Investing In Mutual Funds

Are you new to investing or curious to know the basics of stock market investing? When it comes to investing in mutual funds, you should have some basic knowledge of capital markets.

Whether you are salaried, self-employed, or a businessman, everyone can invest in stocks, bonds, or mutual funds to make higher returns as compared to other traditional investments like fixed income securities.

In this article, we will discuss the four major parameters which have to be taken care of before investing in mutual funds or stocks.

  1. Risk Involved
  2. Rate of Returns
  3. Volatility in Investment
  4. Liquidity

These are the things that must be analyzed before making any investment whether in the capital market or fixed investment securities or any other securities. Let me explain it all one by one in brief.

1. Risk Involved

The first and foremost thing which you need to assess is the risk involved in the investment. When it comes to directly invest in the stocks or shares of any company, there would always be a higher risk as we all know that the stock market is highly volatile.

Nevertheless, if you have decided to invest in equity and don’t have any experience in stock market investing, you should start with mutual funds. However, if you invest in debt securities, you would bear a low risk as compared to stocks and mutual funds.

2. Rate of Returns:

The second important thing is how much you are going to earn as a return on your investment. Whenever we talk about returns, it means the rate of returns in the long term (5 to 10 years). You will know that more risk means more probability of profit.

Therefore, if you invest in equity, you’re more likely to make higher returns, however, in the case of mutual funds, returns are moderate.

Moreover, if you invest in debt securities like bonds, debentures, debt funds or fixed deposits, the returns of investment will be lower.

3. Volatility in Investment

You need to analyze the previous years’ data of particular securities before coming to any conclusion because maybe any stocks have provided higher returns in any financial year. You should study the entire history of returns of any securities especially in the case of stocks, mutual funds, or debentures.

You should pick such stocks or mutual funds which have provided consistent returns for the last 10 years. Thus volatility in investment is also a significant factor whenever you even think about investing.

4. Liquidity

Liquidity of investment is also equally important as the above factors are because your ultimate goal is to make returns and at the same time your money can be withdrawn whenever you require. Therefore, you should invest in those securities which are highly liquid.

You should also consider how easily you can take your money back along with expected returns.

Thus if you invest in stocks or mutual funds, the liquidity would be high, however, if you invest in debt or government securities like government bonds, you will have to wait till the maturity date of the instruments.


There are plenty of options available, you can choose any one of them which fit as per your requirements, risk-taking ability, and expected returns. Don’t forget stock market investing is a highly risky and unpredictable market wherein the prices or any securities are determined by the demand and supply theory.

Therefore, you should use your conscience before investing in the stock market. This article is for information purposes only.

Author Bio

Hey, this is Raj Vardhan an entrepreneur, sales, and marketing expert. I did a BSc. from the University of Allahabad and did MBA (IB & Finance) in 2008 from the University of Lucknow. I worked with the most renowned MNCs and have experience of more than 10 years in marketing, finance, and entrepreneurship.

I like to share my experience and knowledge through, a website simplifying and delivering excellent knowledge regarding business, banking & finance.

Investing in Mutual Funds: A mutual investment is a scheme that accumulates money from many investors. Investing in Mutual Funds has become so simple and easy that one can consider investing in any number of funds without extra documentation.

:small_blue_diamond: Starting Mutual Fund financial backers need to finish their KYC that is a one-time process. You can move toward a distributor or investment counselor to assist you with finishing the KYC verification or, you could do e-KYC on the web. KYC resembles a key to the universe of Mutual Funds. Whenever you’ve finished your KYC, you can decide to invest in any asset without going through additional verification for each investment.

:small_blue_diamond: When you are prepared to invest after KYC verification, you can decide to invest with the assistance of a mutual fund distributor, enlisted investment counselor, stock market broker, bank, or some other financial delegate. However, if you wish to invest alone, you can either visit the closest office of the fund house or visit their site to make an online investment or through any online platform.

:small_blue_diamond: Whether to invest through a distributor or to invest directly is based on an individual’s choice. If you like to deal with their investments alone, you can certainly invest online through the asset’s site or any online platform. In any case, if you like to seek advice or need assistance in investing, you can invest through a middle person like a merchant, investment advisor, bank, and so on.

What are the Mutual Funds?

:small_blue_diamond: A mutual fund is an investment that pools together a lot of cash from financial investors to buy a bin of securities like stocks or bonds. By buying shares of a mutual fund, you are claiming a stake of all the investments in that asset.

:small_blue_diamond: Liz Young, head of the investment system at SoFi, says mutual assets are utilized by various financial investors and are especially an incredible choice for a starter or an individual who has minimal expenditure to start with that. “You can consider them as bags stacked up with different kinds of protections, similar to stocks and bonds. Purchasing even one share of the asset puts you in all the individual protections the asset holds,” she says.

:small_blue_diamond: You can buy mutual assets rather than buying singular stocks, which require time, research, and more severe risk. Before you choose to invest in mutual assets, know their provisions. With this single investment, you have a portfolio of various securities that consequently enhances your investments, adequately lowering your risk.

How Do You Select Mutual Funds for Your Portfolio?

:small_blue_diamond: Your investment objective and time frame: regarding picking which mutual assets to invest in, start with your investment objective and time frame. These two components will assist with figuring out what kind of mutual asset you should utilize.

:small_blue_diamond: Martha Post, chief, and principal operating officer at Team Hewins, says your objectives and time horizon are two significant factors that can assist you with deciding an asset allocation that works for you.

:small_blue_diamond: Asset allocation: “An asset allocation insinuates the percent of your absolute portfolio invested into several asset classes, including stocks (huge and little, domestic and international) and bonds,” Post says.

