Muslim Holidays

There are two authorized holidays in Islam, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. Both holidays follow on dates in the stellar Islamic calendar, which is different from the solar-based Gregorian calendar, so they are observed on different Gregorian dates every year.

Muslim Offering Salah

What are Islamic Holidays?

As I have told you, Islamic holidays are the main Islamic events in history and in the Islamic calendar. Some of the examples are Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Both Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha follow a retro of 10 holy days or nights: the last 10 nights of Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr), and the first 10 days of Dhu al-Hijjah (Eid al-Adha). The Night of Power, one of the last 10 nights of Ramadan, is the blessed night of the year. Equally, the Day of Arafah, the day before Eid al-Adha, is the blessed day of the Islamic year and calendar.

Moreover, Friday is deliberated as the holiest day of the week, and in Islamic belief, is considered a celebration in itself. Friday Prayers (Juma) are congregational prayers held in mosques, and Muslims are cheered to wear clean clothes, perfume, and bathe, most of those clothes include Kameez/Kurta Shalwar. It’s usual to eat special meals with family on this day.

Here is a list of Islamic Holidays:

Al-Hijra — Islamic New Year. Marks the end of Mohammad’s journey from Mecca to Medina.

Eid ul-Adha — Festival of Sacrifice. This is a four-day holiday marking the sacrifice of Abraham. It also highlights the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Hajj. Prayer is held at the mosque followed by an evening feast.

Eid ul-Fitr — End of Muslim Month of Fasting (Ramadan). A celebratory meal on the evening of this day. It is a three-day celebration and many will attend early morning prayers, affecting attendance.

Prophet’s Birthday – Celebration of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad. Celebrations, communal meals, and discussions on Islam usually take place on this day.

Ramadan — Muslim Month of Fasting. Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset with the last ten days reserved for possible all-night prayer vigils. Attendance should not be affected.

Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is renowned at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims may carry out acts of zakat (charity) on the occurrence, which begins after the new moon is sighted for the beginning of the month of Shawwal. The celebration begins with prayers on the morning of 1 Shawwal, followed by breakfast, and often commemorative meals all over the day. The holiday is all about the breaking of the dawn-to-dusk fast and is renowned on the first day of Shawwal (the 10th month). It falls around 11 days earlier than the one the earlier year when following the Gregorian (solar) calendar.

Though some Muslims detect other special days all over the year, including the beginning of the new year according to the Islamic calendar and the day the Prophet Muhammad was born, the two Eids are the only holidays notable by the entire Muslim community international. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the fast of Ramadan, while Eid al-Adha (“Festival of Sacrifice”) occurs at the end of the yearly pilgrimage season.

The Islamic calendar/ chart is a lunar calendar, in which dates are planned based on the lunar stages, and each new month begins when the waxing crescent moon appears in the sky. Because the 12-month lunar year is about 11 days shorter than the solar Gregorian calendar (the 365-day calendar used in the Western world), Islamic months and holidays fall in numerous seasons liable on the year.

Importance of Eid al-Fitr

After a month of prayer, dedication, and self-control, Muslims celebrate the success of their sacred duties during Ramadan with the beginning of Eid al-Fitr, or the Festival of Breaking the Fast. The festival is a nationwide holiday in many countries with large Muslim populations like Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Saudia Arabia, and many more. Celebrations of Eid al-Fitr normally last for three days, one day less than those of Eid al-Adha. For this reason, Eid al-Fitr is often called “Lesser” or “Smaller Eid.” Eid al-Adha, known as “Greater Eid,” is seen as the more significant holiday of the two.

During Eid al-Fitr, Muslims participate in exceptional morning prayers, greet each other with proper hugs and offer each other greetings of “Eid Mubarak,” or “Have a blessed Eid.” They gather with family and friends, give games and gifts to children and organize and eat special supper, containing sweet dishes like baklava or Turkish delight in Turkey, date-filled pastries and cookies in Saudi Arabia and Iraq, and binte al Sahn (honey cake) in Yemen.

