What is an Insurance?

Insurance basically means protection from a financial loss and it is an arrangement by which a company accumulates from its client a small amount of money also it provides guarantee for your losses.

Insurance is a contract between a separate and the insurance company. It is a kind of risk management which is used to protect against the risk of a unknown loss


What is Insurance?

Insurance is generally a standard form of contract between the insurer and the insured, known as the policy holder .The contract sets some conditions and some terms under which you agree to pay the installment to the company of insurance, and then for your loss they grant to reciprocate you after an accidental thing happen.

Types of Insurance:

in this video your many concepts regarding insurance and it’s type and regarding their policies will be clear.

There are many types of insurance . Life insurance, health insurance and property insurance are the most common forms of insurance.

1) Life Insurance or Personal Insurance:

Generally Life insurance gives safety for a certain amount of time. The biggest advantage of life insurance is that it covers your burial expenses and provide for those who left after you in your family The fixed amount of insurance will be paid by the insurer at the time of death of a certain period.

insurance life

Varieties of life insurance:

There are many varieties of life insurance. Common types of them are discussed as follows.

i) Term life insurance:
Term life insurance helps to give financial protection for a certain period of time, such as 10 yrs or 20 yrs. With traditional term insurance, the premium payment amount stays the same for the coverage period you select. After that specific time, policies may offer continued coverage Term life insurance is normally not expensive than permanent life insurance.

Needs it helps meet:
Term life insurance proceeds can be used to replace lost potential income during working years. This can provide a safety for your beneficiaries and can also help ensure the family’s financial goals like paying off a mortgage, keeping a business running, and paying for college.

Although term life can be importantly noted as it used to replace lost potential income, life insurance benefits are paid at one time in a lump sum, not in regular payments like paychecks.

ii) Universal life insurance

Universal life insurance is a type of permanent life insurance designed to provide lifetime coverage. Far from whole life insurance, universal life insurance policies throughout your lifetime are flexible and can allow you to lower or raise your coverage amounts or premium payment. Universal life typically has higher premium payments , due to its lifetime coverage additionally.

How it helps? : Universal life insurance help conserve wealth to be pass on to beneficiaries. It commonly gives long term income replacement. Universal life insurance gives death advantages coverage and â– â– â– â– â– â– â– â–  cash value.

2) Health Insurance:

Health insurance is popularly known as Medical Insurance. It is a type of accordance between an insurance company and a person. It protects you and your dependents against any medical emergency.

insurance health

Health insurance permits the insured to cover up all the health expenses that includes medical expenses basically while major costs that is involved during surgeries or visiting a doctor.

It usually covers:

  • Hospitalization
  • The treatment of critical illnesses
  • Medical bills prior to or post hospitalization
  • Day care procedures

Why Health Insurance Is Important?

Health is the most important gift from the nature to the mankind. But, this precious gift from the nature is in problem while owing to the technological advancements, he ever-increasing financial expenses to cover the basic needs and the climatic and man-made catastrophes,.

Types of Health insurance

There are many types of health insurance. It is very mandatory for you to choose what is actually right. The task for choosing Private health insurance for you is somewhat frustrating but it completely depends on your needs and requirements. Basically, it is split into two huge categories and these are.

  • Traditional

  • Managed care

These categories include four basic subtypes or plans.

  1. PPO (Preferred Provider Organization)

  2. Traditional plans ( Free for Service plans)

  3. POS (Point of Service Plans)

  4. HMOs ( Health Maintenance Organizations)

These insurance companies also provide Private Health Insurance.

It is the health insurance coverage that private entities provide. The federal government and state are not involved in this insurance.

Categories of medical insurance

Selecting the right type of medical insurance for your needs is important. there are some categories of health insurance and they are follows :

  1. Individual Medical Insurance
  2. Group Medical Insurance
  3. Special Plans

Individual Medical Insurance: An individual medical insurance is a medical insurance that gives protection or safety on a separate basis. Insurance premium for individual plans are advanced than that for a group policy.

Group Medical Insurance It plans available through a society or an employer or union generally are written lot of people under a single advance master policy.

Special Plans: Special plans are structured specially to meet the needs of elderly people etc.

Benefits of Health Insurance:
Its advantages depend on the policy you select and the coverage it offers. Most of the health policies provides basic coverage and they are as follows.
• Health policy provides Financial security to the family members.
• Health policy covers your hospitalization and medical bills
• Health policy reduces saving huge amount of financial losses
• Health policy helps securing a better future by paying a tiny amount as an expenditure
today called the premium.

Procedure to file a health Insurance claim:

You have to keep the following things ready while filing a health insurance claim with your insurance company.

