Group Of Whales

A group of whales is known as pods. Additional terms include gam, herd, and puff can also be used for group whales. They derive mainly these expressions from medieval hunting lists of creatures, some of which have persisted in widespread usage (such as a pride of lions) while others have disappeared.

Group of whales

:small_blue_diamond: When referring to a group of whales, a pod is the most popular term used. However, additional terms include gam, hers, and puff, which can also be used for group whales. They derive mainly these expressions from medieval hunting lists of creatures, some of which have persisted in widespread usage (such as a pride of lions) while others have disappeared.

:small_blue_diamond: Most of the time, a collective noun can be plural. Another way of saying this is that many collective nouns should be used. Two teams compete in sports like football. There are a lot of families out and about on the street, right now. In these cases, a plural noun is usually employed.

:small_blue_diamond: If you’re talking about a group of whales, the most frequent collective noun is “pod,” but other terms you could hear include “game,” “herd,” or “school.” A pod can contain two to thirty whales, with most pods comprising genetically related whales, such as mom and son. Smaller whales move in larger pods because of their size and ways to ignore predators, whereas more giant whales migrate into smaller pods.

:small_blue_diamond: For example, during breeding season or in places with abundant food, hundreds of whales may congregate to mate and graze, then return to their tiny pod or group after the event has concluded.

:small_blue_diamond: As a result, whale social behavior can vary widely from one species to another. For example, socially active whale species may have multiple pods containing several thousand whales or more. In contrast, fewer social whale species may have only a dozen or fewer in each pod.

:small_blue_diamond: We frequently observed larger pods of toothed whales among the smaller species because it helps individuals protect from threats and enhances their ability to seek food. Most giant baleen whales like to cruise in pairs or small groups. Most giant baleen whales are so massive that they have little fear of being attacked, allowing them to swim alone or in small groups with ease.

:small_blue_diamond: A pod of whales will often use complex and cooperative hunting strategies to find food. They also travel in groups and defend one another from attackers, such as great white sharks and other sea organisms, such as killer whales, by interacting with one another.

:small_blue_diamond: However, newborn and young dolphins and whales are easy prey for predatory groups, so it is common to see elderly whales (predominantly female whales) traveling with their young to protect them from carnivores and threats.

:small_blue_diamond: In these cases, the bigger the pod, the more robust, which helps to explain (at least partly) why it is prevalent to see small birds traveling in larger pods of dolphins and whales. Mostly, females like to join pods to defend their young and other female whales, whereas males prefer to stray off on their own.

:small_blue_diamond: Sometimes a tiny pod is formed by a mother and her baby and can grow into more giant protective groupings if it is a friendly species. Pods created by whales can last around several days to an entire lifetime, depending on the species.

Other names for a group of whales

The Oxford Dictionary defines a pod of whales as a

  1. Gam

  2. herb

  3. mod

  4. pod

  5. pod

  6. shoal

  7. troop

  8. float

  9. grind

Do whales have their own mind?

  • The wheels turn behind the enormous creatures’ eyes, and any ocean diver will tell you if you ask them when they approach a whale in the wild.

  • Just because they can’t communicate in human languages, or have opposable thumbs like us, doesn’t mean they can’t be brilliant and clever on their own.

  • Some of you may recall the recent spate of massive whale beaching and concluding that these creatures must be naïve:

  • Maritime activity can block out the acoustic that whales are using to communicate and navigate, which is unfortunate because it sometimes appears to be the consequence of human actions, either through the use of loud engine noise or sophisticated sonar systems

  • Because of our negligent blundering over (and under) oceans, this cacophony confuses the creatures, and they end up running aground.

  • Putting in the effort to reduce our damage through better engineering would be tragic and avoidable, but whales have no say in human matters, so the beaching will keep happening.

  • When it comes to diver/whale encounters, the creatures never seem to have any ill will toward humans, taking each one at surface level and realizing that we don’t do them any harm.

Are whales friendly towards humans?

  • Depending on who you ask, some whales are curious or friendly to people. Dolphins in the wild frequently approach ships searching for food, and they seem to enjoy riding the front waves.

  • Many years ago, while visiting Chincoteague, we saw two dolphins seemingly “riding” the enormous waves caused by a hurricane that had passed close by.