Giving addition to the five pillars of Islam is Zakat or giving money to those in need. Muslims often get ready for Eid al-Fitr by giving money to charity and handouts so that less privileged families can enjoy the merriments and joys as well. In addition to charity, Muslims are also fortified to give and pursue forgiveness during Eid al-Fitr and look forward to the chance to fast again during Ramadan the following year.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is renowned on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah when the Hajj pilgrimage/journey takes place and lasts for four days. Muslims may perform a deed of zakat and friendship by slaughtering a sheep and distributing the meat to family, to friends, and to the poor. Muslims are also heartened to be particularly friendly and reach out to one another during this retro. Although Eid-ul-Adha has no straight relation to the Hajj Pilgrimage, it is but a day after the conclusion of Hajj and therefore has importance in time.

The time/ day of Eid-ul-Adha falls on the tenth day in the final (twelfth) month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar, Dhu-al-Hijjah. The day that festivities fall on is reliant on a sincere sighting of the moon, following the conclusion of the annual Holy Pilgrimage of Hajj, which is a responsibility for all Muslims who fit exact principles, one of the vital of Five Pillars of Islam.

The celebration of Eid-ul-Adha is to memorialize Prophet Ibrahim’s dedication to Allah SWT and his willingness to sacrifice his son, Ismail. At the very point of sacrifice, Allah SWT replaced Ismail with a ram (goat), which was to be slaughtered in replacement of his son. This command from Allah SWT was a test of Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness and pledge to obey his Lord’s command, without question. Therefore, Eid-ul-Adha means the centenary of sacrifice.

Liable on the country, the celebrations of Eid-ul-Adha can be carried anywhere between two and four days. The act of Qurbani (sacrifice) is carried out following the Eid Salaah (Eid Prayers), which are performed in congregation at the nearby Mosque on the morning of Eid. The act of Qurbani comprises of slaughtering an animal as a sacrifice to mark this juncture in remembrance of Prophet Ibrahim’s sacrifice for Allah SWT. This is also known as Udhiya. The days of animal slaughter total three days, from the 10th to the 12th of Dhu-al-Hijjah.

The animal which is going to be sacrificed must be a sheep, lamb, goat, cow, bull, or a camel, the sheep, lamb or goat contain one Qurbani share, whereas a bull, cow, or camel consists of seven shares per animal. The animal must be in good health and over a certain age in order to be slaughtered, in a “halal” friendly, Islamic approach. The Qurbani meat can then be separated into three equal lots per share, one-third is for you and your family, one-third is for your friends and other relatives, and the final third is to be bestowed to those in need.

Differences between Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha

The second most important holiday in the Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha, befalls at the end of the Hajj, the yearly pilgrimage made by millions of Muslims to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Agreeing to the Quran, the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) was keen to sacrifice his son to God (Allah), but God accepted the sacrifice of an animal in its place. Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of the Sacrifice, celebrates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for God.

Celebrations of the holiday usually last for four days, and are similar to those of Eid al-Fitr, except that Muslims celebrating Eid al-Adha conventionally admits the occasion by slaughtering an animal for meat. The meat is then shared with family and friends, with a large share given away to the less fortunate.

Eid Mubarak

Here are some Key Differences between Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha.

1. Dates

Eid ul Adha starts on the 10th day of the 12th and last month which is called Dhul Hijjah, whereas Eid ul Fitr initiates on the first day of the 10th month which is called Shawwal. Both events, like all else in the Islamic calendar, are on diverse dates each year. This is because the lunar year (12 moon cycles) is 354 days, less than the 365 days of the sun-based Gregorian calendar used by most of the world. As a result, Islamic dates change back by 10 or 11 days a year.

2. Names

Both start with the word Eid, which means a festival or a holiday, feast or holiday in Arabic. But they are else quite different. In the case of Eid ul Adha, the paraphrase is Festival of the Sacrifice, whereas Eid ul Fitr incomes Festival of Breaking the Fast.

3. Origin and significance

Eid ul Adha is a festival in which worshippers establish their religious faith, a ritual that started when Ibrahim (the same as the Abraham of Christian and Jewish texts) agreed to sacrifice his own son when ordered to do so by Allah (God). Though Satan tried to disturb him from the task, Ibrahim drove the devil away by tossing stones on him, an act that has been well-kept as a ritual during the Hajj. God then saw the forte of Ibrahim’s dedication and showed him a ram (goat) to slaughter in its place.

