Mango Wood

Mango wood is a type of wood that is generated from the mango tree. This tree produces the sweet fleshy fruit known as a ‘mango,’ which has a green-to-yellow/red exterior and a huge stone surrounded by rich yellow flesh on the interior. Mangifera indica is its ‘Latin’ name. While the mango tree is best known for its delicious fruit, this South Asian tropical species from the Mangifera flowering plant genus may also be successfully cultivated for its wood.

Mango Wood

There are various reasons why the mango tree is currently witnessing a large increase in lumber exploitation. While its wood is of moderate quality, one of the major advantages of its production is the rapidity with which it grows.

Mango trees can reach the point where they can be harvested for commercial lumber in as little as seven to fifteen years. The second advantage is that mango heartwood does not require substantial processing, seasoning, or drying after harvesting.

In fact, it can be delivered to final processing nearly quickly after being cut from the ground into construction material or furniture.

The third reason for Mango’s global popularity is that many of its essential and visual traits are comparable to those of the popular teak. Because the population of the mango tree can be replenished more quickly than that of teak and several other tree species that are listed as vulnerable or near extinction.

Mango wood had become a viable alternative, allowing several tree species to rebound and grow back to the size they were when they were listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The mango tree is not categorized as endangered or vulnerable because it can now be found in southern Asia (particularly India, where it is highly widespread) and in several other locations throughout the world where the dry, hot climate suits the needs of this amazing tree. Mango can only be grown in the southernmost states of the United States.

Mango Wood Definition

Mango wood is classified as a hardwood due to its strength, density, attractive appearance, and, of course, durability, which allows it to last for many years and maintain its high luster texture. These qualities have enabled it to produce many home items, including doors, flooring, beds, tables, drawers, and other furniture.

With colors ranging from dark tones to light brown, occasionally with a tint of pink, Mango has a unique texture that appeals to a wide range of people. Mango wood, like many other species of wood, will gradually darken with age.

While Mango’s natural ability to remain trouble-free over time is not unrivaled, modern wood processing manufacturers can improve its durability with finishing coatings that can transform Mango into a truly durable wood that is ideal for household furniture, including heavy-duty objects like tables, beds, beams, and arches.

Mango’s hardwood has a rich texture that is long-lasting, robust, and gentle on tools during woodworking. It is easy to cut and reshape into any shape desired by a woodworker, which is not the case with most hardwoods.

Because the fiber grains are packed so closely together, the surface can obtain a very high level of polish, similar to that of many other exotic varieties of wood. Mango wood is suitable for waxing, staining, and polishing, making it ideal for manufacturing furniture and other household items.
Mango Wood
Mango wood is typically golden brown in color, though some varieties have a brighter yellow tinge or black or pink streaks running through it. This color scheme enhances the visual charm of mango wood.

Sapwood and an outer layer of wood are also prone to fungal development and spalting, which results in additional color changes and the spread of black patterns in the grain.

While Mango is not as resistant to the elements as some other exotic hardwoods, it is quite durable in water. Mango’s internal structure is water-resistant (and even more so if it’s polished!), making it an excellent choice for outdoor furniture.

Finally, because the Mango is easily grown in many parts of the world (with much of the lumber coming from older trees that are no longer producing the popular Mango fruit, which is considered India’s national fruit), the price of mango lumber on the global market is kept at very reasonable and stable levels. Consistent supply and long-term growth are also advantageous.

Summary

Because of its strength, density, attractive appearance, and, of course, durability, mango wood is categorized as a hardwood. Thanks to these features, it has been possible to make a wide range of home objects, including doors, flooring, beds, tables, drawers, and other furniture.

Mango wood offers a rich texture that is durable and long-lasting. A woodworker can easily cut and reshape it into whatever shape they wish. Mango wood may be waxed, stained, and polished in addition to being polished, making it great for furniture.

Origin of Mango Wood

The domesticated mango tree may be traced all the way back to ancient India, about 4,000 years ago. Mangifera indica has imported to East Asia between the 4th and 5th centuries BC after spreading over India, where it was planted for its fruit and wood.

