Serrano Vs Jalapeno


What Is Serrano?

The serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a sort of stew pepper that started in the sloping districts of the Mexican conditions of Puebla and Hidalgo. The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains (sierras) of these districts.

Serrano peppers (articulated seh-RAH-noh) are hot, actually. With the positioning of 5,000 to 15,000 Scoville units on the stew heat scale, serranos are up to multiple times more sizzling than their cousin, the jalapeño.

(Jalapeños are evaluated at 2,000 to 5,000 units. In an examination, sweet ringer peppers score zero units while the blazing habañero has been outlined at 300,000 units.)

This little, slim, pointy case can be discovered new, canned, or dried in markets and ethnic food stores. Dried, the serrano is called stew seco.

When To Buy

Search for smooth, firm, perfect peppers around 1 ½ inch long. As the serrano ages, its shading changes from splendid green to red to yellow.

Storing Hints

New serranos might be put away for a week or so in your fridge’s vegetable cabinet. The peppers can likewise be solidified or dried.


The slender skin makes the pepper simple to work with, however, consider wearing elastic or plastic gloves when dealing with them to maintain a strategic distance from skin or eye bothering, or wash your hands altogether subsequent to contacting them. For less fieriness, seed them and expel the inside ribs before cooking.

Serrano vs. Jalapeno: The Heat

While both of these chilies fall under the medium bit of the Scoville scale, there is a fair contrast in heat between the two. A serrano at 10,000 – 23,000 Scoville heat units can be shockingly more smoking than a jalapeño (2,500 – 8,000 SHU). Truth be told, the most blazing serrano can be multiple times more sweltering than the mildest jalapeño pepper. In any case, on normal you are likely taking a gander at a 3-time distinction in heat. That can be sufficient to shield some touchy palates from climbing the scale to the Serrano, yet it’s very a warmth most can appreciate. In the event that jalapeño heat sufficiently isn’t any longer, the serrano is an incredible knock up.

The Taste

These are both Mexican chilies, and they share a comparable pepper-like taste. The serrano has somewhat of a more brilliant completion to it, however something else, in the event that you’ve tasted the jalapeño (most have), you realize what you are getting in a serrano. That is a significant motivation behind why the jalapeño pepper is a decent replacement for the serrano, alongside the general accessibility contrasts.

Serrano Peppers Vs Jalapeno

The serrano pepper is a considerable amount like the notable jalapeño pepper, comparable in shading, however littler, around 1 to 4 inches in length by and large and 1/2 inch wide. They for the most part develop between 1 – 4 inches in length and around 1/2 inch wide however they have been known to develop longer.

They are substantial peppers and are not the most ideal decision for drying, however, it very well may be finished. The serrano pepper started in the Mexican conditions of Puebla and Hidalgo, in the sloping districts. The name of the pepper, serrano, really is a reference to the mountains (sierras) of those regions.

Serrano Pepper Substitute

Serrano peppers are growing in prevalence, yet they can even now be shockingly difficult to find. So what’s a keen serrano pepper substitute that will at present work with most plans on the off chance that your nearby merchant doesn’t convey this bean stew? Here we separate two of your best new choices to keep your fiery cooking moving along, and one is accessible almost all over.

It’s hard to believe, but it’s true. The most well-known bean stew on the planet is a dynamite substitute for the serrano. It’s anything but difficult to track down (almost every food merchant conveys them nowadays), yet more significantly they share a comparatively new, brilliant taste. The flavor trustworthiness of your formula will be in general flawless, with one major special case – the warmth.

Jalapeño peppers – while still a medium warmth pepper (2,500 to 8,000 Scoville heat units) – can be close to approaching warmth to up to multiple times milder than a serrano (10,000 to 23,000 SHU). On the off chance that warmth is critical to you, you may need to expand the stew sum required in the formula to compensate for any shortfall. The dividers of jalapeño peppers are meatier than the serrano also, so consider how this may influence use in your formula. You might need to dice to decrease the surface contrast.

Serrano Pepper Vs Jalapeno Pepper

In the event that you are a zesty food sweetheart, at that point, you might need to add more hot peppers to your arms stockpile. Serrano and jalapeño peppers share a ton for all intents and purposes but at the same time are one of a kind from various perspectives.

Both are Mexican peppers. They seem to be comparable in appearance, as both are little in size and green in shading. The serrano is littler than the jalapeño. Jalapeños are one of the most notable and well-known peppers, yet subbing serranos can include another bend your preferred plans.

The jalapeño is normally utilized in ordinary plans. It is really not as hot as you would accept. It is just viewed as a medium warmth chilies. It is marginally bigger than the serrano at 2.5 to 3 crawls long. They are picked and eaten while still green and not totally ready. When ready, they will go to red.