Whale Types

:small_blue_diamond: Whales come in a wide variety of species. Some whales, like the little ones (which we call “dolphins” because it’s an artificial distinction), are known to be sociable, while other whales, like right whales, humpbacks, and sperm whales, have been observed actively seeking human contact.

:small_blue_diamond: We have also known sperm whales to enjoy having their bellies stroked by humans. Friendly sperm whales ‘asked divers to stroke their bellies,’ according to divers who saw them.

:small_blue_diamond: However, grey whales in Baja, California’s warm, quiet seas, are likewise well-known for their outgoing behavior toward humans. However, whales 400 kilometers north of the coast don’t behave in the same manner toward boats in the same way.

:small_blue_diamond: We know whales and dolphins to be more hospitable to humanity than other species of wild animals. For example, they are more hospitable than a dog, a cat, a calf, or a horse. Because those are domestic animals who have become used to humans and have even been bred for this.

:small_blue_diamond: Pedantry’s sole purpose is to distract you from the fact that: Many times, our behavior toward whales and dolphins determines their “friendliness,” not the other way around. For the time being, consider why we enjoy dolphins so much.

:small_blue_diamond: Because they are smooth and hairless and have a bulbous forehead that resembles our own, they appear more human. And who can avoid the dolphin’s inexplicable “smile”?

:small_blue_diamond: Because we see them as “friendly,” we react differently than we might to a whale shark or a basking shark, both of which are equally placid (although people have reported seeing the former intervene between them and more threatening shark varieties, although how far the shark was trying to protect the humans versus simply protecting itself while nearby humans benefited from the animal’s actions is perhaps oblivious).

:small_blue_diamond: Whales and dolphins, being air-breathing mammals, are more prone to engage with us, which contributes to our impression of “friendliness.” For example, I’ve seen dolphins having a good time in a whale’s wake, much like they do in a ship’s bow waves.

:small_blue_diamond: Maybe we’re just a target for their amusement, and that they’re acting “friendly” doesn’t explain their behavior around us. A pair of big Parrot Fish “took station” on me while swimming on a shipwreck in Fiji. They stayed with me during the dive, only departing when I returned to the surface. Friendliness? Curiosity? Why is Parrot Fish “friendlier” to us if we spend more time under the sea?

:small_blue_diamond: I’ve swum with several species of wild whales, as well as with killer whales and Pilot Whales (a bit too intimidating an animal to “swim with”). I could not help but sense some kindred spirit with your excitement for dolphins (and other cetaceans).

:small_blue_diamond: One giant Killer Whale was accompanying my ship. The big male kept up a steady pace with us, occasionally trying to roll to the side to peer at me, who was sitting on the fantail not much further away.

:small_blue_diamond: We had this eye contact for well more than half an hour, and I realized he was as fascinated by me as I was by him. Why? I’m stumped. A giant male Whale separated from his flock, nearly a kilometer from us (i.e., we presented no danger and were only on a parallel course), and purposefully hit us.

:small_blue_diamond: The reaction is anything from “friendly,” especially from a species that most people consider very benign. The dolphins in the movies “Cocoon” and “Day of the Dolphin” belonged to my relatives who pioneered open water dives with them.

:small_blue_diamond: A pod of wild dolphins lives in a protected area surrounded by humans and connected to the sea by a comparatively long narrow channel. The people have thoughtfully installed some welded wire fencing across this channel to keep great whites out of the bay while still allowing the pod’s young to negotiate it.

:small_blue_diamond: At night, the dolphins return to their haven in the bay after a long day of fishing and swimming. Over the years, the dolphins have learned to follow the dive tour company’s boats out to the ocean, where they will interact with the divers and surfers.

:small_blue_diamond: There appears to be a symbiotic link between dolphins and humans in this scenario. It’s a win-win situation for the animals and humans because of the association. It wouldn’t be a stretch to label the two teams “friends.”

:small_blue_diamond: There is a situation like this in Australia at Monkey Mia; except there, the dolphins were the ones who started the connection by carrying fish to the shore to lure the swimmers to come out and play with them. In such a situation, it’s difficult to exclude out “friendliness.”

:small_blue_diamond: There is a bond between the two species because they see most of what we see in them. I guess that we’re all aware that the other has qualities that Parrot Fish doesn’t, like intelligence and sociability. Like any sentient animals, sea turtles are naturally interested.

