What do wild rabbits eat?

What do wild rabbits eat? Wild rabbits eat weeds, grasses, clover, wildflowers, and flowers and vegetables during the warm season. Wild rabbits eat twigs, bark, conifer needles, and any remaining green plants during the winter season.

What do wild rabbits eat?

Wild rabbit’s lifestyle and eating habits

Wild rabbits eat different foods at different seasons of the year but keep plant-based foods. They eat wood-based food in the winter (gnaw tree bark, twig, pine needle) but usually eat green plants during the rest of the season (clover, forbs, leafy weeds, dry and green grass, trees, or shrubs).

Although they seem to eat almost any type of vegetable and flower found in the wild, wild rabbits are selective in food. Rabbits prefer fresh leaves rather than dried stems or plants.

Summary: Most wild rabbits are known for climbing tree trunks to get new leaves or green grass. They like to eat sensitive plants, so they are easily damaged.

What do wild rabbits normally eat?

Rabbits are natural foragers and eat almost any type of planting material they can find. This will most of the year be grass mixed with other leafy plants that they can see naturally, such as clover and wildflowers.

Although some plants and flowers are poisonous to rabbits, most have a digestive system that can handle plant material better than any other. This means that wild rabbits can eat various plants from the environment to eat more nutrients and stay healthy.

:small_blue_diamond: Eating mechanics

Wild rabbits usually graze for food early in the morning. Crepuscular moments are the safest times of the day to get out of their hole. Rabbits graze most of the first half-hour, followed by a chosen feed when the environment is safe.

Rabbits reingest up to 80% of their wastes. To counteract the hard pellets, cecotropes are an essential nutritious ingredient. Therefore, rabbits can meet their nutritional needs. This practice allows wild rabbits to survive in winter food shortages.

Life span of wild rabbits

Wild rabbits’ lifespan is very short. The average life expectancy of an eastern cottontail, for example, is less than one year because they are prone to disease, starvation, and predators. Domestic rabbits usually live between 8-12 years.

Rabbits are known for their reproductive ability. They can contain as many as four to seven kits a year. However, rabbits will naturally have fewer litter or have fewer litter kits when food or water is scarce. Wild rabbits live a relatively short lifespan, but they mature faster and have a shorter 30-day gestation period. Their deaths are based on the availability of food, the presence of a predator, and the stability of weather.

Altricial rabbits are born hairless, blind, and helpless. Mother rabbits leave newborns in their nests, visiting them only in the evening and at night to avoid attracting the attention of predators. If you find a rabbit’s nest unattended and you want to make sure that the animals are not abandoned or orphaned, touch the thin rope with an entrance to the nest or hole and leave the area. Return at 12-hour intervals. If the cord is removed, you can be sure that the babies are cared for. Rabbits over 5 inches tall do not need help unless they are sick or injured.

Rabbits and hares

Rabbits and hares look alike, so people often confuse them. The easiest way to distinguish them is by their physical appearance. Hares’ ears are longer; although both rabbits and hares tend to have brown coats, hares’ coats have black tips. Most rabbits (other than cottontails) live underground, and hares live in nests above ground. Since their nests are usually not well hidden, young hares need to be able to avoid predators. Hares are born with hair and the ability to see. Most hares can jump within a few hours of birth.

The natural way to help feed wild rabbits

If you want to feed wild rabbits in your community, it is best to give them a natural way to continue their food search. If you try to provide wild rabbits directly or leave containers full of their food, you run the risk of rabbits relying entirely on you for food. It can soften the natural habitat of any rabbits living nearby, making them unable to live independently.

That is why it is the best solution to find ways to feed wild rabbits by caring for your lawn or planting a safe and welcome garden. You can provide rabbits in your area with various plants to eat and nutritious grass to eat. It is also a good idea to think about rabbits in the winter and take the time to plant trees or shrubs that can give wild rabbits extra natural resources to eat during the scarce season.

:small_blue_diamond: Lawn care and gardening

You can do the best thing for your lawn and garden to help wild rabbits make sure you do not use any pesticides or fertilizers with harmful chemicals included. Try to treat your yard as a living garden to keep all the plants safe from wildlife.

