Pictures At An Exhibition

Pictures At An Exhibition? It demonstrates, the musical work by a Russian composer named as Mussorgsky. It is a solo piano work. Whenever, you visit an exhibition center, you came to see different sorts of pictures which are displayed for the audience. Pictures at an exhibition, represents drawings and art work displayed. In this way, Pictures At An Exhibition represents the art work of Mussorgsky.

Pictures At An Exhibition


Pictures exhibition is collection of ten piano pieces, which were composed by a Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky. It became most famous composition of that time.


This exhibition collection has very deep roots in history. In 1874, it was frist composed by Mussorgsky. Later on, it become famous showpiece for Virtuoso pianists. Furthermore, other musicians and pianists reproduced his famous work and fully spread this composition all over the world. Basically, this popular composition is collection of pictures by artists and designers.


A famous designer of that time Hartmann, met Mussorgsky and they become friends. Both friends devoted their services for the art of Russia. Afterward, Hartmann gave his two pictures for the formation of pictures at an exhibition , which are the building block of this composition. For his sincere services, Mussorgsky second song of the cycle to his friend Hartmann.

Outstanding Composition:

As an outstanding composer, Mussorgsky reached the peak of his career in 1874. At that time he distant himself form his family ,friends. This was a great sacrifice from his side toward his career. As a result of his endless efforts he was successful in composing picture at an exhibition.


Most of his work associated with pictures at an exhibition had made complicated publication history. Although, this work was completed in less time, but did not appear in print. After death of composer his work was published. The published edition at that time was not representative Mussorgsky original work but represented a revised text with many errors and mistakes.

Original Work:

Original work of the composer picture at an exhibition, finally became part of scholarly edition at his 50th death anniversary. His work was included in Volume 8 of pavel Lamm’s M.P. many other publishers worked of Mussorgsky’s composition with full commentary.


Musical material of Mussorgsky, was based on drawing sand watercolors produced by Hartmann during his travel to foreign countries. In present, most of the pictures are lost from this exhibition making it impossible to trace the history back. Many other composers had worked on Hartmann collection to identify seven pictures of the catalogue. Among the pictures, Mussorgsky owned two pictures that are called Two Jews.


Six known pictures of Hartmann suggests the ten pieces that make up the eleven pictures collection. The suite movements of Mussorgsky, exhibit the viewer’s progress via exhibition. The regular pace showed the act of walking. Moreover, the statement of this theme is presented by three interludes showing the theme, varying the mood, color and key in each to suggest reflection on a work.

Recording Of Manuscript:

A German pianist published the original version of Mussorgsky album as a premiere in 2009. In 2014, a Russian pianist presented a CD recording performance of Picture at an exhibition, which was based on original manuscript.


His frist version of composition was produced in 1891, when he was a student of Korsakov At that time only seven, out of ten pictures were presented. He recorded few section of his arrangement on a pair of acoustic Columbia. The frist movements of promenade were removed with the passage of time on every recomposition.


Pictures at an Exhibition, is a masterpiece composed by a promenade Mussorgsky. He represented the art of Russia in different shades of colors under umbrella of music. His composition remained unpublished during his life. On his 50th death anniversary, his work was fully published in scholarly article, which completely demonstrated his tireless work. One of his friend, Hartmann really contributed toward the composition. He added two captivating pictures in Mussorgsky collection which enhanced the popularity of his collection.

Exhibition Stand:

For participation in an exhibition or any show, the most important thing is to choose the right kind of stand. Whenever, you visit any market, you will came to know about different types of exhibition stands. You can choose stand of your choice which would be helpful in your representation.

Modular exhibition:

If you are choosing modular exhibition system, then it is a good choice. it is of low cost, reusable, and attractive one. This type of stand will help you to utilize available space efficiently even among crowd. You will find it extremely useful for you exhibition , as it will increase the success rate of your exhibition. There are different types of exhibition stands among which, three types are discussed below.