This has been conserved as the idea of a being showing their dedication and obedience to God by being prepared to sacrifice what they love and like most. These days, families carry out or dispose of the slaughter of an animal and share the meat three ways, among family, relatives and friends, and the poor and needy. In comparison, Eid ul Fitr is a festival that rejoices the end of the fasting in the preceding month of Ramadan, which involves people going without food, drink, and any inappropriate activity during sunshine hours every day, so that they focus on their religiousness instead.

4. Required activities

Both occasions usually include prayers, meals, and the giving of gifts. Charity and funding are also involved, but in, unlike ways. All through Ramadan and just before Eid ul Fitr, a mandatory contribution called Zakat ul Fitr (typically it is around £5 or less) is made by all Muslims, except children and the underprivileged adults, and used by charitable organizations to buy food so that people in deficiency around the world can also take part in the Eid celebrations.

At the time of Eid ul Adha, the religious and spiritual sacrifice called Qurbani is made, when the meat of a slaughtered animal is shared relatively and equally with the poor. Muslims can choose to do this through a Qurbani donation and contribution, which is used to pay for the slaughter of an animal to feed people in inferior parts of the world. Amounts going from £25 to £1,750 are donated to charities and relief organizations so that people living in deficiency and poverty can enjoy a feast at Eid ul Adha too.

5. Connections to other events

Eid ul Adha arrives on the third day of the Hajj, the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca that must be assumed by all healthy adult Muslims at least once in their life. Hajj initiates on the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah and is implemented in five days, or sometimes six. Eid ul Fitr has no linking to the Hajj and falls at the start of the month of Shawwal.

6. Big or small?

Eid ul Adha is occasionally known as Greater Eid or Big Eid, while Eid ul Fitr can also be known as Lesser or Smaller Eid. That’s because Eid ul Adha is measured as the bigger and more substantial Eid celebration. Yet, it is the Eid ul Fitr public gatherings and congregations in Birmingham that lean towards the attraction and the main reason for larger crowds.

Here is a brief explanation of all the remaining Festivals

1. Muharram

Muharram is distinguished as the beginning of the Islamic New Year by participating Muslims around the world. It is regarded as a religious and important festival by the community. It is one of the four holy months of the year for Muslims. The Islamic New Year is the initial day of the Muslim calendar. Mutton is often obliged as the main course for this holiday meal. There is no favorite weight for this holiday, though animals should seem healthy.

According to usual customs, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar and measured to be highly religious, only coming next to Ramadan. Muharram, in itself, means “forbidden” and since it is measured to be holy, many Muslims use it as a time period of prayer and reflection. It is a standard for people in the community to fast during the holy Muharram retro.

Muharram also highlights the anniversary of the battle of Karbala, where the Islamic prophet Muhammad (PBUH)’s grandson Imam Hussain Ibn Ali was martyred. They recall the massacre on the 10th day, Ashura, with some selecting too fast. The Islamic New Year will be renowned by the Muslim community on August 19, 2021, which recalls on Thursday. It will also smudge the first day in the year 1440 agreeing to the Hijri or Islamic calendar.

This day is widely pleased by Shia Muslims across the world. It was also during this period that Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, which is known as Hijrah, and so Muharram highlights this important occasion as well. As celebrating Muslims demolish the festival with utmost joy and highlight it with high levels of dedication

Reciting Holy Quran

Here are some exciting facts to know about the centenary.

1. Agreeing to Prophet Muhammad’s sayings, fasting on the day of Ashura will kill away all the sins of the previous year. And so, many Muslim followers indicate to fast on the ninth and tenth days of this month.

2. Shia Muslim cults often practice chest-beating, which is referred to as Latyma, and some also self-flagellate. Sunni Muslims ruminate Ashura as a day of respect for the Prophet Moses but do not take part in the ceremony.

3. During this firm time of Muharram, detecting Muslims desist from taking part in joyous and cheerful events.

4. It is usual to read and recite Ziarat e Ashura, a book containing greetings to the martyrs of Karbala, on the Day of Ashura

5. Muslims make merry to the new year by visiting the mosque, praying to Allah for happiness, and by spending time with their family and near and dear ones on the day off/ holiday. People also like to prepare something sweet like sweet rice and share it with their family and circle of friends to eat when breaking their fast.

