The Protestant Bible contains 66 books in the bible, while the Roman Catholic Bible contains 73 books in the bible. Furthermore the Eastern Orthodox Bible contains 78 books in the bible.
What is Bible?
There are many religions that are followed around the globe. Every religion has their own distinct aspects for their followers due to which they are different from one another.Although the Catholics and Protestants both belongs to Christianity and their belief is on bible, but there views about the bible are different.Many religions have some aspects that are the sources of faith and practice for their believers. One of these aspects is literature; there are many religions that set out their literature as a basic source of belief and practice for their believers and followers They worship the same God but there faiths are different.
For Christianity and Judaism, this literature is Bible. The word Bible is derived from a Kline Greek word biblical (singular billion) which means the books.
Classification of the Bible:
The Bible is classified into two major groups on the basis of its teachings.
- Old testament
- New testament
The Old Testament contains sacred writings of Jews. It is the first part of Christian Bible that generally consists of 39-51 books depending upon the group of Christianity. It is very difficult to identify, exactly when was it written because it is the combination of the writings of ancient Jews.
Classification of the Old Testament
The Old Testament is further divided into four categories that are as under:
These are also called the books of Israel’s beginnings. This is the first category that contains the first 5 books of Moses that explains the laws, purposes and the Jewish and Christian God’s plans. It also explains the story of the Moses.
The history books have different numbers that ranges from 7-20 depending upon the Christian denominations. These books explain the history, origin and establishment of Israel.
The wisdom books:
These are also known as the poetry books or the writings. The books of wisdom make the third category of the Old Testament. Its number ranges between 5-8.These books tell about the wisdom, jobs, songs and poetry of those times. These books answer the questions about the God, belief and humanity.
The twelve prophets:
The Old Testament tells the story of the people called Hebrew or Jews. It tells about the laws that regulate almost every aspect of life of Jews. This category tells about the prophets that were sent to lead the Jews to the right path when they were distracted. This is divided into 2 groups the 5 major and the 12 Minor Prophets.
The New Testament is the second major group of the Christian Bible. It contains all the sacred books that are only for Christianity. These are written in the Greek language. It contains total number of 27 books that are accepted by almost all the Christian denominations. It generally tells about the Jesus’s birth, life, and the growth of the first Christian church. It also predicts about the second coming of Jesus.
Classification of New Testament:
The 27 books of the New Testament are generally divided into 4 categories that are as under:
It is derived from the word God spell which means Good news.
The New Testament has 4 gospels books, Mathew, Mark, Luke and John.
These books are written by the four gospels that were among the close followers of the Jesus. Therefore this part explains the biography of Jesus. The first three gospels are called synoptic as their writings give the complete view about the Jesus life. The last gospel John, had written about the second coming of the Jesus and the last prophecy.
Acts of apostles:
This is the second part of New Testament that has 1 book which explains about the history of the early Christianity when apostles started to preach the Gospels. After the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ there were 12 apostles who preach about the growth of Christianity religion.
In the third part of the New Testament, there are letters called “epistles “. These books are 21 in numbers. 14 of these epistles are written by Paul and 7 are the general epistles. These letters are about the various communities and the social and philosophical problems that are faced by the new Christians.
The book of revelation:
It is the last part of the New Testament. The book of declaration is also called as the Apocalypse of St. John. It explains about the events that will take place in the end time of the world and the people of the end time in the world and the last prophecy.
Languages of Bible:
The original languages of the Bible are as follows
The Bible is translated into many Languages from Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic. It is recently translated into 700 languages.
In the English language there are hundreds of bible’s versions. The most accurate translation of Bible is King James Version, which is still considered the most accurate language after 400 years ago.
Bible According to Quran:
The original material of Bible was removed but according to Quran, the Bible which is also called INJEEL was revealed on Jesus (P.B.U.H).Understanding Bible is not easy. It is roughly consisted of 75000 words. It is a combination of 66-80 books that are compiled by 40 or more authors over many centuries. The Bible is not the word to word revelation of God; it is not present in its original form in which it was revealed, different human authors also worked on it. Different writings that are based on different world views, cultures by different human authors or writers are present in it.
The Books of the Bible:
This video will surely help you out knowing about what actually the book of bible is…
The Hebrew bible is the bible of Judaism. A large part of Old Testament of the Christian bible is comprised of the Hebrew Bible which is also called Tanakh. It is called Tanakh because Tanakh is the acronym of the Greek names of its parts. It is the holy book of the Hebrew and Jews. It contains 24 books
These books are divided into three groups that are:
1.The laws: This includes the 5 books of Moses that are also called the Pentateuch (five scrolls).