You can also allow your garden to grow as a pasture instead of always looking clean. You can let wildflowers grow in your yard instead of plucking them off like leaves. Dandelions and clover patches are nutritious for rabbits and are great for eating. Allowing your lawn to grow for a long time without shearing can also encourage rabbits to come and graze.

Growing herbs and other vegetables, such as carrots and lettuce leaves, is also a great way to help feed wild rabbits naturally and be nutritious. You have to accept that wild rabbits in the area can eat these plants when they are young before you have the opportunity to use them.

Life in Captivity for Wild Rabbits

Wild rabbits should adhere closely to the diet of those in captivity but not to the food that is often-pelleted that animal rabbits are often eaten.

Although rabbits are considered invaders by farmers and gardeners because of their destructive habits, most wild rabbits do not have access to many vegetables. The primary source of food for wild rabbits is fresh grass.

What Plants Do Wild Rabbits Eat?

Wild rabbits eat green plants whenever they are found. These include such things as clover, leafy weeds, grasses, shrubs, and leaves. But it will vary depending on the availability of food to the rabbits and what time of year it is.

Wild rabbits eat a lot of grass, which acts as roughage and is suitable for their digestive systems.

In short: Wild rabbits are highly selective in their diet. They prefer fresh flowers above all else and are sometimes described as climbing trees to reach new leaves on top.

What to avoid doing when feeding wild rabbits

It is best to help feed wild rabbits by providing them naturally. This will prevent them from relying on you for food. Large amounts of food in the yard can also attract other unwanted animals, which can be very dangerous or prone to spreading diseases (such as raccoons). However, if you want to spread leafy vegetables left in the yard for wild rabbits to eat, nothing is wrong with that.

Strawberries, leftover herbs, or carrots tops, or ends of various fruits and vegetables are safe to eat by wild rabbits. Instead of throwing the remains in the trash, you put them outside of the rabbit hole. But don’t make this a daily routine.

High sugar foods for wild rabbits

Many commercial rabbits at the pet store have many parts of colourful fruit for them. Many of these are unhealthy for rabbits, be they domesticated or wild, and are better avoided. This includes treat mixes, as well as widely available yoghurt treats.

If you want to leave some treats, you can spread pieces of fruit and vegetables in your yards, such as strawberry or carrot, so that wild rabbits can come together as they look for food. That will keep them from eating too many fruits and vegetables at the same time.

Rabbits are herbivores

All rabbits are herbivores, whether they live in the wild or are kept as pets. This means that they only eat things from plants: grass, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. Since rabbits are herbivores, they do not eat anything from animals, such as meat or eggs.

Wild rabbit’s feed mainly consists of plants, especially grass stems that the rabbits can find in and around their warrens. Depending on where you live in the world, you can see groups of wild rabbits happily munching on the green grass around their home. There are not many nutrients in the grass, so wild rabbits need a lot of food to survive. They have changed to eat more grass, so it is much easier for them to eat something bad

Diet of wild rabbits

The diet of wild rabbits and pet rabbits is the same. Pet rabbits need food that mimics what they would eat if they lived freely and could choose their food as their wild cousins do. Rabbit digestive systems have not changed since they were bred a few thousand years ago, but they are still physically adapted to their previous diet. That’s why owners should try to keep their pet’s food similar to wild food.

Cottontail rabbit behaviour

:black_small_square: Cottontails are very active between dawn and dusk. Usually quieter, rabbits can communicate with soft purrs and grunts and by tapping their hind legs. When caught by a hunter, they may produce a bloodcurdling scream.

:black_small_square: Wild cottontails have a lifespan of fewer than two years. About half of all young rabbits die within a month of birth, especially since cottontails are essential in most food chains. Foxes, weasels, raccoons, minks, snakes, crows, and several common species of raptors all depend on cottontails for food.

:black_small_square: To escape from enemies or seek refuge in adverse weather conditions, cottontails use any natural or artificial hole that includes a trench, a dense lump, or an existing excavation dug by a woodchuck, fox, or skunk.

