Sodium phosphate symbol

Sodium phosphate symbol Na₃PO₄. It is a white, powdery, or crystalline solid, positively soluble in water, making an alkaline solution.

Sodium phosphate symbol:

sodium phosphate symbol
The symbol for sodium phosphate is Na₃PO₄.

Formula and structure:

The chemical Formula of trisodium phosphate is Na3PO4. The molar mass is 163.94 gram/mol. The dehydrated molecule comprises three sodium cations Na+ and one phosphate PO43 linked by ionic bonds. This salt can also be discovered in some hydrated conditions as trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate Na3PO4.H2O. Its chemical structure can be written below in the common representation used for organic molecules.


Trisodium phosphate is found naturally in some foods such as meat and vegetables. In particular, the phosphate ion has many biochemical functions and is located in animals and plants.


Trisodium phosphate is prepared from phosphoric acid. This acid in water produces different species by stoichiometry. These ions can form other salts by adding sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate to an aqueous solution:

Na2CO3 + H3PO4 → Na2 HPO4 + CO2 + H2O

Na2HPO4 + NaOH → Na3PO4 + H2O

Physical properties:

Trisodium phosphate is a hard white and hygroscopic crystal. The density varies with the hydration of the salt, being 2.53 g/mL for the anhydrous form and 1.62 g/mL for the dodecahydrate salt. The melting point is 1583°C for anhydrous and above the melting point decompose. It is soluble in water and insoluble in ethanol.

Chemical properties:

Trisodium phosphate, like other phosphate ions, forms different forms in aqueous solution due to different acid-base equilibria:

H3PO4 ⇌ H2PO4 + H +

H2PO4 ⇌ HPO42 + H +

HPO42 ⇌ PO43 + H +

So for a trisodium salt, phosphoric acid must first make three reactions before there is enough phosphate PO4 3 to form Na3PO4.


Sodium phosphate is used in detergents and bleaches such as degreasers, soaps, detergents, etc. Still, today its use has declined due to problems ecology related to it. Although other sodium phosphates have found many applications, trisodium phosphate is also used as a food additive in low concentrations.

Health Effects / Safety Hazards:

Trisodium phosphate may cause eye and mucous membrane irritation. It is associated with ecological problems in rivers and lakes, mainly algae formation due to eutrophication. It is not flammable

Sodium Phosphate:


Sodium Phosphate can generate serious kidney harm and maybe death. In some circumstances, the damage is permanent, and some people with kidney damage require dialysis treatment to clear scrap developments from the blood when the kidneys aren’t working properly). Some people have kidney damage a few days after treatment, and others have kidney damage up to several months after medicine.

Inform your doctor if you have ever had a biopsy (reduction of a piece of tissue for laboratory testing) that showed you have kidney problems from too much phosphate or stomach surgery, and if you have had or have had a bowel obstruction or tear.

Your physician may suggest you not take sodium phosphate. Also, inform your physician if you are constipated, have severe abdominal pain or bloating, think you are dehydrated (lose a lot of fluid from the body), or have or develop symptoms of dehydration such as vomiting, dizziness face, decreased urination, and headaches.

Inform your medic if you have or have ever had low levels of calcium, sodium, magnesium, or potassium in your blood; high levels of sodium or phosphate in your blood; colitis (rash of the large intestine) or other circumstances that trouble your intestines; sluggish bowels; heart failure (a condition in which the soul cannot pump blood near the body as well as it should); or kidney infection.

Also, inform your physician and apothecary if you take an ACE inhibitor medicine. For example benazepril (Lotensin, Lotrel), captopril, enalapril (Epanid, Vasotec, Vaseretik), fosinopril, lisinopril (Prinivil, Kbrelis, Zestril), Zestoretik). moexipril, perindopril(Prestalia의 Aceon), quinapril(Accuretic 및 Quinaretic의 Accupril), ramipril(Altace) 또는 trandolapril(Tarka); 지오텐신 수용체antagonists (ARB) candesartan(Atacand, Atacand HCT), eprosartan(Teveten), irbesartan(Avapro, Avalide), losartan(Cozaar, Hyzaar), l’olmesartan(Benicar, Azor Tribenzor).