  • Claim form properly filled and signed by the candidate
  • Reports/history of Doctor’s consultation
  • Cash Memos,Bills,Receipts from hospital supported by proper prescription.
  • Discharge Certificate from the hospital
  • Receipt and diagnostic test report

3) Property insurance:

Property Insurance basically covers the owner or another person with an interest in a property The loss of income is then produced through or because of the property by the Insurance.
insurance property

Property insurance policy is meant to cover damages done to the rental or residential properties it is basically a disaster recovery property insurance that protects the property owned by your business your building , store fixtures It pays to restore stolen items that are destroyed by fires and windstorms.

Property Insurance Policies:

Small business owners were offered by the insurers a huge variety of property insurance policies. Only a single reason of loss is covered by the policies, such as a a crime policy, fire insurance policy, or an electronic equipment policy. The particulars of the policies vary from insurer to insurer.

What does rental property insurance cover?

Coverage depends on the selected policy and the insurance provider, but in general, a landlord policy will cover the following things.

  • liability coverage
  • the dwelling and any additional buildings on the property,
  • some contents of the property (such as water heaters,appliances and fixtures )
  • loss of rental income

How much does rental property insurance cost?

Rental property insurance is more expensive than a home owners policy Premiums can vary based on the location, age, or condition of the property. It costs around (20to 25)% more than a traditional policy cost would be. It may cost more if you offer short-term rentals.

4)Car Insurance:

Vehicle insurance also known as car insurance, motor insurance, or auto insurance

insurance car

what is car insurance?.
Car insurance is a type of insurance that protects you financially if you’re injured, your vehicle is damaged, or you injure someone or damage someone else’s vehicle in an accident.

Do I need Car Insurance?
Most countries require drivers to have car insurance. If you don’t, you’re not only responsible for claims costs, but can also face fines and penalties.

Why is new driver car insurance so expensive?

  • In the past few years divers have not got safer, with younger drivers showing improvement. However, they are involved in accidents than drivers over the
    age of 25 and more likely to cause injuries to third-parties.

  • Drivers aged 17 to 24 are three times more likely than those from other age groups to injure somebody in an accident.

  • Young drivers tend to travel with other young people in the car, show that just over half of accidents involving drivers aged 17-19 resulted in injuries Where drivers were aged 60-69 not many accidents happen only one in five .

That’s why new drivers are taken as riskier and are charged for car insurance more than older ones and more experienced drivers.

insurance learning plate

Learner plates are displayed on the front and back of a vehicle to show others that a learner driver is in control of the vehicle make sure the L plates on your car are legal when you go for drive.

Public and Private Insurance

There is a difference when you talk about public and private insurance .Public insurance includes Medicare and Social Security funded through government plans. In Private insurance their plans includes all types of coverage offered by private organizations.

5)Pet Insurance:

In Pakistan may be pets are not commonly kept as much as in other developed countries there are laws that require citizens to have their domesticated animals registered with the local authorities. The owners are also required to get the pets vaccinated from time to time to save the pets as well as themselves from diseases that may or may not be poisonous.

insurance pet

Pet insurance covers unexpected veterinary expenses when your cat or dog is sick or injured You can also purchase an individual policy for your pet but some home insurance policies offer limited pet insurance packages.

How much is pet insurance for a dog?

If you are having a dog as your pet and you planned to get your animal friend secured you must be wondering How much is pet insurance for dogs that you have to pay.
Basically It depends upon the company and its policies but approximately

insurance of CAT AND DOG

How much is pet insurance for a cat?

Are you a cat owner and want to know how much is the pet insurance for a cat?
Basically It depends upon the company and its policies but approximately

Advantages of Pet Insurance

You love your pet just like you think they are member of your family, but according to the insurance industry they sees Fido or Fluffy as property more. That’s why pet insurance functions more like than health insurance. Before reminding somebody that your pet isn’t a property still, you should understand that this designation will work in your favor.

Insurance decreases stress during difficult times, Insurance ensures family’s financial Stability and Insurance brings peace of mind.
Any individual person or company can seek insurance from insurance company, but the choice of decision to provide insurance is at the responsibility of the insurance company

Other types of Insurance

There are several other types of Insurance which are described below.

Marine Insurance:

Marine insurance is another very important type of insurance because through this marine insurance in any case of damage ship owners can be sure to claim especially considering the mode of transportation used.

insurance marine

Marine insurance includes the damage of cargo and any transport through which the property is held or transferred in between the beginning and the final target place.

it is clear from the definition of the word insurance that it is the protection against future loss.
So, marine insurance is insurance known to be oldest one. Indeed, the institution of general average , under which in a maritime venture the participants contribute to losses
sustain by some for the advantage of all can itself be called as a primitive form of self-insurance

Fire Insurance:

Fire insurance covers the risk of fire. Fire insurance is property insurance that provides additional coverage for loss or damage to a structure damaged or destroyed in a fire. Fire insurance may be capped at a rate that is less than the cost of the losses accrued, necessitating a separate fire insurance policy.
On replacement-cost basis or an actual cash value basis policyholder is paid back for damage by the policy. Although some home owner’s insurance policies include fire coverage, they may not be extensive enough for some homeowners.

fire insurance

A fire insurance policy includes Additional coverage against water or smoke damage due to a fire and is usually effective for one year. Fire insurance policies on the verge of expiration are usually renewable by the homeowner, under the same terms as the original policy.

