Acne is a chronic skin condition that causes pimples and spot, especially on the shoulders, face,back, chest, upper arms and neck. Blackheads, pimples, white heads , nodules and cyst are all types of acne.It is the general skin condition in the United States. It is affecting up to 50 million Americans yearly. Acne can occur at any age. But it generally occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands activate,. It is not harmful, but it can leave skin scars that seems unpretty. 85 percent of people experience acne between the ages of 12 and 24 years in the United States.
Types of Acne
Now we will describe what are types of acne. We may hear the term “breakout” that is used to explain all types of acne, but this isn’t always a true explanation. Not all kinds of acne spread across the skin.
Closed pores cause acne itself. These may be refer to:
More production of oil
Dead skin cells
Acne is usually related with hormonal changes experienced during teenage years, but adults also experience acne. About 17 million Americans have acne, making it one of the most general skin conditions among both adults and children.
Analyzing which kind of acne you’re experiencing is key to successful cure of acne. Acne may be inflammatory or noninflammatory. Subtypes of acne within these two types include:
It’s feasible to have multiple kinds of acne at once — few cases may even be extreme enough to warrant a visit to the doctor or dermatologist.
Non Inflammatory Acne
Noninflammatory acne includes whiteheads and blackheads. These acne don’t cause swelling. They respond well to over-the-counter (OTC) treatments.
Salicylic acid is marketed for acne in common, but it generally works good on noninflammatory acne. It naturally desquamate the skin, removing dead skin cells that can lead to whiteheads and blackheads. Look for it in moisturizers, toners, and cleansers.
Blackheads form when a pore is closed by a combination of dead skin cells and sebum. The top of the pore stays open, although the rest of it being closed. This results in the distinctive black color seen on the skin surface.
Whiteheads can also occur when a pore gets closed by dead skin cells and sebum. The top of the pore clogged up. It seems like a little bump protruding from the skin.
Whiteheads are more harder to treat because the pores are already clogged. Products having salicylic acid can be helpful. Topical retinoids give the good results for comedonal acne. Now adapalene is accessible over the counter as a retinoid. Stronger topical retinoids are available If retinoid does not work. Stronger topical retinoids are available by recommendation from dermatologist.
Acne that are swollen and red are attribute to as inflammatory acne.
Dead skin cells and sebum cells contribute to inflammatory acne, but bacteria can also play a role in closing up pores. Bacteria can cause an infection in the the skin’s surface an this may result in severe and distressing acne spots that are difficult to get rid of.
Products having benzoyl-peroxide may help decrease the swelling and also get rid of bacteria within the skin. These products can remove extra sebum. Doctor may recommend either topical antibiotic or an oral along with the benzoyl-peroxide to cure inflammatory pimples. Topical retionoids are also an essential part of coping inflammatory pustules and papules.
Papules form when the walls surrounding our pores break down from extreme inflammation. This results in difficult, closed pores that are delicate to the touch. The skin around these pores is generally pink.
Pustules form when the walls around our pores break down. Pustules are permeate with pus. These bumps come out from the skin and are generally red in color. They sometimes have white or yellow heads on top.
Nodules form when swollen, close pores abide further irritation. Nodules are underneath the skin.The nodules are so deep within the skin, we can’t cure them at home. Recommended medication is important to help cure these up.
Dermatologist and doctor will probably recommend the oral medication isotretinoin (Sotret). This is taken daily for some months and it is made from a form of vitamin A .It can prevent and cure nodules by reducing oil gland size.
Cysts can form when pores are closed by a combination of sebum, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The clogs form deep within the skin and are further beneath the surface than nodules.
These big white or red bumps are sometimes distressing and painful to the touch. Cysts are the biggest type of acne, and their development generally results from a extreme infection. This kind of acne is also the most probably to scar.
The recommended medication isotretinoin (Sotret) is generally used to cure cysts. In extreme cases, doctor or dermatologist may surgically eliminate a cyst.
There are some types of acne such as noninflammatory acne and inflammatory acne. Noninflammatory acne includes black heads and white heads and inflammatory acne includes papules, pustules, nodules and cyst.
How severe is each type of acne?