2. Mawlid al-Nabi

Mawlid, Mawlid an-Nabi ash-Sharif, also known as Eid Milad un Nabi 1 is the compliance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which is honored in Rabi’ al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.12th Rabi’ al-awwal is the accepted date among most of the Sunni scholars and scholars, while most Shia scholars regard 17th Rabi’ al-awwal as the accepted date, though not all Shias reflect it to be this date. Also called Maouloud in West Africa.

The past of this festival goes back to the early days of Islam when some of the Tabi‘un began to hold conferences in which poetry and religious naats are collected to honor Muhammad were recited to the crowds. It has been said that the first Muslim ruler to formally celebrate the birth of Muhammad in a remarkable ceremony was Muzaffar al-Din Gökböri. The Ottomans acknowledged it as an official holiday in 1588, known as Mevlid Kandil. The word Mawlid is also used in some parts of the world, such as Egypt, as a generic term for the birthday celebrations of other historical religious figures such as Sufi saints.

Most values of Islam approve of the memorial of Muhammad’s birthday, however, with the appearance of Wahhabism-Salafism, Deobandism, and Ahl-i Hadith, many Muslims began to criticize its honor and remembrance, considering it an illegal religious innovation. Mawlid is familiar as a national holiday in most of the Muslim-majority countries of the world the excluding Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Some non-Muslim mainstream countries with large Muslim populations such as India also identify it as a public holiday.

Date and History

Agreeing to the mainstream of Sunni Muslims and some Shi’as, Muhammad was born on the 12th of Rabi’ al-awwal. Many Twelver Shia Muslims on the other hand declare that Muhammad was born on the 17th of Rabi’ al-awwal. It stands as a material of Khalaf or dissimilarity since some Shiite scholars such as Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni, Ibn Babawayh, and Zayn al-Din al-Juba’i al’Amili have affirmed the date of the 12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal. Nevertheless, others struggle that the date of Muhammad’s birth is indefinite and is not finally recorded in the Islamic traditions. The issue of the precise date of the Mawlid is recorded by Ibn Khallikan as establishing the first proven difference concerning the celebration

In the initial days of Islam, the opinion of Muhammad’s birth as a holy day was usually arranged privately, and later was an increased number of people to the Mawlid house that was open for the whole day precisely for this celebration. The early celebrations, included elements of Sufic influence, with animal sacrifices and torchlight marches along with public readings and a feast. The celebrations occurred during the day, in dissimilarity to modern-day compliances, with the ruler playing a key role in the ceremonies. Importance was given to the Ahl al-Bayt with the presentation of readings and recitations of the Qur’an

The exact origins of the Mawlid are difficult to hint at. Agreeing to Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God, the implication of the event was recognized when Muhammad fasted on Monday, quoting the reason for this was his birth on that day, and when Umar took into thought Muhammad’s birth as a possible starting time for the Islamic calendar. According to Festivals in World Religions, the Mawlid was first presented by the Abbasids in Baghdad. It has been suggested that the Mawlid was first formalized by Al-Khayzuran of the Abbasids. Ibn Jubayr, in 1183, writes that Muhammad’s birthday was celebrated every Monday of Rabi’ al-awwal at his birthplace, which had been adapted into a place of devotion under the Abbasids.

3. Ramadan

Ramadan also implied Ramazan, is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, observed by Muslims universally as a month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and community. A memorial of Muhammad’s first revelation, the yearly compliance of Ramadan is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and lasts twenty-nine to thirty days, from one sighting and detection of the crescent moon.

Fasting from dawn to sunset is fard or farz (obligatory) for all adult Muslims who are not extremely or chronically ill, traveling, elderly, diabetic, or menstruating. The predawn meal is stated as suhur (sehri), and the nightly feast that breaks the fast is called iftar. Although fatwas have been distributed stating that Muslims who live in regions with midnight sun or polar night should follow the timetable and schedule of Mecca. It is common practice to follow the timetable and schedule of the closest country in which night can be illustrious from the day.

