States and Capitals

States and Capitals are often with historical and trade importance and the region where government institutions are and usually with the seat of the state’s elected government.

States and capitals in USA

US states
The list of all states and capitals in the U.S. are as follows:

S. No State Capital
1 Alabama Montgomery
2 Alaska Juneau
3 Arizona Phoenix
4 Arkansas Little Rock
5 California Sacramento
6 Colorado Denver
7 Connecticut Hartford
8 Delaware Dover
9 Florida Tallahassee
10 Georgia Atlanta
11 Hawaii Honolulu
12 Idaho Boise
13 Illinois Springfield
14 Indiana Indianapolis
15 Iowa Des Moines
16 Kansas Topeka
17 Kentucky Frankfort
18 Louisiana Baton Rouge
19 Maine Augusta
20 Maryland Annapolis
21 Massachusetts Boston
22 Michigan Lansing
23 Minnesota Saint Paul
24 Mississippi Jackson
25 Missouri Jefferson City
26 Montana Helena
27 Nebraska Lincoln
28 Nevada Carson City
29 New Hampshire Concord
30 New Jersey Trenton
31 New Mexico Santa Fe
32 New York Albany
33 North Carolina Raleigh
34 North Dakota Bismarck
35 Ohio Columbus
36 Oklahoma Oklahoma City
37 Oregon Salem
38 Pennsylvania Harrisburg
39 Rhode Island Providence
40 South Carolina Columbia
41 South Dakota Pierre
42 Tennessee Nashville
43 Texas Austin
44 Utah Salt Lake City
45 Vermont Montpelier
46 Virginia Richmond
47 Washington Olympia
48 West Virginia Charleston
49 Wisconsin Madison
50 Wyoming Cheyenne

These 50 are all states and capitals of the U.S.A.

US territories

The United States 5 significant U.S. territoriesAmerican Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

In the history of the U.S., the states that are now a total of 50 states were formerly territories or parts of larger territories. Every territory is somewhat self-governing under the jurisdiction of the U.S. government.
Puerto Rico also became a territory of the U.S. It has frequently been mentioned as a new state, but no effort has been made by Congress.

Territories are not the states and do not have the full representation that states have. Each territory can send a group of members to the House of Representatives of Congress. In the U.S. Residents of the territories can vote in primary elections, but they cannot vote in the general elections for president.

According to the Supreme Court of the U.S. territories do not have sovereignty and cannot vote in the general election for president, despite citizens of the U.S. So, that there are huge limitations when a region is a territory rather than a state.

India’s 28 states and their capitals

India has 28 states and their capitals are mentioned below. However, according to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019., the first time that a former princely state (which India and Pakistan claim their territory and war over it few times and each country control different parts of the territory with a ceasefire line agreed.) is now converted into two Territories by Indian BJP Govt., one is Jammu and Kashmir and other is Ladakh (Both these territories claimed as Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir by Pakistan).

There has been brutality in the Indian side of Jammu and Kashmir because of sentiments against Indian rule and pro-Pakistani are still alive. The 28 are all states of India.

S. NO State Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
3 Assam Dispur
4 Bihar Patna
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur
6 Goa Panaji
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar
8 Haryana Chandigarh
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla
10 Jharkhand Ranchi
11 Karnataka Bengaluru
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
14 Maharashtra Mumbai
15 Manipur Imphal
16 Meghalaya Shillong
17 Mizoram Aizawl
18 Nagaland Kohima
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar
20 Punjab Chandigarh
21 Rajasthan Jaipur
22 Sikkim Gangtok
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai
24 Telangana Hyderabad
25 Tripura Agartala
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun
28 West Bengal Kolkata

Australia – Capital of States

These listed below are all states and capitals which are total of 6 and 2 territories of Australia

State Capital
Australian Capital Territory Canberra
New South Wales Sydney
Northern Territory Darwin
Queensland Brisbane
South Australia Adelaide
Tasmania Hobart
Victoria Melbourne
Western Australia Perth

Canberra - is a national capital since 1908.

