What Is The Internet of Things (IoT)?

What Is The Internet of Things (IoT)? The Internet of things is a network that links electronic devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals, and even people. All of these things have a unique identifier (UID) and can share data without the help of a person.

What Is The Internet of Things (IoT)?

:small_red_triangle_down: What Is The Internet of Things?

It is thought that more than 50 billion devices are connected to the Internet worldwide right now. With the development of cheap computer processors and the widespread use of wireless networks, it is now possible to connect everything from a single pill to a whole airplane to the Internet of Things.

By combining everything and giving it sensors, we can provide things that didn’t have any intelligence before a level of digital intelligence that will let them share real-time data without our help. The Internet of Things links the digital world to the real world. This makes the world more competent and more flexible.

:small_orange_diamond: Standards organizations

Here is a list of a few groups that work to ensure that technical standards for the Internet of Things work well.

Short Name Long Name Standards under development
Auto ID-Lab Auto Identification Center Radio-frequency identification
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration System for assigning unique identification to medical equipment.
EPCglobal Electronic Product code Technology Electronic Product Code technology
XSF XMPP Standards Foundation Protocol extensions of XMPP
W3C World Wide Web Consortium IoT protocols and platforms

:small_red_triangle_down: History of Internet of things

  • In the 1980s, commercial service providers started to support public use of ARPANET, which led to the Internet as we know it today. A lot of the Internet of things depends on satellites and landlines as its main ways to talk to other things.

  • Kevin Ashton, a computer scientist, coined the term “Internet of Things” in 1999, becoming more common in recent years. While working for Procter & Gamble, Ashton suggested using RFID chips to track how products move through a supply chain.

  • CEO of NetSilicon “Pete” Peterson, says that “networked devices, like the ones that make up the Internet of Things, are set to become the most important part of IT” in ten years.

  • Over time, there will be many more networked devices than computers and workstations. This is because networked devices are helpful and used by many people. Peterson thought that medical devices and industrial controllers would be the two most common ways this technology would be used.

  • IDC, a market research firm, predicted in 2013 that sales of things that can connect to the Internet of Things would reach $8.9 trillion by 2020. After Google said in 2014 that it would buy Nest for $3.2 billion, the term “Internet of Things” became more common.

:small_blue_diamond: Summary

Internet of things is a group of devices that can talk to each other and share information. It shows the direction of networking in the future and is at the head of the third wave of change in the IT industry.

:small_red_triangle_down: What is industrial Internet of things?

The “Internet of Things” is the ever-expanding system of interconnected devices that can talk to each other and share information in real-time through built-in sensors.The Internet of things makes it possible for gadgets like thermostats, cars, lights, and refrigerators to talk to each other.

Implementing IIoT systems comes with the risk of bad things happening, like stopping operations and losing money. When there are more people in one place, there are more chances for things like:

  • Bad people can use bugs in computer programs to attack weak targets.

  • Products and infrastructures are easy to find for anyone with an internet connection.

  • Connected supply chain

  • High-tech supply chains

Advantages Disadvantages
Minimizes the human work Increased privacy
Saves time Increased unemployment
Good for personal safety Dependent on the internet

:small_red_triangle_down: What kinds of businesses can use Internet of things?

Businesses that could make the most money by adding sensor devices to their operations are a natural fit for the Internet of Things. Some kind are below:

1 - Manufacturing

By keeping an eye on the manufacturing line, machines can be taken care of before breaking down. This gives the manufacturers a significant edge over their rivals. Sensors can tell when the way things are made isn’t as good as it used to be. Alerts from sensors let factories quickly check how well their machines are working or take them out of use so they can be fixed.

2 - Retail

Internet of things apps help retail companies keep track of their stock, improve the customer experience, optimize their supply chain, and lower operational costs. For example, RFID-based information can be sent to the Internet of things platform from smart shelves with weight sensors.

The Internet of things platform automatically keep track of inventory and send alerts when things are getting low. With beacons, customers can get deals and offers that are more likely to interest them. This adds to the fun of the experience.

3 - Healthcare

The health care industry benefits in many ways from monitoring Internet of things assets when treating patients; doctors, nurses, and even orderlies often need to know where things like wheelchairs are to help patients. When Internet of things sensors are put on wheelchairs in a hospital, the Internet of things asset-monitoring app can track them so that anyone who needs a wheelchair can quickly find the closest one.

4 - Logistics and Transportation

The Internet of Things can be used in different ways to improve transportation and logistics. Supply chain managers can reroute delivery fleets of cars, trucks, ships, and trains based on the weather, the availability of vehicles, and the availability of drivers by using data from internet of things sensors. The inventory can have track-and-trace and temperature monitoring sensors.

5 - Share Market

Internet of things is also helpful in the public sector and other places where services are provided. Internet of things-based apps can be used by utilities owned by the government to let customers know about big and small outages. With the help of the Internet of Things, utilities can quickly figure out how bad a power outage is and make a plan to fix it.