Telmisartan (Micardis, Micardis HCT, and Twynsta) or valsartan (Diovan, Byvalson, Diovan HCT, Entresto, Exforge, and Exforge HCT). Aspirin and different nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, etc.) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn).etc); or diuretics (water pills). Your risk of developing kidney damage is higher if you have one of these conditions, take any medicines, or are over 55 years old.

However, you can get kidney damage even if you don’t have any of these conditions, don’t take any medicines, and are under 55 years old. If you experience any following symptoms, call your doctor right away: weakness, drowsiness, decreased urination or swelling in your ankles, feet, or legs.

It will benefit if you consume plenty of water during and after treatment with sodium phosphate. It would help if you did not take other laxatives or use an clyster while taking this medicine. Keep all assignments with your physician and the lab.

Your doctor may order several quizzes to check your body’s reaction to sodium phosphate.

Your physician or pharmacist will offer you the manufacturer’s patient data leaflet (Drug Guide) when you start therapy with sodium phosphate. Read the details carefully and request your physician or pharmacist if you have any queries.


You may also visit the Food and Drug Administration office (FDA) site (Medication Guides | FDA) or the manufacturer’s website for Directions. Guide to Medicines. Speak to your physician about the dangers of carrying sodium phosphate.

Why is this drug defined?

Sodium phosphate is utilized in grown-ups 18 years of age and older to empty the colon (large intestine, large intestine) before a colonoscopy (an examination of the inside of the colon to check for colon cancer to prevent the doctor has a clear view. of the wall of the colon. Sodium phosphate belongs to a group of drugs known as salt laxatives. It works by causing diarrhoea so that stool can be expelled from the colon.

How should this medicine be used?

Sodium phosphate comes in the form of tablets to be taken ■■■■■■. It is usually given as one dose the day before the colonoscopy and one dose the next morning (3 to 5 hours before the procedure). For each amount, your doctor will ask you to bring a specific number of tablets with 8 ounces of clear liquid, wait 15 minutes, then take more tablets with 8 ounces of clear liquid.

You will repeat this several times until you have taken all the pills prescribed by your doctor for this dose.

It is essential that you sip sufficiently clear liquids with each dose of sodium phosphate and that you consume plenty of clear fluids at other times before, during, and after sodium phosphate treatment.

Clear fluids are water, clear flavoured broth, herbal or jet tea, black coffee, flavoured water, lemonade or lime juice without grounds, apple or white grape juice, gelatin, ice cream, and light soda (ginger beer).


Do not drink alcohol, milk, or liquids that are purple or red. Let your physician know if you have a problem drinking clear fluids.

Other uses of this medicine:

May prescribed this medication for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

What special precautions should I take? Before taking sodium phosphate,

1. Tell your physician and apothecary if you are allergic to sodium phosphate, other medications, or any of the ingredients in the tablets. Check the medicine label or ask your pharmacist for a list of ingredients.

2. Tell your doctor if you have ever taken sodium phosphate or used an ■■■■■ with sodium phosphate within the past seven days. It would benefit if you did not take sodium phosphate more than once in 7 days.

3. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about the prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, dietary supplements, and genuine products you take or plan to take. Be positive to say the drug indexed withinside the crucial caution phase and one of the following: alprazolam (Xanax), amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone); amitriptyline, desipramine (Norpramin), diazepam (Diastat, Valium), disopyramide (Norpace), dofetilide (Tikosyn), erythromycin (EES, Erythrocin), estazolam, flurazepam, lorazepam (Ativan), seizure medicine, midazolam ), pimozide (Orap) ), quinidine (Quinidex, in Nuedexta), sotalol (Betapace, Betapace AF, Sorine), thioridazine, or triazolam (Halcion).

Your physician may need to change the dose of your medicine or monitor you carefully for any side effects. Many other drugs can also interact with sodium phosphate, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you take, even those not on this list.