Liability Insurance:

Liability insurance is defined as a form of insurance that provides protection from third-party lawsuits , Your insurance will cover some legal expenses If you are held liable for causing a person or company’s financial losses.

liability insurance

Liability insurance is tough for those who may be liable for injuries to others, or may be in the event that the insured party damages someone else’s property and suspect to be at fault. Who owns a business, drives a car, practices medicine or law—basically anyone who can be sued for damages and/or injuries so liability insurance policies are taken out by them/anyone.

Benefits or Advantages Of Insurance:

Insurance gives benefits to any single family, businessman as well as a society The main advantages of Insurance can be described as follows.

  • It provides financial protection

  • Shares risks

  • Encourages savings

  • protect against unbearable losses

  • Grants loan

  • Creates employment opportunities

  • Eliminates dependency

Disadvantages Of Insurance:

When it provides advantages so on the other hand it also has some disadvantages.

  • It does not compensate all types of losses
  • because of lengthy legal formalities It takes time to provide financial compensation etc

All insurance policies include terms and conditions

All policies of insurance sets some conditions and term under which the policy will clearly specify what is included and what isn’t included, what insurance company and policyholder promises to do.

If you don’t really follow with the conditions and terms of the policy, you may be in breach of the contract with the insurer. This means that the insurer is not required to fulfill its promise and pay out your entire or some claim.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some questions people may also ask.

What does insurance mean and how does it work?

Insurance is generally a standard form of contract between the insurer and the insured , known as the policy holder. The contract sets some conditions and some terms under which you agree to pay the installment to the insurance company, and the terms and conditions under which the insurance company agrees to pay back you for loss after an accidental thing happen.

What are 7 types of insurance?

7 Types of Insurance are;

  1. Personal Insurance or Life Insurance
  2. Property Insurance
  3. Marine Insurance
  4. Fire Insurance
  5. Liability Insurance
  6. Guarantee Insurance.

How do insurance companies make their money?

Insurance companies make money by betting on risk When an insurance customer pays their monthly premium, the insurance company takes the money and invests in the financial markets, to increase their revenues.

Why do you need insurance for a pet?

If your pet becomes sick, you might not have enough on hand to pay out of pocket. Pet insurance lets you afford these expenses, so you can get the treatment you need from your pet.


People often say they cannot afford insurance but the truth is that if u do not have it u regret after your loss. because there are advantages and disadvantages both it depends whether your goals are clear or not which path you actually chose to go for so read this article and you will surely come to know what is an insurance and it’s policies all about.

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This topic helped me in my assignment alot .Thankyou for providing such information. @Rizwana_Saeed


What are the basic 3 main types of insurance? @Rizwana_Saeed

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property, liability, and life.

Insurance is a contract, represented by a policy, in which an individual or entity receives financial protection or reimbursement against losses from an insurance company. The company pools clients’ risks to make payments more affordable for the insured.

Insurance policies are used to hedge against the risk of financial losses, both big and small, that may result from damage to the insured or her property or liability for damage or injury caused to a third party.

Insurance is a team in law and economics. It is something people buy to protect themselves from losing money. In exchange for this, if something bad happens to the person or thing that is insured, the company that sold the insurance will pay the money back.

How Insurance Works:

There is a multitude of different types of insurance policies available, and virtually any individual or business can find an insurance company willing to insure them for a price. The most common types of personal insurance policies are auto, health, homeowners, and life. Most individuals in the united states have at least one of these types of insurance, and car insurance is required by law.


• Insurance is a contract (policy) in which an insurer indemnifies another against losses from specific contingencies or perils.
• There many types of insurance policies. Life, health, homeowners, and auto are the most common forms of insurance.
• The core components that make up most insurance policies are the deductible, policy limit, and premium.

Businesses require special types of insurance policies that insure against specific types of risks faced by a particular business. For example, a fast-food restaurant needs a policy that covers damage or injury that occurs as a result of cooking with a deep fryer. An auto dealer is not subject to this type of risk but does require coverage for damage or injury that could occur during test drives.

“In order to select the best policy for you or your family, it is important to pay attention to the three critical components of most insurance policies-the deductible, premium, and policy limit”

There are also insurance policies available for very specific needs, such as kind nap and ransom (K&R), medical malpractice, and professional liability insurance, also known as errs and omission insurance.

