia as a whole has a population of almost 2 million people. The southernmost section of the American continent is known as Patagonia. Patagonians refer to themselves as “those who live at the end of the planet.” As a result of this isolation, European and indigenous people have progressively blended.

6: Is Patagonia employee-owned?

Employees at the billionaire-owned Patagonia Outdoor Clothing Company will be paid despite store closures due to the Coronavirus. A situation has arisen… At his outdoor gear firm Patagonia, billionaire Yvon Chouinard is once again choosing to choose employees over profits.

7: Why Patagonia is bad?

Greenpeace chastised Patagonia in 2015 when harmful substances were discovered in the brand’s garment material. Not only are waterproof materials containing toxins dangerous to flora and fauna, but they are also harmful to humans. Unfortunately, chemicals aren’t Patagonia’s only source of concern.

8: Why do you buy Patagonia?

I’ll tell you what you should do, buy Patagonia. Patagonia has long been regarded as the gold standard for both outdoor enthusiasts and business models. Patagonia items are also made following the strictest environmental guidelines. Since 1996, all of their cotton goods have been certified organic, putting them ahead of the curve.

9: What is so special about Patagonia?

Patagonia, in the far south of South America, spans Argentina and Chile and covers 260,000 square miles. The area is recognized for its stunning mountain peaks, many glaciers, and diverse animals. El Calafate, Argentina is called from a thorny bush in the southern Patagonian region of the same name.

10: Why is Patagonia so trendy?

Patagonia’s clothing is inextricably linked to its outspoken environmental activism. Patagonia pioneered the use of recycled nylon and polyester textiles in the outdoor sector, and its laid-back vintage style stems from the idea that its products are meant to last for years, not just seasons.

Conclusion:

Patagonia is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south by the Andes Mountains. The region’s economy is based on fishing, aquaculture, and tourism.

Indigenous peoples practiced agriculture in a tiny section of northwestern Patagonia. The region appears to have been constantly populated by diverse cultures since 10,000 BC. The Tehuelches were among the region’s original peoples, whose numbers and society were brought to near extinction after European contact.

About half of Argentina’s 15 million sheep are kept in Patagonia; Chubut (mostly Merino) produces the most wool. Patagonia has long been Argentina’s primary source of conventional oil and gas. Neuquén-Cipolleti is Patagonia’s most populous city.

Related Articles:

How did Patagonia get its name? The name Patagonia comes from the word Patagon, which Magellan used in 1520 to refer to the native tribes of the region who considered its expedition giants.

What is the relative location in Patagonia?

Patagonia is not a country, but a region in the extreme south of South America. It covers approximately 1,043,076 square kilometers or 402,734 square miles in Argentina and Chile. This area includes the southern Andes, deserts, pampas and grasslands and coastal areas.

Which countries is Patagonia in?

In which countries is Patagonia found? Political divisions in Patagonia. Patagonia is divided into two countries: 90% in Argentina and 10% in Chile. Geography. Patagonia covers an area of ​​approximately 402,734 square miles and has a population of more than 1,999,540. Wild nature.

Where is Patagonia South America?

South America region. Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a sparsely populated region in southern South America, shared by Chile and Argentina.

Who is the founder of Patagonia clothing company?

Patagonia, Inc. is an American clothing company that markets and sells outerwear. The company was founded in 1973 by Yvon Chouinard and is based in Ventura, California.

Who was the first person to describe Patagonia?

The first or more detailed description of part of the Patagonian coast is possibly mentioned during the Portuguese voyage in 1511-1512, traditionally attributed to Captain Diogo Ribeiro, who was succeeded after his death by Estevan de Froy, and one of João's. pilots and cosmographers.. led by De Lisbon).

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Which countries is patagonia in europe

Patagonia. For other uses, see Patagonia (disambiguation). Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a sparsely populated region in southern South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.

:brown_circle: What did the indigenous people do in Patagonia?

