COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a lung disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation. Long-term exposure to irritating gases or pollutants is the most common cause. Breathing problems, cough, mucus (sputum) development, and wheezing are some of the symptoms.


COPD is generally a sweeping term that alludes to a more explicit lung condition — frequently bronchitis or emphysema. A few people battle with the two conditions simultaneously. In one of the other cases, COPD presents awkward manifestations that can hinder your personal satisfaction.

COPD Symptoms

The majority of patients with COPD do not have any signs until they are in their late 40s or 50s.

The following are some of the most common COPD symptoms:

  1. Increasing shortness of breath – this can occur only while running at first, and you may sometimes end up feeling short of breath at night.

  2. Chronic chesty cough and mucus that refuses to go down.

  3. Chest infections are normal.

  4. Uncontrollable cough

While therapy may help delay the disease progression, they normally get worse over time and make everyday tasks more difficult.
There may be occasions where the symptoms unexpectedly escalate, which is referred to as an increased incidence. A few flare-ups a year are normal, especially during the winter.

COPD signs that are less frequent:

  1. Losing weight

  2. Exhaustion

  3. Ankles bloated usually associated with a build-up of fluid

  4. Heart inflammation and blood in the cough

These are typical symptoms of some incurable diseases, such as a chest infection or lung cancer.
These new signs usually appear after COPD has progressed to an advanced level.

If you have ongoing COPD symptoms, see a doctor, particularly if you’re over 35 and a smoker or used to smoke. Asthma, bronchiectasis, anemia, and heart disease are only a few of the illnesses that share common symptoms. If you have COPD, a quick breathing test will help you figure out if you have it.
Although there is no solution for COPD at this time, the faster therapy starts, the lower the risk of serious lung damage.

COPD Treatment

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has no cure at this time. Treatment may help delay the progression of the disease and control the symptoms. Stopping smoking, surgery or a lung transplant, stem cell therapy, and using inhalers and tablets are also choices for the recovery.

Stopping smoking is the most effective way to prevent COPD from escalating. Quitting smoking can help even those with advanced COPD.


When you breathe in, an inhaler pumps medication straight into your lungs. COPD inhalers come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

  1. Bronchodilators are drugs that calm and expand the airways, making breathing easier. When you’re getting out of oxygen, use a short-acting inhaler up to four times per day.
  2. If you have problems daily, you can use a long-acting bronchodilator inhaler. They work similarly to short-acting medications. Bronchodilators are short-acting, but each dosage lasts at least 12 hours. A long-acting beta-2 inhibitor is mixed in several new inhalers.
  3. Corticosteroid drugs are found in steroid inhalers. They will assist in the reduction of airway inflammation. They’re usually administered as part of a multi-inhaler method.

Bronchodilators include theophylline. It appears to reduce airway swelling (inflammation) and calm the muscles that line them. It is typically taken as tablets or capsules. This will assist a physician in determining the right dosage for you to monitor your symptoms. Sickness, headaches, and sleeping problems are all possible side effects.

Mucolytic drugs thin the phlegm in your lungs, making coughing smoother. Carbocisteine is taken three to four times a day as pills or capsules. Acetylcysteine is a powder that has to be combined with liquids.

The congestion of your airways can be minimized with a short course of steroid tablets. Long-term use can cause side effects, so a 5-day course of medication is normally prescribed. A COPD expert must administer longer courses of steroid tablets.

If you have symptoms of a chest infection, your doctor can prescribe antibiotics for a short period of time. Coughing often and experiencing a difference in phlegm content are two of these signs.

Pulmonary therapy is a specialized fitness and education plan for people with lung disease. It is meant to support people with respiratory disorders such as COPD.

Physical fitness programming tailored to your needs and abilities is a common part of a regular curriculum. More information on pulmonary recovery can be found at the British Lung Foundation.

In extreme cases of COPD where inhalers have failed, nebulized medication may be used. A machine is used to transform liquid medication into a fine mist in this process.


Roflumilast is a new drug that can be used to prevent flare-ups. It is prescribed for patients whose symptoms have unexpectedly worsened at least twice in the past year.

Home oxygen treatment can help prevent dangerously low oxygen levels in the blood. Long-term oxygen therapy can be used for a minimum of 16 hours per day. If you choose to use oxygen away from home, portable oxygen tanks are available.

Ambulatory oxygen therapy can help some people with COPD. Ambulatory oxygen is oxygen that is used while you exercise or are otherwise active. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a procedure that serves to protect the lungs and facilitate breathing.

Just a limited proportion of patients with serious COPD are candidates for surgery. Three major procedures can be carried out. There are big procedures that are performed while you are unconscious under a general anesthetic, and they come with risks.

