Arthur Prince of Wales, Lord of Chester, and Ruler of Cornwall. As the senior son and heir evident to Henry VII of England, Arthur was regarded by contemporaries as the great hope of the newly constituted House of Tudor.
Biography of Arthur Prince of Wales:
Arthur Prince of Wales was born on September 19 or 20, 1486, Arthur Prince Wales, was Henry VII and Elizabeth of York’s first child. He was born in Winchester, in St. Swithun’s Monastery, and was named a few days later in Winchester Cathedral (Tudor History). His brother was Henry VIII. His dad, Henry VII, who had vectored in the War of the Roses, had levied the Tudor primacy and had unified the houses of York and Lancaster.
When he was a child, he was pledged in marriage to Catherine of Aragon, the female child of Spanish monarchs Isabella and Ferdinand. The marriage arrangement was established in the 1488-1489 Treaty of Medina del camp and had the political importance of reinforcing the relationship between England and Spain, which would be worthwhile against France. At the age of three, Arthur has professed Prince of Wales.
Arthur Prince of Wales was awarded well-rounded schooling: one of his trainers was the English humanitarian and physician Thomas Linacre, who had also schooled Erasmus.
Meanwhile, the monarchs of Spain did not allow their female child, Catherine, to go to England until all pretensions to the order were suppressed: the Yorkist Earl of Warwick, Edward, for example, had put forward his argument one. Yet, the Earl’s goal did not last long as he was caught and afterward beheaded. It is believed that Warwick was mentally imperfect, and even his sister once declared that ‘he did not know a goose from a capon’.
Before committing to Catherine, Arthur, Prince of Wales, demanded to see his future wife since he dreads that she may be ugly or distorted. Accordingly, in the first months of 1501, Catherine of Aragon entered England, and here she met her future husband’s family at Basingstoke. She ‘danced some of her native Spanish dances’ and as soon as she made her way back to Spain, Henry VII wrote down to his daughter-in-law’s parents declaring that ‘he much idolized her beauty as well as her pleasant and decent manner’.
After years of the alignment of the manner of marriage, in November 1501, Arthurprinceofwalese married in St. Paul’s Cathedral (London). Arthur Prince of Wales was fifteen years old, whereas his wife was sixteen when she was walking down the alley by the ten-year-old Henry (Arthur’s brother). Their marriage was a great, generous festivity. Although Henry VII is known as the king that did not smoothly spend money, he was outrageous in the organization of his son’s marriage.
Although there is very limited data about how the two got to each other, in a letter to his parents, Arthur prince of wales expressed his purpose of being a loving husband to Catherine.
The spouses lived together in Ludlow castle. Although Ludlow castle was in Shropshire (i.e., part of the English region), the castle was the ‘executive center of the government of Wales’.
Arthur Prince of Wales Death:
Unfortunately, smaller than a year into their wedding, Arthur Prince of Wales expired in April due to the ‘sweating disease’ (an illness that was spreading across London). The sweating illness was a sickness that made its sufferers feel ‘extreme heat, to the amount that in the delirium it applied they felt as if their blood was really heating, whilst sweating so extensively that it flooded through the bedclothes’.
Catherine of Aragon had, of course, saw the decline of her husband, and she described how the illness affected him: ‘[Arthur Prince of Wales suffered from] the most human disease and illness that with so severe and great injury had battled and driven in the singular parts of him inward; That wild and intense enemy of nature, the deadly corruption, did completely defeat and overcome the pure and friendful blood, without all manner of physical help and support’.
What happened after Arthur Prince of Wales’s death?
If Arthur Prince of Wales had lived, the history of England would have shown itself in a very distinctive way. But, on his death, Arthur’s brother, Henry became the first in line for the chair.
Queen Isabella of Spain was ready to ‘obtain a disposition’ from Pope Julius II. Catherine was engaged to Arthur’s younger brother, Henry, nearly six years her younger.
A papal exemption was obtained for the wedding, which was solemnized on June 11, 1509. Catherine bore five children, all of whom except the youngest, Mary, born in 1516, died in early childhood.
Reconsiderations about Arthur’s death:
Hence, this was not the only disease that the Arthur Prince of Wales had to bear. Hoare provides other potential diseases that the Arthur Prince of Wales might have been affected by (there is a possibility that the ‘sweating disease’ was confounded with other maladies):
1. Tuberculosis, which would show his weakness, leanness, and his incapacity to carry out his marriage with Catherine; 2. Poison, since he was the first in line to the throne and died unpredictably at a very young age; 3. Pneumonitis, a lung infection that could have been caused by ‘repeated descriptions of the tough winter, drenching spring, and the drafty castle in Ludlow’. Other diseases that have been indicated are diabetes, ovarian cancer, and flu (however, these do not explain how Catherine of Aragon was at the same time ill.