Whiteheads and blackheads are the mildest forms of pimples or acne. These can usually be treated up with OTC topical medications, such as benzoyl-peroxide spot treatments or salicylic acid-based toners. If they don’t react to OTC medications, comedones are cured with topical retinoids easily. There is one kind of retinoid, called as adapalene, which is now accessible over the counter. It’s very effective in treating whiteheads and blackheads.
Papules and postules are more abate forms of pimples. These may or may not cure up with OTC medication. The moderate acne may need an topical or oral recommendation from a doctor or dermatologist.
Cysts and nodules are the most extreme form of acne. There is a need to go to a dermatologist to clear up severe acne. Popping or picking cyst and nodules can cause scars on the skin.
Blackheads and whiteheads are the mildest form of acne, papules and pustules are the moderate forms of acne and the cyst and nodules are the extreme form of acne. There is a need to go to the dermatologist to clear up severe acne.
How much water should we drink a day to cure acne?
Water is beneficial for our health. Drinking a lot water make our skin healthy and glowing. Acne can be removed by drinking a lot water. There is a question arises how much water should we drink a day? We have to drink atleast 12 glass of water in a day to cure the acne completely.
Symptoms of Acne
Everyone wants to be look pretty but acne can be form almost anywhere on our body. It most generally forms on your back, face, chest, shoulders, and neck.If you are facing acne, you will commonly notice pimples that are black or white. Both whiteheads and blackheads are called comedones.
Blackheads open at the surface of our skin, and because of the oxygen in air imparting them a black appearance. Whiteheads are closed just below the surface of our skin, imparting them a white appearance.While blackheads and whiteheads are the most general lesions seen in acne, other types can also occur. Inflammatory lesions are more probably to form to cause scarring on skin. These include:
Papules are red, small, bumps caused by infected or inflammed hair follicles.
Pustules are red small pimples that have suppuration at their tips.
Nodules are hard and sometimes painful lumps under the surface of our skin.
Cysts are big lumps form beneath our skin that contain pus and are generally painful.
Acne can form anywhere on our body. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most general lesions seen in acne. The symptoms of acne is the formation of papules, pustules,cyst and nodules.
Causes of Acne
Acne forms when the pores of our skin become clogged with dead skin, bacteria, or oil.Every pore of our skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle is made up of a sebaceous oil gland.The oil gland produces sebum (oil), which travels out of the pore, and onto our skin. The sebum keeps our skin soft and lubricated. Dehydration can also causes acne.
One or more issues in this lubrication process can lead to acne. It can form when:
Bacteria form in the pores
Dead skin cells grow in the pores
Our follicles produced too much oil
These issues causes the formation of pimples. A pimple emerge when bacteria grows in a closed pore and the oil is not able to escape.
The various factors generate acne, but the major cause is thought to be a increase in androgen levels.
Androgen is a kind of hormone, the levels of which increases when adolescence starts. It gets converted into estrogen.
Increasing the androgen levels cause the oil glands beneath the skin to form. The enlarged gland releases more sebum. Enormous sebum can break down cellular walls in the pores, leading bacteria to form.
Other Possible Triggers
Few studies commend that genetic factors may enhance the risk.
Other causes are:
Acne basically forms when the pores our skin become closed with the dead skin cells, oil and bacteria. The various factors generate acne but the major cause is thought to be increase in the androgen levels.
Diagnosis of Acne
If you are facing the symptoms of acne, then your doctor can make a diagnosis by checking your skin.Doctor will check the kinds of lesions and their hardness or severity to determine the best treatment.
Treatment Of Acne
There are some self-care activities the person can try at home to cure pimples and cure up acne. . Other home remedies for acne include:
Not touching the face
Not picking pimples, which spreads excess oil and bacteria
Using makeup that is labeled “noncomedogenic”
Not picking pimples, which spreads excess oil and bacteria
Not wearing tight headbands
Cleaning the skin daily with a soap to remove extra dirt and oil.
If self-care doesn’t cure acne, a some over-the-counter acne medications are also available. Most of these medicines contain things that can help kill bacteria or remove oil from the skin. These include:
Resorcinol is a less general ingredient used to eradicate dead skin cells.
Salicylic acid is sometimes used in acne washes and soaps.