:small_red_triangle_down: How does the Internet of Things help our company grow?

Personal assistants like Cortana, Alexa, and Siri are great for personal use but lack essential features in a business setting. So, enterprise-level frameworks like Alexa for Business can work with all of a company’s Internet of Things devices to give accurate weather forecasts, meeting recaps, and other forms of personalized management.

They plan meetings, check their emails, gather payroll information, and write official letters. They can also do many other important administrative jobs well. Assistants in this position coordinate and run different administrative tasks, such as setting up and going to meetings, responding to emails, keeping track of invoices, and writing formal letters. They can also do many other important administrative jobs well.

Changes in technology help your business grow. These assistants can think, predict, and make decisions like people because they are controlled by artificial intelligence. The AI machine is meant to live in the real world and solve all challenging problems.

What Is The Internet of Things (IoT)?

:small_red_triangle_down: Advantages & Disadvantages of Internet of things

Advantages of Internet of things

The growth of the Internet of Things has made it possible for many everyday benefits to happen. Some advantages are below:

:small_orange_diamond: Communication

A network of devices that can talk to each other can make it easier to talk to each other and make more minor mistakes. With these gadgets, it’s much easier to talk to people, which leads to better results in the real world.

:small_orange_diamond: Save Time & Efforts

The Internet of Things saves you time and energy to do any work faster than ever. Businesses and homes can work better with the Internet of Things, and fewer people may have to work. You can choose your question and watch an intelligent helper do the work in a few seconds. Because of this, fewer human resources are needed.

:small_orange_diamond: Make business better

Businesses can make use of the Internet of Things. It could help them make more money and grow faster. Your business will do well because technology is getting better. Internet of things is being used quickly in the industry because it can help in many ways. Give quick service.

The Internet of Things works well and quickly at home and work. IoT’s rapid growth could help businesses in many ways. DHL says that the Internet of Things can help companies save $1.2 trillion by making them more efficient. Let’s give this a try and see what happens. Internet of things lets devices connect to talk, saving time and money on utilities.

Disadvantages of Internet of things

Some disadvantages are below:

:small_orange_diamond: Safety and Privacy

Concerns about the security and privacy of Internet of things are real. The Internet of Things only uses the existing online infrastructure. The Internet is linked to a lot of electronic devices. People talk about private things online. Personal information could be shared in many ways, such as through financial records, customer lists, and employee records.

:small_orange_diamond: Human Jobs

As more projects are built on the Internet of things platform, people won’t have to work on them as much. People will have a more challenging time finding work because of this. Having this happen isn’t a good sign. Now that there are more automated systems, people don’t have to do as much work by hand.

:small_orange_diamond: Complexity

Internet of things is a system that links many different things together. One exception can change a lot about the Internet of things infrastructure as a whole. This is the most confusing thing about the Internet of Things, but it could also be the most important.

:small_orange_diamond: Compatibility

Millions and billions of devices can talk to each other in the Internet of Things ecosystem. Still, since they were all made by different companies, it is hard to tag and track them correctly.

:small_blue_diamond: Summary

IT experts keep an eye on the pros and cons of the Internet of things as it grows and gets more complicated. All of these things, though, change all the time. Internet of Things designers, manufacturers, and cyber security experts are looking for new ways to make Internet of things more practical and less dangerous.

:small_red_triangle_down: Frequently Ask Questions (FAQs)

People asked many questions about Internet of Things. We discussed a few of them below:

1 - How does the Internet of Things make our lives better?

Using the Internet of Things, intelligent assistants can do the tedious tasks we do every day in a matter of seconds. One way that these helpers help the business grow is by doing housework quickly and well. They make life simple and easy.

2 - Where can I see how the Internet of Things works in real life?

Sensors and Internet of things devices are used mainly by companiesPrivate company that make things, move people, and provide utilities. But Internet of things has also been used in agriculture, infrastructure, and home automation, which has led some businesses to become more digital.

3 - What does the Internet of Things do most of the time?

Internet of things makes it possible for millions of people and things to be connected. They connect people and things right away, so anything can be shared.

4 - Is a laptop Internet of things device?

The Internet of Things is connecting and using physical equipment and everyday things that didn’t have internet access before. These devices can share information by clicking on the Internet.

5 - Is there any hope for the future of the Internet of Things?

Internet of Things will continue growing and doing well in all fields. They will depend a lot on advanced AI in the coming decades.

6 - Why is the Internet of Things important?

The Internet of Things will help people, businesses, and countries in many ways. For instance, it will help governments lower the cost of health care and improve the quality of life for their citizens. It will also help them reduce their carbon footprints, give more people access to education, and make transportation safer.

7 - Does Internet of things need to be linked to the Internet to work?

Not every device on the Internet of Things needs to be able to connect to the Internet. But they need to be connected to other devices on the network to do tasks automatically, follow specific instructions, or be set up in a unique way to the user.

8 - Can AI and Internet of things be seen as the same?

