What is the scope of Physiotherapy

Scope of Physiotherapy

First of all, let me clear misconception regarding the word Scope
Alot of people think about number of jobs or opportunities that government sector provide is a scope of a particular field.

Whereas the demand or value of a particular profession or field in a public is a scope
Scope of Physiotherapy starts from your own home. You may come across alot of people around you with back pain, leg pain, postural deformity, and joints pain.

What is Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a health care profession that deals with patient in aid to improve mobility, increase quality of life and physical independance with the use of physiotherapy techniques and electrical modalities. It is one of the emerging fields worldwide.

Role of a Physiotherapist

  • Physiotherapist plays a vital role in health care team.

  • Physiotherapist involves solving your disorders, be it musculoskeletal, neuromuscular and post operative complications through non-invasive method by targetting nerve, muscle and bone.

  • Physiotherapy also have a role in treating acute and chronic conditions like Diabetes, Arthritis, Heart Diseases, Musculoskeletal related issues and joint pain.

  • Physiotherapy diagnosis is clearly base on clinical decision making through which physiotherapist decide the plan of treatment.

Physiotherapist use different techniques in which the patient feel comfortable like if patient don’t want to get touch by the therapist so elecrical modalities can be use as an alternate.

Physiotherapy techniques

There are alot of techniques in physiotherapy which are as follows:

  1. Manual therapy techniques

Manipulation and Mobilisation both are skilled passive techniques in manual therapy in which therapist apply force at varying speed and amplitudes at joints and surrou nding soft tissues while patient perform accessory or physiological movements for therapeutics purposes.

  1. Heat therapy

Heat therapy have beneficial effects in chronic conditions. It aid in reduce the pain and allow the movement at stiff joint.

  1. Ice therapy/Cryotherapy:

Cryotherapy have it’s own benefits in patients with acute conditions. Cryotherapy is useful in acute injuries as it helps to reduce localized swelling and redness.

4: TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)

TENS is one of the physical therapy equipments which is use for pain relief by releasing the natural pain killers of our body i.e., endorphins and other substances by stop sending pain signals to brain.

  1. Ultrasound:

Ultrasound is one of the modalities in physical therapy which facilitate the healing of a wound or reduce joint pain.

  1. Short-wave diathermy:

This modality gives heat effect, it can be applied to those patient who are uncomfortable with hot packs.

  1. Physiotherapy Tapping:

It is use to immobilise the affected joint to take off the tension so that the healing could be promoted.

Specializations in Physiotherapy

  1. Orthopedics Physiotherapy
  2. Neurological Physiotherapy
  3. CardioRespiratory Physiotherapy
  4. Obstetrics Physiotherapy
  5. Geriatrics Physiotherapy
  6. Sport Physiotherapy
  7. Pediatrics Physiotherapy
  8. Post-Operative Physiotherapy

Jobs for Physiotherapist

Run a private clinic
Public sector job
Private Hospital
Academic
Lecturer
Run a NGO
Sport club & Team

Frequently Asked Questions

Can physiotherapist put a Dr(doctor) with his/her name?

Yes, DPT abbreviated as Doctor of Physical Therapy. A DPT graduate can call himself/herself a doctor.

Is this profession good for females?

Most of the patients who come to physiotherapists are females and many of them want to get treated by female physiotherapist. So, in short, this profession is equally great for both genders.

Could Physiotherapist recommend medicines?

Yes, Physiotherapist can recommend pain killers and can prescribe some tests too.

Summary

Physical Therapy gives a secure career and being respected profession by others.
Physiotherapist have a role in people’s life.

A scope is the requirement, demand or importance of a certain occupation or sector in public to deal with economic,social or health disorder. The phychotherapy’s scope is the value and demand of Phychotherapy in our life to deal with mental health.

The Phychotherapy Scope revolves us in our daily life as in our close friends or family. You can come across many people with back pain, leg pain, postural deformity, and pain in the joints .