1. Portable Stand:

It is considered one of the basic type, which is composed of pop up displays. You can easily afford it but this will not grab attention of viewers, which is considered main drawback of this stand.

2.Reusable Stand:

It is commonly known as modular stand. You can built it by combining different components together. It is long lasting, durable and reusable as well. You can arrange the components according to your preference and can design modular stand for the success of your exhibition.

3. Customized Stand:

By using this stand you can easily catch attention of crowd. But this one is a bit expensive and non reusable. This stand is made up of wood, metal and other materials.

Benefits of Modular stands:

Although there are a number of exhibition stands. But should choose the one which is less expensive, reusable and environment friendly. There are many andavtanges of choosing customized exhibition stands. Some worth mentioning benefits are as follow:

1. Portability:

One of the big advantage of modular exhibition stand that, it is portable. You can move it from place to place without any hindrance. You can pack, unpack its components into a compact shape very easily and quickly. You can take it with yourself in the backseat of you car. On contrary, for transportation of custom exhibition stand you will need a lorry and truck. For this purpose you have to bear extra expenses which became uneconomical for beginners. So, you do not have to face this difficulty with modular stand.

2. Sustainable:

These stands are durable. You can use them again and again on multiple exhibition. You have to make investment one time, you will take its benefits several times. So it would be a wise decision to invest in such stands as compared to those which are non reusable. On the other hand, customized stands are non reusable because their material is not easy to use again and again. They have specific theme, so you cannot reconfigure them for different space. You can easily reconfigrate modular strand for different exhibition. You can save your money by investing on modular stand because you do not have to buy new one.

3. Easy Construction:

You can construct modular stands within a few days without any difficulty. While for the construction of custom stands, you will need an expert, otherwise you would be unable to design it. In case of modular stands, they are easy to assemble, you can assemble them by yourself without hiring any professional.

4. Economical:

One of the good side of modular stands is that, they will fall in your budget. You don’t have to worry about budget while buying. By investing less, you will gain large amount of profit. In addition, you can use such stands many times so they are going to benefit you a number of times on single investment.

5. Simplicity:

They are simple to store. You can easily store them in compact form after using. They are small you can fold them into small sizes. For custom stands, you will need specific storage area, where you can store them properly. Because the size of these stands is large therefore need special handling techniques. Large area for storage require extra expenses, so you have to increase the cost of participation.

6. Attractive designs:

Modular stands are eye catching one having an appealing visual appearance. You can also design attractive stand according to your choice that, can bring beauty in exhibition.

Characteristics Of Good Exhibition:

The frist priority of exhibition, should be the security and safety of audience. Your exhibition should enable audience to enjoy the view properly without any hesitation. whatever, you are presenting to the crowd, it should be visible. If anyone is at certain distance from the point of exhibition, your work should be visible to such an extent that, the eyes of the viewer could caught it.

Give Clear Idea:

A crowded exhibition confuse the visitors, so try to provide friendly environment to your visitors, where they feel free and comfortable. Furthermore, whatever art work you are selecting for you exhibition, it must look good and catch the eyes of visitors.

Present Best Out Of You:

Your work should represent the best out of you. So be selective while choosing piece of work for any exhibition. To make your exhibition more colorful and attractive you can make use of accessories, platforms and other colors. Use of quotations, will also help in enhancing the beauty of exhibition.

Main Theme:

The main theme of your exhibition must hold the attention of viewers. If someone is getting bore or losing interest while observing your work, then this behavior will decrease the success rate and popularity of your exhibition. When label copy is related to the theme of the exhibition, then it will guide the viewers to fully understand the artist work. In this way the observer will not lose attention.

Impress Audience:

Try your level best to show interesting and variety of theme, this will help to build the viewers concentration and interest. In addition, if you exhibition is in challenging environment, the survival should be the frist priority. You should work to properly educate and entertain the audience, without offending anyone.

