What is Cricket?

What is cricket?

Cricket is a game played among two teams. Each team is comprised of eleven players which include batsman and bowlers. A pitch of length 22 yards is located at the center of field and on the both ends of the pitch is a wicket of three stumps having two bails at the top. After tossing the coin, the toss winning team decides either they have to bat or bowl first. The batting side scores the runs bowled by opposite team by hitting the ball either for four, six or singles by running between the two wickets of pitch. The bowling side prevents the batsman to score the runs. Batsman gets dismissed by being bowled; when ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails or by catching the ball after hitting the bat but before hitting the ground or hitting the wicket before the batsman crosses the crease. When all the batsmen of one team are dismissed the innings end and the opposite team gets the batting and try to reach the target set by the opponent team. The game is judged by two field umpires and a third umpire. The international matches have a match referee in addition to the umpires. They are fully engaged with two off field scorers who observe the statistical information of the match.

Forms of cricket

Cricket has two forms:


In twenty-twenty matches both teams play innings up to twenty overs (each team holds batting for twenty overs)

Test Matches

Test matches are played for a span of five days. Traditionally players play the test matches with white equipment, whereas in limited overs they use team plus club colors. Except for the basic kits, a few players use shielding tools to stay safe from the danger of the injury caused by ball. This injury may be fatal. These shields comprise of a hard ellipsoid of revolution. This ellipsoid is made up of trampled leather with slight stitches s on an elevated layer that encloses a cork core seamed with firmly attached string.


The earliest reference to cricket was in the mid-16th century in South East England. With the extension of the British Empire, it spread globally, with the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The International Cricket Council (ICC), which has over 100 members, twelve of whom are full members who play test matches, is the governing body of the game. Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London maintains the game’s rules, the Laws of Cricket. In the Indian subcontinent, Australasia, the United Kingdom, southern Africa and the West Indies, the sport is primarily followed. The international standard has also been achieved by women’s cricket, which is organized and played separately. Australia, which has won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other nation and has been the top-rated test side more than any other country, is the most successful side playing international cricket.


Cricket is one of many games that basically involve hitting a ball with a hand-held device in the “club ball” sphere; others include baseball (which shares many similarities with cricket, both belonging to the more specific category of bat-and-ball games, golf, hockey, tennis, squash, badminton and table tennis. In the case of cricket, the existence of a strong target structure is a key difference.

It is generally thought that cricket originated in the south-eastern counties of England as a children’s game, sometime during the medieval period. Although there are claims for prior dates, the earliest definite reference to cricket being played comes from evidence provided on Monday, 17 January 15977 in a court case in Guildford (Julian calendar; equating to 30 January 1598 in the Gregorian calendar). (Julian calendar; equating to 30 January 1598 in the Gregorian calendar). (Julian calendar; equating to 30 January 1598 in the Gregorian calendar). The case concerned ownership of a certain plot of land and the court heard the testimony of John Derrick, a 59-year-old coroner, who testified:

Being a Scholler in Guldeford hee’s ffree school and various of his fellows did run and play at cricket and other plays there. Given Derrick’s age, when he was at school it was about half a century earlier, and so it is certain that cricket was being played c. 1550 in Surrey, by boys. Randle Cotgrave’s 1611 English-French dictionary, in which the noun “crosse” is the crooked staff wherewith boys play at cricket" and the verb form “crosser” as to play at cricket" reinforces the view that it was originally a children’s game

The old English word “cryce” (or “cricc”) is a possible source of the sport’s name. The name “criquet” seems to be a sort of stick[11], in Old French, because of the strong, medieval trade links between South-East Englande and the County of Flanders when it was in the Duchy of Burgundy, the name could have been derived from the Middle Netherlands (in use in Flanders at the time). The word “criquet” in Old French seems like a sort of club and a stick. The name “criquet,” however, may be derived from the Middle Netherlands (i.e., “with the stick chase”).The Middle Dutch word “krickstoel,” which means a long low stool used to kneel in the church, resembles the long low wicket, with two stubbing used for early cricket. The Middle Dutch phrase met de (kkrikket)sen, which is with the stick chaser," says Heiner Gillmeister of European Language Scientist at the University of Bonn (Germany).

Professional and ■■■■■■■ cricket growth in Britain

Cricket bat development. The original “hockey stick” (left) developed into the direct bat of c. In 1760 bowling began when it was pitched.

Even though the primary purpose of the game was always to make the most progress, the early shape of cricket differs from the current game in some key techniques. Many of these aspects are retained by the North American cricket variant known as wicket. The Bowler bowled the Ball under arm and on the ground towards a hockey stick-like batsman armed as a bat. In the year 1611, when the dictionary of Cotgrave was published, the ecclesiastical court records in Sidlesham in Sussex stated that two parishioners, Bartholomew Wyatt and Richard Latter, did not attend the church on E The first mention is of an adult’s participation in cricket and about the same time, the first known organized inter-parish or village match was played in Chevening, Kent. In 1624, after a match between two parish teams, Jasper Vinall had accidentally struck the skirt at the head of Sussex, a player named Jasper Vinall died. It was known from many records in the ecclesiastical court cases that the Puritans sometimes proscribed Cricket before the Commonwealth and during the XVIIth century The problem has almost always been the question of Sunday playing because if the Puritans are played on the Sabbath, Cricket is deemed “profane”. The Social Historian Derek Birley said in 1660 that sport had been “strongly increased after its restructuring.” Gambling on sport was a problem that became sufficiently significant for Parliament to adopt the 1664 Gambling Act, limiting its loans to £100, which in any event amounted to over 99 percent of the annual income of the population.