:small_blue_diamond: What can be more fascinating to one of these creatures than anything from the land that shares so many similarities? That’s the way I like to think, at any rate. Then again, it’s also conceivable that they would only like us because of our hysterical spastic swimming.


When referring to a group of whales, a pod is the most popular term used. However, additional terms include gam, hers, and puff, which can also be used for group whales. They derive mainly these expressions from medieval hunting lists of creatures, some of which have persisted in widespread usage (such as a pride of lions) while others have disappeared.

Lifespan of whales

:small_blue_diamond: Whales have a life expectancy of approximately 20 years. Studies have found that for healthy, non-endangered whales, the typical lifetime is 45 to 75 years old; however, depending on a whale’s species, environment, habitat, and lifestyle, this can differ as an illustration.

:small_blue_diamond: Although determining the average life expectancy is challenging since some species are more challenging to study than others, there is sufficient data and evidence to estimate how long whales live. This article will examine all the variables influencing a whale’s longevity, including the world record holder for the longest-living whale — and animal!

:small_blue_diamond: A whale’s lifespan depends on a variety of factors. Many factors influence a whale’s life expectancy, but its species is among the most important.

:small_blue_diamond: Depending on the species, the life expectancy of whales ranges from 30 to 50 years. Environment Whales kept in captivity have lower lifespans than those who are released back into the wild.

:small_blue_diamond: In the past, they reported Sea World to have held killer whales and beluga whales as captives, although that was before 2014. The average lifespan of a killer whale in the wild is up to 60 years, depending on gender. Killer whales kept in captivity seldom live past their twenties.

1. Beluga whales live 50-70 years on average.

2. Blue whales live 80-95 years on average.

3. Killer whales live 20-50 years on average.

4. Bowhead whales live 110-210 years on average.

5. Fin whales live 50-120 years on average.

6. Gray whales live 55-75 years on average.

7. Humpbacks live 40-95 years on average.

8. Minke whales live 35-65 years on average.

Factors affecting the lifespan of whale

1. Endangerment

  • The level of jeopardy will affect the life expectancy of whales. Since it is hard to find other whales to breed and socialize within an endangered species, reproduction is more challenging.

  • Whales are under considerable stress because of the lack of social interaction and the difficulties in locating mates with whom to bear offspring. This stress has a significant impact on whales’ life expectancy.

2. A specific area of the country

  • Near commercial areas like a busy dock or famous beach, whale species such as orcas are more vulnerable. These whales are more vulnerable to ship strikes, pollution, and being isolated from their pods.

Which species of whale has the longest life expectancy?

:small_blue_diamond: A human of one hundred years may consider themselves elderly, whereas a Bowhead whale of the same age considers themselves young. The Bowhead whale is the world’s longest-living whale, with an average life expectancy of 100 to two hundred years.

:small_blue_diamond: Because of their low core temperature and surroundings, bowhead whales can live for nearly two centuries now. The lower a mammal’s core temperature, the more it can survive. Because of their low core temperature and surroundings, bowhead whales can live for nearly two centuries now.

:small_blue_diamond: The lower a mammal’s core temperature, the more it can survive. They are large, slow-moving creatures that prefer cold, nutrient-rich waters in the Arctic. While the same longevity of bowheads is unknown much evidence points to them having a life expectancy of at least three centuries, if not more.

:small_blue_diamond: A humpback whales whale killed in 2008 off the Alaskan coast provided one piece of evidence. According to experts, the harpoon fragment recovered in its neck tissue belonged to a Great Britain foundry active circa 1890, according to experts. This suggests that the Bowhead whales were at least 126 years old when they were discovered!

Whale Species

:small_blue_diamond: Whales can be classified as either baleen or toothed. Their main differences in feeding and mouth anatomies are feeding methods and whatever they have in their mouth.

:small_blue_diamond: Baleen whales use baleen plates or sheets to filter prey from the water. Toothed whales avidly hunt fish, squid, and other aquatic life. All toothed whales, including dolphins and porpoises, are also referred to as ‘toothed whales.’

:small_blue_diamond: Two blowholes on the top of the baleen whale’s head distinguish it from the one on the toothed whale’s head, which is visible. Baleen whales are usually bigger than toothed whales, except the massive sperm whale, the enormous toothless whale. There are only 16 different species of baleen whale.