Jalapeños start in Mexico but on the other hand, are normally developed in the United States in New Mexico and Texas. The name originates from a Mexican town where it is regularly developed, called Xalapa, Veracruz. Xalapa has the variation spelling “Jalapa.”

The serrano is a less notable pepper. It is more smoking than a jalapeño and is extraordinary for adding, even more, a kick to hot nourishments. It is around 1 to 4 creeps long and littler than the jalapeño. They are picked and eaten when green however can age to red, orange, yellow, or earthy colored. They are incredibly broiled, skillet cooked, or served new as an enhancement.

Serranos begins in Mexico in the precipitous conditions of Puebla and Hidalgo. The name originates from “sierra,” which signifies “mountain” in Spanish.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Can you substitute Serrano for jalapeno?

A. The heat bump: Serrano pepper

The serrano chili is the most obvious substitute for the jalapeño available. They have a similar taste profile and they even look alike, with the serrano being a little thinner around the exterior and the jalapeño being a little more thick-walled. The difference is really in the heat.

Q. What Pepper is closest to Serrano?

A. Jalapeño pepper

The best substitute for serrano pepper: Jalapeño pepper

That’s right. The most popular chili in the world is a terrific substitute for the serrano. It’s easy to find (nearly every grocer carries them these days), but more importantly, they share a similar fresh, bright taste.

Q. Are serrano peppers hot without seeds?

A. Serrano peppers are often used to add considerable heat to salsas and sauces and can be used with or without their seeds. While they do not need to be peeled, these peppers should be roasted before adding to sauces.

Q. Can you eat serrano peppers raw?

A. Serrano peppers are frequently eaten raw, either sliced or chopped, and mixed into salsas, pico de gallo, or guacamole. Cooked in dishes like soups and chilis, the pepper takes on a mellower flavor while still adding spice. Pickled Serrano chiles are popular in Vietnamese and Mexican cuisine.



Serrano Vs Jalapeno

There are two kinds of peppers that don’t really get the individual attention they deserve: jalapeño and serrano peppers.

Jalapeños and serranoes come from different regions, they have different levels of heat and work best in different recipes.
People often confuse them because of their similar appearance and flavor. Here’s a bit of a history and a science tips, so that we may all better understand the difference between serrano vs jalapeño peppers.

The key difference includes following points:

1. Different Origins:


The word “Serrano” comes from the Spanish word “Sierra” or mountain range. This kind of pepper grows at high altitudes in the mountainous of Mexican states of Hidalgo and Puebla.


The word “Jalapeno” is originated from the word “Jalapa” or “Xalapa”. It is word of of Nahuatl origin and a member of the Aztec language family.

2. Different Sizes:

They have quite similar shape but differ in size.


  • Serrano peppers are usually 1 to 2 inches long.
  • They are unripe when green but they can still be eaten before they’re fully ripe.
  • Serrano peppers are ripen to vibrant shades of orange, yellow, and brown.


  • Jalapeño peppers are generally 2 to 3 inches long.
  • They are usually eaten when they’re green.
  • When they are ripen they turn in various shades of red, orange, or yellow.

3. Difference of taste:

A measure of heat called the Scoville Unit is used to assess the heat of a pepper. This is based on the concentration of a chemical compound called capsaicin present in a pepper.
So on the basis of concentration of capsaicin:


Serrano peppers clock in at 10,000 to 20,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU)


Jalapeño peppers have a rating of 2,500 to 10,000 SHU.


The spiciness of each pepper depends on a variety of factors, such as ripening and direct sunlight, but generally serrano peppers are about five times as spicy as jalapeños.

Tips to choose a good pepper:

Some peppers develop white lines and flecks, like stretch marks running in the direction of the length of the pepper as they age.
The stretch marks are also indicative of the amount of stress the pepper plant has endured.
A pepper plant that is stressed, having the soil get dry between infrequent watering, appears to have an impact on the the hotness of the pepper.
The older the pepper, and the more stress the plant has been under, the more white lines you’ll see, and the hotter the pepper will be.
The smoother the pepper, the younger, less stressed, and milder it is.

WHICH IS HOTTER: Serrano OR Jalapeno?

Spiciness factor of these two kinds of pepper depends upon a measure of heat called the Scoville Unit which is used to assess the heat of a pepper. This heat is measured on the basis of concentration of a chemical compound called capsaicin present in a pepper.

A serrano’s capsaicin concentration is 3-4 times higher than the jalapeno which clearly explains which pepper is more spicy.

But it should be noted that the concentration also depends on environmental factors, ripen stages, color of pepper etc.

How to cook with Serrano pepper?

The love of spicy food is a controversial subject for people who take flavor seriously. Few things can divide foodies more than spicy condiments like hot sauce and dishes like Nashville hot chicken.