When the Spanish arrived, Patagonia was inhabited by several indigenous tribes. In a small part of northwestern Patagonia, indigenous peoples engaged in agriculture, while in the rest of the area people lived as hunters and gatherers, hiking or kayaking in eastern Patagonia and Dalke through fjords and canals.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: How did patagonia get its name from greek

Argentine scholar Miguel Doura pointed out that the name Patagonia may have come from an ancient Greek region of modern Turkey called Paphlagonia, the possible birthplace of a Patagonian character in Primalion's chivalric romances, set in 1512, 10 years before arrival.. country were printed.

Where did the name of the island Patagonia come from?

The exact explanation for the origin of the name Patagonia is unclear. Most agree that this is due to the arrival in 1520 of the Portuguese explorer Fernando de Magallanes. When Magellan and his team reached the southern part of the continent, they often found large footprints on and around the coast.

Where are the oceans located in the Patagonia region?

This region includes the Andes to the south and the desert, pampas and pastures to the east. Patagonia is one of the few regions with coasts of three oceans: the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Southern Ocean to the south.

Why is Patagonia known as the land of the big feet?

Bigfoot is known as Patagonia in Portuguese which is why Patagonia is considered the land of the big feet. Rumors of giants roaming the land quickly spread. Now it may sound like a story about old wives, giants who roam the earth and what time. However, at this historic moment, thousands of indigenous peoples roamed the country.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: When did Chile and Argentina colonize Patagonia?

While the Spanish Empire was primarily interested in preventing other European powers from entering Patagonia, independent Chile and Argentina slowly began to colonize the area during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: How many countries are in the Patagonia region?

At the state level, Patagonia occupies an area in two countries: 10% in Chile and 90% in Argentina. The two countries have organized their Patagonian territories into administrative units of no equal value: provinces and departments of Argentina and regions, provinces and municipalities of Chile.

How did patagonia get its name date

The word "Patagonia" comes from "Patagones", the name the Portuguese navigator Fernando de Magallanes gave to the locals who were discovered in this part of the world during his expedition of 1520.

Where did the name Patagonia climbing equipment come from?

Chouinard's climbing innovation continues to this day, being marketed under the Black Diamond Equipment label after a group of former Chouinard employees bought the Andean-based Chouinard Equipment Company in 1989. The mountains.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: How did patagonia get its name meaning

Where did Patagonia get its name from? Ferdinand Magellan named the southern tip of South America Patagonia in 1520. The meaning of "Patagonia" probably comes from the book "Primalion", first published in 1512, which described a wild race called Patagonians. On Highway 7 in the heart of Patagonia | DW documentation.

How did the Patagonian Indians get their name?

It was the Tehuelche Indians and the first sign of this was the huge footprints found on the beach. For this reason, Magellan called them "patagones" from the Portuguese "pata grau" or "big feet". Another theory is that Magellan took this name from the giant "Patoagon", a character in the chivalric novel Primalion.

Who are the largest landowners in Patagonia, Argentina?

A side effect of the growth of tourism is the purchase by foreigners of large tracts of land, often as luxuries rather than agriculture. Buyers included Sylvester Stallone, Ted Turner and Christopher Lambert, most notably Luciano Benetton, Patagonia's largest landowner.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: How did patagonia get its name from africa

Culturally, Patagonia has a diverse heritage, including Creoles, Mestizos, Indigenous Peoples, German, Croatian, Italian, and Welsh influences. The name Patagonia comes from the Patagonian word. Magellan used the term in 1520 to describe the native tribes of the region who considered his expeditionary giants.

How did Patagonia in Argentina get its name?

Patagonia gets its name from a man who discovered the aborigines here in 1520. The name itself comes from the word Patagonian, which used to refer to the natives, as they were so large he thought they were giants. 7. What language is spoken in Argentine Patagonia?

