Flat white coffee

Flat white coffee is a coffee drink made with espresso and topped with hot milk and microfoam. To make this microfoam, steamed milk is carefully mixed with air. This results in milk that is silky smooth and devoid of air bubbles. Air bubbles should be hardly visible to the coffee drinker when the coffee is made correctly. Smaller than cappuccinos and lattes, it’s generally only offered in small amounts (5oz-6oz).


Flat White Coffee

Nutrients Amount
Fat 12 g
Sodium 35 mg
Cholesterol 163 mg
Carbohydrates 18 g

Origin Of Flat White Coffee

  • In the 1962 British film Danger by My Side, a “flat white coffee” is mentioned, however, it is unclear if this relates to the current beverage.

  • In episode 123 of the Australian soap opera The Young Doctors, a character orders two flat whites at Bunny’s Place in Sydney, which was recorded and transmitted between 1976 and 1977.

  • The first known references to the current beverage came from the mid-1980s in Australia.

  • In May 1983, a review of Miller’s Treat in Sydney mentioned their “flat white coffee.”

  • In April 1984, a Sydney newspaper item mocked the caffe latte craze, noting that “caffe latte translates as flat white.”

  • Alan Preston of Sydney’s Moors Espresso Bar put the drink on his regular menu in 1985. Preston said he brought the concept to Sydney from his home in Queensland, where “White Coffee – flat” was a popular drink in the 1960s and 1970s.

  • Other reported instances include a notice at Canberra’s Parliament House cafeteria in January 1985 that said “flat white only” due to a seasonal issue with milk cows that prevented milk froth from developing.

  • However, the flat white’s origins are disputed, with New Zealand claiming credit for its conception.

  • The New Zealand claim is credited to Derek Townsend and Darrell Ahlers of Cafe DKD in Auckland, New Zealand, as an alternative to the Italian latte, while a second New Zealand claim is credited to a “failed cappuccino” at Bar Bodega on Willis St in Wellington in 1989.

  • Craig Miller claims to have made a flat white in Auckland in the mid-1980s, according to his book Coffee Houses of Wellington 1939 to 1979.


Flat white coffee is an espresso-based coffee drink with steamed milk and microfoam on top. Steamed milk is infused with air to create smooth, velvety milk with few air bubbles. It’s usually only available in small sizes (5-6oz), significantly smaller than cappuccinos and lattes.

The first known references to the current beverage came from the mid-1980s in Australia. The drink’s origins are disputed, with New Zealand claiming credit for its conception and another claim being credited to a “failed cappuccino” at Bar Bodega in Wellington.

How To Make Flat White Coffee At Home?

  • Create a good espresso shot. Make sure you weigh your coffee dosage, espresso yield, and the whole time it took to brew it. These are important considerations for making a flat white with the proper proportions.

  • Make your milk steamy. Adding air to your milk is a skill that is best mastered in person rather than by reading instructions. At North Star, we have a variety of courses that will teach you how to steam milk and add texture to it appropriately for a variety of beverages.

  • Swirl your espresso shot and keep your milk flowing. Remove any bubbles in each of them individually before pouring them together.

Flat White Vs. Latte Vs. Cappuccino

Although the flat white, latte, and cappuccino are all milk-based beverages, they are substantially different when made and presented correctly. In its customary serving manner, which ranges from 30-60ml in size, all three are coupled with double shots of espresso.

The size of espresso may vary greatly. This might be due to a coffee shop’s (or barista’s) preferences in roast degree or espresso recipes, but it could also be due to nation or area.

With more espresso knowledge in circulation, an espresso recipe may now be shown to alter depending on the water composition of a location or the equipment utilized.


Let’s put espresso aside and look at the components of a latte, one of the most popular beverages offered in UK cafés. A latte has a milky flavor and a milky proportion of coffee to milk. Sizes vary widely, but at UK specialty coffee shops, the range 8-12oz is most often seen as a regular size.

Please keep in mind that the kind and style of coffee used typically dictates the total drink quantities available. In general, the proportions in a typical latte are 1:4:1. (1 part espresso to 4 parts milk to 1 part foam).

The size of the drink and the level of the froth may vary depending on the style and preferences of the store or barista, although foam normally lies between 0.5 and 1 centimeter in the cup.

The level of the foam and the size of the espresso do not normally vary with the size of the drink; usually, just the amount of liquid milk changes.


When it comes to the cappuccino, there is a significant variation in composition. Recipes vary depending on the components mentioned before, but the conventional cappuccino features a thick froth topping (around 1cm of depth in the cup).

Although overall size is a fundamental difference in cappuccinos, it is now increasingly usual to lower foam thickness. This is usually done so that baristas may create latte art. To appeal to a broader variety of tastes, the cappuccino is sometimes dusted with chocolate or cinnamon as an optional dusting.