Such concerns about what resulted in the king’s death have appeared in the last two decades. In fact, in 2002, Prince Arthur’s body had been determined through a ground-sounding radar, and the researchers aimed to analyze the prince’s body through a borescope to save his remains (Derbyshire 2002). Such a study is interesting because it provides us with more data about the genetic makeup of the Tudor family. Amazingly, Henry VIII’s son, Edward VI, died of a secretive illness at the same age as Arthur. Moreover, Henry VIII’s illegal son, Henry Fitzroy, first Duke of Richmond and Somerset, died at the age of seventeen: it is not sure whether the cause was TB, pneumonitis, or the ‘same genetic situation which was the same condition that killed his uncle.
Arthur prince of wales, Edward VI, and Henry Fitzroy were all so nearly related that they all departed at a very similar age. Thus, a hereditary condition could justify their early death.
facts about Catherine from Aragon:
1.Betrothal to Arthur
Catherine was engaged to Henry VII’s child son Arthur Prince of Wales, at the age of three. They first met on 4 November 1501 and partnered 10 days later at Old St Paul’s Cathedral – both were 15 years old.
Arthur and Catherine lived at Ludlow Castle where she converted Princess of Wales. Just six months later Arthur Prince of Wales was suffered ill with sweating sickness and departed.
She consequently promised to Arthur’s younger brother Henry VIII, five years her junior, partly to evade having to return her 200,000 ducat dowry. They married in a secret ritual in the church of the Bright Friars outside Greenwich Palace in 1509. Arogan was 23 years old and the king was some days apart from his 18th birthday.
4.Supervision from pope
Her wedding to Henry had depended on Pope Julius II granting a specific administration because canon law precluded a man to marry his brother’s widow. Catherine stated that her marriage to Arthur Prince of Wales was never consummated and as such was not legitimate.
In 1507, she held the place of representative for the Spanish Court in England, becoming the first female representative in European record.
Catherine began expecting six times, providing two sons and a daughter. The other children died at birth. Both sons were named Henry, Duke of Cornwall, however, no survived more than a few months. Her living daughter later became Mary I of England, Elizabeth I’s one-half-sister.
Henry nominated Catherine Regent, or Governor, of England while he went to France on a military drive. King James IV of Scotland stated war on England and when the Scots intruded, she ordered Thomas Lovell to bring up an army in the midland counties. Catherine went north in the full shield to address the troops, despite being considerably pregnant at the time. After the English win at the Battle of Flodden, she dispatches Henry a piece of the bloodied coat of King James who had died in the war.
She hereditary her persistence from her mother, Queen Isabella I of Castile. Isabella had overhauled Spain with her husband, King Ferdinand II, and backed and financed Christopher Columbus’ 1492 journey to the New World.
Catherine’s emblem depicts a pomegranate, an old sign of fertility and regeneration, and in the Christian church are a sign of Christ’s resuscitation. It would have been seen as a promise of issue that her wedding should have brought. Her motto was ‘Simple and Faithful’.
The contentious book ‘The Education of Christian Women’ by Juan Luis Vives, which supported women’s right to an education, was assigned to and approved by her in 1524, for the education of her daughter Mary.
Catherine died at Kimbolton Castle in January 1536 and her tomb is located in Peterborough Cathedral. On the day of Catherine’s burial, Henry’s new Queen Anne Boleyn miscarried a baby boy.
Frequently Asked Questions:
How old was Henry VIII when Arthur prince of wales died?
Archaeologists have found the grave of Arthur prince of wales , the more adult brother of Henry VIII, who died of a strange sickness when he was 15.
Did Arthur and Catherine finish their marriage?
And that is what Catherine said her four-month-long wedding to fifteen-year-old Arthur Prince of Wales was not complete. Catherine married Arthur on November 14, 1501. It was a strategic agreement, binding the new Tudor government to the much more prestigious Spanish family of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon.
How old was Prince Arthur when he married Catherine of Aragon?
Eleven. Plans for Arthur’s Prince of wales wedding began before his third birthday; he was introduced as Prince of Wales two years later. At the age of eleven , he was formally engaged to Catherine of Aragon, a daughter of the strong Catholic Monarchs in Spain, to form Anglo-Spanish support against France.
Why was Arthur prince of wales heart separated?
Unexpectedly, the heart and vital innards of Arthur Prince of Wales were not buried with him at Worcester. They were separated as part of embalming methods at Ludlow Castle. Arthur’s heart was buried at Ludlow Parish Church amid much spiritual ritual before the body was taken into the procession to Worcester.
How many wives did King Arthur have?
Though one of the Welsh Triads converses with Arthur’s three great queens (all called Gwenhwyfar), later romance usually provides him with only one wife named Guinevere.
Arthur Prince of Wales, Lord of Chester, and Ruler of Cornwall.As the most adult son and heiress clear of Henry VII of England, Arthur was seen by peers as the big hope of the newly built House of Tudor.