How did patagonia get its name and what

The name Patagonia comes from the Patagonian word. Magellan used the term in 1520 to describe the native tribes of the region who considered his expeditionary giants. Today it is believed that the people he called Patagonians were Tehuelche, who were generally taller than the Europeans of the time. What is the name of the Patagonia brand?

Where did the name of Patagonia come from?

The name Patagonia comes from the mountainous region of South America, which also includes the southern part of the Andes. The logo is inspired by the wobbly peaks of Mount Fitz Roy, which is still one of the most difficult mountains to climb, even though Chouinard climbed it in 1968, which was documented in Fitzroy's film.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What's the history of the outdoor brand Patagonia?

One of America's most respected outdoor brands, Patagonia doesn't have its roots as far back as its Bean and Eddie Bauer counterparts, but the brand has had a huge impact on American culture for more than 40 years.

Which is the northern border of Argentina and Chile?

Most people consider the Colorado and Barrancas rivers to be the northern border of Argentine Patagonia and the Huincul Fault as the northern border of Chilean Patagonia. Some geographers include the southern part of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago as part of Patagonia, while others limit it to the mainland.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Where are the oceans located in Argentine Patagonia?

Patagonia is one of the few regions with coasts of three oceans: the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Southern Ocean to the south. The Colorado and Barrancas Rivers, which flow from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean, are widely considered the northern border of Argentine Patagonia.

Which is the coldest part of Patagonia in Argentina?

Argentina's Perito Moreno Glacier is one of many parts of Patagonia that is cold enough to be covered in ice. The best soils in Patagonia are north of the Negro River, especially where they are composed of volcanic rock.

What is the relative location

When they refer to a point or location on a map, they mean a relative or absolute location. A relative location refers to a specific location relative to another point, location, or landmark.

How can you tell relative location?

There are several ways to determine the relative position of a place: distance (in miles or kilometers), travel time (by car, plane, train, boat, bicycle, walking, and any combination of these), or fare. trip. Let's look at some examples of relative location:

How is relative location determined?

The relative position of a place is determined by specific landmarks or known places. The absolute position of a place is specified in latitude and longitude.

:brown_circle: What is absolute location mean?

An absolute position refers to a specific fixed point on the Earth's surface, expressed in a scientific coordinate system. It is more accurate than relative location, which describes the location of a location using other nearby locations.

What is absolute location?

Important points to keep in mind: Absolute location. An absolute location is described by a coordinate system (usually latitude and longitude). This refers to a specific point on the Earth's surface. A relative location is described by features, landmarks, or locations in the immediate vicinity of a specific location. The absolute location can be determined using geolocation software such as GPS.

:brown_circle: What is the line of contact between Patagonia and the Andes?

The line of contact between the Patagonian Plateau and the Patagonian Andes is marked by a series of lakes in glacial depressions, or karens, overlapped downstream by moraines and other loose and loose glacial landforms.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is the relative location in patagonia costa rica

The absolute location is 10 degrees north of the equator and 84 degrees west. Its relative location is between Nicaragua and Panama in Central America.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Where is the Patagonia region in South America?

Patagonia is a distinct geographic region at the foothills of South America, including the lower parts of Argentina and Chile. Patagonia is a sparsely populated region of southern South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Where is the capital of Costa Rica located?

It is located in Central America, southern Nicaragua and northwestern Panama. San José, the capital of Costa Rica, is located in central Costa Rica, west of Puerto Limón, Costa Rica and east of Puntarenas, Costa Rica. Absolute Location: °N, °W (San José, Costa Rica).

Who are the first people to live in Patagonia?

Some of the earliest known inhabitants of the area are several marine tribes that inhabited the Pacific coast, including the Yagan, Kaveshkar, and Chono. As early as 7000 BC The Tehuelche peoples (to which several groups belonged) began to develop in the region.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is the relative location in patagonia arizona

Patagonia is a city in Santa Cruz County in the US state of Arizona. At the 2010 census, Patagonia had a population of 913. Patagonia developed in the mid-1800s as a commercial and supply center for nearby mines and farms.