:black_small_square: Eastern Cottontails are active all year round. Average cottontail Massachusetts spends most of its life on less than 1.5 acres, though in winter, it can travel a distance or more from its summer area of feeding to get better cover or fresh food.

:small_blue_diamond: Pellets and grass to wild rabbits

:black_small_square: Pellets are rich food sources, so they should not be over-fed. In addition, wild rabbits run about 3 miles each day, so you should keep the exact balance between activity and the high-calorie diet of your adopted wild rabbits.

:black_small_square: The best way to feed a wild rabbit is to cut the grass. Use scissors, not a lawnmower. The shearing process will break the grass, which causes it to start to ferment and irritate your rabbit’s stomach. Also, check that the grass is free of pesticides. Pesticides can make any rabbit very sick.

:black_small_square: Poultry should always be freely available, but it is not a bad idea to practice feeding your wild rabbit once in the morning and the evening, during their working hours. Because they are crepuscular animals, they are very active in the morning and at night. They sleep all day when you are at work and are ready to have fun when you are around. Your responsibility is to get up early and feed him.

Properties of wild rabbits

:black_small_square: Rabbit communities can live underground in wide, complex holes.

:black_small_square: When chased, rabbits will run in a zigzag pattern to confuse their predators.

:black_small_square: In the spring, some species of rabbits appear to be chased and have regular boxing matches. It was thought that this behaviour indicated competition between males. However, scientists now know that it is usually a female boxing a male. A woman is showing that she is not ready for mating or testing his endurance and strength.

:black_small_square: Rabbits specify “bolt-to” areas before selecting a pasture area. Rabbits in open fields or the backyard will sit comfortably to avoid their ancestors and catch their prey when they are frightened.

:black_small_square: In arid regions, some rabbits are known for climbing tree trunks or lose limbs in search of green or dewy plants.

:black_small_square: Rabbits produce two types of droppings, one is a solid, light-coloured lump made of wastes, and the other is a soft, dark, inedible food material. To get nutrients from unhealthy foods, rabbits will reingest these lumps to continue digesting things.

Life cycle of wild Rabbits

Sexual promiscuous and no permanent bond, Massachusetts cottontails may mate in mid-February and September. The gestation period is less than 30 days. The litters are between five young and eight, and the female is usually receptive to mating immediately after giving birth. One doe can produce three litters cans in the New England season.

When the cottontail doe is ready to give birth, she finds a simple hole or ditch or digs a shallow Scrape on dry soil. He may look for a place with a brushy cover, but it is not uncommon to find a nest among the middle of the lawn.

The female covers the nest with several layers of wool, grass, leaves, rabbit droppings, and possibly paper or other debris. Newborn cottontails are about two inches [2 cm] long, weigh less than one, and are naked, blind, and deaf, so they can’t help themselves. They grow very fast, leaving the nest for more than two weeks and becoming fully independent when they reach three to four weeks. The young rabbit will not get the full size for about four months.

The males are neutral in any brooding process, and on average, the female feeds the babies only two or three times a night, rarely visiting the nest otherwise. During the day, she usually rests in a hole or her own, about 20 meters or more from the nest. This parental schedule explains why human observers often think that rabbit nests have been abandoned.

Summary: Life cycle of rabbits ranges from 6 to 10 years though it varies across breeds, and some can live up to 12 years.

Feeding orphaned wild baby rabbits

Most of the time, if you find a baby rabbit’s nest, you should leave it alone. Wild cottontail rabbits, the most common species you will find in North America, will leave their young in the nest. They will return to feed the children once or twice a day. What may seem like an abandoned nest is perhaps still looked after by a mother rabbit.
If you are convinced that the baby rabbits are orphans and the mother is not returning, finding a wildlife rehabilitation centre in your area is the best action to take. It is challenging to take care of baby rabbits alone, and in many cases, they will not live a long life.

Feeding orphaned wild baby rabbits

If you cannot find a rehabilitation centre that will help you care for and feed these rabbits, then the House Rabbit Society has provided some instructions for feeding rabbits.

