What is private mortgage insurance?

“What is private mortgage insurance”? Private mortgage is also called home-loan insurance and mortgage guarantee.If you are making a down payment of less than 20 percent on a home, it is important to understand the meaning and policies of private mortgage insurance (PMI), also called PMI, a type of mortgage insurance that a borrower might be required to buy as a condition of a conventional mortgage loan.


Insurance or Mortgage Insurance:

Before going into a deep study of PRIVATE MORTGAGE INSURANCE, first, we will understand about insurance, policy and mortgage insurance in a few lines. INSURANCE is the term in law and economics. Something to buy by people to save themselves in the future from losing money in a tough time. If some bad incident happens to the person and the thing that is insured by you, the company will give you money back by sold that insurance.


It is essentially a contract between the insurer and the insured- it lays out what is covered, what is not, and other details of your agreement.

There are five parts included in this policy

  1. Declaration
  2. Insuring agreements
  3. Definition
  4. Exclusions
  5. Conditions
    Using these sections as guideposts in reviewing the policies. Examine each part to identify its requirements.

Mortgage insurance:

The insurance policy that pays back lenders or investors for losses due to the default of a mortgage loan. It can be either personal or public depending upon the insurer. It is also called a mortgage indemnity guarantee (MIG). This policy protects the lender or titleholder if the defaulter shows negligence and default on payments, passes away, or not able to meet the contractual duty and responsibilities of the mortgage.
Reference: It can refer to PMI (private mortgage insurance), mortgage title insurance, or MIP abbreviation of qualified mortgage insurance premium insurance. The common duty between these is to obligate the lender or property holder whole in the specific cases of loss in diff events.

Private Mortgage insurance:

To apply for mortgage insurance, the Lender requires the down-payment equal to 20 percent of the home’s purchase price. If the borrower can’t able to pay that amount, the moneylender will likely need the loan as a riskier investment and require that the buyer of the home take out a private mortgage insurance (PMI), as a part of getting a mortgage.

There are some key points to understand this insurance are as follows:
The PMI costs between 0.5 percent and 1 percent annually of the mortgage and also included in the monthly payments. Once a borrower compensates or pays down enough of the mortgage’s principal then PMI can be removed.

The buyer of the home may be able to avoid PMI by piggybacking a smaller loan to cover the down payments on top of the primary mortgage.PMI is only required for CONVENTIONAL mortgages. You don’t need the PMI if you have a government-backed-loans that include FHA, VA, OR USDA loan.

How does Private Mortgage Insurance work?


First, we will understand its working. It is a type of mortgage insurance through lender can save themselves from potentially risky agreements of loans. If they require you to purchase PMI, they will make the arrangements and connect you with private insurance providers whom you will make the mortgage payments. An escrow account is a common way for borrowers to make PMI payments.

The cost of PMI varies based on the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. The amount you get on your mortgage compared to its value and also included credit score. You can pay between 30 to 70 dollars per month for every 100,000 dollars borrowed. It divided the loan by the value of the home.

PMI is paid monthly but sometimes it is paid as a one-time up-front premium at closing. It is not permanent, it can be dropped if the borrower pays down enough of the mortgage’s principal. When the equity reaches 22 percent, in other words, the loan balance is scheduled to reach 78 percent of the original value of the home, PMI terminates.

A borrower whose down-payments are equivalent to 20 percent can contact lenders and request to remove the PMI payments.


private mortgage
There are four types of private mortgage insurance areas listed below:
• Borrower-paid
• Single-premium
• Split-premium
• Lender paid


Borrower paid mortgage insurance is a common type of PMI. You can pay this in monthly payments until you have 22 percent equity in your home. The lender must automatically cancel it, as long as you are current on the payments of your mortgage. You can ask for the cancellation of borrower-paid mortgage insurance to the lender when you have 20 percent equity in your home.

You must have a satisfactory payment history and no additional liens on your property. You may need a current appraisal to substantiate your home’s value in some cases. The investors who purchased the loan may cancel the PMI after the home’s increased value is proven by the Broker’s price opinion or an automated valuation model.
Refinancing is the option to drop the PMI early and also by prepaying your mortgage principal so that you have 20% equity. While you are renting, it might be possible to miss out on accumulating home equity.

The other types of private mortgage insurance are not common like borrower-paid but we must know how its works.

Single-premium mortgage insurance:

It is also known as single-payment mortgage insurance. It has you pay for PMI in one lump sum. You might end up paying yourself or you may able be to negotiate for the seller to cover SPMI as a part of your offer. SPMI results in lower monthly payments but you will pay more upfront. It may be best for home buyers. You will pay this in full during closing. Keep one thing in your mind that the lump sum paid is not refundable.

Lender-paid mortgage insurance:

This is similar to single-premium mortgage insurance but the difference is that it is paid by a mortgage lender but you get stuck with a higher interest rate. With LPMI, the lender actually pays for PMI, not you. It sounds like a total steal that’s why it is not popular.