Many people truly enjoy spicy food, and many are able to tolerate “hotter” food than others. So spices are a really important part of our dishes. Serrano is one of pepper most loved by spice loves here is how you can use it in your cooking experiments depending on your level of “heat bearing”.


  • Serrano peppers pack some serious heat and a variety of chili about 5 times hotter than the average jalapeno.
  • Wash your hands and all cutting surfaces thoroughly after handling chili peppers.
  • Since much of the heat of pepper is concentrated in the seeds, so seeding them will diminish their heat.
  • Cut away the fibrous ribs inside the pepper to avoid the hottest part of the pepper.
  • Then You can simply add them with your dish you want to cook.
  • Serrano peppers are added to a variety of sauces, salsas etc. They are common in Thai and Vietnamese dishes as well as in Mexican and Southwestern cuisine.
  • They do not need to be peeled due to their thin skin, but are often roasted to tame the intensity of their heat and to add a hint of sweetness to their flavor.
  • Serranoes can even be pickled quite successfully.
  • Fresh serranoes are the stars in salsas, often in combination with fruit such as mango, pineapple or peach etc.


  • While preparing serranoes take care to protect your skin and eyes from the irritating oil of the peppers.
  • Wear gloves while chopping and seeding chilis to prevent the caustic oil from burning your fingertips.
  • Wash your hands and all cutting surfaces thoroughly after handling chili peppers.

Serrano Vs. Habanero: Which is hotter?


A habanero pepper is a small, hot, chili pepper. It’s grown in Mexico and other parts of Latin America as well as in the United States. The habanero pepper is short and squat with thin skin and is usually an orange or red color.
The Habanero pepper has a slightly fruity flavor. It registers between 100,000 and 350,000 Scoville heat units on the Scoville Scale.

Habanero is hotter

Habanero and serrano are not even close in spiciness level because habanero have a tremendous heat contained with them.


Chili peppers tend to get hotter as they get smaller and habaneros are typically quite small.
The habaneros have a capsaicin concentration that’s about ten times as high as serranoes.

Habanero Vs. Jalapeño

  • Jalapeño is a long, slender, green chili pepper that may turn red if left too long on the plant, which is almost the exact opposite of the stout, round, orange habanero.
  • As compared to habanero a jalapeño pepper is fairly middle-of-the-road heat-wise.
  • A habanero pepper can be up to 100 times hotter than a jalapeño.


People who love spices are very enthusiastic to learn about different types of spices from other regions. Jalapenos and Serrano are two different spices that are originated from different regions and have different heat levels. Since both of them look alike people get confused between them. Both Serrano and jalapeno are the products of Mexico, but they grow in different parts of the state. Serrano grows in the mountainous areas of Mexico such as Hidalgo and Puebla. On the other hand jalapenos are grown in Veracruz; this was the place where the cultivation took place traditionally.

Key differences between both the spices:

Though most of the people get confused between both the spices there are still few noticeable differences between both. Jalapenos are usually seen as 2-3 inches long in size and are generally eaten when they are green in colour. They often change their shade once they start to ripe into orange, red or yellow. Whereas, Serrano pepper are usually seen as 1-2 inches long in size and are also edible once they ripe. Once the Serrano pepper ripe they change their shade from green to orange, yellow or brown.

Which pepper is hotter than the other?

To measure the spice level of the peppers there is a unit called Scoville Unit which is used to examine the level of heat in each pepper which helps in determining which pepper is ranked hotter than the other. Jalapenos comprise of a rating of 2500 to 10000 scoville unit (SU) whereas, Serrano peppers have a rating of 10000-20000 scoville unit (SU). Not only this but there are other factors that also effect the spice level of each pepper such as ripening and whether the spices were grown in direct sunlight or not. But overall if both the peppers are compared Serrano peppers consist of five times more spice level than that of jalapenos.

Deciding when to use which pepper?

This question totally depends on an individual’s preference. The first factor that should be considered is the spice tolerance of a person. If a person loves to eat spicy food then Serrano pepper is a very good choice for that person. Whereas, jalapenos are a little less spicy and are liked by people who cannot tolerate that high level of heat in their food. The second factor that must be taken into consideration is the type of food that a person in cooking or consuming. If the food that has to prepared will be eaten in raw form or consist of a large amount of peppers that jalapenos will be a good choice for that dish.

Can Jalapeno and Serrano pepper be each other’s substitute?

The obvious answer to this question is yes! Since both the pepper has similar appearance and taste many people substitute Serrano pepper for jalapeno and vice versa. Though the spice level of Serrano pepper is quite higher than that of jalapenos they can be easily substituted with each other keeping in mind the spice level.