Where to visit in Australia – states and capitals

Whenever you are in Australia you must visit:

  • Sydney Opera HouseOpera House, This remarkable capital building in Sydney is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Formed like immense shells, you can enjoy a concert here also famous for dining at one of the restaurants or take a round of the building, which comprises theaters, studios, a concert hall, exhibition rooms, etc.

  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park – The collection of marine life here includes different corals, more than 1,600 species of fish, sharks, dugongs, dolphins, turtles, rays, etc. or you can agree to see from underwater viewing positions and glass-bottom area.
    state capital

  • Sydney Harbour Bridge – connecting Sydney’s North Shore to the central region, a beautiful site. Along with the pedestrian path, there are two railway lines that extend across the bridge, as well as eight lanes for road, and the control of each lane can be changed to provide the traffic flow.
    One of the top things to do in Sydney is a guided ascent to the top of the bridge, where you can enjoy spectacular views over the harbor and city

  • Melbourne – The capital of the state of Victoria, and Australia’s second-largest city, a sophisticated city on the Yarra River, is a recommended stay – especially for culture, Galleries, theaters, restaurants, shops, and it gives surely a European feel. And of course, sports fans love this city and watch cricket matches live here.

  • Bondi Beach – This is one of the world’s most famous beaches. Bondi Beach is the place to one of the best surfing clubs in the world. It’s also a great scene for a seaside picnic, and flocks of tourists and locals gather here to celebrate Christmas and New Year.

  • Kakadu National Park – is a World Heritage Site, the largest national park in Australia, and the second-largest in the world. Inside its borders lie rainforests, rivers, canyons, wetlands, and waterfalls, as well as provide a variety of wildlife views. Like, mammals, reptiles, fish, more than 300 different kinds of birds, also freshwater and saltwater crocodiles hiding in the wetlands of Kakadu National Park.

  • Fraser Island – the beautiful Fraser Island, highlights crystal-clear freshwater streams and lakes, some filled by springs, and ancient rainforests packed with an astonishing unlikeness of plants and animals. Sharks, dolphins, and whales, and more than 300 species of birds.

Germany’s states and capitals

Germany has 16 states and its capitals are:

States Capital
Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart
Bavaria Munich
Berlin Berlin
Brandenburg Potsdam
Bremen Bremen
Hamburg Hamburg
Hesse Wiesbaden
Lower Saxony Hanover
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Schwerin
North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf
Rhineland-Palatinate Mainz
Saarland Saarbrücken
Saxony Dresden
Saxony-Anhalt Magdeburg
Schleswig-Holstein Kiel
Thuringia Erfurt

How to learn all states and capitals

As every person learns differently according to his learning ability, it is difficult to choose one method over another like

  • One may use flashcards.
  • Another may use to write out the map several times.
  • Absorb better through rhyming songs about states and their capital.
  • Memorizing through pictures and visualizations is also a good option.
  • Create printable worksheets for learning states and capitals.
  • There are also so many free online games to learn about the location of the states, as well as the capitals & historic pictures.

The State

A state is an organized independent, sovereign government ( if they are not dependent on another state) handling control over certain areas, whose borders are precisely defined and internationally recognized by other states.

State Responsibility

  1. States usually have clear borders of their territory.
  2. Safeguards and manages its region within those borders.
  3. Recognized by other countries.
  4. States have bureaucracies staffed by their own workers that work under the government.
  5. States hold certain functions within their territory (sovereign)
  6. Controls legitimate use of force within its territory
  7. Controls economy at national scale and collects taxes.
  8. States make rules within their territory.
  9. State also Controls information within its territory.

States and capitals quiz

You can conduct a states and capitals quiz by asking questions like this and giving 4 options along with 1 correct option.