Frequently Asked Questions

Following is mentioned some frequently asked questions related to what do wild rabbits eat.

1. What do rabbits eat?

Rabbits are herbivores that eat a variety of plant life. They will try to feed the fruit and vegetables in the garden, but they will eat grass, ornamental plants, and even tree bark. Rabbits do their most significant damage in the fall by chewing on robust plants until they are most vulnerable to the cold.

2. Do wild rabbits eat carrots?

Wild rabbits do not prefer vegetables. They will not eat carrots if there is green, leafy vegetation instead. Although people like to give their pet rabbits fresh vegetables, wild rabbits will eat any nutritious food available.

3. Do wild rabbits eat birdseed?

Wild rabbits will eat birdseed of the birds that fall on the ground. They love bird seeds, and it is okay to eat them. it is not a typical food in their diet, but it will not harm them. So, eating these seeds is healthy for wild rabbits when it is cold outside.

4. Do wild bunnies eat sunflower seeds?

Wild rabbits eat as fast as possible from any food source they can find to store up fat for lean times. But most cottontails will consume birdseed like sunflower seeds, loaded with essential oils.

5. How do I attract wild rabbits to my yard?

Plant trees and evergreen vegetation on the edge of the yard, or add piles of brush for rabbits to hide in.

Create brush piles by placing sticks on the floor, with small shoots and leaves on top.
Rabbits are also attracted to areas with weeds and tall grass, so let the site grow and not mow.

6. Do wild rabbits drink water?

Wild rabbits drink groundwater and dew in the morning. If they come across mud or a stream and clean, they will use that as a source of water.

7. Where do wild rabbits build their nests?

They build a shallow grassy, and furry nest in grassy areas near shrubs or trees and are often clearly visible. Many of you are surprised that a rabbit will build a nest in the middle of the yard, but it is ingenious because most predators will not enter into an open space.

8. How long can wild rabbits go without water?

A rabbit cannot walk for more than 24 hours without drinking. If the weather is too hot, this time is shorter. It cannot be stressed enough about how vital water is to your rabbit.

9. Will rabbits starve themselves?

The animals don’t deliberately starve or refuse to eat because they don’t like what is offered. As Dewey points out, they can always wait for pallets or other food, but once they see that nothing is coming, they will eat what is available.

10. Can rabbits live alone happily?

Rabbits can live alone, but you will need to give your pet the attention provided by a bonded rabbit partner. It is always recommended to keep rabbits in pairs. If you can find rabbits that are already bonded, it is much better.


This article has briefly explained that what do wild rabbits eat. This article covered the headings, i.e., Wild rabbit’s lifestyle and eating habits, life cycle of wild rabbits, what plants do wild rabbits eat, and what to avoid doing when feeding wild rabbits.

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What do wild rabbits eat? During warm weather, they weed, grasses, clover, etc while during cold weather, they switch to twigs, barks, etc.

what do wild rabbits eat?

Introduction to Rabbits

:small_orange_diamond: Rabbits are some of the most cherished and benevolent creatures to grace our returned yards and meadows. Their long, crimson ears, effective hind legs, black button noses, and cottontails give them their one-of-a-kind, cuddly appearance and have made them the concern of adolescence fables over the path of several centuries.


:small_orange_diamond: Rabbits are famous for his or her capacity to reproduce. they are able to have numerous litters of four to seven kits a year. But rabbits will obviously have fewer litters or will have litters with fewer kits while food or water is scarce. Wild rabbits have enormously brief life spans usually, less than years.

:small_orange_diamond: However, they mature quickly and feature brief (30-day) gestation durations. Their mortality is primarily based on meals availability, predator presence, and climate stability.


:small_orange_diamond: Rabbits are altricial, which means that that they may be born hairless, blind, and helpless. mom rabbits go away newborns of their nests, touring them only at dusk and at dawn to keep away from drawing the eye of predators. Rabbits greater than 5 inches in period need no help except they are unwell or injured. an awesome rule of thumb is when you have to chase a child rabbit to catch him or her, the rabbit is high-quality!