2.The Prophets: The second part of the Hebrew bible is about the prophets that were sent to the Israel
3.The Writings: The third part of the Hebrew Bible is the writings which explain the poetry, wisdom, songs and jobs of the Jews.
So these 24 books of the Hebrew bible are included in the old testament of Christian Bible. The books of Old Testament, their names and numbers are different in different Christian denominations.
• The Catholic Bible has 46 books.
• The protestant Bible has 39 books.
• The eastern Orthodox Bible has 49 books.
In its old testament.
Some of the books that are not present in the Hebrew Bible but are present in the Christian Bible are called deuterocanonical
Diversity in the books of bible:
Although, both the Protestants and the Catholics belong to the Christian community but there is a difference in their faith and beliefs. They both follow the same teachings of the bible but there is huge difference regarding the books of their Bible.
From the above lists of books it is clear that there are more books in the old testament of the Catholics bible as compared to the old testament of the Protestant bible. Now a there might a series of the questions arises in the mind of the one who is reading this article that why did some books of bible were accepted and some were rejected by the protestants? Or from where these differences came?
There are number of reasons that why these books were not accepted by the protestants?
The word Canon is derived from a Greek word Kanon which means ruler or standard by which some things is judged. It was a term that was used by the early Christians to judge the books of bible as being the word of God. This term was first applied by St. Athanasius.
For a book to be canonical there has to be two important points:
1.The first was that the book should have a jurisdiction of self-exoneration, means that the book should be clear and free of blame.
2.The second point was the author of a book must be a Man of God. This man of God was a Prophet in case of Old Testament and an Apostle in case of New Testament.
How the books of Old Testament of the Bible were chosen as canonical?
The books of the Old Testament were accepted as canonical only if they fulfil the two requirements that are:
- The first one was that the book should have resemblance with the Torah or the Pentateuch of the Hebrew bible.
- The second one was these books should have seraphic or Godly officialdom. This means that these books should be inspired by God.
From this it should be clear that why one of the books of the Bible was doubted to be non canonical in the start? Because this book was thought not to be inspired by God. However it was later accepted as canonical because of the deep providence of God in this book.
So that’s how the books of the Old Testament were considered canonical, however the books of New Testament were made the part of it after 4 centuries when Jesus wrote them.
The Apocryphal books:
The word Apocrypha means hidden. These books are sometimes called the deuterocanonical books. These deuterocanonical books are 14 in numbers which are placed in a separate section by the Protestants and 7 of these books are included in the old testament of Bible by the Catholics.
During the reformation period of Protestants in 16th century, Martin Luther expressed his views of being against the apocrypha. The Roman Catholic Church, in reaction of this, convoked a council in Trent in 1547 and they declared that the Apocrypha are canonical and they included these in the Bible. That’s why the Catholics and Protestants disagree over this issue. The Catholics consider these as inspired books while the Protestants thinks that these books are necessary but are not canonical.
Reasons for the rejection and acceptance of apocrypha by the Protestants and Catholics:
In the history it is hard to find that how these books did came the part of the old testament of Bible. But it is said at many books that these extra books came the part of Old Testament when it was translated to Greek language in 250 BC in Egypt. This new translation of Old Testament was named as Septuagint. So it is said that these extra books became the part of the Bible only in the Septuagint while the Hebrew version of the Old Testament didn’t contained it.
Now for acceptance of these books by Catholics and its rejection by Protestants there are number of reasons:
Reasons why Catholics included these books in the old testament:
They believe that the Apocryphal books are canonical because the new testament recites from the Septuagint. Therefore these books should also be in the old testament of the Christian bible
They accepted these books because some of the early church fathers had accepted these as canonical.
The response of the council of Trent in 1547 to the protestants had also given them a reason of canonicity of these books by accepting these books.
They believe that Augustine had believed in the inspiration of these books.
Augustine led two councils named as the hippo council and the council of Carthage, so these councils had also accepted the Apocryphal books.
Reasons why did the protestants rejected the Apocrypha
1 There are certain Doctrines and implementations that are present in the Apocryphal books but in the Holy Bible.
2.There is no citation for the Apocryphal books in the new testament as it has the citation for the other books in old testament because the writings of new testament is related with that of old testament. So non of the writer of new testament has ever made any reference for these books.
3.These books were never the part of the Hebrew scripture and they were always denied by the Jews. There is no evidence that these books were a part of Greek Septuagint.
4 These books were kept in the distinctions by the Catholics as well before the reformation.
5.None of the Churches in the early four centuries of the Christian history had taken it into account. However some of the Fathers had accepted but they were strongly opposed by the others.