1. Baleen Whales

  • Blue whales, the largest animal to have ever existed on Earth, are the giant baleen whales. Even though baleen whales are affectionately known as the ‘enormous whales,’ they are filter feeders who hunt for schools of tiny fish or swarms of plankton and crustaceans in the sea.

  • There are strong, springy, and feathered edges to their ‘whalebones,’ which look like brush bristles. Their baleen plates comprise a substance comparable to the human fingernail and animal horns. Tiny sea creatures are sieved and kept in large quantities as they strain seawater through baleen plates.

  • Bowheads and right whales are grazers, which means they hunt for food by floating slowly through dense swarms of it with their mouths open.

  • Gray whales are deadbeats who swift prey from forkfuls of dirt on the seabed, whereas humpbacks, blue whales, and fin whales are all gulpers with expanding necks that allow them to swallow massive mouthfuls of saltwater and filter out their prey.

  • Most baleen whales are migratory, and they prefer to migrate predictably. Some whales, like humpbacks and greys, migrate for extended periods each year.

  • According to what we know about why these whales do this, we confronted them with a problem: cold arctic oceans have a greater abundance of whale food, but these circumstances are dangerous and difficult for newly born whales who do better in warmer waters.

  • One option is to nurse in cold water for as long as necessary during the summer months before swimming to a nursery in a more hospitable, calmer environment. Baleen whales that do not migrate include the Bryde’s whales, the bowhead whale, and the sei whale.

  • Although baleen whales do not echolocate, they generate noises to communicate, show, and attract mates and ward off rivals and establish territories, just like other whales do.

  • Baleen whales have a wide range of vocalizations, including singing, moaning, and brief pulses, depending on the species.

  • Baleen whales typically travel in small groups, and while they may appear to be alone, they communicate acoustically with one another. Baleen whales rarely travel in large groups.

  • Rorquals, right whales, grey whales, and pygmy right whales are all baleen whales. However, scientists continue to discover what they think to be unique species within existing species, raising questions about the number of species (now 15) and their ties to one another.

2. Rorqual and BWH whales

  • In Norwegian, the word röyrkval means “furrow whale,” and that’s how Rorqual got its name. According to popular belief, this alludes to the prominent skin folds from the chick to the lower lip.

  • There are three kinds of right whales and bowhead whales in the family of right whales. a 20-meter whale that may weigh up to 80 tonnes and is characterized by its rotund, stocky build (80,000kg).

  • These fish have enormous heads that can be as much as a third of their entire length, and their backs have no long tail or ridge to distinguish them from other sharks.

  • Both right and capture whales are sluggish swimmers who filter water with their long baleen plates. Both the North Atlantic and the Pacific Coast right whales are critically endangered.

  • Their population continues to shrink because of the extensive whaling that occurred during the commercial fishing era. Alaskan and Greenlandic native subsistence whalers continue to engage in bowhead whale subsistence whaling.

3. Cladeosauridae: the Gray Whales

  • There is only one member of the grey whale family, and that is the grey whale. Baleen whales that live in deep water and feed on the seafloor, such as grey whales, are the most coastal.

  • They lie on their sides close to the seabed when they provide, sucking dirt into their mouths as they sift it out with their short, coarse baleen plates.

  • Gray whales can reach a length of 25.2 meters (60 feet). Parasitic whale lice and barnacles live on them, which causes their skin to be highly mottled.

  • They don’t have a dorsal fin and have a rough dorsal ridge. Gray whales have the most extensive annual migrations of any mammal.

4. Pygmy right whales

  • A single member of the ■■■■■■ right whale family, similar to the grey whale family, exists. This is the most enigmatic of the baleen whales, despite its diminutive size (up to 7.5m long and 3,400kg in weight).

  • Because of their rarity at sea, little is known about the ■■■■■■ right whale. The same range of pygmy right whales is unknown, as we can find them just in South America.

5. Family of Rorqual

  • Most baleen whale families have three or four members. The rorqual family has nine members, including the blue and fin whales.

  • Rorquals are long, slender whales with a pointed top and flippers that extend to the tail. They eat by lunging and have a long ‘throat groove,’ extending from their mouth to their navel.

  • Throat grooves are skin folds that widen when the animal eats. The whale’s throat expands like a balloon as it takes in gallons of seawater. Rorquals varied in diameter from the 28-foot-long minke whale to the 32-foot-long blue whale.