Benefits of Exhibition:

In my personal opinion, it is really best to attend any exhibition. It will impart a number of benefits. You will feel an obvious positive change in your life. If you have a growing business or your are part of any industry, you will find new people and clients in an exhibition to whom you can connect your self. You will find new people and diverse environment. It will help in making new connections and building social network. The artistic work in an exhibition, will connect you the the traditional art and culture. You will find the new and fresh colors really mind refreshing.

Participant At An Exhibition:

Attending exhibition will provide an opportunity to address the audience to show your previous and brand. This will boost your business as well as you will draw attention of the target audience. If you are part of an exhibition, you will get chance to stay update with the current scenario of the world. You will also find people related to your field, it will allow you to exchange knowledge.


Moreover, when you become part of an exhibition you came to know about what is going in the world. You also gain knowledge regarding your competitors. Participation in exhibition will also benefit you, if you are about to launch a new product. When you introduce your product infront crowd, then every one came to know about your work and achievement. This will directly increase chance of product successful advertisement. Inshort it is a healthy activity to participate in an exhibition to polish the inner skills and capabilities. You would be able to spend a social life being part of an emerging exhibition.

Your Decision:

You should visit market before making any decision regarding any sort of stand for your exhibition. Try to prefer such stands which are budget friendly as well as reusable. In this aspect, you may prefer to buy modular exhibition stands. You will find these stands compact, eye catching and eco friendly. On the other side, custom exhibition stands are little bit expensive and difficult to transport. So it is all about your choice and decision that, which stand you are preferring.

Modular Exhibition Stand Customized Exhibition stand
It is portable While it is difficult to move from place to place
You would be able to reuse it again This type of stand is not suitable for reuse
It is budget friendly and attractive as well This will go out of your budget.
Modular stands are reconfigurable While you will find customized stands difficult to reconfigrate.
Its construction and assembly is easy and convenient It is difficult to construct


1. What are the 10 famous movements of Pictures at an Exhibition?

There are curtain movements of pictures at an exhibition which are famous world wide. Among those movements Promenade, The Gnome, and Old Castle are worth mentioning.

2. Is Picture at an exhibition public domain?

The entire composition is based on public domain. The purpose of this composition was to enhance the art of Russia, which was a reflection of public domain.

3. What is the original version of Pictures at an Exhibition?

The original portrait of this composition is really interesting and persuasive. It was composed based on piano suite movements using watercolors.

4. What is meaning of Pictures at an Exhibition?

It means looking at pictures during an exhibition. A Russian composer describes his composition using drawings and watercolors.

5. What is purpose of Promenade theme?

It purpose is to move us to a world full of Russian art, it also play a vital role is to make musical pictures distinctive and soulful.

6. What instruments are used in the pictures at an exhibition?

Different types of instruments were used to make tis captivating composition by the composers. Among which, 3 flutes, oboes, drum and many more instruments were used.

7. How long is Pictures at an Exhibition?

This composition had not been published immediate after it release. Its original version is around twelve minute in length. But its few versions have ten minutes playing time.

8. How does a Celeste work?

When you try to push a key on piano, it makes a sound inside, which strikes the string, as a result it produce sound sue to activation of hammer.

9. Who wrote the music for Pictures at an exhibition?

He was a Russian composer, named as Korsakov, who arranged and edited many works after death of the original composer of this edition. He made the final music for this composition.

10. How could you compose a music?

For composition of music you have to listen to other composers. Then slowly learn the philosophy of music, learn to play instruments and then start writing music. In this way you would be able to compose a music.


Russia is a country rich in arts. History of Russia is credited with composers like Mussorgsky and Hartmann. Who sincerely contributed to the art making it more colorful and attractive by composing Pictures at an Exhibition. Which got fame all over the world. Although, the work of Mussorgsky remained unpublished when he was alive. But nowadays, everyone praise his taste of music. He has done a classical work in the field of arts to enhance the beauty of music through movements. So we can’t deny his contribution toward art and music.

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Pictures at an Exhibition. Is a set-up of ten pieces in addition to a common, fluctuated Promenade made for piano by Russian writer Modest Mussorgsky in 1874.