It is not the freebee, the lender raises your rate in return for paying the premium. In fact, you will actually pay for it over the life of the loan. You can’t cancel it when your equity reaches 78 percent because it is built into the loan. It is not refundable.

The main pros are that your monthly payment could still be lower than making monthly PMI payments. In this way, you borrow more. The downside is that you can’t cancel PMI once you gain equity in your home, because the lender paid insurance is a part of the mortgage.

Split- Premium mortgage insurance:

SPMI is a combination of single-premium or borrower-paid mortgage insurance. You pay some cost of PMI at closing, then split the rest up into monthly payments like in BPMI. It is the least type of PMI. The money you pay upfront is much lower than that of SPMI. The upfront cost could range between 0.50% to 1.25% of the loan amount.

Federal home loan mortgage protection:

This is an additional type of insurance. It is only used with loans underwritten by the Federal Housing Administration. They are better called FHA LOANS or FHA mortgages. PMI through the FHA is known as MIP. It cannot be removed without refinancing the home. This insurance is a need for all FHA loans even if you put down 20 percent or more. MIP includes a monthly rate and an upfront payment.

Cost of Private Mortgage Insurance:

It can cost annually between 0.5 and 1 percent of the entire mortgage loan amount, which can also raise a little bit of payment of the mortgage. Take the example, you had a 1 percent private mortgage insurance fee on a $200,000 loan. The fee would add approx. $2,000 a year and on each month, it will add $166, to the cost of your mortgage.

This cost is a good cause or reason to keep away from taking out PMI. However, PMI is crucial to buying a home especially for first-time buyers who may not have saved up the necessary funds to cover the 20% down payment. PMI protects the lender, the borrower and you can lose your home through foreclosure if you fall behind your payments.

Factors affect the cost of Private Mortgage Insurance(PMI):

The cost of your PMI premiums will depend on several factors like
• Selection of type of the premium plan
• The term of your loan (usually 15 or 30 years)
• Even if your interest rate is fixed or adjustable.
• Your down payments or Loan to value ratios. For example, a 5 percent down payment gives you a 95 % LTV and 10% gives you 90%. A high LTV will also generally make your PMI payments more expensive.
• Big influence of Credit score
• Refundable of your premiums whether it is or not.
• Amount of mortgage insurance coverage by investors that usually range from 6 to 35 percent.
The PMI premiums also depend on additional risk factors like a loan for a jumbo mortgage, investment property, or second home. Your premiums will be higher when your credit score is lower or your down payment is lower.
MGIC, Radian, Essent, National MI, United Guaranty, and Genworth are major providers of private mortgage insurance.

What is private mortgage insurance? It is also called PMI, a type of mortgage insurance that protects the lender, not you if you stop making payments on your loan and you might be required to pay for it if you have a conventional loan. When there is a loss of the collateral value at the time of default, PMI is offered by private companies to the insurer the lender by the borrower against default on a loan.

You must have at least 20 percent equity in the home for removing the private mortgage insurance. 80% of the home’s original appraised price. When the balance drops to 78 percent, the servicer of the mortgage is required to eliminate PMI.


Here are some frequently asked questions related to private mortgage insurance to clear some of your doubts.

Q1: How do I avoid private mortgage insurance?

One way to avoid PMI is to make a down payment that is equal to at least one-fifth of the purchase price of the home. For example, if the home of your new cost is $180,000, you would need to put down at least $36,000 to avoid paying PMI. This is the simplest way to avoid this. We can also avoid PMI by refinancing or piggyback mortgages.

Q2: What is piggyback mortgage insurance?

Piggyback mortgage is another reason to avoid PMI for qualified borrowers. You can avoid PMI by simultaneously taking out a first and second mortgage on the home so that no one loan constitutes more than 80% of its cost. If the buyer of the home has the funds for a 20% down payment, you can avoid PMI by taking two loans, a smaller loan plus the main mortgage. This practice is called a piggyback mortgage.

Q3: Is PMI based on the credit score?

The PMI and credit score are interlinked. The insurer uses their credit score and other factors to set that percentage which roughly ranges from 0.25 percent to 1.5 percent of the amount borrowed. A borrower having the lowest end of the qualifying credit score range pays the most.

Q4: how long is PMI insurance required?

It is required for around 11 years. For some loans, PMI is paid for around 11 years, but some may require payment over the life of the loan.

Q5: When can I stop paying PMI?

It can automatically terminate PMI when your mortgage balance reaches 78 percent of the original purchase price and have not missed any scheduled mortgage payments. The lender to stop the PMI at the halfway point of your amortization schedule.


It is essential to understand private mortgage insurance if you have a down payment of less than 20% on a home. A type of insurance that a borrower might be required to buy as a condition of a conventional loan. The cost of PMI can range from 0.25 to 2% of your loan balance per year depend on diff factors like the borrower’s credit score, size of the down payment and mortgage, and the long term. PMI is a percentage of the mortgage amount, the more you borrow, the more PMI you will pay.

Related articles:

What is insurance.

Types of insurance.

How insurance works.

What is mortgage insurance? Guide 2020.

What is a mortgage insurance premium.