Whales have a life expectancy of approximately 20 years. Studies have found that for healthy, non-endangered whales, the typical lifetime is 45 to 75 years old; however, depending on a whale’s species, environment, habitat, and lifestyle, this can differ as an illustration.

What is a whale’s diet?

:small_blue_diamond: What do whales eat, and where do they get their protein? The solution isn’t as straightforward as you may expect. The diet of a whale varies depending on the type of whale and the species of whale. Some species live almost entirely on fish, whereas others rely on shrimp and other small crustaceans for their primary source of protein.

Whales in Two Separate Groups

  • There are two significant suborders of whales: Mysticeti, which includes sea anemones whales, and Odontoceti, which provides for toothed whales.

  • The feeding habits and basic structure of baleen whales and toothed whales are substantially different. Baleen whales typically reach substantially more extraordinary lengths than toothed whales.

  • They don’t have teeth either; instead, they generate sheets of baleen, a hair-like substance made of keratin.

1. Mysticeti: The baleen whales

  • This whale group’s baleen plates act as giant colanders. The whale takes in a lot of seawater with its vast mouth before pushing it out through its baleen and swallowing its catch whole. Even though there are 11 distinct baleen whales, they all eat the same kinds of prey.

  • Most baleen whales feed primarily on krill. Whales feed on swarms of krill, which they eat in huge mouthfuls. Zooplankton are microscopic crustaceans essential to the survival of Earth’s largest animal, the blue whale. The whale shark, the planet’s largest animal, relies almost entirely on krill for food.

2. Odontoceti: Whales with a Toothy Mouth

  • Dolphins and porpoises of the Odontoceti family lack baleen and now have a row of pointed, conical teeth ideal for snagging prey. Fish is the preferred whale meal among toothed whales. Over 78 toothed, we have identified whale species, with the majority consuming fish as a food source. The type of prey they take on differs from whale to whale.

  • Even within a single species, whales graze on various fish species, depending on where they are located. For example, coastal bottlenose dolphins eat more bottom-dwelling crustaceans than their distant counterparts. They are more prevalent in coastal areas. Offshore dolphins eat more deep-sea fish and squid than do their coastal counterparts.

The Diet of the Sperm Whale.

  • Sperm whales have a special diet since they eat different things than the other kinds of toothed whales. While they eat fish, this species prefers a single, infamous prey item. Even though enormous squid isn’t typically associated with whale food, sperm whales love them.

  • The scars inflicted on adult sperm whales by their huge deep-sea prey suckers are pretty distinctive. Each day, a sperm whale consumes about 3% of its body mass in squid. These whales, which can weigh upwards of 10,000 pounds, may eat up to 40 pounds of squid every day!

The Diet of the Killer Whale

  • The food of a killer whale differs from population to population. Killer whale pods sometimes stay in the exact general location for extended periods as they’re collectively known. Because they don’t travel great distances, scientists know as local killer whales these pods. Like other toothed whales, local killer whale populations eat primarily fish and squid.

  • Killer whale pods that travel enormous distances, such as the transient killer whales, have diverse preferences for prey. Killer whales that migrate through an area eat primarily marine animals. These migratory whales hunt on seals, sea lions, dolphins, and even the babies of larger species of whale-like grey whales and seals and sea lions.

  • Killer whales that travel in pods hunt together for larger prey. In addition, some pods have developed their hunting strategies, such as driving seals off ice flows with a series of waves created by the group. Several pod members swept the seal off the ice, who assaulted it from one side, whereas another pod member awaited at another side to catch it.

Habitat of Whales

  • From the Polar ice Caps oceans to tropical waters near the equator, we can find the whale all over the world’s major oceans.

  • Species and migratory patterns influence where and how many whales can be found. Some areas may have an abundance of whales, while others may have none.

  • As well as a species’ ability to reproduce, factors including food supplies, the overall size (which affects a whale’s ability to survive in a specific climate), and mating grounds can also influence its location.

  • Examples include killer whales (a dolphin family member) that exist in the world’s significant seaways but are more interested in moving towards where their food production travels than where they mate; hence, the killer whale’s prey plays a considerable role in influencing them in its habitat selection.

  • Humpback whales, on the other side, travel from the frigid arctic areas thousands of miles. They inhibit the warmer tropical regions while the animals migrate to locate a spouse and give birth to the young.