:brown_circle: Are there any mines in the Patagonia area?

The Patagonia, Arizona area is currently home to SEVERAL foreign mineral exploration companies mined on government land in the Coronado National Forest in eastern Santa Cruz County, Arizona.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Where does the water come from in Patagonia?

The 128,000-acre Sonoita Creek Watershed is the source of drinking water for Patagonia. Sonoita and Harshaw Creek and their aquifers are the sole source of drinking water for the city of Patagonia, home to more than 900 residents and more than 300 private well users within 3 miles of the city.

:brown_circle: Why is the Patagonia area Resource Alliance important?

The Patagonia Region Resource Alliance recognizes that the health and economic prosperity of its community in Patagonia is closely related to the prosperity of the Patagonia Mountains and Harshaw/Sonoita Creek. They are a source of water, their clean air and biological wealth feed the local economy.

What countries are in Patagonia?

Patagonia is a distinct geographic region at the foot of South America, including the lower parts of Argentina and Chile. On the Chilean side, it begins in the Araucanía region and extends to the extreme south of the country.

:brown_circle: Which country is Patagonia located within?

Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a sparsely populated region in southern South America, ruled by Argentina and Chile. The region includes the southern Andes, lakes, fjords and glaciers in the west, and deserts, plateaus and steppes in the east.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What to know about Patagonia?

10 things to know before visiting Patagonia 1. Patagonia has two districts, should I visit one or both? Patagonia is divided between Argentina and Chile. 2. And if you go beyond those limits, be careful what you wear. This may seem very obvious, but if not.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What are the characteristics of Patagonia?

  • Strong Patagonian Wild Horse
  • It has a transverse height of about one meter.
  • The coat is usually laurel or sorrel.
  • It also has the detail that its front legs are clearly muscular.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Where are the wonders of nature in Patagonia?

There are natural wonders here, such as the granite towers of Torres del Paine National Park, Los Glaciares National Park with huge glaciers, colorful sedimentary rocks and the breathtaking beauty of emerald lakes and rivers. Patagonia is a region of South America with no clear territorial boundaries, partly owned by Chile and partly by Argentina.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Where is Chilean Patagonia?

Patagonia is located in the south of Chile, where the American continent ends. It begins in Puerto Montt and descends to Punta Arenas, continuing east through the Magellan Belt, the Beagle Channel and Tierra del Fuego to the south, reaching the Chilean territory of Antarctica.

Is Patagonia a country?

Patagonia is not a country, but a region in the extreme south of South America. It covers approximately 1,043,076 square kilometers or 402,734 square miles in Argentina and Chile.

Why is Patagonia so dry in South America?

Patagonia is influenced by westerly air currents from the South Pacific, which bring moist winds from the ocean to the continent. However, these winds lose moisture (through cooling and condensation) as they ■■■■ over the west coast of South America and the Andes, and dry up as they reach Patagonia.

Where does the Patagonian Desert lie?

The Patagonian Desert, also called the Patagonian Steppe, is Argentina's largest desert and the eighth largest desert in the world, covering an area of ​​673,000 square kilometers. It is mainly found in Argentina and borders the Andes to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east in the Patagonia region of southern Argentina.

Is the Patagonian Desert located in South Argentina?

The Patagonian Desert covers an area of ​​673,000 square kilometers in southern Argentina and parts of Chile. Also known as the Patagonian Steppe or Magellan Steppe, the desert is bordered by the Patagonian Andes to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Colorado River to the north.

Where is patagonia south america weather

The west coast of Patagonia, which belongs exclusively to Chile, has a cool maritime climate with maximum summer temperatures ranging from 14°C in the south to 19°C in the north (and nights between 5 and 11°C) and very heavy rainfall.. from 2000 to more than 7000 mm in the local microclimate.