Composition history

  • The synthesis depends on pictures by the craftsman, modeler, and originator Viktor Hartmann. It was presumably in 1868 that Mussorgsky initially met Hartmann, not long later the last option’s re-visitation of Russia from abroad. The two men were committed to the reason for a naturally Russian craftsmanship and immediately became companions.

  • They probably met in the home of the compelling pundit Vladimir Stasov, who followed both of their vocations with interest. As indicated by Stasov’s declaration, in 1868, Hartmann gave Mussorgsky two of the photos that later shaped the premise of Pictures at an Exhibition. In 1870, Mussorgsky devoted the subsequent melody (“In the Corner”) of the cycle.

  • The Nursery to Hartmann. Stasov commented that Hartmann cherished Mussorgsky’s creations, and especially enjoyed the “Scene by the Fountain” in his drama Boris Godunov. Mussorgsky had deserted the scene in his unique 1869 form, yet at the solicitations of Stasov and Hartmann, he modified it for Act 3 in his correction of 1872.

  • The years 1873–74 are related to the organizing of Boris Godunov, the peak of Mussorgsky’s profession as an arranger—essentially from the outlook of public approval. Mussorgsky’s far off a family member, companion, and flatmate during this period, Ars Golenishchev-Kutuzov, portraying the January 1874 debut of the drama, commented: “Throughout the colder time of year, there were, I think, nine exhibitions, and each time the theater was sold out, each time the general population wildly called for Mussorgsky.”

  • The author’s victory was eclipsed, nonetheless, by the basic drubbing he got in the press. Different conditions planned to hose Mussorgsky’s spirits. The breaking down of The Mighty Handful and their inability to comprehend his creative objectives added to the disconnection he encountered as a pariah in Saint Petersburg’s melodic foundation. Golenishchev-Kutuzov expressed: “[The Mighty Handful’s] standard was held by Mussorgsky alone; the wide range of various individuals had left it and sought after his own way .”

  • Hartmann’s abrupt demise on 4 August 1873 from an aneurysm shook Mussorgsky alongside others in Russia’s specialty world. The deficiency of the craftsman, matured just 39, dove the writer into profound despondency.

  • Stasov assisted with getting sorted out a commemoration display of north of 400 Hartmann works in the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg in February and March 1874.

  • Mussorgsky loaned to the presentation the two pictures Hartmann had given him and saw the show face to face. Later in June, 66% of the way through indulging Blackjack Surrenderhis tune cycle Sunless, Mussorgsky was propelled to form Pictures at an Exhibition, rapidly finishing the score in three weeks (2–22 June 1874). In a letter to Stasov (see photograph), most likely composed on 12 June 1874, he depicts his advancement.

  • My dear généralissime, Hartmann is bubbling as Boris bubbled—sounds and thoughts lingered palpably, I am swallowing and indulging, and can scarcely figure out how to write them on paper. I’m composing the fourth No. the advances are great (on the ‘promenade’). I need to work all the more rapidly and consistently. My physiognomy should be visible in the recesses. Up until this point, I believe it’s all-around turned.

  • The music portrays his visit through the display, with every one of the ten quantities of the suite filling in as a melodic delineation of a singular work by Hartmann.

  • Five days in the wake of completing How long does it take to become an lpnthe arrangement, he composed on the cover sheet of the composition an accolade for Vladimir Stasov, to whom the work is committed. After one month, he added a sign that he planned to have published.

  • Golenishchev-Kutuzov gives the accompanying (maybe biased) record of the work’s gathering among Mussorgsky’s companions and associates and clarification for his inability to finish with his arrangements to distribute it.

  • Before long, with the piece of the melodic delineations for Pictures from an Exhibition by the draftsman Hartmann, he arrived at the zenith of that melodic radicalism, to whose ‘new shores’ and to whose ‘unfathomed profundities’ the admirers of his ‘Peepshows’ and ‘Savishnas’ had pushed him so steadily. In music for these delineations, as Mussorgsky called them, he addressed [chicks], youngsters, Baba Yaga in her wooden house on chicken legs, mausoleums, doors, and surprisingly shaking trucks. This was not done playfully, yet ‘truly’.