  • Whales will stop eating entirely and concentrate solely ongoing to their breeding grounds while on these journeys. Depending on the species, they may restrict themselves to a narrow area year-round or opt-out of long migratory trips.


The diet of a whale varies depending on the type of whale and the species of whale. Some species live almost entirely on fish, whereas others rely on shrimp and other small crustaceans for their primary source of protein.

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about groups of whales. We discussed a few of them below:

1. Do whales eat humans?

  • When a humpback breached, it nearly killed the kayakers below. Experts say whales do not kill humans but small aquatic creatures like fish, calamari, and krill. Whales do not consume humans, although sharks frequently regard humans as prey.

2. Do whales have any feelings for humans?

  • Whales don’t appear to be aggressive historically. For humans, dolphins and other family members are friendly and interested. They frequently show a desire to welcome new individuals.

3. What is it about humans that makes orcas unwilling to eat them?

  • It’s unclear why orcas do not even kill people in the wild, but one theory is that they’re picky eaters who only consume what their mothers tell them is okay to eat.

  • Because they could never consider humans a dependable food supply, no samples of our species were taken.

4. Is it possible to swim with orca whales?

  • Orca-watching in the ocean is entirely risk-free. Yes, but you must exercise extreme caution when dealing with them because they are wild animals and require constant care.

  • Old-time whalers called orcas “killer whales” because they attacked and killed anything else in sight, including the most giant whales.

5. Is it true that dolphins have been known to consume humans?

  • No, dolphins aren’t predators that prey on humans. You may see the killer whale devouring fish and other sea creatures such as seals, walruses, and penguins if you look closely.

  • They also consume dolphins, but they don’t appear to be interested in humans.

6. Is it possible for an orca to eat a person?

  • There is no motivation for killer whales to defend their territory. Orcas have no reason to push you because you aren’t a part of their diet.

  • An orca that feeds on fish will not push a whale that passes by, and the same is true if you approach one. There are no plans to eat people.

7. Is it possible to eat dolphins without becoming sick of them?

  • Seared dolphin flesh tastes a lot like beef liver when cooked.

  • The mercury content of dolphin meat is high, and eating it could be harmful to one’s health. The Inuit relied heavily on ringed seals as a food source in the past.

8. What do you call a bunch of snakes?

  • Since we typically see snakes as solitary creatures, plurals for specific snakes are more creative, such as a pit, nest, or den.

9. What’s an orca’s IQ like?

  • It’s hard to say with certainty how intelligent orcas are because there has been little research on them as there has been on bottlenose dolphins.

10. Why is a group of whales called pods?

  • Biologists first observed whale behavior, giving rise to the botanical term from which they derived the phrase. When in a group, we know whales to swim in close quarters to one another.

  • They looked like nuts in a pod to early meteorologists, who compared them to legumes. A pod can refer to a small group of people, and the phrase “like peas in a pod” is still used to imply close cooperation.


When referring to a group of whales, a pod is the most popular term used. However, additional terms include gam, herd, and puff can also be used for group whales. They derive mainly these expressions from medieval hunting lists of creatures, some of which have persisted in widespread usage (such as a pride of lions) while others have disappeared.

Whales’ social behavior can vary widely from one species to another. For example, socially active whale species may have multiple pods containing several thousand whales or more. In contrast, fewer social whale species may have only a dozen or fewer in each pod.

A tiny pod is formed by a mother and her baby and can grow into more giant protective groupings if it is a friendly species. Pods created by whales can last around several days to an entire lifetime, depending on the species.

Because of their low core temperature and surroundings, whales can live for nearly two centuries now. The lower a mammal’s core temperature, the more it can survive. Because of their low core temperature and surroundings, bowhead whales can live for nearly two centuries now.

Related Articles

Group of Whales is most commonly named as Pods but there are other names too for this like plump of whales, gam or herd, etc. That is mainly named to the collection of whales. The single whale would be called a whale.

group of whales

Introduction to whales

:small_orange_diamond: Whales are the largest animals on Earth and live in all oceans. Large mammals range in weight from 600 pounds which is almost 600 kg to a large blue whale, which can weigh over 200 tons and reach a length of 100 feet and that is 100 m, about the length of a netball field. Whales are warm-blooded creatures that suckle their young.