  1. What is the capital of Alabama?
  2. What is the capital of California?
  3. How many states of the U.S.?
  4. What is the capital of Delaware?
  5. What is the capital of Florida?
  6. What is the capital of South Carolina?
  7. What is the capital of Texas?
  8. What is the capital of Virginia?
  9. What is the capital of Hawaii?
  10. What is the capital of Georgia?
  11. What is the capital of Washington?
  12. What is the capital of Wyoming?

Or also download games like this from the play store on your mobile

States and capitals games

There are many apps on google play store for learning states and capitals by a quiz or guessing like you can download these:

  • Capitals of all countries in the world: City Quiz
  • USA states and capital quiz
  • 50 states
  • 50 US state quiz
  • World map quiz
  • Capitals quiz
  • World capitals
  • States of Germany
  • Geography quiz

Capital of U.S.

The first capital of the United States was New York City but now, Washington, D.C. has been the federal capital of the U.S. since 1800. All states of the U.S. have their own capital cities. Typically respective capital cities of states change multiple times but most states have not changed their capital.

Washington, D.C. as the federal capital of the U.S. has been the most dynamic city in the Pacific Northwest region because it was established by the Constitution of the U.S. as the federal capital.

all states
President George Washington decided the exact location of this new “district,”. The city was officially founded in 1790, formerly a section of Maryland and Virginia, Pierre Charles L’Enfant appointed to design the city to be dynamic and different from the rest of the states, who presented a concept for a modern city emphasizing ceremonial spaces nostalgic of another great capital, Paris. He designed a grid arrangement, in which the center would be the Capitol building.

  • The city has a unique combination of unrestricted, public museums and many of the state’s most admired buildings and monuments.
  • The National Mall between the Capitol, Washington Monument, White House, and Lincoln Memorial are well-known everywhere in the world as representations of the wealthiest and a powerful nation.
  • D.C. has shopping, dining, and nightlife and the best metropolis.
  • Most of the tourists in D.C. crowd to the National Mall—a two-mile-long, beautiful extent of a parkland that accommodates many of the city’s memorials and Smithsonian museums.
  • but the city itself is a vibrant municipality.
  • The weather is really quite enjoyable during the spring and fall.
  • Also, you can’t miss, The Smithsonian when in D.C.
  • And, must visit the Capital One Arena, the Convention Center, the White House, West Potomac Park, the Kennedy Center, George Washington University, the beautiful Tidal Basin, Nationals Park, and the Wharf.
  • you have not truly been to D.C. until you’ve been out and about the city.
  • D.C. is one of the most impressive states. There are more embassies in D.C. than in any other city in the world, bringing every international professional here in the country, and in D.C., 13.5% of the population is foreign-born.

Federal Capital

A federal capital is a political or capital city, that works as the place of the federal government. A federal capital is also a city that actually includes the offices and meetings of its elective government, whereas its position and relationship to other states are set by law or federal constitution. Federal capitals sometimes may not be recognized states in themselves, or are directly governed by the federal government located within their bases, as federal districts. All capitals are of historical and trade importance.

Some famous well-known federal capitals include Washington, D.C., which is not part of any U.S. state but borders Maryland and Virginia. Pakistan’s federal capital is Islamabad. Moscow, the federal capital of Russia. The Supreme Court of the country is also often located in the federal capital city.

Also read:

State Capitals

The state capital is the capital city of a political subdivision of a country in which the state bureaucracy and major government offices are located. Population and city size are not requirements for a city to serve as a capital, and various capitals are not the most populated or largest cities within a state normally.

The state capital is usually the seat of political leadership within that state, and typically holds the state legislature and executive offices. The Supreme Court of the country is also often located in the capital city. All states and capitals are highly important for any country.

States with no income tax

There is a total of 9 states in the U.S. that are without income tax and their names are Alaska, Florida, Nevada, New Hampshire, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, Wyoming

These states are without income taxes on their occupants. Income tax usually depends on how much a person earns, which means if you make more you’ll pay more money, but living in a state with no income tax is not always good, you’ll apparently not have to pay large money in terms of taxes.

But states with no income tax are not always beneficial because governing bodies get those taxes through other sources like having higher property and sales tax.