The divine rewards (thawab) of fasting are supposed to be multiplied and grow more during Ramadan. Therefore, Muslims abstain not only from food and drink, but also tobacco products, and sinful behavior, offering themselves instead to salat (prayer) and recitation of the Quran.

Date and History

The first and last dates of Ramadan are firm by the lunar Islamic calendar. The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Quran was revealed, guidance and direction for all mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the standard (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey or a trip, a number of other days. Allah desires for you comfort, He desires not hardship and adversity for you, and that you should complete the period. And that you should heighten Allah for having guided you, and that perhaps you may be thankful and glad.

Muslims embrace that all scripture was revealed during Ramadan, the scrolls of Abraham, Torah, Psalms, Gospel, and Quran having been handed down on the first, sixth, twelfth, thirteenth, and twenty-fourth Ramadans, in that order. Muhammed is said to have received his first Quranic revelation on Laylat al-Qadr, one of five odd-numbered nights that fall all through the last ten days of Ramadan.

Although Muslims were first ordered to fast in the second year of Hijra (624 CE), they believe that the practice and ritual of fasting is not in fact a revolution of monotheism but rather has always been necessary for believers to achieve taqwa (the fear of God). They point to the fact that the pre-Islamic pagans of Mecca fasted on the tenth day of Muharram to compensate for sin and avoid lack. Philip Jenkins argues that the observance of Ramadan fasting grew out of “the strict Lenten discipline of the Syrian Churches,” a statement verified by other scholars, including theologian Paul-Gordon Chandler, but was unclear and disputed by some Muslim academics

Dates

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1) What are Muslim holidays 2021?

DAY DATE HOLIDAY
Thu May 13, 2021May 13 Eid-al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
Mon Jul 19, 2021Jul 19 Waqf al Arafa - Hajj
Tue Jul 20, 2021Jul 20 Eid-al-Adha
Mon Aug 09, 2021Aug 09 Hijra - Islamic New Year

2) What are Muslims’ main holidays?

There are two authorized holidays in Islam, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. Both holidays happen on dates in the lunar Islamic calendar, which is dissimilar from the solar-based Gregorian calendar, so they are detected on different Gregorian dates every year.

3) Do Muslims celebrate birthdays?

Muslims don’t even celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Birthdays are a cultural or a social tradition/ ritual. Muslims do not celebrate or condemn Christmas like Christians. Other Muslims may not celebrate birthdays for social reasons because it does not say in the Quran or ineffective hadith that we can not celebrate birthdays.

4) Are there two Eids?

There are two Eids celebrated each year in the Islamic calendar. In May 2021 initial on the evening of May 12 and conclusion on the evening of May 13, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr, which is also known as the festival of breaking fast.

5) Can you say happy Eid?

If you want to wish somebody “Happy Eid” this year, the customary way would be to greet them with “Eid Mubarak”. This is the Arabic expression used by Muslims during both Eid al-Adha and the Eid al-Fitr celebrations earlier in the year.

Conclusion

As you know, Islam is one of the Largest religions in Population, it does have many Islamic holidays. There are two authorized holidays in Islam, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. Both holidays follow on dates in the stellar Islamic calendar. Eid al-Fitr is renowned at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims may carry out acts of zakat (charity) on the occurrence, which begins after the new moon is sighted for the beginning of the month of Shawwal. Eid al-Adha is renowned on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah when the Hajj pilgrimage/journey takes place and lasts for four days. Muslims may perform a deed of zakat and friendship by slaughtering a sheep and distributing the meat to family, to friends, and to the poor.

Mawlid, Mawlid an-Nabi ash-Sharif, also known as Eid Milad un Nabi 1 is the compliance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which is honored in Rabi’ al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar. Ramadan also implied Ramazan, is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, observed by Muslims universally as a month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and community.

Related Articles

What are the Muslim holidays? In Islam, there are two official holidays: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Because both holidays fall on dates in the Islamic lunar calendar, which differs from the solar Gregorian calendar, they are commemorated on different Gregorian dates each year

Introduction to Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion that believes Muhammad(PBUH) as a divine messenger. With 1.9 billion adherents, or 24.9 per cent of the world’s population, known as Muslims, it is the world’s second-largest religion.

islam

In 47 nations, Muslims constitute the majority of the population. According to Islam, God is compassionate, all-powerful, and one-of-a-kind, and he has guided humanity via prophets, disclosed texts, and natural signs.