No,Internet of things is based on the idea that soon, everyday things will be able to share information in real-time over the Internet. But Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that tries to program something to act like people.

9 - What is the difference between machine learning and the Internet of Things?

Because machine learning has improved, businesses can now respond to customer emails faster, find clouds in satellite images, and even find planets in the far reaches of the universe that might be able to support life.

10 - What is intelligent Internet of things?

The intelligent Internet of Things makes it easier to figure out what Internet of things apps can do. ML and AI can be used to get better and more recent information.

11 - How can the Internet of things be used in the real world?

  • Home security systems that are smart.

  • Farming equipment that works on its own.

  • Health monitors can be worn.

  • Smart factory tools.

12 - What is an Internet of things infrastructure’s most crucial part?

An Internet of things system needs sensors or other devices, a way for them to connect, a way to process data, and a way for people to interact with the system. In the Internet of Things, sensors and actuators that send and receive data are often used for communication.

13 - Where doesn’t Internet of things work?

By looking at how devices work together, you can find parts that aren’t part of the Internet of things. Internet of things devices can talk to each other at different times, but phones that use the Real-time Transport Protocol to send data simultaneously are not.

14 - Can Alexa be used with other things?

Alexa, Amazon’s voice assistant, is a good Internet of things service because it works with more smart home devices than Siri or Google Assistant. Alexa is built into Echo devices, headphones, and thermostats.

15 - Why is IoT so well-known?

The Internet of Things has been around for a while, but it has become trendy because it works with open source, big data, security and privacy, and software-defined networking.

:small_blue_diamond: Conclusion

The Internet of Things connects the real world to the digital world of information technology. RFID and sensors are two technologies that make our lives better and easier that are part of the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things has come a long way in the past few years. The Internet of Things makes our lives easier and gives us more information.

Every business has grown and gotten more robust thanks to the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is used everywhere, from companies and factories to schools and homes.

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IoT has the potential to change the world as it takes us to a land where our doors open by the sensors. It has been seen to be a business game-changer. The Internet of Things is the kind of network that connects everything to the net supported the protocols stipulated. It includes not only computers but also vehicles, smartphones, toys, headphones, smartwatches, refrigerators, cameras, home security systems, washing machines, fitness trackers, and many more gadgets like these embedded with sensors.

Naveen Balani defines IoT as:

Internet of things is a vision where every object in the world can connect to the internet and provide their data to derive actionable insights on its own or through other connected devices.

Uses of IoT:

Internet of things mainly used for :

  1. Communication
  2. Exchange of data
  3. Recording
  4. Smart identification
  5. Positioning
  6. Tracing
  7. Administration purposes

How IoT works?

Don’t know how it works? And still curious how it senses and connect to the device? It follows the four steps:

  1. Sensors embedded in the devices collect the data.
  2. Data sent to the clouds after connection via Bluetooth, Wifi, and many more.
  3. Cloud processed the data received by the sensors.
  4. IoT devices perform actions according to the instructions. After receiving a message via email or from some other means, the order can make changes.

Can IoT work without Internet?

One general belief is that IoT can not run without a wireless Internet link. Some of the devices require the internet, while others can perform its function without it. But still, it requires some means of communication to transfer information like Bluetooth. Mostly it depends on the need of the device. So, a final verdict cannot be given related to the IoT channel of communication.

What are the layers of an IoT architecture?

As long as concerned with architecture, it consists of 2 horizontal layers and 4 vertical layers, wholesome six layers.

  1. IoT defense and IoT network technology are used in the horizontal layers
  2. The vertical layers include IoT devices, gateways, platforms, and applications.

Causes of security issues in IoT:

IoT has changed the world in many ways but still have many security issues and its causes are:

  1. Complicated coded password
  2. Lack of updated mechanisms for software
  3. Invading privacy
  4. IoT bots crypto-mining
  5. â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â–  IoT devices

Can IoT devices be used in cyber attacks?

Any computer that connects to the web has some degree of harm. IoT devices are an easy target to be attacked by someone due to the presence of less advanced firmware as compared to the other operating systems. The Mirai virus was used for DDoS attacks because it could quickly hit IoT computers.

How Mirai works?

  1. Firstly, Mirai scans the technicalities of IoT devices.
  2. Then it logs into the IoT devices by employing a set of passwords and usernames.
  3. After this, Mirai overload IoT devices with malicious traffic.

Similarly, Stuxnet also occurred because of the malfunctioning of IoT devices. So, In this way, IoT devices are an easy target for viruses and can create cyber attacks.

What is the IoT devices’ biggest cyber threat?

Hacking the password is the most prolific threat. The hackers use automated software that allows the user to try unlimited passwords until they found the right one. Hackers can also track the IoT device due to the presence of UID that permits the user to trace each path.


IoT leads us into a world in which things are not accountable. It also proves to be a disruptive technology because it helps to understand the complex choreography of the biosphere. The planet is on top of modern invention. And to use new technology, man must know its uses and harms. That’s why a few confusions have been made clear in this article.