With the creation of Portuguese water trade channels, the mango tree reached the Philippines, Brazil, and Africa in the 16th century AD, where it has thrived ever since. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, naturalist, and physician, first described Mangifera indica in 1753.

The mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh, while the mango fruit is the national fruit of India, the Philippines, and Pakistan.

Properties and characteristics of mango wood are as follows:

  • Tree size: 80-100 feet (24-30 meters).

  • Trunk diameter: 3-4 feet (1-1.2 meters).

  • Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,780 N).

  • Dried Weight Average: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3).

  • Specific Gravity -.52.68 (Basic, 12 percent MC).

  • Crushing Resistance: 7,240 lbf/in2 (49.9 MPa).

  • Rupture Modulus: 12,830 lbf/in2 (88.5 MPa).

  • 1.672,000 lbf/in2 Elastic Modulus (11.53 GPA).

  • Shrinkage: Radial - 3.6 percent, Tangential - 5.5 percent, Volumetric - 8.9%, T/R Ratio - 1.5.

  • There is no odor.

  • Workability - Simple, except for interlaced grain, which might create tear-outs during cutting and machining. During sawing, the wood can also respond forcefully, causing significant blade displacement and banding. The tools can be quickly dulled if the silica level is high. Screws, nails, adhesive, and finishing are all easily applied to the wood.

  • Texture - Coarse to medium in texture with a natural shine. It’s possible to polish it nicely.

  • Straight or interlaced grain.

  • Longevity - This species is not on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Has the ability to expand.

  • Growth Density Requirement – There are no specific restrictions.

  • Drying - Simple, but not necessary for most commercial uses. It can be handled right away after being cut from the ground.

  • Long to medium-term durability Finishes can be applied to protect the wood, and polished mango wood has a higher water resistance.

  • Low-maintenance.

  • Low-cost applications.

  • Mango hardwood is used to make a variety of domestic and outdoor goods. Small furniture (desks, chairs) and large furniture (wall cabinets, kitchen cabinets, display units) are the most common places to find it.

  • Garden furnishings (garden furniture).

  • Flooring.

  • Paneling.

  • Veneer.

  • Plywood.

  • Objects that have been turned.

  • Table boards.

  • Beds.

  • Musical instruments (particularly ukuleles, drums, and guitars).

  • Kitchen accessories.

  • Doors and window frames (chopping boards, tabletops, bowls, serving trays).

  • Leather curing (mango wood is a source of tannins).

Benefits of Mango Woods

Various parts of mango trees (including their fruit) are now utilized in traditional medicine to make a variety of cures and to cook a variety of foods.

Antibiotic qualities have been found in bark, laces, steam, and unripe fruits, all of which can be absorbed by human bodies without any particular processing or preparation.

Mango Wood

Mango Wood has the following Advantages:

  • The medium strength’s versatility, as well as its considerable malleability.

  • It’s made of a durable wood with rich grains, so it’s strong enough to sustain the weight of heavy chairs and tables while still standing up to the test of time.

  • Mango wood is highly flexible, robust, and easy to work with tools despite its rigidity.

  • Mango wood has natural anti-parasitic properties. Thus ordinary insects rarely have a chance to fade its quality.

  • Simple to keep up with.

  • Carving and shaping are simple.

  • Mango wood is water-resistant, which adds to its dependability and longevity.

  • It is highly water-resistant, making it ideal for producing cooking equipment.

  • Faster-growing than other hardwood trees, with the ability to easily alter supply to demand.

  • It’s also quite light, which makes it an excellent choice for exotic gardens.

Problems from Mango Woods

Mango fruit peels contain allergenic urushiols, which can cause severe contact dermatitis in some people who are allergic to other Anacardiaceous plants (poison ivy and poison oak).

Mango wood has the following disadvantages:

  • It is prone to dry wood insects;
  • It is not resistant to sea borers (targets, pholades).
  • There may be lumps on the surface.
  • Color is not always consistent, making it unsuitable for wood construction.