The primary texts of Islam include the Quran, which is considered the exact word of God, and Muhammad’s (c. 570 – 632 CE) teachings and normative examples (called the sunnah, which is formed of tales called tales hadith).

Muslims accept that Islam is the complete and global form of a primordial faith revealed many times previously by prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims see the Quran, which is written in Arabic, as God’s absolute and last revelation.

Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam preaches an ultimate judgment in which the virtuous are rewarded in paradise and the evil are punished in hell. The Five Pillars of Islam, which are required acts of worship and obey Islamic law (sharia), which impacts nearly every area of life and society, from finance and welfare to women and the environment, are religious principles and practices.

Muslim Holidays

There are several additional notable days and festivals, some shared by all Muslims, while others are exclusive to Shia Islam or its branches.

Both Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha fall within ten days: the last ten nights of Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr) and the first ten days of Dhu al-Hijjah (Eid al-Adha). The Night of Power, one of Ramadan’s last ten nights, is the holiest night of the year. The Day of Arafah, the day before Eid al-Adha, on the other hand, is the holiest in the Islamic year.

Furthermore, Friday is considered the holiest day of the week and is regarded as a festival in Islamic culture. Friday prayers (Juma) are congregational prayers held in mosques, and Muslims are urged to wear clean clothes, perfume, and bathe before the services. On this day, it is common to enjoy special dinners with family.

Eid ul-Fitr

Eid ul-Fitr, a highly celebrated Muslim celebration, will most likely fall on May 3 this year. According to the lunar calendar, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated following the conclusion of Ramadan, when Muslims fast from dawn to sunset; hence, Eid al-Fitr is also known as the ‘Festival of Breaking Fast.’

Eid al fitr

Many people celebrate the holiday by paying visits to friends and family, exchanging gifts, and preparing special foods and sweets associated with the occasion. In several South Asian nations, such as Pakistan and India, elders offer money presents to youngsters, known as ‘Eidi.’

Other cultural customs include Muslims attending an exceptional early prayer service on the day of Eid. After the prayer, all Muslims in the congregation, strangers or acquaintances, share Eid pleasantries by embracing.

The Origins of Eid ul-Fitr

The date of Eid ul-Fitr changes every year according to the Islamic calendar, which is based on lunar cycles. Every year, the day moves forward by at least ten days, falling earlier and earlier. Eid al-Fitr will begin multiple likely falls on May 12 this year.

However, depending on when Ramadan — Muslims’ Holy Fasting Month — begins, Eid al-Fitr may happen on May 13 or 14. In any case, the Muslim community throughout the world celebrates the event for three days. Following a month of fasting and abstinence, Many nations observe Eid al-Fitr by their respective cultures and customs. People in the Middle East perform morning prayers by travelling to a specifically designated place known as ‘Eid-gah.’ Eid-gah is often a prominent vacant place. Eid morning prayers, unlike other Muslim prayers, do not have a specific call to prayer.

People in other countries, such as Malaysia and Pakistan, visit family and friends, bringing presents and unique culinary items with them.

On the morning of Eid, people in these nations prepare unique food dishes such as sheer khurma’ and sawaiyan.’ These desserts are prepared using vermicelli, milk, sugar, and dried fruits. South Asians also refer to Eid al-Fitr as ‘choti’ Eid, which translates as “little Eid.”

In Islam, there are two Eid festivals: Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr. Eid al-Fitr marks the conclusion of the Hajj pilgrimage with the sacrifice of animals such as sheep, goats, cows, and camels.

Day of Arafah

Day of Arafah

The Day of Arafah (or Arafat) occurs on the ninth day of the Islamic lunar month, which falls on July 8. It falls on the second day of Hajj in the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar, Dhul-Hijjah. It is considered the most fantastic day of the year for Muslims. The day marks the culmination of a pilgrimage for Muslims in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, who congregate in the mountain plain of Arafah to pray and supplicate for pardon.

