The acrylic nails are very popular, in fact, they are one of the most used in the professional environment, this has a simple reason and that is that are those that adapt to any type of nail and you can choose almost any shape or length, plus application it is simple and generally quite durable.
How to put acrylic nails?
If you want to know how to put acrylic nails or how to do them here I leave you a step by step:
Steps to follow
1 - Cleaning
Acrylic nails are applied using the same basic cleaning, preparation, blending, sculpting, and finishing process.
Technicians use this process to ensure that infection cannot form under the system and that the nail is not damaged during the process.
Cleaning the nail with isopropyl alcohol or Nail Prep removes any oil grease from the nail and kills bacteria, providing an ideal workspace.
2 - Placement of the primer
The primer (first chemical to use) will allow the acrylic to adhere to the nail surface.
This is done with methacrylic acid, which dissolves a thin layer of the natural nail.
The surface of the nail is roughened allowing the acrylic to adhere.
Next, the acrylic resin ( liquid monomer and powdered polymer ) is mixed .
This dries very quickly so the technician must work quickly.
3 - Application of resin or tips
Once the resin hardens, it cannot be used and it does not adhere to the natural nail. Sculpting is the next step that involves the process of using tips or moulds for example.
The resin is then applied to the tip or mould, always looking for the desired shape. Once the mixture has hardened, the shape can be handled. The acrylic finish involves filing and smoothing the acrylic, then painting the nails and decorations, to your liking of course.
WHAT ARE ARTIFICIAL NAILS?
Artificial nails are extensions that are placed on the natural nail with various techniques or materials and that allow us to always have the nail in perfect condition.
They are stronger than natural nails and thicker. They hardly break or crack. Acrylic nails are those that are made with an acrylic powder. The acrylic powder (polymer) dries quickly when mixed with a liquid agent ( monomer ). For this reason, they do not need to cure in a lamp, unlike gel nails.
The ways to perform the manicure can be through tips or nail moulds. The tips are pieces of plastic with different shapes that adhere to the nail. They can be cut and filed and are complementary to the use of acrylic or gel nail products.
The ** mould** (on these lines) is fitted and glued just below the nail and has a curved shape. On this mould, we make the shape of the nail. It requires more dexterity than using only tips because we are direct sculpting the nail on it. Hence the name was given to it: sculpted nails. Nails can also be sculpted with gel.
ADVANTAGES OF ACRYLIC NAILS
They protect natural nails from the damaging effects of enamels and other agents.
Aesthetically they are more beautiful than natural ones and can be given any shape and length, not to mention the possibilities of decoration.
They are very resistant and prevent nail cracking, so they are perfect for people with weaker nails or those with a tendency to break.
Their maintenance is every 15-20 days (it depends on the growth of your nail) and they are very durable .
Bitten and broken nails can be reconstructed and always look perfect.
DISADVANTAGES OF ACRYLIC NAILS
Improper handling can cause infections, that is why it is important to have references and ensure that proper hygiene is maintained in the centre.
Removing them requires good technique so as not to damage the natural nails or cause injury. As always it is important that a good professional does it.
Some of the chemicals used in the process have a bad smell and are not beneficial to health. The place where the nails are done should be well ventilated.
Abusing its use can stop the growth of the nail.
The construction of acrylic false nails
Acrylic false nails are one of the most popular types of false nails. It is acrylic powder to be mixed with a liquid called the monomer.
If you ask for a glitter nail, the technician can also directly insert the glitter into this preparation.
The resulting substance will solidify on contact with air and must work quickly. The construction is done either on stencils or on tips (another name for capsules).
Be careful if the tips overlap on your skin or do not correspond to the shape of your nail, they must be changed or filed before applying the acrylic.
These capsules will then join your fingernail through a specially designed gel for this purpose. After that, the nails are filed down and polished to give them a perfect shape.
The nails thus obtained are very hard but also rigid and sometimes break.
Tools you must have to put acrylic nails
Putting acrylic nails on correctly will depend on your practice. If you want to learn how to do them, you must have the following tools, some of them are optional:
Orange sticks or cuticle pusher.
Alcohol or antiseptic solutions for cleaning tools.
UV or LED lamp (we recommend the LED).
Antiseptic to prevent nail fungus
Brush to remove dust.
Primer (preferably acid-free).
Tips or moulds for nails.
Files of (100/180) and (150/150).
Nail Cotton: special lint-free cotton.
Brushes to build in acrylic.