Most Beautiful Capitals in the World

The capital city is the most important city or region, usually, a piece of land that consists of government meeting places, political leaders’ offices, and residences of locals are also part of the location. The Capital is specially designed for official meetings with foreigners’ also for the country’s personal official affairs

1. London
2. Islamabad
3. Berlin
4. Washington
5. Paris
6. Rome
7. Tokyo
8. Budapest
9. Ottawa
10. Moscow

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are all 50 states of the U.S.A?

There are 50 states in the U.S.

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. California
  6. Colorado
  7. Connecticut
  8. Delaware
  9. Florida
  10. Georgia
  11. Hawaii
  12. Idaho
  13. Illinois
  14. Indiana
  15. Iowa
  16. Kansas
  17. Kentucky
  18. Louisiana
  19. Maine
  20. Maryland
  21. Massachusetts
  22. Michigan
  23. Minnesota
  24. Mississippi
  25. Missouri 26. Montana
  26. Nebraska
  27. Nevada
  28. New Hampshire
  29. New Jersey
  30. New Mexico
  31. New York
  32. North Carolina
  33. North Dakota
  34. Ohio
  35. Oklahoma
  36. Oregon
  37. Pennsylvania
  38. Rhode Island
  39. South Carolina
  40. South Dakota
  41. Tennessee
  42. Texas
  43. Utah
  44. Vermont
  45. Virginia
  46. Washington
  47. West Virginia
  48. Wisconsin
  49. Wyoming

2. What are examples of state taxes?

Examples of state tax are the sales tax on services and goods, police safeguard, health and welfare advantages for the state’s people. Also, states impose an income tax, corporate income tax, sales tax, and property tax that may vary in each state.

3. What is NY state tax?

The state sales tax rate in New York is 4.000 percent. Along with local taxes, the total sales tax rate is between 4.000% to 8.875% which is actually higher.

4. Which states have state tax?

Only Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire and Oregon do not have sales tax except these all states of the U.S. have state sale tax.

5. What are state and local taxes?

State tax is a direct tax imposed by a state on your income. While local governments in several states also impose a local income tax which are in addition to federal and state taxes.

6. Is Puerto Rico a state?

This island and unincorporated territory’s ultimate status has not been determined yet. Puerto Ricans have US nationality but cannot elect the U.S. president. They also have no representatives or senators on Capitol Hill. And not allowed to have trade connections with any country other than the U.S.

7. Is Puerto Rico a state of the United States?

The status of Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the U.S. The island is neither a sovereign nation nor a U.S. state also have no representatives or senators on Capitol Hill.

8. Is Michigan a state?

Yes, Michigan is 22nd of all states in the U.S.

9. What is the name of the 29th state?

Former princely state Jammu and Kashmir (which India and Pakistan claim their territory and war over it few times and each country control different parts of the territory with a ceasefire line agreed.) is now converted into two Territories by Indian BJP Govt., one is Jammu and Kashmir and other is Ladakh (Both these territories claimed as Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir by Pakistan).

There has been brutality in the Indian side of Jammu and Kashmir because of sentiments against Indian rule and pro-Pakistani are still alive.
Indian Govt. removed almost all of Article 370, the article allowed the state its own constitution, a separate flag, and freedom to make rules and regulations.

10. What is the difference between state and capital?

A state has a large region compared to that of capital and a state relies on and is represented by it’s the capital city.

Whereas the term “capital” leads to a city that is the seat of the federal government of a country.


As reading above, we can conclude that all states and capitals are with historical and trade importance and the region where government institutions are usually with the seat of the state’s elected government. All states and capitals lie in the most important geographic locations of the country from a security as well as a tourism perspective. No matter in which country’s capital you are living or visits for any reason, In all states and capitals, you can enjoy the best spectacular landscapes, enjoy building monuments, shopping areas, restaurants, museums, and government official buildings. Capital boosts the economic increase of the country and creates employment opportunities.

