Specific Heat Capacity Formula

Specific Heat capacity may be calculated numerically by multiplying the mass by its specific heat and by the rate of temperature change to arrive at the following formula:

Q = mcΔT

The specific heat in Joules is known as Q. Weight in grammes is known as m. c is the object’s specific heat in J/g °C. T is the temperature change in degrees Celsius.

:beginner: Specific Heat Capacity Formula

Any substance’s heat capacity, mass, or temperature differential can be calculated using the heat capacity problem. It is possible to express heat capacity as a ratio of Joules per Kelvin (J/K).

We are all familiar with heat and what it can do. However, the concept of “specific heat” is little-known. To elevate an object’s temperature by a certain amount, we can make use of specific heat.

In addition, we’ll go over the idea of specific heat, the formula for specific heat, the derivation of the formula, and several solved instances. Various elements have different melting points, which affects their specific heat.

As the name suggests, Specific Heat measures how much energy it takes to raise the body’s temperature by one degree, compared to how much energy it takes to raise the temperature of an average volume of liquid (water).

In a more specific meaning, the phrase refers to the amount of energy required to change the temperature of one gramme of a substance by one degree Celsius, expressed in calories.

It’s a measure of how much heat it takes to raise the temperature of a given object by one degree in comparison to how much heat it takes to raise the temperature of a given fluid by one degree.

:diamonds: How to Estimate the Specific Heat of a Substance?

Decide whether or not you want to warm up or chill down the sample (take some thermal energy away). Positive values should be entered for the amount of energy. Insert the removed energy as both a negative value to reduce the sample’s temperature.

If we wish to reduce the pattern’s thermal energy by 63,000 J, for example, we can use this method. When Q = -63,000 J, then Q . The specific heat calculator can be used to determine the temperature range between the sample’s initial and final states.

The difference would be negative if the specimen is chilled, and positive if it is warmed. If the sample needs to be lowered by three degrees, that’s doable. Then, T = -3 K. In advanced mode, you can also manually type in the original and final temperature settings.

Find out the sample’s mass. In this example, we’ll assume that m = 5 kg. Simply divide Q by (mT) to get specific heat. c = -63,000 J / (5 kg * -3 K) = 4,200 J/(kg K) in our example. In general, water has this kind of heat capacity.

:name_badge: Common Specific Heat Values

The overall heat calculator isn’t necessary for the vast majority of substances. In the table below, we’ve listed some of the most commonly used specific heats values.

Substance Values
ice 2,100 J/(kg·K)
water 4,200 J/(kg·K)
water vapor 2,000 J/(kg·K)
basalt 840 J/(kg·K)
granite 790 J/(kg·K)
aluminum 890 J/(kg·K)
iron 450 J/(kg·K)
copper 380 J/(kg·K)
lead 130 J/(kg·K)

Calculating how much energy is needed to raise or lower the temperature of a sample is also possible using this knowledge. Checking the amount of heat needed to raise a pot of water on the stove for pasta, for example.

Are you unsure of the significance of the outcome? Let us know how high you can elevate the sample with this number of available energy. Alternatively, you can use this kinetic energy converter to see how fast the sample could move.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Heat Capacity

The temperature change can be characterized by the amount of heat necessary to alter a substance’s temperature by a particular amount of heat capacity (typically indicated by a capital C, with often subscripts).

SI units indicate heat capacity in joules of every kelvin (J/K) unit. This ratio is known as heat capacity (symbol C), and it is defined as the quantity of heat energy transmitted to an item divided by the object’s temperature increase after the transfer.

Because specific heat is a broad attribute, it increases in proportion to the system’s size. To accomplish the same temperature change (T) in a sample containing two times the substance of a second sample.

The heat transfer (Q) must be increased by two times. A block of iron that weighs twice as much as the front would take 2,000 J to melt to the same temperature as the first.


The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one gramme of a substance by one degree Celsius is known as the specific heat capacity. As a result, the specific heat of various substances may now be compared on a gram-for-gram basis. The nature of the hydrogen bonds in the substance and its phase also influence this number.

:large_orange_diamond: Method for Calculating the Amount of Heat a Substance can Produce

Most systems have varying heat capacities. Rather, it is dependent on the thermodynamics under investigation’s state variables.

Temperature, pressure, and volume all play a role, as well as how tensions and volumes have been permitted to alter when the system has transitioned from one heat to another.

By contrast, a system’s temperature is raised by a mechanism besides heating when pressure-volume work is performed on it; the system’s temperature is raised when pressure-volume work is performed on it.

For the calorie to be defined, it must be heated from 14.5°C to 15.5°C, which is why the temperature-dependent definition is used. As a result, a variety of heat capacity measurements can be made, the most common of which is done at constant pressure and volume.

For example, p and V are used as suffixes to denote the meaning of the values measured. For gases and liquids, a volume measurement is also commonly used.

Constant pressure measurements yield greater values than constant volume measurements because the sustained pressure readings include heat energy that is utilized to expand the item against the pressure as its temperature rises.