:small_orange_diamond: Whales are completely aquatic creatures, living in the open sea. They can feed, mate, breed, suckle, and raise their young in the sea. Whales vary in size from 2.6 meters and 135 kilograms, dwarf sperm whale to 29.9 meters and 190 metric tons blue whale, the largest living creature is known once lived. The sperm whale is the world’s largest toothed predator. Several species of whales exhibit sexual dimorphism, with females larger than males.

:small_orange_diamond: The first whales appeared 50 million years ago, after the extinction of dinosaurs, before the first humans appeared. Their ancestor is probably the ancient artiodactyl, that is, a four-legged, ungulate mammal, which usually likes to run. So cetaceans have the same ancestry as modern artiodactyls like cows, pigs, camel, giraffe, and hippopotamuses.

Aquatic Life of Whales

:small_orange_diamond: The whales we know today are accustomed to living in ocean water. Millions of years at sea have resorted to subterfuge to make life easier for the new one. The nose has turned into blowholes and is now found on the top of the head. The hind limbs have disappeared and the hind limbs have been transformed into wings. The body loses hair and almost all of its hair.

:small_orange_diamond: It is very much changed from its beginning to the present day. It flips horizontally, with a strong tail attached to the spinal column. These conditions obscure the relationship between whales and their closest living relatives.

:small_orange_diamond: However, whales like humans, are mammals. They have lungs and air to breathe. They have warm blood, which means they maintain a constant body temperature (37 ° C). Their babies grow in the mother’s womb, are nourished by the placenta during pregnancy, and are breastfed after birth.

What is Evolution?

:small_orange_diamond: For genetic selection to do its job, the trait must exist only for certain people, it must be inheritable e.g., it must be written from DNA and passed on to offspring and lastly, it must provide the benefit of survival or reproduction. The main thing that matters a lot in evolution is the sequence of DNA found in the individual’s gene.

:small_orange_diamond: The effects of environmental selection are particularly evident in times of environmental change. Animal species are no longer accustomed to their environment and life expectancy is declining, with the exception of those people who may have a positive trait under new conditions. The latter survive and reproduce, causing these species to evolve.

:small_orange_diamond: It has taken millions of years for the first whales to evolve and improve the many variations of modern whale life. It took several years for whales to change their DNA and to evolve.


There are several species of whales that have been discovered yet. All are related to their own unique features and it took hundreds of years to develop different characteristics.

Evolution of Whales through different era

Following are the whole process of evolution of whales through different time from its beginning:

50 million years ago: Land-roaming whales

:small_orange_diamond: The ancestor of modern whales, the first cetacean, is believed to be Pakicetus, a quadruped with a length of 1 to 2 meters. Fossils found in Pakistan indicate that this animal had common artiodactyl ankles and a typical cetacean skull. Unlike modern whales, this species was not in the water and its ankles were a testament to their ability to run.

:small_orange_diamond: It is still considered a cetacean, largely because of the morphology of its inner ear. The shape of its teeth suggests that Pakicetus ate meat, much like modern whales.

47 million years ago: back to the Water

:small_orange_diamond: Are you familiar with water chevrotain? About 80 cm long, this herbivore is native to Africa. It is unique in that it runs in the water to escape predators and can stay there for 4 or 5 minutes. Water chevrotain is a living animal close to Indohyus, the ancestor of distant whales.

:small_orange_diamond: It is believed that the offspring of the first cetaceans roaming the earth is increasingly dragging into the aquatic environment, in some cases to protect themselves from danger such as from modern water chevrotain or for the purpose of getting feed.

:small_orange_diamond: Since modern artiodactyls are herbivores, biologists believe that cetaceans evolved because some of the fossils in this group of plants seemed to change their diet into carnivores. However, this thesis is unanimous, as some scientists argue that the ancestor was an omnivorous person.

:small_orange_diamond: Ambulocetus, a four-legged whale whose legs may have been webbed, may have been able to navigate and swim, whereas skeletons reveal that it can survive in both fresh and saltwater. Its inner ear is accustomed to living in an aquatic environment.

42 million years ago: Journey to America

:small_orange_diamond: From the region around India and Pakistan, the ancestors of modern whales then migrated to finally reach the range of modern cetaceans. Which way and when did they take it? The fossil record can answer that question, but in the meantime, it is still quite different to find a clearer picture.

:small_orange_diamond: The discovery of a four-legged whale in Peru in 2011 enlightened us about the journey of cetaceans. This ancestral whale supports the idea of ​​migration to the west before migrating north, less than 10 million years after the emergence of the first whales in the region surrounding India and Pakistan.