A cappuccino’s usual size is less than a latte but greater than a particular shop’s flat white, which is often 6 or 8 oz, however, as with other coffee drinks, this necessarily varies given the variables described earlier.

The original espresso-to-milk-to-foam ratio is 1:3:2, however in many current cappuccinos (at least in the UK), the milk foam represents a significantly lesser proportion of this. The thicker froth on a cappuccino is intriguing since it virtually conceals the coffee liquid behind it.

The coffee flavor in the liquid beverage behind the froth may be rather intense. Because the flat white has a significantly lower espresso-to-milk ratio, the espresso flavor is much more prominent in the whole coffee.

The milk is also more uniformly blended throughout the cup, ensuring that the espresso and milk mix remains constant throughout. Specialty coffee shops often sell flat whites and lattes with latte art on top of the drinks.

Milk for lattes and flat whites must have a homogeneous, silky texture akin to white paint to allow accurate, highly detailed free-pouring of latte art patterns. More air would be integrated into the milk in the cappuccino, resulting in a higher amount of froth.

Flat White Coffee

Finally, a smooth, thin textured milk on top of a double shot of espresso, which may be fairly hefty with current serving techniques, sometimes even up to 60g in weight, is the criterion for a flat white recipe.

The steamed liquid milk prepared with the use of a steam wand makes up the remainder of the drink. Overall, the recipe is incredibly adaptable, since it can be found in cafes all across the UK, owing to the kind of coffee offered by coffee shops that specialize in exceptional specialty coffee.

Each coffee they use – which may vary depending on season and roasting style – will almost certainly have a different espresso recipe, which will ultimately change the balance of flavor with each different coffee used in the grinder.

In general, you’ll find a 2-3oz espresso shot topped with steamed milk, with the silky smoothness of the milk serving as the trademark, as well as maybe some latte art.


The flat white, latte, and cappuccino are all milk-based beverages. Cappuccinos are traditionally served with a 1:1:3:2 ratio of espresso-to-milk ratio. The flat white, on the other hand, has a much lower ratio, making the espresso flavor more prominent in the whole coffee.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

People usually asked many questions about “flat white coffee”, some of the related questions are given below:

:one: Is a flat white stronger than a latte?

A flat white is a more concentrated beverage with a stronger coffee flavor than milk. Because two shots are used, it might have a higher caffeine content than a latte. A flat white blends the rich texture of a dairy-based drink with the flavor and intensity of an espresso.

:two: What is the difference between flat white and macchiato?

The macchiato is an espresso-based beverage with a layer of steamed milk on top. Macchiatos, unlike flat whites, are made using regular espresso shots and just a few tablespoons of milk. They’re considerably stronger and smaller than flat whites, and they’re ideal for a rapid boost.

:three: Is a flat white sweet?

Yes, a flat white is sweet, much sweeter than many other types of coffee. Instead of the typical 2 percent milk, this coffee drink uses full milk. Sweeter espresso shots are used by the baristas, and whole milk adds to the overall sweetness.

:four: Which coffee has the most foam?

Cappuccino is an Italian coffee drink famous for its frothy milk foam top. Cappuccinos are popular among coffee art fans because their milk froth frequently has the most intricate swirling patterns on top.

:five: What is a blonde flat white at Starbucks?

The Blonde Flat White is a creamier-tasting flat white with a brighter flavor. The normal Starbucks Signature Espresso in a Flat White is nice, but it has a one-note flavor. The Blonde Flat White has a more complex taste profile and is easier to consume.

:six: What is the healthiest coffee to drink?

The best way to drink coffee is black and freshly prepared. One cup contains almost zero calories or carbohydrates, has no fat and contains zero salt content. Micronutrients such as magnesium, niacin, and potassium are also present in black coffee.

:seven: Which is the best coffee for weight loss?

For all the correct reasons, black coffee is the most popular weight-loss beverage. Chlorogenic acid, found in black coffee, has been shown to help people lose weight faster.

:eight: Does Starbucks Add sugar to flat white?

Because the whole milk contributes sweetness, the drink is generally served without sugar or other additives. It’s supposed to taste like a lighter, caffeine-rich latte.

:nine: What is the ratio of coffee to milk in a flat white?

One part espresso to two parts steamed milk is the usual proportion for a flat white coffee. If you order a flat white at your local café, you’ll receive one shot of espresso and two shots of steamed milk, but as long as the ratio is 1:2, it counts as a flat white.


Steamed milk is infused with air to create smooth, velvety milk with few air bubbles. Flat white blends the rich texture of a dairy-based drink with the flavor and intensity of an espresso.

Cappuccino is an Italian coffee drink famous for its frothy milk foam top. The Blonde Flat White is a creamier-tasting flat white with a brighter flavor. It’s supposed to taste like a lighter, caffeine-rich latte.

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