In gases, whose values under intense pressure are typically 30% to 66.7 per cent more than those at constant volume, this disparity is particularly noticeable.

:large_blue_diamond: Specific Heat

The heating value is a broad term that specifies the amount of heat energy required to elevate a specific system’s temperature. However, measuring the thermal resistance of every bit of matter would be a pain.

We are looking for a quality that can be given to institutions of any scale, regardless of the type or phase of the substance. The specific heat capacity (sometimes known as the “specific heat”) is a measure of a material’s heat capacity per unit mass.

A temperature change, size of the system, and substance & phase of the substance all affect the amount of heat that may be transported. Specific heat is a convenient way to express the final two variables.

This lesson explains how heat is related to temperature change. Mass and substance have a significant impact on the amount of heat required to change a substance’s temperature, and this is illustrated by the specific heat, or C, of the substance in question.

It’s easy to see how temperature and mass affect each other. The temperature reached and the total number of molecules/atoms have the same relationship in terms of internal energy since atom/molecular kinetic energy is proportional to both.

To explain why heat is directly proportional to mass and temperature change, we must first understand how heat is transported from one object to another. The amount of heat required to change the temperature varies depending on the substance, with alcohol requiring less heat than water.

The transport of heat from one substance to another also varies on the phase of the substance (gas, liquid, or solid). There is no straightforward way to determine specific heat values, hence they must be found in tables. Instead, they are analysed through the use of data.

The specific heat is a temperature-dependent quantity. The specific heat values for various compounds are shown in the table below. Most substances’ specific heat has a modest temperature and volume dependency, except gases.

This indicates that it requires five times as much heat to raise the temperature of the water as it does to raise the temperature of glass and 10 times as much heat to raise it as it does to raise the temperature of iron.

Life on Earth relies on a material with the highest specific heat, which is why water is so crucial.


An object’s heat capacity tells us how much heat we need to add to raise its temperature by a single degree Celsius. How much energy does it take to elevate a single gramme of that substance by one degree Celsius? That’s the specific heat of that substance.

:question: Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs

Following are the most Frequently Asked Questions

:one: What is the formula for determining a material’s specific heat capacity?

The specific heat capacity is the amount of heat or energy needed to convert one unit mass of a constant volume substance by 1 °C. Assuming you know the formula, Cv = (Q/(T-m)).

:two: Why is the formula for specific heat capacity so important? ’

In that it measures how well a substance resists temperature changes, specific heat capacity might be considered a measure of thermal inertia. In addition to the volume of heat Q, the Specific Overall Heat Formula is also supplied.

:three: What is the heat capacity of a given object? Example?

A gramme of a substance requires one gramme of heat to increase one degree Celsius in temperature. Specific heat is commonly expressed in terms of calorie or joules per gramme of mass per degree Celsius. One calorie (or 4.186 joules) of specific heat per gramme of water at 25 degrees Celsius, for instance.

:four: What exactly does Q MC t believe?

Mass of material x Specific heat x Temperature change = Heat energy. Q is equal to mc2T. The term “Q” stands for “heat energy” (in Joules, J) Its mass is defined as m (kg)

:five: What is the heat capacity of Q?

Quantity of heat transported to or from the object, the mass of the object, the thermal capacity of the material it is constructed of, and the temperature of the object are all taken into consideration.

:six: Specific heats Class 11 is what?

The heat capacity of a substance The quantity of energy required to increase the temperature of one gramme of a substance by one degree Celsius is called the heat capacity.

:seven: What is the heat capacity of water??

In terms of heat capacity, water is the strongest liquid. Temperature changes of one degree Celsius are measured in terms of specific heat, which is determined by the number of heat required to absorb or lose by one gramme of a substance. One calorie, or 4.184 Joules, is equivalent to one litre of water.

:eight: Specifically, how do you calculate the latent heat?

Here’s how to do it: Eh = m x l = m x l The unique latent heat of fusion for a given material is given by the symbol eh, which is equal to m times l. So the formula informs us how much hot energy is required to melt material from a solid-state to a molten liquid state…

:nine: If a particular heat capacity is high, then what does this mean?

To put it another way, the higher the specific heat capacity, the lower the mass or temperature change required to heat it.

:keycap_ten: High specific heat is what?

The amount of heat required to increase the temperature of one gramme of a substance by one degree Celsius (°C) is known as specific heat. To raise the temperature of the water, it needs more energy than it does for other substances.

:recycle: Conclusion

The amount of specific heat is the amount a substance’s temperature per unit of mass is known as its “specific heat capacity.” It is a quality of a material’s composition to know how much heat it can hold. Another example of a vast property is this one, as its price is directly related to the network size under study.

A substance’s heat capacity (symbol: c) is the quantity of heat in joules needed to raise 1 gramme of that substance 1 Kelvin in SI units. J/kgK can also be used as an alternative expression. It is also possible to express specific heat capacity in terms of calories per gramme of Celsius, as well. Molecular heat capacity (J/molK) and cubic heat capacity (J/m3K) are closely related.

Related Articles

1- Specific Heat Equation
2- Heat Formula
3- Heat transfer formula