WHAT IS PSYCHOTHERAPY?

Psychotherapy (also psychological counselling or talking therapy) involves the use of psychological techniques to help an individual improve actions and solve difficulties in desired ways , particularly when focused on daily personal contact with adults. Psychotherapy is directed at enhancing the well-being and emotional wellbeing of an person, overcoming or reducing problematic habits , attitudes, compulsions, feelings, or emotions, and improving relationships and social skills.

Psychotherapy-supported issues include trouble dealing with everyday life; the effects of stress, physical condition or tragedy, such as a loved one’s death; and serious psychiatric conditions, such as depression or anxiety. There are many different forms of psychotherapy, and for some issues or problems, certain types may perform best. In conjunction with medicine or other treatments, psychotherapy can be used.

THERAPY SESSION

In an person , family, pair, or social setting, counselling can be performed and may benefit both children and adults. Usually, meetings are held once a week for around 30 to 50 minutes. In psychotherapy, both the counsellor and the psychiatrist appear to be personally engaged. To function successfully together and benefit from psychotherapy, the trust and partnership between a client and his or her therapist is important.

TYPES OF THERAPY SESSION

Psychotherapy can be short-term (a few sessions), resolving urgent problems, or long-term (months or years), addressing long-standing and complicated problems. The therapy expectations and plans for how often and how long to achieve are mutually planned by the patient and the psychiatrist.

PSYCHOTHERAPY AND MEDICATION

In order to treat mental health problems, psychotherapy is also used in conjunction with medicine. Medication can be obviously beneficial under some cases and psychotherapy may be the right choice in others. For certain patients, the combination care with medicine and psychotherapy is easier than one alone. In order to encourage healing and overall wellbeing, healthier lifestyle changes, such as proper diet, daily exercise and adequate sleep, may be significant.

TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY

Several forms of treatment are used by psychiatrists and other mental health providers. The choice of method of treatment depends on the real disease and conditions of the patient and his or her interest. To better address the needs of the individual seeking care, therapists can incorporate elements from different approaches.

1: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioural therapy ( CBT) helps individuals recognise and modify negative or ineffective cognitive and behaviour patterns, replacing them with more precise perceptions and functional habits. It will make an individual reflect on current challenges and how to fix them. In the “real world,” it also means learning new techniques.

In addressing a number of conditions , including depression, anxiety, trauma-related disorders, and eating disorders, CBT may be effective. CBT, for instance, may help a person with depression understand and modify harmful patterns of thought or actions that lead to depression.

2: Interpersonal Therapy

A short-term method of treatment is interpersonal therapy (IPT). It lets patients consider the root emotional difficulties that are problematic, such as unresolved grief, shifts in social or career responsibilities, disputes with significant ones, and concerns linked to others. It will help individuals develop healthier ways of sharing feelings and ways of enhancing interactions and how they connect to others. It is used to combat depression most commonly.

3: Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

A special form of CBT that helps control emotions is dialectical behaviour therapy. It is also used to help patients with persistent thoughts of suicide and individuals with bipolar personality disorder, eating disorders and PTSD. It teaches new skills to aid individuals in altering unhealthy or destructive actions with personal accountability. Both client and group counselling are involved.

4: Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic treatment is based on the premise that childhood experiences and inappropriate repeated thoughts or emotions that are irrelevant to actions and emotional well-being are impaired. Psychoanalysis is a type of psychodynamic therapy that is more intensive. Usually, workshops are held three or four days a week.

5: Supportive Therapy

To help people build their own tools, constructive counselling uses advice and motivation. It helps to develop self-esteem, minimise fear, improve processes of coping, and promote social and group functioning. Supportive psychotherapy allows people to cope with mental health challenges that impact the remainder of their life in exchange.