:small_blue_diamond: A young financial investor with quite a long-time can take a more forceful asset allotment approach. A financial investor with a 30-year retirement objective who isn’t anxious about seeing their investment change in value between now and then could utilize a 90/10 or 80/20 asset allotment fund. These will contribute 90% or 80% of their resources in stocks, respectively, and the rest in bonds. Less forceful financial investors might choose a 70/30 or 60/40 designation.


Mutual funds are frequently explained as pooled investments. To select the best mutual fund, recognize your risk tolerance and goals, style and fund type, loads and fees, and passive vs. active management.

Mutual Funds

How to invest in Mutual Funds?

:small_blue_diamond: If you’re looking for assistance investing in mutual funds, follow these three easy steps to get started.

1. Decide on Your Mutual Fund Investment Goals

:small_blue_diamond: What financial objectives might you want to reach by investing in mutual funds? Are your objectives a couple of years away or a long time later on? If you’re contributing for a long-term objective, like retirement or your kid’s college education, stock-based mutual assets are best to invest.

:small_blue_diamond: You have a lot of time to invest through the inevitable market, good and bad times. While no investment ensures a return, mutual assets are more secure than some different options because you’re invested in a broad range of organizations or companies.

:small_blue_diamond: If you’re investing for a short-term objective like purchasing a vehicle or a home within the following few years, a currency market mutual asset or government security asset may be a good alternative.

:small_blue_diamond: However, innovators who need simple admittance to their money in the near term should consider deposit account choices, for instance, high return investment accounts since they are governmentally safeguarded up to $250,000. Indeed, even the most secure mutual assets can’t offer that assurance.

2. Select the Right Mutual Fund Strategy

:small_blue_diamond: Once you’ve identified your mutual fund investing goals, you can choose funds with the right investment strategy adjusted to your goals.

:small_blue_diamond: Long-term goals: Long-term mutual asset investing implies you have a very long time to arrive at your monetary objectives. Because of that, your mutual asset allocation ought to likely be 70% to 100% in stock-based mutual assets to position you for the most investment development.

:small_blue_diamond: You might search specifically for mutual funds named as “growth assets” to put resources into organizations that are expected to grow quicker than others. These assets have more danger, yet they additionally have more potential for enormous increases. Growth mutual assets to includes the Vanguard Growth Index Fund (VIGAX) and Fidelity Growth Discovery Fund (FDSVX).

:small_blue_diamond: Mid-term goals: If investing intensely in stocks makes you apprehensive or you have an objective that’s within five to 10 years away, you might need a methodology that decreases the potential for quick changes in investment value.

:small_blue_diamond: Adjusted mutual assets put resources in both bonds and stocks, balancing a share of the danger related to stocks. Adjusted mutual assets include the Vanguard Wellesley Income Fund (VWINX) and the American Funds American Balanced Fund (ABALX).

:small_blue_diamond: Near-term goals: If you are only a few years away from your objective, your attention should be on limiting risk, so you don’t end up fast cash when you need it. You may intend to put 30% in stock mutual assets and the rest in security funds.

:small_blue_diamond: The security funds will deliver consistent pay-through revenue payments, while the limited stock component might permit you to see some investment development. Pay-oriented mutual assets include the PIMCO Total Return (PTTAX) and the Vanguard Equity Income Fund (VEIPX).

3. Purchase Shares of the Mutual Funds

:small_blue_diamond: To begin investing in mutual assets, make sure you have sufficient money stored in your investment account. Remember that mutual assets might have higher investment essentials than other asset classes. For instance, Vanguard’s minimum investment for effectively managed mutual assets is $3,000. Different investments, similar to individual stocks or ETFs, usually don’t have these sorts of essentials.

Kinds of Mutual Fund

Equity Balanced Fixed Income Money Market
75% -90% invested in stocks 50% in stocks 50% in fixed-income securities 100% in fixed-income securities 100% in short term fixed-income securities
Average annual return: 15%-20% Average annual return: 10%-15% Average annual return: 6%-10% Average annual return: 1%-2%
For aggressive investors For balanced investors For long term capital preservation For very conservative investors

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions regarding how to invest in mutual funds?

Q1. Are mutual funds a good investment?

All investments have some risks; however, mutual funds are commonly viewed as more secure investments than buying individual stocks. Since they hold many organization stocks inside one investment, they offer more broadening than possessing a couple of individual stocks.

Q2. How do beginners invest in mutual funds?

You can put resources into mutual funds offline or online through a mutual fund house or a mediator (dealer). You may likewise put resources into mutual funds through an online platform, for example, ClearTax invest. Select the amount you intend to invest in the mutual fund and the mode as One Time to put Rs 10,000 in mutual funds.

Q3. Can I invest 1000 RS in a mutual fund?

You can likewise put resources into mutual as a one-time single amount sum. But, there are a couple of mutual funds which will empower lumpsum investment beginning at Rs 1,000. Some mutual fund categories that might have exceptionally less or no assets under them permit you to contribute Rs 1,000 as a singular sum.

Q4. What is mutual fund investment in Pakistan?

A mutual fund is a company that pools money from numerous investors. An asset management company (AMC) appropriately authorized by the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) invests the cash for your benefit in securities or other monetary assets for profits/gains and pay.


It is feasible to invest if you are beginning with a small amount of cash. It’s more confounded than simply choosing a suitable investment (an accomplishment that is tough enough in itself). You must know about the limitations that you face as a new financial investor.

You’ll have to do your work to discover the minimum deposit necessities and compare the commissions with other investors afterward. Chances are you will not have the option to cost-successfully purchase individual stocks and still be diversified with a limited amount of cash. You will likewise need to decide on which investor you might want to open an account.

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