4. If you take other medicines by mouth, ask your doctor to take them during sodium phosphate treatment. Medicines you take 1 hour before taking sodium phosphate may not be absorbed properly.

5. Inform your doctor if you are on a low-salt diet, have consumed a lot of alcohol, or take medication for anxiety or seizures and are tapering off your intake. Suppose you have had any of these substances and heart surgery. Also, tell your doctor if you have or have had long QT intervals (irregular heartbeat, a rare heart problem that can cause fainting or sudden death), irregular heartbeat, heart attack, chest pain, seizures, and inflammatory conditions. Bowel disease (IBD, a group of conditions such as these substances, and if you have had heart surgery. Also, inform your doctor have ever had a prolonged QT interval (irregular heart issue that can generate an irregular heartbeat, fainting, or sudden dying ), irregular heartbeat, heart attack, chest pain, seizures, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; a group of situations an all of the lining of the intestines becomes swollen, irritated, or ulcerated) difficulty swallowing.

6. Inform your physician if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant.

What special dietary instructions should I follow? Your medic will tell you what you can eat and drink before, during, and after treatment with sodium phosphate.

Follow these instructions carefully.

What should I do if I forget to take medicine?

Call your doctor if you forget or cannot take sodium phosphate exactly as directed.

What side effects can this medicine cause?

Sodium phosphate can Some side effects can be serious. Contact your physician if you ever face these symptoms or any of the symptoms listed in the Important Warnings section. Cause side effects. Your doctor if any of these signs are severe or do not go away:

  1. stomach upset

  2. nausea

  3. windiness

Some side effects can be serious. Contact your physician if you ever face any of these symptoms or any of the symptoms listed in the Important Warnings section:

  • irregular heartbeat
  • vomiting
  • faint
  • convulsion
  • Eruptions
  • you
  • itchy
  • Bulge of the eyes, look, lips, tongue, jaws, or throat
  • burning or tingling of the lips, tongue, or mouth
  • throat tight
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing


Sodium phosphate may induce other side effects. Contact your physician if you have any unique issues while taking this medication.

What do I have to recognize approximately the garage and disposal of this medicinal drug?

Keep this medicinal drug within the field it got here in, tightly closed, and out of attaining youngsters. Store it at room temperature and far, far from extra warmness and moisture (now no longer withinside the bathroom).

Unneeded medicines must be disposed of in unique approaches to ensure that pets, youngsters, and different humans can not devour them. However, you have to flush this medicinal drug down the toilet no longer.

Instead, the great manner of taking away your therapeutic medication is thru a remedy take-lower back program. Talk to your pharmacist or touch your nearby garbage/recycling branch to study take-lower back applications to your residents. Visit the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website (Disposal of Unused Medicines: What You Should Know | FDA) for greater statistics in case you do now no longer have to get right of entry to a take-lower back program.

It is crucial to hold all medicinal drugs out of sight and attain youngsters as many containers (including weekly tablet minders and people for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) aren’t infant-resistant, and younger youngsters can open them easily.


To shield younger youngsters from poisoning, constantly lock protection caps and right now region the drugs in a secure location – one this is up and away and out in their sight and attain.

In case of emergency/overdose:

In case of overdose, name the poison to manipulate the helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is likewise to be had on-line at If the sufferer has collapsed, had a seizure, has a problem breathing, or cannot be awakened, right now, name emergency offerings at 911.

Symptoms of overdose can also additionally encompass the following:

  • seizures
  • abnormal heartbeat
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • reduced urination

What different statistics have to I recognize?

Do now no longer permit everyone else to take your medicinal drug. Your prescription might be now no longer refillable, considering that you may now no longer want greater sodium phosphate after your colonoscopy.

Sodium phosphate has additionally been offered as a nonprescription laxative to alleviate constipation. Much nonprescription verbal sodium phosphate merchandise is now no longer provided withinside the United States. However, a few can also additionally nevertheless be to be had. If you’re taking verbal sodium phosphate for constipation, it’s crucial to take it precisely as directed at the package deal label.