Insurance Policy Components:

When choosing a policy, it is important to understand how insurance works.

A firm understanding of these concepts goes a long way in helping you choose the policy that best suits your needs. There are three components (premium, policy limit, and deductible) to most insurance policies that crucial.


A policy’s premium is its price, typically expressed as a monthly cost. The premium is determined by the insurer based on your or your business’s risk profile, which may include creditworthiness.

For example, if you own several expensive automobiles and have a history of reckless driving, you will likely pay more for an auto policy than someone with a single mid-range sedan and a perfect driving record. However, different insurances may charge different premiums for similar policies. So finding the price that is right for you requires some legwork.

Policy Limit:

The policy limit is the maximum amount an insurer will pay under a policy for a covered loss. Maximums may be set per period (e.g., annual or policy term ), per loss or injury, or over the life of the policy, also known as the lifetime maximum.

Typically, higher limits carry higher premiums. For a general life insurance policy, the maximum amount the insurer will pay is referred to as the face value, which is the amount paid to a beneficiary upon the death of the insured.


The deductible is a specific amount the policy-holder must pay out-of-pocket before the insurer pays a claim. Deductibles server as deterrents to large volumes so small and insignificant claims.

Special Considerations:

With regard to health insurance, people who have chorionic health issues or need regular medical attention should look for policies with lower deductibles.

Through the annual premium is higher than a comparable policy with a higher deductible, less expensive access to medical care through the year may be worth the trade-off.

Insurance benefits individuals, organizations and society in more ways than the average person realizes. Some of the benefits of insurance are obvious while others are not.

  1. The obvious and most important benefit of insurance is the payment of losses. An insurance policy is a contract used to indemnify individuals and organizations for covered losses.

  2. The second benefit of insurance is managing cash flow uncertainty. Insurance provides payment for coverd losses when they occur. Therefore, the uncertainty of of paying for losses out-of-pocket is reduced significantly.

  3. A third and uncommon benefit of insurance is complying with legal requirements. Insurance meets statutory and contractual requirements as well as provides evidence of financial resources.

  4. Another very important benefit of insurance is promoting risk control activity. Insurance policies provide incentives to implement a loss control program because of policy requirements and premium savings incentives.

  5. The fifth benefit of insurance is the efficient use of an insured’s resources. Insurance make it unnecessary to set aside a large amount that can be insured. This allows that money to be used more efficiently.

Understanding these benefits is critical when analyzing the need for insurance and helps insureds justify the purchase of insurance.

• Professional Liability Insurance:

Professional liability insurance, also known as errors and omissions (E&O) insurance, covers a business against negligence claims due to harm that results from mistakes or failure to perform. There is no one-size-fits-all policy for professional liability insurance. Each industry has its own set of concerns that will be addressed in a customiced policy written for a business.

• Property Insurance:

Whether a business owns or leases its space, property insurance is a must. This insurance covers ewuipment, singange, inventory and furniture in the event of fire, storm or theft. However, mass-destruction event like floods and earthquakes are generally not covered under standard property insurance policies. If your area is prone to these issues, check with your insurer to price a separate policy.

• Workers’ Compensation Insurance:

Once the first employee has been hired, workers’ compensation insurance should be added to a business’s insurance policy. This will cover medical treatment, disability and death benefits in the event an employee is injured or dies as a result of his work with that business.

• Home-Based Businesses:

Many professionals begin their small businesses in their own homes. Unfortunately, homeowner’s policies don’t cover home-based businesses in the way commercial property insurance does. If you’re operating your business out of your home, ask your insurer for additional insurance to cover your equipment and inventory in the event of a problem.

• Product Liability Insurance:

If your business manufacture products for sale on the general market, product liability insurance is a must. Even a business that takes very measure possible to make sure its products are safe can find itself named in a lawsuit due to damages caused by one of its products. Product liability insurance works to specifically to a specific type of product.

• Vehicle Insurance:

If company vehicles will be used. Those vehicles should be fully insured to protect businesses should insure against liability if an accident should occur. At the very least, businesses should insure against third-party injury, but comprehensive insurance will cover that vehicle in an accident, as well. If employees are using their own cars for business, their own personal insurance woll cover them in the event of an accident. One major exception to this is if they are delivering goods or services for a fee. This includes delivery personnel.

• Business Interruption Insurance:

If a disaster or catastrophic event does occur, a business’s operations will likely be interrupted. During this time, your business will suffer from lost income due to your staff’s inability to work in the office, manufacture products or make sales calls. This type of insurance is especially applicable to companies that require a physical location to do business, such as retail store. Business interruption insurance compentensates a business for its lost income during these events.

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