Stem cells are cells with the possibility to form into a wide range of cells in the body. They fill in as a maintenance framework for the body

Stem cell therapy for COPD Patient:

There are a couple of reasons stem cell therapy may be valuable for helping individuals who battle COPD. Patients frequently battle with irritation in the lungs and may have harmed tissue in the lungs. Shockingly, stem cells won’t fix scar tissue. In any case, they can help with helping existing lung tissue work much better. Additionally, they can essentially hinder more scar tissue from framing.

These are the manners by which medical researchers accept that stem cell therapy may help improve COPD.

  1. Stem cells, particularly mesenchymal cells, are known to lessen aggravation. On account of COPD, this can assist with improving relaxation.

  2. Stem cells help to revive and recover tissue. COPD patients could assist with re-establishing the well-being of some harmed lung tissue. As a reference, it won’t “fix” scar tissue.

  3. Stem cells may assist with creating fresh blood vessels in the lungs. This would build bloodstream into the lungs and oxygen stream out of the lungs, making it simpler to oxygenate the body.

Affordable/risk-free non-surgical stem cell therapy for COPD patient:

The most ideal alternative for COPD patients is to discover understanding financed clinical preliminaries for COPD or constant irritation. Undifferentiated organism treatment for COPD can cost somewhere in the range of $10000 — $35,000 relying upon the idea of the treatment of non-surgical stem cell therapy and the facility.

When investigating stem cell facilities for COPD, it is basic to ask the numbers of cells that are remembered for the treatment convention and what kind of cells the patient will get. Studies have indicated that extended string tissue-inferred mesenchymal cells have inconceivably high calming properties and tissue recovery capacities.

When conveyed, intravenously MScs (mesenchymal undifferentiated cells) will make a trip to the lungs (or any region of irritation) and battle the issue. At present, Medicare doesn’t take care of the expense of undeveloped cell treatment for COPD.

“Stem Cells Therapy” is the most recent development in the field of medical science that has made possible risk-free treatments.

Best Stem Cell Treatment Provider for COPD in Pakistan

Shifa Regenerative & Rejuvenation Clinic is the first healthcare center in Pakistan which is using stem cell therapy and regenerative medicine for treating more than 82 diseases includes major diseases like:












It is the only pain management clinic and healthcare center in Pakistan providing and dealing with Amniotic and duct stem cells, and PRP injections. Their treatments are verified by the Drug regulatory agency Pakistan (DRAP) to supply quality treatment to patients. Besides, it is Pakistan’s only stem cell Therapy hospital using the treatment methods approved and controlled by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), US.

The term “chronic obstructive pulmonary disease” (COPD) refers to a category of lung diseases that cause difficulty breathing. It includes emphysema, which is a lung disease that causes damage to the air sacs and Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the airways that lasts for a long time.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is a COPD patient’s life expectancy?

COPD patients have a 5-year life expectancy of 40 percent to 70 percent, based on the seriousness of the condition. This means that after 5 years, 40 to 70 people out of 100 would still be alive. The 2-year survival rate for extreme COPD is just 50%.

2. Is it possible for patients with COPD to feel better?

Breathing becomes more painful for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. While there is no way to entirely heal or reverse the disease, medication and lifestyle changes will help to lessen the effects.

3. What is the COPD 6-minute walk test?

The 6MWT is a guide for measuring patients with COPD, and it can provide useful statistics as a one-time indicator of functional fitness or as a before-and-after measure to see how well a care intervention is performing.

Q4. When do you need oxygen if you have COPD?

End-stage COPD usually necessitates the use of additional oxygen (stage 4). From stage 1 (mild COPD) to stage 4, the use of any of these therapies is likely to rise dramatically.

Q5. Is COPD considered a fatal illness?

Although COPD is a fatal disease, people do not often die from it or lack oxygen. Some people with COPD may have other health problems, such as coronary heart disease. COPD is an established risk factor for sudden cardiac death within 5 years of diagnosis.

Q6. What ingredients can you avoid if you have COPD?

COPD and Your Lungs: The Worst Foods

Acidic Foods and Beverages At the end of the esophagus, a ring of muscle forms a valve…

Carbonated beers.

Cold Cuts are a type of meat that is cut into small pieces and served cold.

(Prebiotic fiber Vegetables)

Dairy Products are a type of food that is made from cow’s milk.

Excessive salt consumption.

Q7. Is it possible for COPD to cause a sore stomach?

According to one survey, 85 percent of people with COPD have at least one digestive system issue. The most common complaints were bloating in the stomach and feeling full very soon after beginning to eat. It appears to occur much worse frequently in women compared to men according to experts.


COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung condition in which the lungs’ circulation is obstructed. Breathing difficulties, cough, mucus (sputum) formation, and wheezing are all symptoms.

Long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter is the most common source. The two most common diseases that affect COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Many people with CO can live a normal life if they are well managed.
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Approved by
Saira Imran