The Origin of Day of Arafah

For Muslims, the Day of Arafah is regarded as a holy and noble day. It indicates the day when the Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell speech to the numerous Muslims he conducted Hajj on Mount Arafah at the end of his life. Verse 5:3 of the Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad as he was standing on the plain of Arafah.

‘Freedom from Fire’ is another name for Arafah Day. Arafah means ‘to be aware.’ In Islam, Adam and Eve (known as Hawa) are believed to have been separated from heaven and placed on Earth, where they met in the plains of Arafah. The Prophet Muhammad is reported to have emphasised the significance of standing on Arafah as a necessary element of performing Hajj.

Eid ul-Adha.

Eid al-Adha is a Muslim holy day that commemorates Ibrahim’s (Abraham’s) willingness to make a sacrifice according to God’s command: the life of his beloved son Isaac. But, just as Ibrahim was ready to kill his son, God, moved by Ibrahim’s faith, supplied a sacrificial ram in his stead.

Eid ul-Adha

Muslims today commemorate this occasion by dividing a killed animal into three parts: one for themselves, one for their families, and one for the poor.On this great day, we may all engage in the spirit of sharing. This year’s holiday will be mainly observed on July 20.

The Prophet Ibrahim, also known as Abraham in Christianity and Judaism, faced difficulties and tribulations throughout his life. One of these tests came when he was told by Allah (God) in a dream to sacrifice his son, Ismael. Both father and son agreed to fulfil God’s wishes and travelled to Mount Moriah.

Ismail lay face down on the ground, his father holding a sharp knife to his throat. Only when Ibrahim was about to kill his son, God send a big ram to be slain in Ismael’s place, therefore reminding everyone of God’s kindness and benefits to those who relentlessly do good.

Eid ul-Adha also commemorates the conclusion of Hajj, the compulsory religious journey to Mecca for Muslims. This day’s primary ceremony is the slaughter of a goat, sheep, or camel, followed by its distribution. One-third of the meat is distributed to impoverished people, one-third to friends and neighbours, and one’s family consumes one-third.

Muslim New Year

The Islamic New Year, also identified as the Arabic New Year or Hijri New Year, is glorified on the first day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic time. The first year of this calendar began in Gregorian CE 622 when the Prophet Muhammad and his companions moved from Mecca to Medina. Hijri 1443 will be the Islamic New Year in 2021.

Muslim New Year

Days begin at sunset in the Islamic calendar. Because the Islamic year is 11 to 12 days more diminutive, the event occurs on a different day each year. Muharram is regarded as the month of remembering and is significant to Muslims worldwide because of the ceremonies and prayers that mark the event.

The word ‘Hijri’ is derived from the Arabic word Hijra, which means “migration.” The Islamic calendar begins with the journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD.

The Origins of Islamic New Year

Muslims in Mecca and other regions experienced religious persecution for their beliefs in the 7th century C.E. As a result, the flight of Muhammad and his followers to the city that would later be known as Medina — a movement known as the Hijra — where Muhammad would establish a constitution outlining Muslim rights and obligations. This event is significant in the Muslim religion, which is why the Islamic New Year celebrates it.

Ashura

According to the Islamic calendar, Ashura is a holy day observed by Muslims all over the globe on the 10th of Muharram. Ashura falls on August 18 this year. Shia Muslims see it as the culmination of Muharram and the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali (the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson) at the Battle of Karbala.

Ashura

For Sunnis, Ashura commemorates the day Moses fasted to express his thankfulness for the Israelites’ liberation. Today is also a holy day of sorrow, especially commemorated by Shia Muslims. Other Muslim groups fast and meditate during the day.

The origin of Ashura

Ashura commemorates the tragic ‘Battle of Karbala,’ in which the 7th-century revolutionary leader Husayn ibn Ali was assassinated. Millions of Muslims throughout the world commemorate Husayn’s sacrifice and noble stance on social justice on the Day of Ashura.

The narrative is based on situations that happened 13 centuries ago, following the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 A.D. A disagreement erupted when the Muslim community’s leader and caliph were to be selected. Most Muslims supported Abu Bakr, the Prophet’s close associate, to take over the leadership and become the first caliph.