  • There was no limit to the excitement shown by his fans; however a large number of Mussorgsky’s companions, then again, and particularly the confidant authors, were genuinely confused and, paying attention to the ‘curiosity,’ shook their heads in bewilderment. Normally, Mussorgsky saw their bewilderment and appeared to feel that he ‘had gone excessively far.’ He put the representations to the side without attempting to distribute them. Mussorgsky committed himself solely to Khovanshchina.

Publication History

  • As with the greater part of Mussorgsky’s works, Pictures at an Exhibition has a confounded distribution history. Albeit formed quickly, during June 1874, the work didn’t show up on paper until 1886, five years later the arranger’s demise, when a release by the writer’s companion and associate Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was distributed. This version, in any case, was not a totally precise portrayal of Mussorgsky’s score but rather introduced an amended text that contained various mistakes and misreadings.

  • Just in 1931, denoting the 50th Dallapiccola of the author’s demise, was Pictures at an Exhibition distributed in an academic version in concurrence with his original copy, to be remembered for Volume 8 of Pavel Lamm’s M. P. Mussorgsky: Complete Collected Works (1939).

  • In 1940, the Italian author Luigi distributed a significant basic version of Mussorgsky’s work with broad analysis. Mussorgsky’s written by hand composition was distributed in copy in 1975.

Hartmann’s picture

  1. Mussorgsky put together his melodic material with respect to drawings and watercolors by Hartmann created generally during the craftsman’s movements abroad. Regions incorporate Italy, France, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine. Today the majority of the photos from the Hartmann presentation are lost, making it difficult to make certain by and large which Hartmann works Mussorgsky had at the top of the priority list.

  2. Expressions pundit Alfred Frankenstein gave a record of Hartmann, with generations of his photos, in the article “Victor Hartmann and Modeste Mussorgsky” in The Musical Quarterly (July 1939). Frankenstein professed to have distinguished seven pictures by index number, comparing to:

  • “Tuileries” (presently lost).

  • “Artful dance of the Unhatched Chicks”.

  • “Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuÿle” (Frankenstein recommended two separate pictures, still surviving, as the reason for “Two Jews: Rich and Poor”).

  • “Sepulchers”.

  • “The Hut on Hen’s Legs”.

  • “The Bogatyr Gates”.

The enduring works that can be displayed with assurance to have been utilized by Mussorgsky in collecting his suite, alongside their titles, are as per the following.


  1. Vladimir Stasov’s program recognized below, and the six realized surviving pictures propose the ten pieces that make up the suite relate to eleven pictures by Hartmann, with “Samuel Goldenberg und Schmuÿle” representing two. The five Promenades are not numbered with the ten pictures and comprise in the arranger’s composition of two named developments and three untitled intermissions annexed to the principal, second, and fourth pictures.

  2. Mussorgsky connects the suite’s developments in a manner that portrays the watcher’s own advancement through the show. Two Promenade developments remain as entrances to the suite’s fundamental segments.

  3. Their standard speed and sporadic meter portray the demonstration of strolling. Three untitled breaks present more limited explanations of this topic, shifting the temperament, shading, and key in each to propose a reflection on work recently seen or expectation of another work saw.

  4. A turn is taken in the work at the “Catacombae” when the Promenade topic quits working as simply a connecting gadget and becomes, in, a basic component of the actual development. The topic arrives at its apotheosis in the suite’s finale, “The Bogatyr Gates”.


Vladimir Stasov’s remark: In this piece, Mussorgsky portrays himself "wandering through the display, presently relaxed, presently energetically to approach an image that had stood out for him, and on occasion tragically, thinking about his withdrew companion."The piece has straightforward, solid rhythms in a lopsided meter.