What's the weather like in Patagonia in the summer?

air temperature. The highest temperatures in Patagonia are observed in the summer months, where they can reach around 22°C. The lowest temperatures are observed in the winter months, when they can drop to 0°C at night.

:brown_circle: When does Daylight Savings Time start in Patagonia?

Chile is four hours behind GMT. From October to March, both countries switch to daylight saving time, moving their clocks forward one hour. This basically means that in most cases, Patagonia is within an hour or two of US Eastern Standard Time.

Where are Chile and Argentina located in South America?

Patagonia is located in the southern part of South America and is an area shared by the countries of Chile and Argentina.

What animals live in South American pampas?

Mammals of the ruminant family, muntjac, roe deer, reindeer and elk. The pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) is a species of deer native to the low-lying grasslands of South America.

What are some facts about Pampas?

The Pampas (Quechua: Pampa, meaning plain) are the fertile plains of South America covering more than 750,000 km2 (289,577 sq mi) and the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, between Ríos and Córdoba. they include the southernmost state of Uruguay and Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul.

:brown_circle: What are some characteristics of the Pampas?

Specifications. The pampas cat is slightly larger than the domestic cat and has a thicker tail. Size varies from region to region, from 46 to 75 cm (18 to 30 in) with a long tail of 23 to 29 cm (- in). There are six variations of their coat, but they all have two dark lines on their cheeks: Type 1.

Which region is Pampas in?

The Pampas are vast plains that stretch across central Argentina, from the Atlantic coast to the foothills of the Andes. It borders the Gran Chaco, an alluvial plain to the north and Patagonian scrub to the south. Although the pampas gradually descend from northwest to southeast, from 500 meters to 20 meters above sea level, much of the region appears flat.

:brown_circle: Where is patagonia products made

At the time of writing, Patagonia is manufactured in contract factories in 16 countries, including the United States. These factories produce high-quality garments that require no expensive adjustments and are free from defects that could cause an ■■■■■■■■■ of the customer's garment upon purchase.

:brown_circle: How many factories does Patagonia have in the world?

While this reduction has been difficult on many levels, it allows them to design working conditions and product quality much more consistently and effectively. At the time of writing, Patagonia is manufactured in contract factories in 16 countries, including the United States.

Where was the first Patagonia store in California?

Great Pacific Iron Works, the first store in Patagonia, opened in 1973 in the old Hobson Meat Factory on Santa Clara Street, Ventura, near Chuinards Forge. In 1981, Patagonia and Chouinard Equipment joined Great Pacific Iron Works.

How is Patagonia a good company to be in?

Patagonia is widely recognized as an adventure and outdoor clothing brand that cares about its country. With the guiding principle of 'make the best product, don't cause unnecessary damage, use business as inspiration and implement solutions to overcome the environmental crisis', Patagonia has set the bar very high. Let's see how much he is respected!

:brown_circle: How safe is patagonia

In general, the southern summer months, from mid-November to the end of March, are the best times to visit Patagonia. These months offer ideal conditions for long walks to gems such as Torres del Paine and Tierra del Fuego.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Is Djibouti safe to visit?

In general, Djibouti is relatively safe to visit. Expect petty and violent crime and scammers everywhere. Take all precautions to minimize the chance of something going wrong.

Is it safe to visit national parks alone?

The answer to the question of whether you should visit the national parks on your own is that it depends on the circumstances. If the threat of a bear in the park makes it recommended to walk in groups of three or more, walk in groups of three or more. On the other hand, if you go to the Grand Canyon to see it from a clearly marked vantage point, your risks are much lower.

Who is the founder of Patagonia climbing gear?

Patagonia (clothing) Founded in 1973 by Yvon Chouinard, the company is located in Ventura, California. After bankruptcy in 1989, the company split into Black Diamond Equipment, which sells climbing equipment, and what is now called Patagonia, which sells soft goods.

where is patagonia