Benzoyl peroxide eradicate acne-causing bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide is present in most acne gels and creams. It’s used for drying out existing acne and curing new ones.
Sulfur is a natural ingredient with a natural smell that’s found in some cleansers, masks and lotion.
How we can get rid of acne scar naturally?
It is a general question that how we can get rid of acne scar. Acne scar makes our face unpretty. There are some remedies to remove the acne scar.
Apply green tea to your skin
Take a zinc supplement.
Moisturize with aloe vera
Apply apple cider vinegar
Some medicines are available to cure the acne if self-care does not work. Most of the medication contain ingredients that can help kill bacteria or remove oil from the skin.
Prevention and Management tips
Here are some preventive measures for looking after skin that has acne:
Wash the face with warm water no more than twice each day and use mild soap to wash the face.
Do not burst the pimples or scrub the skin.
Avoid picking pimples, as this makes scar on the face.
A dermatologist can cure a acne that needs rapid eradication for cosmetic reasons.
Avoid touching the face.
When talking hold the mobile away from the face, as it is probably to contain skin residue and sebum.
Wash hands especially before applying creams, makeup or lotion.
Clean spectacles daily as they collect skin residue and skin sebum.
If acne is on the shoulders, chest, or back, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as caps, and scarves.
Avoid enormous sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to form more sebum. Various acne medications enhance the risk of sunburn.
Avoid stress and anxiety, as it can enhance formation of adernaline and cortisol, which form acne.
Try to keep dry and cool in humid and hot climates, to prevent the sweating.
Acne is a more general problem. It can cause extreme embarrassment, but treatment is available, and it is effective in most cases.
Some preventive measures to cure acne include washing the hands twice in a day, avoid picking pimples, avoid stress and anxiety etc.
What are the Risk Factors for developing Acne?
Some people believe that foods such as French fries or chocolate will form acne. But there’s no scientific confirmation for these claims, there are some general risk factors for developing acne. These include:
Having parents who had acne
Some medications, such as corticosteroids birth control pills.
A diet high in carbohydrates or refined sugars such as chips and bread
Changes in the hormones caused by pregnancy or puberty
During puberty people are most at risk for developing acne During the puberty our body undergoes hormonal changes. These changes can generate oil production, leading to an enhanced risk of acne. Hormonal acne linked to puberty generally subsides, or at least improves when we reach adulthood.
Some believe foods can also cause acne but there is no scientific confirmation for these claims. During puberty there are chances to develop acne.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why acne comes again and again?
Acne comes again and again due to the hormonal imbalance. Hormones play a big part in the formation of acne. When someone have a hormonal imbalance the skin response by the occurrence of acne on the face, chest and back.
What questions should I ask my doctor about acne?
What is acne?
What causes acne?
What is the best treatment for acne?
How should I take care of my skin?
What should I do if my symptoms worsen?
What age acne stops?
Acne is the most general in girls at the of 14 to 17 and in boys at the age of 16 to 19. Acne sometimes cured when a person is in their mid-20’s. In few cases pimples can continue into adult life.
Can drinking water clear acne?
Acne can be cleared by drinking water. Water helped immensely in improving skin texture and tone. By drinking sufficient water acne can be removed. Water makes our skin smooth and soft. Water is also beneficial for our health.
Is milk good for acne?
Milk is good for acne. Milk contain components that can remove acne. Milk contain ingredients related to the hormone testosterone that may generate oil glands in the skin,setting the stage for acne.
Acne is a chronic skin condition that causes pimples and spot, especially on the shoulders, face,back, chest, upper arms and neck. Blackheads, pimples, white heads , nodules and cyst are all types of acne. Acne is usually related with hormonal changes experienced during teenage years, but adults also experience acne. Noninflammatory acne includes whiteheads and blackheads. Acne that are swollen and red are attribute to as inflammatory acne. Water is beneficial for our health. Drinking a lot water make our skin healthy and glowing. Acne can be removed by drinking a lot water. Acne can form anywhere on our body. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most general lesions seen in acne. The symptoms of acne is the formation of papules, pustules,cyst and nodules. Acne can be cured by some home remedies. If you are facing the symptoms of acne, then your doctor can make a diagnosis by checking your skin. Doctor will check the kinds of lesions and their hardness or severity to determine the best treatment.
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