Do now no longer take greater of the drugs than required at the title for every dose, and do now no longer take a couple of doses in 24 hours even if you no longer have a bowel movement after you’re taking the drugs. Do now no longer deliver nonprescription verbal sodium phosphate to an infant five years of age or more youthful until the infant’s medical doctor tells you that you may. Excessive nonprescription sodium phosphate can also motivate extreme harm to the coronary heart or kidneys or death.

It is crucial to hold a written listing of all the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) drug treatments you’re taking, in addition to any merchandise including vitamins, minerals, or different nutritional supplements.


You have to deliver this listing with you every time you go to a medical doctor or in case you are revealed to a clinic. It is likewise vital statistics to hold with you in case of emergencies.

Sodium Phosphates Solution - Uses, Side Effects, and More:


This medicinal drug can be used to alleviate occasional constipation. However, while treating constipation, you have to use milder merchandise (including stool softeners bulk-forming laxatives) on every occasion possible. Talk to your medical doctor or pharmacist approximately different remedy options.

Your medical doctor can also prescribe this product (commonly together with other merchandise) to easy stool from the intestines earlier than surgical procedures or certain bowel procedures (including colonoscopy radiography). Use it best as directed through your medical doctor.

Sodium phosphate is a saline laxative. It is an idea to paintings through growing fluid withinside the small intestine. It commonly affects bowel motion after a half-hour to six hours. Do now no longer use this medicinal drug in youngsters more youthful than five years of age until directed through the medical doctor.

How to apply Sodium Phosphates Solution:

Read and comply with all instructions at the product package deal.

If you’ve got any questions, ask your medical doctor or pharmacist. To enhance the taste, can cill this product withinside the fridge earlier than used. Do now no longer freeze. Mix your dose in eight ounces (240 millilitres) of liquid and drink the combined solution. Since your bowel actions may be very large/watery, drink masses of clean beverages, so you do now no longer end up dehydrated.

Suppose your medical doctor has directed you to apply this product earlier than a surgical procedure or a bowel technique.

In that case, your medical doctor has to let you know how lengthy earlier than the surgical procedure/technique you have to take this product. Follow your medical doctor’s instructions closely. After taking the drugs, drink masses of clean beverages as directed through your medical doctor. Doing so will assist save you extreme facet effects (e.g., kidney problems, dehydration). Talk together with your medical doctor about the varieties of beverages you may drink earlier than your technique.

Dosage is primarily based on your scientific situation, technique, age, and reaction to remedy. Do now no longer take greater of this medicinal drug than directed, use this medicinal drug greater frequently than as soon as in 24 hours, or use this medicinal drug for greater than three days until directed through your medical doctor. Also, no longer use every other laxative merchandise, even as the use of this product until directed through your medical doctor.

Doing so can also additionally ■■■■ your danger for intense facet effects.

If you’re seeing a medical doctor for any scientific problems, are on a salt-restrained diet, or in case you are taking every other medication, do now no longer use this medicinal drug to deal with yourself for constipation without consulting your medical doctor.

This medicinal drug can also motivate a situation referred to as laxative dependence, particularly if used frequently for a protracted time. In such cases, ongoing constipation and lack of regular bowel features can also occur. For maximum humans with occasional constipation, a bulk-forming laxative (e.g., psyllium) or a stool softener (e.g., docusate) is a higher and more secure product. To save your laxative dependence, seek advice from your medical doctor if you want to apply this medicinal drug or different laxative merchandise for more than seven days.


Stop the use of this product and call your medical doctor right away in case you do now no longer have a bowel motion inside 6 hours of the use of this product, when you have signs of dehydration (see Side Effects section), in case you bleed from the rectum, or in case you assume you could have an extreme scientific problem.

What to understand regarding phosphates, the food additive found in (almost) everything you eat:

At this moment, most of us are rather cautious about dodgy food additives in our foods. Our own (ahem, high fructose corn syrup, lots?). But there are always some slippery components that we consumers often remain in the dark, like phosphates. Do you hear crickets when you read that word? Don’t blame yourself.