34 million years ago: Modern Whales

:small_orange_diamond: Modern whales are divided into two main groups: odontometers which are also known as toothed whales, and mysticetes or baleen whales. Their same ancestor, who lived about 34 million years ago, probably had no baleen and could not use echolocation. In just 5 million years, species of whales have become diverse, perhaps due to the rapid changes in the ocean environment.

:small_orange_diamond: Fifteen million years ago, another rapid diversity of cetacean species occurred, because of the changes in the environment of the sea. At the same time, the number of mollusk and crustacean species eaten by other whales also increased.

4.5 million years ago: they become Giants

:small_orange_diamond: The first mysticetes measure 5 to 9 feet about the size of a modern minke whale. It is believed that whales reached the size we know today about 4.5 million years ago. The sudden growth of the mysticetes is accompanied by a cooling of climates and the formation of large glaciers in the northern hemisphere.

:small_orange_diamond: In the spring and summer, frozen nutrients are released into the open water and accumulate along the coast. Driven by currents, plankton accumulate in these areas and thrive when they come in contact with nutrient-rich water. Plankton, until then widely distributed at sea begins to build seasonal focus, sometimes separated by thousands of miles.

Today what are whales?

:small_orange_diamond: Whales are still developing today. Ecosystems are constantly changing and communication between species is changing. Thus, there is always a need for adaptation to changing circumstances. Modern whales are subject to a number of evolutionary pressures such as climate change, depletion of predators, and marine pollution. Its size puts them at greater risk for food shortages.

Types of Whales

There are two species of the whale; baleen and teeth. The main difference between them is how they eat and what they have in their mouth. These are as follows:

Baleen whales

:small_orange_diamond: Baleen whales are usually large; the largest living creature ever to live on Earth. The Baleen whales are named ‘big whales’ but live in the smallest species in the ocean, they specialize in fresh food and a host of small fish or clouds of zooplankton and sea krill.

:small_orange_diamond: Their baleen plates or ‘whale bones’ are made of the same material as human nails and the horns of animals. They are strong, curved, and have feathers on the edges, like bristles in the brush. Large seawater filtered by baleen plates filters and preserves seaweed in large quantities.

Toothed whales

:small_orange_diamond: Toothed whales are predatory animals. They use a special sensor called echolocation to hunt and help them see their underwater world. This is a very important skill as it allows them to hunt and navigate underwater where it is usually too dark to see clearly.

:small_orange_diamond: Toothed whales are very social and always have others. They usually live in groups known as pods. They are among the most intelligent creatures on Earth. They have a large brain, displaying complex behaviors including the ability to teach others and learn from each other.


About 90 percent of all whales, dolphins and toothed whales, most of them are small dolphins and porpoises and live in the aquatic environments, and have special features that previous whales didn’t have.

Frequently asked questions:

Following are some of the questions asked by people about the group of whales:

1. What is the most interesting fact about whales?

The humpback whale is the largest living animal that can grow to 300 feet which is almost 90 meters or more and weigh up to 24 elephants. That is over 330,000 pounds (150,000 kg). Some species of whales are among the longest-lived mammals.

2. Do whales have teeth?

Yes, all whales have teeth but the quantity depends upon the species that vary among different types of whales. Some whales might have only one or two teeth while others might have more than 300 teeth.

3. How long can whales stay out of water?

Depending upon the type of whales you are talking about, it varies. The average range is about five minutes to 1.5 hours. However, whales do not have the capacity or ability to live without water.

4. Do whales sleep?

Observations have shown that they sleep usually in two ways. Either they sleep vertically or horizontally quietly in water or they sleep while swimming slowly next to another aquatic animal. They usually do not sleep often but they like to rest a lot.

5. Do whales need air?

Whales are mammals and they definitely need air so they come up to the surface for some seconds in order to breathe air. They usually breathe through their nostrils which are located on the top of their heads which are known as blowholes. When whales come up to the surface, hot or warm air escapes through their blowholes which helps them to breathe in water.


To simply put about the group of whales, we can say that whales play an important role in the aquatic ecosystem where they help provide almost half of the oxygen that every one of us breathes. They combat climate change and also sustain fish stocks. They usually feed on the krill and other fish which are mostly located in the depth of water.