Tweezers to give the nail more curvature (optional).
On the other hand, you should know that there are variations of acrylic powder and liquid on the market. Some of them are:
- Crystal acrylic powder.
- Pink acrylic powder.
- White powder.
- Acrylic powder cover.
- Colored acrylic powders.
- Fast, medium and slow drying liquids.
Easy guide to putting acrylic nails step by step
If you are starting in the world of acrylic, we recommend you practice a lot and be very patient when shaping your nails. You will see that over time you will be able to do them much faster:
Step # 1: If you are going to use tips, choose the correct size nails
The tips are false extensions that must adapt to natural nails perfectly. Choose your size well because if the tips are a little wide you should make them fit well. We recommend that you gently file its sides.
Step # 2: Prepare the natural nails before applying the acrylic
Go through your manicure cleaning routine in a conventional way. Remove the nail polish, apply alcohol to disinfect the area, and remove the cuticle to remove dead skin from the base and sides.
Continue filling the nails. To put acrylic nails we recommend that you leave the natural nails short, then remove dust residues and remove the grease. Proceed to disinfect the entire area with a little cleaner to completely clean the nail and apply antifungal to finish.
Step # 3: Place the tip or mould
With the nails short and filed according to your preference, but the tip or mould on the nail, it should be fixed and attached to the free edge. It will be this that will help you define the shape and length of the nail.
Step # 4: Build the nail
Place a little monomer in the dappen glass and the polymer in another container. Remember to keep your hands clean and disinfected.
Step # 5: Locate the tip and apply the first
Place the tip on the nail, apply a coat of primer and let it dry. Then dip the tip of the brush in the monomer and squeeze it out a little by pressing lightly on the edges of the glass. Insert the brush into the acrylic powder for about two or three seconds until you get a ball or pearl.
Step # 6: Apply the first acrylic pearl on the nail
Put the first pearl in the area of tension or in the centre of the nail, at the junction of the mould with the natural nail. Then place the second pearl on the top of the nail, very close to the cuticle area, without touching it.
The third-place it on the free edge to cover the entire nail evenly, executing gentle movements, respecting the edges and trying not to touch the skin.
Step # 7: Shape the nail
Once the acrylic is dry on the nail, shape it. Remove remaining imperfections with a 100/180 grit file; trying to make it as natural as possible. Finish with a buffing file to make the surface as smooth as possible.
Step # 8: Remove excesses and clean
Remove excess dust and clean the entire surface with cleaner. Finish with a layer of gloss topcoat and cure with the lamp. Remember not to touch the cuticle or the edges. Put enamel or the topcoat if you wish at the end.
Are acrylic nails safe for health?
Acrylics get a bad rap, but in reality, you may find that there are many worse chemicals being marketed for nails. It is true that you must take the appropriate measures to take care of your acrylic nails, remembering all the relevant sanitary measures.
If not done well, it could mean an infection or weakening of the natural state of the nails. When done correctly it will not cause any permanent damage, which is why it is very important to have them removed by a professional.
According to the Mayo Clinic, artificial nails are unlikely to harm natural nails; however, these types of nails can sometimes cause problems such as infections. The most popular types of artificial nails include acrylic and gel nails.
Both materials are made with types of acrylic, the difference is that gel nails require “curing” with ultraviolet light, although experts recommend doing it with an LED lamp to mitigate the negative impact that the use of UV light would have.
On the other hand, you must bear in mind that when the acrylic nail is damaged or has a considerably large space between it and the natural one; This could create moisture in which infection can occur.
Similarly, it is possible to have an allergic reaction to the components of artificial nails or their adhesives, so it is important that you consider all these factors before deciding to use these nails. Signs of a nail infection include redness, swelling, and pus.
As you can see, acrylic and all artificial nails will not be harmful to health if you take proper care of them. In addition, if they are carried out by a professional who takes care of the maintenance and attention needs that they require, from their position to their removal, you will not have any problem.
RECOMMENDATIONS AND TIPS
We must weigh all the pros and cons before deciding if we want to start wearing nail extensions.
First of all, choose a good nail salon (we can look for opinions on the internet) or ask for recommendations from people close to us who have worn or are wearing acrylic nails.
Choosing suitable colour is important since we will raise them for at least 15 days. Also, the shape and length are important. If we are not used to wearing long nails, my recommendation is that the first ones are not too long since we will need an adaptation period. the nails are harder and thicker and at first, it may seem strange to us.