6: Expressive Art Therapy

In tandem with psychotherapy, additional treatments often used include:

i. Acting with dogs, horses or other animals to provide warmth, assist with communicating and help deal with trauma

ii. Usage in painting, dance , drama, music and poetry interventions for expressive art therapy

iii. Play therapy-to help kids understand and communicate about their thoughts and emotions

BENEFITS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY

Psychotherapy allows those with a psychiatric illness to:

i. Understand the attitudes, feelings , and thoughts that lead to his or her disease and learn how to improve them

ii. Understand and recognise life issues or incidents that lead to his or her condition, such as a serious illness, a family tragedy, a loss of a career, or a divorce, and help him / her understand which facets of certain problems he / she will be able to address or strengthen

iii. In life, restore a sense of control and enjoyment

iv. Learn safe means of coping and problem-solving ability

FORMATS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY

In a number of formats, counselling may be offered, including:

I. Individual

Just the patient and the psychiatrist are included in this treatment.

II. Group

Two or more patients at the same time can engage in therapy. Patients will exchange storeys and discover that people feel the same way and have experienced the same things.

III. Marital / couples

This form of treatment lets parents and families consider that a loved one has a psychiatric illness, what helps and what should be done to deal with changes in speech and attitudes. It is also possible to use this form of counselling to support a couple dealing with facets of their relationship.

IV. Family

As family is a vital part of the team that helps people with mental illness feel stronger, knowing what their loved one is going through, how they can cope, and what they can do to improve is sometimes beneficial for family members.

TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY

Successful care is based on the continued presence. Time, commitment, and regularity are necessary. When you launch your treatment, keep these tips in mind:

1) Attend

Take part in all the anticipated appointments.

2) Work With Your Therapist

To set goals at the outset, consult with your psychiatrist. From time to time, check them.

3) Identify Tension Causes

Try to keep a diary and take note of both upsetting and encouraging activities.

4) Priorities Reset

Emphasize constructive, successful behaviour.

5) Make Time

Making time for pleasurable and leisure events.

6) Communicate

To someone you admire, clarify and assert your desires. Write to share your sentiments in a book.

7) Focus on Positive

Focus on good progress and finding strategies for stress control and management.

8) Be Open And Honest

Success relies on the ability to express your opinions, emotions , and perceptions and to accept new viewpoints, thoughts, and ways of doing things. If, due to traumatic feelings, shame, or concerns about the response of your therapist, you are hesitant to speak about those problems, let your therapist.

9) Stick To Your Treatment Plan

Keep to the schedule for treatment. It can be easy to miss psychotherapy appointments while you feel down or lack inspiration. Using so would interrupt your development. Try to attend both meetings and give some attention to what you want to talk about.

10) Don’t Expect Instant Results

Don’t expect immediate outcomes. It may be painful to focus on interpersonal problems which might take hard work. Before you begin to see progress, you will require many sessions.

11) Do Your Homework Between Sessions

Do your homework. When your psychiatrist wants you to record your feelings outside of your counselling sessions in a diary or do other things, follow through. This homework assignments will help you adapt what you have learned to your life through counselling sessions.

HOW TO CHOOSE A THERAPIST?

It is important that you enjoy your therapist and feel relaxed with him. In the U.S., thousands of registered psychologists and other licenced experts operate. Until you find a suitable fit, try interviewing them by phone, film, or in person. You will locate them by asking for references from your relatives and friends, browsing on the internet, consulting with your health insurer, or calling your nearest university.

You will want to inquire before choosing a therapist:

i. How high they’re charging

ii. Whether insurance is approved by them

iii. Hours to make appointments

iv. Experience of many years

v. Areas of competence

vi. Their approach to therapy

vii. Whether or not telehealth (virtual appointments) is provided

WHAT TO EXPECT DURING PSYCHOTHERAPY?

Many hours in counselling last 45-50 minutes. It’s a dialogue under direction. Many questions may be asked by your psychiatrist, especially as you’re starting out. They may want to hear about your past and experiences, and about your emotions and concerns.