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List of capitals in the United States

This is a list of American capital cities, including those that are or have been federal, state, insular region, territorial, colonial, and Native American capitals. Since 1800, Washington, D.C. has served as the federal capital of the United States. Every state in the United States, as well as several of its outlying districts, has its own capital city. Since their inception, the majority of states have not changed their capital city.

National capitals

The cities listed below either functioned as formal capitals of the United States under the United States Constitution or as meeting places for the Second Continental Congress or the Congress of the Confederation prior to its passage. (Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States did not have a permanent capital.) The current Constitution, which was approved in 1787, granted Congress the right to enact legislation.

City Building Start date End date Duration Ref
Second Continental Congress
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Independence Hall July 4, 1776 (convened May 10, 1775, prior to independence) December 12, 1776 5 months and 8 days
Baltimore, Maryland Henry Fite House December 20, 1776 February 27, 1777 2 months and 7 days
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Independence Hall March 5, 1777 September 18, 1777 6 months and 13 days
Lancaster, Pennsylvania Court House September 27, 1777 September 27, 1777 1 day
York Court House (now Colonial Court House) September 30, 1777 June 27, 1778 8 months and 28 days
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania College Hall citation needed July 2, 1778 March 1, 1781 2 years, 7 months and 27 days
Congress of the Confederation
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Independence Hall March 2, 1781 June 21, 1783 2 years, 3 months and 19 days
Princeton, New Jersey Nassau Hall June 30, 1783 November 4, 1783 4 months and 5 days
Annapolis, Maryland Maryland State House November 26, 1783 August 19, 1784 8 months and 24 days
Trenton, New Jersey French Arms Tavern November 1, 1784 December 24, 1784 1 month and 23 days
New York, New York City Hall January 11, 1785 October 6, 1788 3 years, 11 months and 5 days
United States Congress
New York, New York Federal Hall March 4, 1789 December 5, 1790 1 year, 9 months and 1 day
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Congress Hall December 6, 1790 May 14, 1800 9 years, 5 months and 8 days
District of Columbia United States Capitol November 17, 1800 August 24, 1814 13 years, 9 months and 7 days
Washington, D.C. Blodgett’s Hotel September 19, 1814 December 7, 1815 1 year, 2 months and 18 days
Washington, D.C. Old Brick Capitol December 4, 1815 March 3, 1819 3 years, 2 months and 27 days
Washington, D.C United States Capitol March 4, 1819 Present 202 years, 5 months and 14 days

State capitals

Every state has a capital that acts as the government’s seat. Ten of the thirteen original states, as well as 15 other states, have changed their capital cities at least once; Oklahoma was the last to do so in 1910. The “Since” column in the following table indicates the year the city became the state capital. The population of t is displayed in the MSA/SA and CSA columns.

Insular area capitals

A United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor the nation’s federal district, the District of Columbia, is known as an insular area. The following is a list of insular areas with territorial capitals.
Capitals of United States Insular Areas|Insular area|Abr.|Date|Capital|Pop. (2010)|Notes|

| — | — | — | — | — | — |
|Northern Mariana Islands |MP|1947|Saipan |48,220|
|U.S. Virgin Islands |VI|1917|Charlotte Amalie |18,481|
|Guam |GU|1898| Hagåtña |1,051|Dededo is the area’s largest village .|
|American Samoa |AS|1899|Pago Pago |3,656|Pago Pago refers to both a village and a group of villages, one of which is ■■■■■■■■ the official seat of government stated in the territory’s constitution.|
|Puerto Rico |PR|1898|San Juan |395,326|The oldest continuously inhabited U.S. state or territorial capital, San Juan was originally called Puerto Rico while the island was called San Juan Bautista.|

Native American capitals

Some Native American tribes, particularly the Five Civilized Tribes, established governments with Western-style constitutions and capitals. Others, such as the Iroquois, had long-standing pre-Columbian traditions of having a ‘capitol’ longhouse where wampum and council fires were kept in high regard. These capitals can be considered office since they done commerce with the United States government.