It is a very common food additive found in many packaged foods but has been under scrutiny for many years. However, a growing number of studies link it to several unwanted side effects, from heart disease to death (swallowing).

It is also challenging to decide just how much phosphorus you consume. “It’s not a mandatory nutrient listed on food and beverage labels, so many companies don’t test for phosphates,” says Christy Brissette, R.D., president of 80 Twenty Nutrition. “Maybe we’re taking in too much.”


Before you start worrying, here’s what food experts want you to know about phosphates.

What exactly is a phosphate?

A one-second backup: phosphorus is a mineral found naturally in protein-rich foods, including dairy, fish, meat, and eggs, and your body needs it to help your kidneys, bones, and muscles function properly. often. “It’s part of almost every cell in our body,” says nutritionist Jessica Cording, R.D.

On the other hand, phosphate is an inorganic derivative (not naturally derived) of phosphorus commonly added to processed foods. “Often, it’s not for the nutritional benefits but the science of food,” says Brissette. Phosphates are often used in processed cheese as an emulsifier to keep oil and water mixed.

In soft drinks, iced teas, and chips, phosphates add color; They are also found in powdered milk, coffee powder, and puddings. However, the most common and surprising place you’ll discover phosphates is meat, poultry, and seafood.


“It’s injected into an aqueous solution to help the meat retain more water as you brew it,” explains Brissette.

What is the difference between natural phosphorus and a food additive?

While our bodies absorb about 50-60% of the phosphorus naturally found in the foods we eat, this percentage increases to 90% as a food additive. “Typically, nutrients bind to other compounds in foods,” says Brissette.

“For example, in addition to the calcium you get from green vegetables, there are natural ‘antinutrients’ in foods that make them difficult to absorb.” However, phosphate additives are much easier to absorb by the body, perhaps because they are not “bound” to other chemicals like phosphorus is found in foods.


It means you get a ton more of the compound in a single serving than you would normally if you just ate whole foods that naturally contain phosphorus.

Are there any real risks in overeating?

The FDA classifies different phosphates as “generally recognized as safe” notes. But the Environmental Working Group details sodium phosphate (a type commonly used in more than 6,000 food by-products) as a “moderate concern” in food, and numerous studies have linked it to health risks.

High phosphate intake is associated with an increased risk of death in people with kidney disease. “The kidneys, especially if they’ve been weakened by chronic kidney disease, can have a hard time filtering it out of the blood effectively,” says Cording.

Several studies have also noted an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in people with high blood phosphorus levels. "Researchers think this is because phosphorus helps us absorb calcium. According to Brissette, when you have high phosphorus levels in your blood, you can develop calcium deposits and harden your heart arteries.

Additional animal studies have linked high phosphate intake with an increased risk of high blood pressure and even a sedentary lifestyle.

Regardless, most of this analysis has concentrated on the association, not causation. It’s possible that the people who consume the most phosphates eat a lot of highly processed meals in public foods in general since that’s where phosphates are usually found - and those foods contain other ingredients (sodium, refined carbs) that hurt heart health.

The studies adjusted their results to take into account factors like diet and exercise, but “it’s an artificial way to manipulate the numbers,” Brissette said. Some people are randomized to a high phosphorus diet without a randomized controlled trial of phosphate intake, and others are not. The results of the two groups are compared over time - It’s hard to say for sure that phosphate is causing these effects, says Brissette.

Still, the research is convincing enough to warrant a second look at your diet.


“If you already have heart or kidney problems, be careful not to eat foods that contain phosphates,” says Cording.

How much phosphorus should I eat?

Brissette says the recommended daily phosphorus intake for most healthy adults is 700 mg. You’ll get to this recommendation with just a few servings of seafood (300-400 mg), meat (200-300mg in 150 gm of pork or beef), or dairy (100-200 mg) without compromise.