It’s best that you both agree to your recovery priorities. Your doctor may want further appointments to be scheduled. If required, certain therapists may prescribe drugs.

WHERE DO EXERCISE THERAPIST WORK?

In a variety of different settings, exercise therapists might work. They could work in care institutions, such as clinics, nursing homes, and departments for physical therapy, for example. Exercise therapists will also be able to find work in gyms, too.

CONCLUSION

Psychotherapy strives to empower the client. It is an opportunity to explore the behaviour and assists the client in identifying changes that they may need to make. Physiotherapy is effective in treating a wide variety of clinical condition. The affinity between patient and therapist is a key factor in effective therapy. Evidence suggests that common factor and not specific techniques are crucial in therapy.

How to Become a Physiotherapist

To become a Physiotherapist, we need to obtain Bachelor’s and Masters degree in Physiotherapy. Physiotherapy courses, diploma and degrees are available throughout the world and physiotherapy is gaining more importance than ever before.

Let us look at the courses available for physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy Course

If you wish to become a Physiotherapist, you read these subjects before your bachelors or masters degree in Physiotherapy which include the following:

  1. Biology
  2. Chemistry
  3. Physics
  4. Mathematics
  5. English

In some countries, it is compulsory to have studied physical education and health subjects as well.

Degrees in Physiotherapy

There are more than 59 Bachelor and more than 400 masters degrees are available worldwide within physiotherapy, but most common Physiotherapy degrees are as follows.

  1. Bachelor of Physiotherapy/Bachelor of Exercise Science

  2. Bachelor of Science (Physiotherapy)

  3. Bachelor of Applied Science (Physiotherapy)

  4. BS Prosthetic and Orthotic

After receiving Physiotherapy degree, you will be qualified to use Dr. as prefix along with your name.

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Physiotherapy courses can be studied online or through distance learning.

What to study after Bachelor and Master’s Degree?

After completing Masters degree, you can pursue your education in Physiotherapy as MPhil, Ph.D and Post Doctorate degrees are offered by Universities worldwide, offering wide range of specialisation in physiotherapy.

Diploma In Physiotherapy

Apart from degree in Physiotherapy, you can also apply for the diploma or certification in Physiotherapy.

They are shorter in duration than bachelors and masters degree course, usually for 2 years.

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You can apply for Bachelors or Masters even after completing Diploma in Physiotherapy.

Short Courses in Physiotherapy
If you also opt for short courses in physiotherapy which are available but they are much shorter courses which are for few weeks, one month or 1/2 year long in span.

After that you can apply for work as a Physiotherapy Assistant.

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After diplomas, certification or degrees in Physiotherapy, you will be offered job as Physiotherapy Assistance

Transitional Doctor of Physiotherapy (t-DPT)

Degree for Transitional Doctor of Physiotherapy (t-DPT) is for those physiotherapists who have completed their bachelors and masters degree and are working as licensed Physiotherapists.

This degree would help them to gain additional knowledge and skills for they are enhancing their professional capabilities.

This is a Doctoral program, allowing only licensed working Physiotherapists to get enrolled.

What is next?
After completing your education and House Job in Physiotherapy, you need to get yourself registered at your countries physiotherapy council which will allow you to work as licensed professional Physiotherapist.

Each country Physiotherapy Council has a different name. Names of few councils are as under for gaining some idea.

  1. Australian Physiotherapy Council (Australia)

  2. The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (UK)

  3. Pakistan Physical Therapy Association (Pakistan)

FAQs

1.Is it hard to study physiotherapy?

No, it is not hard to study Physiotherapy in case if you have been a medical/science students before pursuing for any Physiotherapy course.

2. Is physiotherapist called Doctor?
Yes, they are physical doctors. But only a registered medical practitioner can use prefix Dr. before his/her name.

3. Is physiotherapy equal to MBBS?
No, they are a bit different, as physiotherapy comes under a field of Medical Science. Whereas, MBBS comes under Medicine.