Once we have chosen to keep them or change colour it is easier and cheaper. When we go to review them, they will simply file the surface of our acrylic nail and fill in the base. This operation is simpler and cheaper than making the first mould.
Cheap or poorer quality materials are reflected in the state of the natural nail and also in the appearance of the artificial nail. As I always say “cheap is expensive”.
Your beautician should always have the materials sanitized. If you have doubts, ask him how he sterilizes them. Make sure he wears a mask and latex gloves.
Never let your beautician cut your cuticles, as they coat the nail to protect it. You must push them back.
Make sure first that you are not allergic to any component.
How to make acrylic nails last longer?
Acrylic nails require care, but you will still be able to do your homework safely. Ideally, you should do a maintenance every three weeks on your acrylic manicure ; which consists of covering the space that appears between the acrylic and the cuticle.
For example, for housework, it is advisable to wear gloves while doing things like cleaning. Stay away from chemicals like acetone, which will affect the condition of your nails, and moisturize your hands, nails, and cuticles often to keep them healthy.
Avoid biting or plucking your nails. You can harm your natural nail.
Do not apply pressure or force your nails.
Every time you wash your hands, dry them well to prevent the spread of the fungus.
Always go to a professional to remove them and try to have constant hydration.
REMOVING ACRYLIC NAILS
Never remove your acrylic nails, it is a very serious mistake that can pay dearly, with injuries and malformations that can be irreversible. A good nail technician will do it with professionalism, hygiene and care. This way your nails will suffer as little as possible.
In any case, after wearing false nails for a while, it is normal that at first, they may be softer or more brittle. In this article you have some home treatments for nails that will help strengthen them, do not miss them.
What is the best way to remove acrylic nails?
Whatever you do, resist the urge to remove them yourself. The safest way to remove them is by going to a professional; however, we tell you six methods that will work for you to remove acrylic nails:
Remove acrylic nails with acetone.
Remove the acrylic nails with cotton and aluminium.
Remove acrylic nails with nail polish remover.
Remove acrylic nails with an electric file.
Use rubbing alcohol to remove the acrylic.
Use only hot water to remove them.
Use a card or dental floss to remove the acrylics.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs)
What is better gel or acrylic nails?
The nails of gel and acrylic perform similar functions: lengthening nails short, strengthen nails weak, and greatly improve the aesthetics of the hand. The nails of gel tend to provide a brighter and natural appearance, while acrylic are more resistant and lasting.
How long do acrylic nails last?
Acrylics should last six to eight weeks, depending on care and maintenance; therefore, it will require a filling every two to three weeks, depending on the growth of the nails.
Can you use gel nail polish on acrylic nails?
Whether you’re a die-hard gel manicure fan or generally go for a regular old nail polish, the good news is, you can use whatever formula you prefer.
Do acrylic nails require high maintenance?
The hard truth: acrylics require a lot of maintenance. Zuniga says most customers with acrylics typically come every two to three weeks to fill them in. However, as long as any acrylic lift is filled, a set can be worn for six to eight weeks before needing to be removed.
How to remove acrylic nails?
Removing acrylic nails is not that different from removing a gel manicure. “Acrylics should be removed by dipping each nail in acetone until the acrylic is soft enough to be removed smoothly,” Zuniga explains. “It’s best to have a professional remove them to avoid damaging your nail bed.”
Are acrylic nails damaging your natural nails?
Acrylics are no more damaging than other forms of false nails, as long as they are properly maintained. This involves removing them properly, refilling them regularly, and keeping them clean and dry. All of this prevents bacteria from entering and causing infections.
What is the best brand for acrylic nails?
Definitely, the most recommended for this very important tool in an application is that it be made of 100% kolinsky natural hair since this has the following properties: it will always stay pointed and there will not be so much acrylic residue and in case so be it, it is easier to remove them.
What is the difference between acrylic and sculptured ones?
Acrylic nails and sculptured nails is the same, both are made powdered acrylic, you can choose how long you want, you can choose if you make the extension tips, or all acrylic, both require acrylic to be made.
Wearing acrylic nails is your own personal decision that should not be taken lightly. I have worn them for quite some time and I have to say that I had a very good experience.
Try to do them in specialized centres with a qualified professional and a well-ventilated environment. Always analyze any changes, ailments or symptoms in your nails and fingers.
If possible let your nails “rest” from time to time for a season to get oxygenated and strengthened.