Rabbits and Hares

:small_orange_diamond: Rabbits and hares’ appearances are similar, so human beings regularly mistake them for each other. the very best way to inform them aside is by way of their bodily appearance. Hares’ ears are longer and, although both rabbits and hares frequently have brown coats, hares’ coats have black hints.

:small_orange_diamond: Most rabbits stay underground, even as hares live in aboveground nests. in view that their nests are often not very well hidden, young hares need the intention to avoid predators. therefore, hares are precocial, which means that they may be born with hair and the capability to see. maximum hares can hop within some hours in their birth.

Interesting facts about rabbits

  • Rabbit communities can live underground in giant, complex, engineered burrows.

  • Whilst being chased, rabbits will run in zigzag formations to confuse, as opposed to outrun, their predators.

  • In the spring, a few forms of hares are visible chasing one another and having frequent boxing suits. It was once thought that this conduct signaled opposition between adult males. however, experts now recognize that it is commonly a lady boxing a male. The woman is both signaling that she isn’t geared up to mate or is checking out the male’s persistence and strength.

  • Rabbits scope out “bolt-to” locations earlier than choosing a grazing region. Rabbits in open fields or yards will take a seat flawlessly still to avoid their predators and bolt to their predesignated location while alarmed.

  • In arid regions, a few rabbits are known to climb sloping tree trunks or limbs to get the right of entry to green or dew-encumbered plant life.

  • Rabbits produce styles of droppings, one is a difficult, light-colored pellet fabricated from wastes, and the other is smooth, darkish undigested food fabric. To gain nutrients from undigested food, rabbits will re-ingest those droppings to further digest the fabric.

What do rabbits eat in wild?

:small_orange_diamond: All rabbits are herbivores, whether or not they stay in the wild or are stored as pets. because of this they most effectively eat material that comes from vegetation: things like grasses, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. given that rabbits have advanced to be herbivorous, they do not consume anything that comes from animals, which includes meat or eggs. If a rabbit had been to eat whatever animal-primarily based it might get a completely disappointed stomach or worse!

Wild rabbit diet

:small_orange_diamond: A wild rabbit’s food regimen chiefly consists of flora, in particular, grass stems that the rabbits can discover on and around their warrens. relying on in which within the world you live, you may see corporations of wild rabbits thankfully munching away on lush grass around their home.

:small_orange_diamond: There are not lots of nutrients in the grass, so wild rabbits want to eat plenty of it if they are to live to tell the tale. they’ve advanced to consume high volumes of grass, so it’s very smooth of them to eat an awful. While wild rabbits may be capable of getting the calories, they need from a vast quantity of grass, rabbits who’re saved as pets received be capable of devouring this quantity per day.

:small_orange_diamond: And so, their diets are supplemented with dry food, vegetables, and hay as a way to supply the calories, nutrients, and minerals they want to continue to exist. It honestly saves them quite a few chewing.

:small_orange_diamond: Wild rabbits consume exclusive meals during special seasons of the year but they preserve a plant-based food regimen. they have a timber-based totally food regimen in the cold season but they normally feed on green plants all through the rest of the time.


Rabbits are generally considered safe animals by many animal keepers. Although, they can be pets very easily and they are fun to play with but sometimes they can cause some problems like allergies. So, it needs some safety measures and that’s all.


This is as follows:

  • Ferns, grains, grass, seeds, and nuts.

  • Plant matter

  • Riparian vegetation

  • Zacaton grass, young herbs, and barks.

  • Sagebrush, new foliage, and grass.

  • Grasses, garden vegetables, wild strawberries, and woody plants.

  • Tubers, grasses, shrubs, and forbs.

Wild rabbits are picky in terms of food

:small_orange_diamond: Whilst it looks like they devour almost any form of greens and plants which can be to be had in the wild, wild rabbits are picky on the subject of food. Rabbits decide upon clean foliage than stems or dry flowers.

:small_orange_diamond: Most wild rabbits are known for mountain climbing tree trunks so that you can access fresh leaves or dew-weighted-down plant life. They prefer to consume flora that might be delicate consequently easily broken.