Cherokee National

New Echota 1825–1832

New Echota, located near Calhoun, Georgia, was founded in 1825, fulfilling Cherokee Chief Major Ridge’s goal and aspirations. The site was chosen by Major Ridge because of its central location within the traditional Cherokee Nation, which included sections of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama, as well as its proximity to the Conasauga and Coosawattee rivers. Ri influenced the layout of the town in some ways.

Red Clay1832–1838

To avoid the Georgia state militia, the Cherokee National Council grounds were relocated to Red Clay, Tennessee, near the Georgia state boundary. Until the Cherokee Nation was transported to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) on the Trail of Tears, Red Clay’s log huts, limestone springs, and park-like forests served as the capital.

Tahlequah 1839–1907, 1938–present

Following Removal, Tahlequah, in present-day Oklahoma, served as the Cherokee Nation’s capital. The Cherokee Nation built a new National Capitol at Tahlequah out of brick after the Civil War, a turbulent period for the Nation, which was immersed in its own civil war resulting from prevalent anger and disagreements over removal from Georgia. The structure was used as the state capitol until 1907, when it was demolished.

*** Cherokee 20th century–present Eastern Band of Cherokee**

Approximately 400 to 800 Cherokees were spared relocation since they lived on a different parcel along the Oconaluftee River in the Smoky Mountains of North Carolina, which they obtained subsequently with the help of Confederate Colonel William Holland Thomas. Some Cherokees who were fleeing the “round up” by the Federal Army went to remote communities separated from the rest of the Cherokee Territory.

Muscogee Creek Nation

Hot Springs, Arkansas c. 1837–1866

The Creek national government gathered near Hot Springs, which was then part of their new area as mandated by the Treaty of Cusseta, after being removed from their Alabama-Georgia homeland. After some Creeks fought with the Confederacy in the American Civil War, the Union forced the Creeks to yield over 3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 hectares) of what is now Arkansas (half of their land).

Okmulgee 1867–1906

After the American Civil War, it served as the nation’s capital. It was most likely called after Ocmulgee, a major Coosa and later Creek town on the Ocmulgee River in Macon, which was built with mounds and served as part of the Southeastern ceremonial complex. Before removal, however, there were additional historic Creek “mother-towns.” The Treaty of India unjustly ceded the Ocmulgee mounds in 1821.

State of Muskogee

The State of Muskogee was a Native American state in Spanish Florida founded by William Augustus Bowles, an Englishman who served as its “Director General,” author of its Constitution, and designer of its flag. It was made up of many Creek and Seminole tribes. It existed between 1799 and 1803. There was just one capital.

Republic of West Florida

The Republic of West Florida was a short-lived country that broke away from Spanish West Florida territory in 1810. It included the Florida Parishes of modern-day Louisiana, as well as the Mobile District of modern-day Mississippi and Alabama. (There was no part of the modern state of Florida in the Republic of West Florida.) The area’s ownership had been a point of contention between two parties.


What are the 29 states and capitals?

Name of the State Capital City Official Languages
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (Present till – 2 June 2024) Amaravati (proposed) Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar English
Assam Dispur Assamese
Bihar Patna Hindi

What are the 50 states and capitals?

Image result for states and capitals

  • Alabama (AL) - Montgomery.
  • Alaska (AK) - Juneau.
  • Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix.
  • Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock.
  • California (CA) - Sacramento.
  • Colorado (CO) - Denver.
  • Connecticut (CT) - Hartford.
  • Delaware (DE) - Dover.

What are the 28 states and capitals?

S.NO State Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
3 Assam Dispur
4 Bihar Patna

What is the 29th state of India?

In 1956, Andhra Pradesh was formed by merging Andhra Pradesh and the Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad State.


Stream from the Republic of India within the current state of New Hampshire, the Republic of Indian Stream was an unrecognized independent republic. 1832–1835, the area that would become Pittsburg, New Hampshire A small part of north-central California declared itself the California Republic before being seized by the United States in 1848 (after the Mexican–American War).