When Ali’s second son Husayn graced the third imam, the conflict between the imam and the caliph became even more heated. The Umayyad dynasty ruled the Islamic kingdom from 661 to 750 A.D. In the blessed month of Muharram in 680 A.D., one of the caliphs named Yazd ordered Husayn to promise allegiance to him and his caliphate. Husayn refused the order because he saw Yazd as an illegitimate and unjust ruler.

At Karbala, Husayn and his supporters were encircled and stopped by Umayyad forces. On Ashura day, Husayn and his men made their last prayers at dawn, predicting their fate. Notwithstanding knowing they would die that day, the men waited loyally to Husayn and his cause.

Milad an-Nabi,

Muslims commemorate Milad an-Nabi, commonly known as Mawlid, as the Prophet Muhammad’s birthday. Even though the Muslim religion does not generally celebrate birthdays since there is no record of the Prophet doing so, the Prophet’s acknowledged birthdate began being honored early in Islam’s history and is now recognized as a nationwide holiday in many Muslim nations.

Milad an-Nabi

History of Milad an-Nabi

Mawlid, which means “to give birth” in Arabic, today refers to the Prophet’s birthday as well as the text chanted at the day’s ceremonies. Even though Muhammad’s birthdate is debatable, many Muslims observe this occasion. This festival occurs in the third month of the Islamic calendar and may have originated in the eighth century.

Milad an-Nabi festivities became increasingly prominent in the 11th century, and it was first celebrated as an official festival in Egypt. During this time, only Shia Muslims, the region’s governing clan, were permitted to celebrate the holiday, and the festivities were not open to the general public. Other countries, besides Egypt, began to celebrate Milad an-Nabi in the 12th century, including Syria, Morocco, Turkey, and Spain. Soon after, Sunni Muslims began to observe the day as well. This festival occurs in the third month of the Islamic calendar and may have originated in the eighth century.

Milad an-Nabi festivities became increasingly prominent in the 11th century, and it was first celebrated as an official festival in Egypt. During this time, only Shia Muslims, the region’s governing clan, were permitted to celebrate the holiday, and the festivities were not open to the general public. Other countries, besides Egypt, began to celebrate Milad an-Nabi in the 12th century, including Syria, Morocco, Turkey, and Spain. Soon after, Sunni Muslims began to observe the day as well.

Summary
Islamic dates are historically determined by naked-eye observations of the new moon. Some Muslims regard this behavior as a religious obligation. Because of the traditional dependence on lunar observation, dates are “approximate” until the new moon is spotted.

Frequently Asked Questions

People usually ask many questions about Muslim Holidays. A few of them are discussed below:

1. Do Muslims have birthdays?

Muslims do not even commemorate Prophet Muhammad’s birthday (PBUH). Birthdays are culturally significant events. Muslims do not observe Christmas in the same way that Christians do. Other Muslims may not celebrate birthdays for cultural reasons since the Quran and authentic hadith prohibits us.

2. What do Muslims consume?

Diet. Muslims shall consume only permissible food (halal) and not eat or drink anything prohibited (haram). Halal food necessitates the invocation of Allah’s name at the time the animal is slaughtered. Lamb, beef, goat, and chicken, for example, are halal if they are slaughtered by a Muslim and a prayer is offered.

3. Do you wish everyone a good Ramadan?

Ramadan Mubarak is the most frequent Ramadan greeting (Rah-ma-dawn Moo-bar-ack). It simply means “good Ramadan” or “fortunate Ramadan.”

4. Do Muslims have faith in God?

“There is no deity but Allah,” says the Islamic declaration of witness, or shahada. Muslims believe he created the world in six days and sent prophets such as Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus, and Muhammad. He urged humanity to worship only him and reject idolatry and polytheism.

5. Which of the following religions is the oldest?

The term Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been dubbed the world’s oldest religion, many practitioners refer to their faith as Santana Dharma.

Conclusion
Some Muslims are becoming increasingly tolerant of astronomical forecasts to predetermine dates due to technical advancements and a more excellent grasp of astronomy. For the last 1,440 years, Muslims have celebrated Eid (Muslim festival) festivals. Muslims, in general, observe two significant holidays: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.