Grazing time of wild rabbits

:small_orange_diamond: Wild rabbits usually graze for food at sunrise and nightfall. Crepuscular times are the safest times of the day to get out from their hole, graze and be loose. Rabbits graze closely inside the first 1/2-hour, followed by using extra selective feeding if the environment is safe. for the duration of this time, rabbits additionally excrete tough waste pellets, so that they will not be re-swallowed.

Life span of wild rabbits

:small_orange_diamond: The lifespan of wild rabbits is very short. The average longevity of an eastern cottontail, for instance, is less than one year because they deal with disease, starvation, and predators. Domestic rabbits usually live between 8-12 years.

Puppy rabbit diet

:small_orange_diamond: The diets of wild rabbits and puppy rabbits are quite comparable. puppy rabbits need a food regimen that mimics what they might devour if they had been dwelling freely, and were capable of picking their very own food as their wild cousins do.

:small_orange_diamond: Rabbits’ digestive systems haven’t modified all that a whole lot gave that they have been domesticated numerous thousand years ago, however, they are nevertheless bodily tailored to the diets that they had earlier. that is why owners should try and preserve their pets’ diets pretty much like a wild one.

Lifestyles in captivity for wild rabbits

:small_orange_diamond: In captivity, wild rabbits have to adhere closely to the weight loss plan of those in captivity however now not to the regularly pelleted weight loss plan that pet rabbits are often fed.

:small_orange_diamond: Even though rabbits are visible as intruders by farmers and gardeners because of their destructive conduct, maximum wild rabbits don’t have to get entry to plenty of veggies. Wild rabbit’s primary supply of nutrition stays clean grasses but can additionally feed by:

  • All sorts of hay (excepting alfalfa):

  • barley hay;

  • barley straw;

  • Bermudagrass;

  • clover hay;

  • oat hay;

  • timothy hay;

  • prairie hay and ryegrass hay

  • Leafy greens inclusive of collard greens, watercress, and Swiss chard

  • A few pellets (particularly the ones with seeds – they could preserve chewing on them all of the day-long)

  • Lots of water


They usually have a daily diet that consists of some grass or hay, some fresh vegetables, and pallets but in a limited amount. The most important part of their diet is hay which almost makes up almost all of their diet.

Time of eating of wild rabbits

Rabbits are considered to be crepuscular, meaning they tend to be active at dusk and dawn. They will be found eating between dusk and dawn.

Normal eating habits of rabbits

Rabbits tend to eat very heavily in the first hour of their grazing duration, that is often in the overdue afternoons. They then do selective feeding inside the subsequent 1/2 an hour. If there are not any threats, they may have a tendency to consume at intervals inside a considerable variety of hours.

Rabbits and food chain

Rabbits are essential to the animal food chain because they are a significant food source to a wide array of animals, which include owls, hawks, and foxes.

Baby rabbits

Rabbit moms nurse their baby rabbits twice a day for just a few minutes. unless they’re bodily injured, leave them where you locate them. Their mothers won’t come that often; however, they know in which they may be. Don’t even contact them. If they’re injured, please contact a neighborhood vet.

Frequently asked questions:

Here are the questions asked about that What do wild rabbits eat?

These are as follows:

1. Can we pet rabbits?

Rabbits are way too good to be petted. And they also need some housing for their welfare. So, they are good to go.

2. Are rabbits dangerous?

Pet rabbits are not that dangerous to any extent but sometimes they can cause allergies of different types to their owner or anyone.

3. Can rabbits be trained like dogs?

Yes, they can be trained much better than dogs as these are very intelligent animals.

4. What should we feed rabbits?

For usual stuff, fresh and clean water is good for them and some grass, hay or carrots are the food items which they like a lot.

5. How many species of rabbits are there?

There are almost 29 species of rabbits are there in the world present today. They can be found everywhere on any continent except for Antarctica.


What do wild rabbits eat is barely distinctive from what do puppy rabbits eat, however you can adapt without problems. whether or not wild or domesticated, grass and hay are necessary in a rabbit food regimen. in addition, wild rabbits need to take delivery of wide-open areas or at least special time dedicated to exercising and motion.