1 Gnome

Hartmann’s sketch, presently lost, is thought to address a plan for a nutcracker showing huge teeth. The staggering music, in standing out rhythms from regular stops and starts, recommends the developments of the dwarf.

The initial two developments of the suite—one thousand, one abnormal—track down reflected partners and apotheoses, toward the end. The suite follows an excursion that starts at a craftsmanship show, however, the line among spectators and noticed disappears at the Catacombs when the excursion assumes an alternate personality.

2. The Old Castle

This development is believed to be founded on a watercolor portrayal of an Italian palace and is depicted in Ravel’s coordination by a bassoon and alto saxophone two-part harmony. Hartmann frequently positioned suitable human figures in his engineering renderings to propose scale.

3. Tuileries (Children’s Quarrel later Games)

Hartmann’s image of the Jardin des Tuileries close to the Louver in Paris (France) is currently lost. Figures of youngsters quarreling and playing in the nursery were reasonably added by the craftsman for scale (see note on No. 2 above).

4. Cows

The development is projected in a through-created ternary structure (ABA) with a coda. Mussorgsky’s unique piano form of this development starts fortissimo (ff), proposing that the blundering oxcart’s excursion starts in the audience’s forefront. Subsequent to arriving at a peak (con Tutta Forza), the unique stamping is unexpectedly piano (bar 47), trailed by a diminuendo to a last pianississimo (PPP), proposing the oxcart subsiding into the distance. Rimsky-Korsakov’s version and game plans are dependent on it, for example, Ravel’s, start discreetly, fabricate slowly (crescendo) to fortissimo and afterward go through a diminuendo, recommending the oxcart drawing nearer, passing the audience, and afterward subsiding.

The utilization of expanded second stretches approximates Jewish modes like the Phrygian predominant scale. The development is in ternary structure A – B – A+B:

  1. Moderately slow and even, grave energico (Theme 1 “Samuel Goldenberg”).

  2. Andantino (Theme 2 “Schmuÿle”).

  3. Moderately slow and even, grave Gravel Driveway Cost (Themes 1 and 2 in contrast)/

  4. Coda.


Stasov’s informative title explains the individual names utilized in Mussorgsky’s unique original copy. Distributed renditions show different mixes, for example, “Two Polish Jews, Rich, and Poor (Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle)”. The development is believed to be founded on two separate surviving pictures. The utilization of expanded second stretches approximates Jewish modes like the Phrygian predominant scale. The development is in ternary structure A – B – A+B.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

Here are some important points.

What is going on with Pictures at an Exhibition?

strolling round the show and checking out the photos. The ten pictures he portrays in music were drawings and watercolors. Mussorgsky begins his piece with a tune that portrays the individual strolling around the show.

What are the 10 developments in Pictures at an Exhibition?


  • Promenade.

  • The Gnome.

  • Promenade (second).

  • The Old Castle.

  • Promenade (third)

  • Tuileries (Children’s Quarrel later Games)

  • Cows.

  • Promenade (fourth)

What motivated Pictures at an Exhibition?

The Jacksonville Symphony has joined forces with MOCA Jacksonville and the Cumme Museum of Arts and Gardens for a conversation focusing on the craftsmanship of craftsman Victor Hartmann What Is D5wthat fills in as the motivation for Modest Mussorgsky’s ten-development work, Pictures at an Exhibition.

What were Modest Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition propelled by?

Mussorgsky composed his Pictures at an Exhibition to pay tribute to a companion - a painter called Vladimir HartmWhat Is D5wand who had kicked the bucket at the pinnacle of his profession, matured only 39. The deficiency of a dear companion as well as an imaginative motivation profoundly affected the writer and the more extensive creative local area in Moscow.


Mussorgsky put together his melodic material with respect to drawings and watercolors by Hartmann created generally during the craftsman’s movements abroad. Regions incorporate Italy, France, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine. Today the majority of the photos from the Hartmann presentation are lost, making it difficult to make certain by and large which Hartmann works Mussorgsky had at the top of the priority list.

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