IT or information technology refers to the maintenance, development and use of computer software, network and systems. It includes use of computer for the processing and also for the distribution of data. Here data means information, statistics, facts and etc. which are gathered together for the purpose of reference, storage, or analysis.
In short Information technology refers to anything that is related to computer technologies. Information technology is almost applied to every sector or field due to its vast uses.so here I want to give example of Information Technology applied to Farms.
Information technology includes many technologies which can be used to run the farm business more efficiently and out of which some are as follows,
Monitoring Software Granule.
Planting and spraying machines.
AutoTrac power steering systems.
Field Scripts application.
These technologies described as follows,
Monitoring software granule : is used by the employees who report their acreage in real time, that helps farmers to work on the farm without any difficulty and delaying it.
Self-driving tractors: It uses GPS (Global Positioning System), which will assist to locate all the equipment locations and where it is, and progress could be monitored by farmers on the iPad’s and other computer systems.
Planting and spraying machines: they use Wireless sensors to map every field and it is used to apply seeds and nutrients to fields by using computerized instructions.
AutoTrac power steering systems: it enables operators of the equipment to pull their hands off the steering wheel and JDLink using the GPS, and it will upload data to a remote server which will assist farmers in plantations and fertilization instructions.
Field Scripts application: it is the application that examines the amount of sunlight, shade and changes in soil and phosphorous content. Field Scripts uses the genetic characteristics of its seeds for analyzing the data and to provide accurate planting Instruction to iPad that is connected to field planting equipment. This tool supports farmers to identify the areas where more fertilizers are needed and which saves on fertilizer costs. While increasing their environmental benefits and performance.
Deere tools : are tools used for precision farming by farmers. Computer precision processing of areas means that farmers need to use less manure, which can save up to $10,000 for every individual farmer.