Definition of Legislation:

  1. Some bills or other rules.

  2. The process by which the legislature approves laws and empowers them to adopt them.

  3. The rules are understood together.

Synonyms of Legislation

Formulary, Ordinance, Formality, Rubric, Ruling, Institution, Validation, Measure, Prescription, Legislature, Legalization, Passing, Law formulation, Decree, Dictation, Sanction, Lawmaking, Codification, Law, Law enactment, Regulation, Form, Authorization, Ratification, Act, Statute, Lex, Resolution, Law-making, Jus, Enactment, Passage, Enaction, Ordonnance, ■■■■■ resolution, Prescript, Standing order, Concurrent resolution, Formula, Rule, Edict, Bylaw, Bill, Prescription, Dictate, Legitimatization, Constitution, Canon

How to use Legislation in a sentence?

  1. I couldn't stand the laws of my state because they had so many cruel and unusual ideas.
  2. You need to know all the existing laws and how they apply to the business you run to keep an eye on everything.
  3. Tax regulations.
  4. The law has changed the way we do business because we have to do our best to anticipate possible changes in government and regulations.

Meaning of Legislation & Legislation Definition

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Legislation is the body of law making. It is one of the important source of law making. Legislation plays an important role in the state affairs and law of a nation. Legislation has all the powers of enacting laws. The members of legislative assembly are called legislatures. Legislation is the enactment of laws by legislative bodies through its law making process. The ideas for legislation comes from its member called legislators.


The term legislation is derived from two Latin words legis meaning law and latum meaning to make.


1: legislation is the source of law in which a competent authority declares legal rules.

2: legislation is the activity through which new rules are inserted in the existing rules. Without a legislative work, there can be no law.

Kinds of Legislation:

Legislation is either supreme or it can either be sub-ordinate.

1: Supreme Legislation:

Supreme legislation is that kind of legislation which is enacted by the sovereign in a state. Supreme legislation cannot be challenged or deny by any other authority. Supreme legislation is proceeds by the sovereign law making body. For example, parliament in Pakistan is the supreme legislative body. Similar to this, parliament in Britain is the supreme legislative authority which cannot be challenged by any other authority.

2: Sub-ordinate legislation:

Sub-ordinate legislation is the legislation which is put forwarded by authority other than supreme authority and the power is given to it by the supreme authority. Sub-ordinate legislation is controlled by the authority which is supreme authority. Sub-ordinate legislation depends for its functioning and existence on supreme authority. Sub-ordinate authority can be challenge.

Kinds of sub-ordinate legislation:

A: Municipal Legislation:

The powers given to municipal authorities for the enactments of laws for their government is called municipal legislation. The power is given to municipal legislation by the supreme legislation. Municipal legislation is also called by-laws.

B: Executive Legislation:

Executive authority consists of president, prime minister, Governor etc. The power to executive authority is given by the supreme legislative body like parliament to make laws and regulate their executive functions properly. Executive legislation does not include the laws of municipal, territorial or local authorities.

C: Colonial Legislation:

During the British era, the colonies were provided with specific legislative powers which was called colonial legislation. This legislation is the outcome of colonies by way of settlement. The laws which are passed in India before the independence is termed as colonial legislation.

D: Autonomous legislation:

Some authorities are vested with the power of legislation for the regulation of their bodies like universities etc. such legislation is termed as autonomous legislation. For example, railway companies have the power of autonomous legislation for their regulation of its understanding.

E: Judicial Legislation:

Judiciary is also vested with the power of judicial legislation for the regulation of their procedure. The act of court during judicial proceedings is termed as judicial legislation.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

1. Does legislation protect the environment?

Yes, legislation protects the environment. It may take many forms such as regulation of emissions that may environmental pollution, taxation of the environment- and health-damaging activities. The legislation establishes the legal framework for trading schemes, e.g. for carbon emissions.

2. What are the three disadvantages of legislation?

The three disadvantages of legislation are:

  • No scope for judicial discretion
  • Rigidity
  • Lack of clarity

3. What are the five advantages of legislation?

The advantages of legislation are:

  • Equality and impartiality
  • Reliability
  • Protection from errors
  • Formalism
  • Conservatism

4. What is the main role of legislation?

Legislation is the most important instrument of the government. It helps in organizing societies and protecting citizens. It determines the rights and responsibilities of individuals and authorities.

5. Is there a difference between legislation and policy?

Yes, there is a difference between legislation and policy but they are interrelated. Both have a distinct function.


The policy is a principle of action or course adopted or proposed by an organization or individual.


It is the source of law in which a competent authority declares legal rules.