Mango Wood Cheapness

Aside from the patterns, mango wood furniture is less expensive than other hardwoods since the mango tree’s trunk grows faster than the others. The diameter of the box varies from 31 to 152 cm, and a single trunk can reach a height of over 15 meters in a short period.

Mango Wood

Mango Wood vs. Teak Wood

Mango and teak wood appear to be similar. However, they are significantly different. Both of these woods are versatile and sturdy, and they are commonly used in furniture and construction. We’ll compare the durability, workability, upkeep, and price of Teak and Mango Wood, in addition to their basic appearance variations.

Teak Wood vs. Mango Wood: A Comparison table

Parameter Mango Wood Teak Wood
Botanical name Mangifera indica Tectona grandis
Color Multi-colored due to spalting Golden brown to dark brown
Durability Highly durable Extremely Durable
Hardness (Janka Scale) 1,070 2,330
Strength Strong but not as strong as teak One of the strongest types of wood
Maintenance Low maintenance Needs regular maintenance
Price Cheaper than most hardwoods Expensive
Suitability for outdoors Yes Yes
Suitability for wood carving Yes Yes
Workability Easy to work on Easy to work on
Smell Faint mango odor when cut Pungent, leathery smell

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

People asked many question about “Mango Wood” few of them were answered below:

1. How long does mango wood last?

Mango trees come in both large and small sizes. Mango wood has a distinct grain and comes in a variety of colors and tones. Mango wood is attractive in its natural state and does not require any treatment. Mango wood is also hard and sturdy, with a long lifespan.

2. Is mango wood or oak superior?

Unlike low-quality pine furniture, Mango is a hardwood similar to oak and is just as robust and long-lasting. As a result, when you buy our mango furniture, you can rest assured that it will be of the same excellent quality as oak furniture.

3. Is mango wood similar to teak wood?

Mango wood is widely available and is a renewable resource. This makes it less expensive than more expensive woods such as teak and Sheesham.

4. Is it possible to consume mango wood?

Like pine and teak, Mango is a modern wood with characteristics such as durability, distinctive grain, and, most importantly, sustainability. A mango tree is cleared after seven to fifteen years since it no longer bears any edible fruit.

5. What is the source of mango wood’s high price?

Mango wood is abundant since it is a by-product of the flourishing global mango industry. Compared to other exotic woods like teak, mahogany, and cypress, this allows us to get the wood at a reduced cost.

6. Is mango wood inexpensive?

Due to its cultivation as a fruit tree, mango wood is extremely sustainable. Mango trees are more inexpensive than hardwood cousins because they are more sustainable. After the tree has been fallen, minimum processing is required, which helps to keep costs low.

7. What is the best wood for furniture?

Best wood for furniture are:

  • Walnut.
  • Walnut is a robust, strong, and long-lasting wood for furniture.
  • Mahogany is one of the hardest woods for furniture. Mahogany is a long-lasting hardwood that’s frequently utilized for high-end, ornate furniture.
  • Birch.
  • Oak.
  • Cherry.
  • Pine.

8. Is acacia wood preferable to mango wood?

Acacia is a high-grade engineered wood. When compared to Mango and Sheesham wood, its quality is worse. In comparison to Sheesham and mango wood furniture, acacia base wooden furniture is less expensive. Acacia is a long-lasting wood.

9. Is mango wood suitable for use as a kitchen table?

Mango wood comes from the mango tree, of course! Mango wood, which grows abundantly in regions like South Asia, is another hardwood that works well as furniture. One of the best features of a mango wood dining table is its resistance to water, which may be detrimental to wood tables.

10. How does mango wood compare to other types of wood?

Teak has a yellow to golden-brown tint that looks similar to mango wood. On the other hand, teak’s close and straight grain pattern shine brilliantly when polished, making it a popular choice for woodworking tasks.

Conclusion

Mango wood is a good choice if you want a sturdy and durable wood that is also easy to work with and fairly priced. However, if you have a large enough money, you can try to obtain teak wood. Both types of wood produce satisfactory results, but teak is the ideal option if you want a sophisticated appearance. Whichever type of wood you choose, now that you’re aware of its advantages, you can use it for your woodworking projects as needed.

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