Vaccination For Children

VACCINATION FOR CHILDREN: 8 TIPS FOR VACCINATING CHILDREN

A vaccination for children is essential! It protects the human body from microscopic organisms and infections that can lead to the triggering of various diseases, weakening the adolescent’s events, and definitely leading to death.

After receiving the vaccine, the organism recognizes the inactivated or weakened presence of the interfering agent, which promotes the production of antibodies. These in turn recognize and fight viruses and aggressive microorganisms and thus prevent the occurrence of diseases. 1 mg offers the opportunity to consult with doctors online. Amazing deals to buy drugs using 1mg coupon code.
Would you like to know which main vaccines are recommended for babies and children? Keep reading this article and find out!

BCG VACCINE

The BCG vaccine is known for the small scar it leaves on the arms of children. It protects against severe forms of tuberculosis and should be applied in the first days of life, not exceeding 30 days.

HEPATITIS B VACCINE

The first dose of this vaccine should be given on the first day of life, preferably within the first 12 hours after birth, isolated from other vaccinations. After that, the child should receive three more doses, which will be included in the pentavalent vaccine.

HEPATITIS A VACCINE

The hepatitis A vaccine should be applied as a single dose, between 15 and 23 months of life. During this time, children who are not immunized may receive a dose of the vaccine between two and four years old.

PENTAVALENT OR PENTA / DTP VACCINE

This immunization protects against infections caused by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b and also against hepatitis b, pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria. Its application should take place at the age of two, four and six months, with a strengthening at 15 months and another at four years.

POLIO VACCINE (VOP AND VIP)

This vaccine is effective in preventing polio - also known as polio - and should be given orally (OPV) and intramuscularly (VIP) on the left thigh. The first OPV dose should be given after 15 months, with a booster at the age of four. Immunization with VIP should take place at two, four and six months of age.

10-VALENT PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINE

The 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine protects against 10 pneumococcal subtypes - bacteria that can cause respiratory diseases and meningitis. The baby should be given at two and four months of age with a booster at 12 months.

VACCINE FOR HUMAN ROTAVIRUS

Rotavirus is a gastrointestinal infection that affects children under the age of five and can be fatal. The rotavirus vaccine should be given at two and four months of age. Buying medication online is a great way to save additional costs by redeeming coupons.

VIRAL AND TETRA VIRAL VACCINES

The triple virus vaccine protects against rubella, mumps and measles. On the other hand, tetra virus immunization prevents diseases that are covered by the triple virus vaccine and against chickenpox. The guideline is that the triple viral vaccine is used at 12 months of age and its reinforcement, which is contained in the tetra virus vaccine, is used after 15 months.

Vaccinations are an essential part of public wellbeing. Childhood vaccinations are so important because the growing immune system is more exposed to infection and disease. If your child is exposed to a virus like measles, their immune system may not be strong enough to counter it. In other words, a vaccine is a competent agent for a child’s initial exposure to a disease. The child receives protection without having to get sick.

What is a vaccine?

In simple words, a vaccine is a suspension of dead or weakened microorganisms that is given to a subject to produce immunity of disease that the microorganisms are responsible for.

The vaccine can be made up of weakened or inactive viruses; it may even contain a part of the disease-causing bacteria.

The first vaccine was made by Edward Jenner during the era of smallpox. In the 18th century, smallpox had spread widely and Edward was fascinated how a person who suffered from cowpox could not get infected by smallpox when it was exposed to it.

Types of vaccines

The main challenge faced during the making of a vaccine is that it shouldn’t be that weak that it doesn’t produce any immunity nor strong enough to put a person’s health in danger. That’s why different ways are used to make vaccines

  • Weak Virus - In it, a weak virus is injected into the body. A weak virus cannot reproduce properly, the virus usually causes harm by reproducing itself many times. The virus used in vaccines reproduces only a few times due to less reproduction; they don’t cause the disease but they do make the body produce memory B cells that protect the body against diseases in the future. This vaccine is usually for a lifetime but it can’t be given to people with a weak immune system.
  • Inactive Virus-Vaccine made up of inactive virus is made by inactivating or killing the virus in that way it doesn’t reproduce at all. When this type of vaccine is given, the body still sees the virus as a threat and ready itself for the battle. The benefit of this type of vaccine is that it can be given to people with a weak immune system although it has to be given several times to induce immunity. Polio Vaccines are made this way
  • Part of virus or bacteria-Some vaccines are made up a part of the virus or bacteria or the toxins they release and inactivating them through chemicals

Vaccines effectiveness :

Vaccines are the main reason mortality rate greatly decreased in the world before vaccines deadly diseases and plagues killed millions of people. The economy of the world also suffered greatly due to it. For example, smallpox killed around 300 million around the world and now thanks to vaccines it’s almost nonexistent it was also due to vaccines that polio cases fell by 99 percent. It’s not always that effective but it does prevent a population from great damage .Some of the vaccine-preventable diseases are measles, polio, smallpox, hepatitis A, anthrax, influenza, and tuberculosis

Other than introducing immunity in an individual’s body against a particular disease it also proves itself useful at a population level by producing herd immunity .Herd immunity is achieved in a population when a significant number of people of that population are vaccinated. By herd immunity the rate of spread of the pathogen is greatly reduced and that people in the population who are unable to get the vaccine due to a reason or two also stay safe.

Adverse effects of the vaccines that have been reported are vomiting , brain damage, and seizures and it is also linked to health disorders such as autism although the probability of having these types of side effects from vaccines is very low .