With phosphate, most of us are eating more than we need: a 2018 European study found that adults eat twice as much on average, which the authors claim we all eat a lot of food—processing containing phosphate additives. The Institute of Medicine states that the safe upper limit is 4,000 mg per day in healthy adults (except for kidney problems).

How to avoid phosphate?

Although you don’t often see phosphorus listed as a nutrient like sodium or saturated fat on packaged food labels, it does appear on ingredient lists under various names. Brissette says to try to avoid ingredients containing the letters “phos.”

It gets a little more complicated if you’re buying fresh meat, seafood, or poultry, as ingredients are often not listed. If this is the case for your grocery store, don’t hesitate to talk to the butcher if this is an option. “It might think that you are eating an all-natural diet and [still] consuming significant amounts of phosphates from meat, poultry, and seafood,” states Brissette. She speaks you can take your meat has been fortified with phosphates, usually with phosphates, if the sodium content is above 120 mg for a 4-ounce serving.

“If they inject sodium, it’s most likely a phosphate solution,” she said.

Cording adds that instead of counting phosphorus in your foods, your overall health should avoid processed meals as much as potential and concentrate on eating fresh foods, especially those fruits and vegetables. “Anyway, phosphates are often used in foods that aren’t good for you, like processed meats and cheeses. In public, these meals are also increased in sodium and different additives that are not good for you,” she says.


Essentially, phosphate is a complex ingredient that has been implicated in a wide range of negative health effects. Think of this as another reason to get rid of highly processed foods.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Here we discuss some frequently asked questions:

Q1: What element is Na3PO4?

A: Phosphate Sodium phosphate.

Q2: What is sodium phosphate?

A: Sodium phosphate can be found in fast food, cold cuts, processed meats, canned tuna, baked goods, and other processed foods. It performs various functions. Condenses food. It stabilizes the consistency of processed meals, such as mashed potato mixtures.

Q3: How is Na3PO4 formed?

A: Trisodium phosphate is produced by neutralizing phosphoric acid with sodium carbonate , yielding disodium hydrogen phosphate. Disodium hydrogen phosphate reacts with sodium hydroxide to form trisodium phosphate and water.

Q4: What is the Formula for phosphate?

A: PO₄³⁻

Q5: What is the Formula of Al and NO3?

A: Aluminum nitrate is a solid compound at standard temperature and pressure. The Formula of the compound is Al(NO3) 3. There are various physical properties of this compound. For example, aluminium nitrate has a 212.996 g/mol molar mass.

Q6: What is the symbol for sulfate?

A: SO₄²

Q7: What is sodium phosphate used for?

A: Sodium phosphate is used in adults 18 years of age and older to empty the colon (large intestine, large intestine) before a colonoscopy (examination of the inside of the colon to check for colon cancer and other abnormalities).So that the doctor can see the walls of the colon.

Q8: Is sodium phosphate bad for you?

A: Sodium phosphate occurs naturally in many foods. It is also added to foods to maintain freshness, modify texture, and achieve many other products. Sodium phosphate is regarded as secure by the FDA but should be devoured by some people, including those with kidney disease.

Q9: Can sodium phosphate be used as fertilizer?

A: Extraction of raw materials for fertilizer. Potassium chloride and potassium sulfate can be utilized as fertilizers because they contain potassium ions. Rock phosphate cannot be used as a fertilizer because it is insoluble but can make fertilizer.

Q10: Is phosphate bad for your skin?

A: In most products, disodium phosphate is safe. It does not makeup to harmful groups in your body over time . Levels of disodium phosphate are typically low in any product that contains it. It also helps protect against contamination and breakdown of foods and cosmetics.


Sodium phosphate symbol Na₃PO₄.
Molecular Weight: 163.941
Trisodium phosphate is highly soluble in moistness. It is a phosphate salt of sodium. Few are assembled from a strong acid and soft base, while infrequent salts are comprised of a powerful base and weak acid. So, trisodium phosphate, $ N{a_3}P{O_4} $ is slightly acidic in essence.