6.Some of the books of Apocrypha are immoral like in one of its books Judith.
7.It is true that Augustine had accepted these books but his list is followed by the Catholics properly. He didn’t included the Baruch in his list but is present in the Catholic Bible. Similarly the book named Esdras 1 was present in his list, but is absent in the Catholic bible.
The standard Protestant Bible:
The protestant Bible is a Christian bible which was revised and translated by protestants. The protestant Bible 66 books. 39 of these are in old testament and 27 are in new testament. Some protestants also use the additional books that are 14 in number that are making a section called apocrypha, making the total number of books to 80.
Apocrypha: Some of the additional books in Protestant Bible or the Catholic bible.
The old testament of the standard protestant bible includes the following books:
- Samuel 1
- Samuel 2
- King 1
- King 2
- Chronicles 1
- Chronicles 2
- Song of Songs
Apocrypha (not present in every bible):
The additional books that are present in some protestants bible are:
- Esdras 1
- Esdras 2
- Rest of Esther
- Wisdom of Solomon
- Baruch and the letter of Jeremiah
- The prayer of Azaria and the song of three Holy Children
- Bel and the Dragon
- 1 Maccabees
- 2 Maccabees.
The books that are included in the new testament of bible are as under:
Acts of Apostles:
- Epistle to Romans
- first epistle to Corinthians
- second epistle to Corinthians
- epistle to Galatians
- Epistle to Ephesians
- Epistle to Philippians
- Epistle to Colossians
- First Epistle to Thessalonians
- second Epistle to Thessalonians
- first Epistle to Timothy
- second Epistle to Timothy
- Epistle to Titus
- Epistle to Philemon
- Epistle to Hebrews
- Epistle to James
- First Epistle to Peter
- Second Epistle to Peter
- first Epistle to John
- second Epistle to John
- third Epistle to John
- Epistle to Jude.
- The book of revelation.
The Roman catholic Bible:
The Catholic bible is composed of 73 books as whole and that is recognized by the Roman catholic church. It contains 46 books in old testament and 27 in the books in the new testament. The catholic bible also includes the deuterocanonical book in the old testament:
The books that are included in the old testament of the catholic bible are as under:
• 1 Samuel
• 2 Samuel
• 1 Kings
• 2 Kings
• 1 Chronicles
• 2 Chronicles
• 1 Maccabees
• 2 Maccabees
• song of songs
• Wisdom of Solomon
The deuterocanonical books of the catholic bible are
• 1 Maccabees
• 2 Maccabees
• Wisdom of Solomon
The new testament of the catholic bible includes the following books:
• 1 Corinthians
• 2 Corinthians,
• 1 Thessalonians
• 2 Thessalonians
• 1 Timothy
• 2 Timothy
• 1 Peter
• 2 Peter
• 1 John
• 2 John
• 3 John
• The book of revelation.
To summarize the above writings, we can say that the original version of the Bible which was revealed by the God on Jesus is removed by many people in different periods. However the existing Bible has not the constant numbers of the books in it. The Bible has 2 major groups the Old testament which is mainly based on the Hebrew Bible, and the new testament which is only for the Christians. The old testament has different numbers of the books depending upon the Christian denominations while the new testament is the same in almost all the Bibles. The main reason for the difference in numbers of the books is the deuterocanonical books that are included in the old testament of Roman catholic bible, however these books are not taken as necessary in the protestant bible.
Frequently Asked Questions
1.How many books are in the Bible in total?
The Protestant Bible contains 66 books while the Roman Catholic Bible contains 73 books and Eastern Orthodox Bible contains 78 books.
2.What are the 7 books left out of the Bible?
The 7 books left out of the Bible includes the following
- 1 and 2 Maccabees
- Wisdom &
- Additions to the books of Esther and Daniel.
3.What is a real name of Jesus?
Yeshua was the real name of Jesus in Herbrew which is called in English as Joshua
4.How do you pray before reading the Bible?
Before reading the Bible you should pray .
• For wisdom.
• For Strength
• For God to speak to you…
• For good decision-making and for knowledge.
• How to respond to God’s word ask God to show you.
• Ask God’s words to be reminded whole day.
• For comfort.
5. What are the 30 books of the Bible?
It can be concluded that the original version of bible has been changed by many people because of their own views, thoughts and cultural backgrounds. However, there is not a huge difference in the numbers of the books in the Bible ,the only difference is brought by the Protestants and the Catholics. The Eastern Orthodox bible accepts all the books that are included in the roman catholic bible plus 3 more books.