Bosses and other social class players called “the gentry” began to classify themselves as “amateurs”[fn 1], in order to distinguish clearly themselves from professionals who were constantly members of the working class, even to such an extent that they had separate change/restaurant facilities.

Cricket is a worldwide sport

The first English team on board the North America tour abroad in 1859

By the middle of the 19th century Australia, the Caribbean, India, New Zealand, Northern America and South Africa were well established in the British Empire. In 1844 the United States and Canada held their first international match In 1859, an English player team traveled to North America to make a contribution to the game’s development .

The first Australian team to travel overseas was composed of aboriginal stockmen who toured England in 1868. In 1862, an English team was on their first tour of Australia. In 1876-77, the British team was involved in a retroactive match at the Melbourne Cricket Group against Australia that was recognized as their first ever test match, The competition between England and Australia brought the Ashes of 1882 about, and it was still the most famous competition for the test cricket. When South Africa played England, the test cricket began to expand between 1888-89.

Rules/how to play?

Area of play

Cricket is a cricket played between two teams of 11 players each on a cricket field. The boundary of the field is usually circular or ovally shaped, and the edge on the boundary of the playground is marked with a boundary that can consist of a fence, a part of the stands, a corner, a painted line, or a combination of them if possible, the boundary must have been marked along its entire length https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cricket.

The rectangulary pitch is at the approximate center of the field (see picture below), at the end of which is situated a wooden target called a “wicket”; wickets are placed 22 yards (20 m) apart. The pitch is 10 feet (3,0 m) wide and the grass, very short, usually worn as the game progresses (cricket can also be played on artificial surfaces, notably matting). (cricket can also be played on artificial surfaces, notably matting). The three wooden stumps each wicket with two bails are enhanced by.

As demonstrated above, at each end the pitch is marked by four white lines: a bowling hollow, a bowling hollow, and two return hollows. The three stumps are centrally aligned to the 8 feet long bowling hollow. The bowling hollow is drawn at four feet and parallel to the bowling hollow; although drawn as a 12-foot line 6 ft from each side of the wicket), in fact its length is unlimited. The return dots are drawn to the bowling dot in the right angles so that they cross the ends of the bowling dot. Each eight-foot dotting dot is drafted so that it lengthens four feet behind the dotting dot, but is actually unlimited in length.

Roles of the Player

Botton to Batsman Basic gameplay

Thirteen players and two arbitrators are on the field during normal play. Two of the players are batsmen and the rest are 11 fielding team members. In the pavilion are the other nine players of the batting team. The picture below shows what happens when a ball is bowled and which staff are on or near the square. In the photo, at each end of the pitch the two batsmen (3 & 8; yellow) are standing (6). Three fielding team members (4, 10 & 11; dark blue) shot. One of the two arbitrators (1, white hat) is stationed behind the wicket (2) on the end of the pitch of the bowler (4). On the other side of the bowler (4), he bowles the ball (5) from its end of the pitch to the sniper (8) who is called the “striker” The other scout (3) is called the no striker’ at the end of the bowling. Having a specialist, the wicket keeper (10) is placed behind the wicket of the striker (9) and one of the fieldmen is behind him in the position of first slip’ (11). The two snipers and the wicket guards wear the safety appliance including safety helmets, padded gloves and the beet guards while the bowler wears conventional slips only (pads). While the shot arbirt (1) is at the end of the pitch of the bowler, the colleague is standing in or near the square leg field, usually in the square leg, so that he is in line with the bowling plunge (7) at the end of the striker’s pitch. The bowling plume (not numbered) lies between the bowling plunges of the wicket (12). The bowler (4) is intended to hit the wicket (9) with a ball (5) or, at least, to avoid the scorer (8). By using his bat, the striker (8) intends to defend the wicket and hit the ball, if possible, off the pitch to make the points.

Some players have both a batting and bowling experience and are called all-rounders, either as well as wicket maintenance. Bowlers are classified as fast bowlers, seam bowlers or spinners, according to their style. Whether they’re right-handed or left-handed, batsmen are classified.


Cricket positions for the batsman on the right

Three of the eleven fielders are in shot. The remaining eight are elsewhere and the captain or the bowler determines their position on a tactical basis. Fields often change their location, again as the captain or bowler specifies .

If a fielder is wounded or ill during the match, the replaceor can not replace him, and the replacee cannot replace him, unless he has been replaced for international cricket in the event of a concussion.[69] The replacement leaves the field where the injured player has been able to return.[81] In 2017, the cricket laws were updated, allowing replacements to act as wicket-keepers.


Cricket is a versatile game which was popular in the past as well as at present days.It is played in many countries. Its matches are seen at large scale all over the world .Its rules are being changed with the course of time how ever it is still well liked by the cricket lovers .


Cricket is a game played with bat and ball in a ground which is circle-shaped with no definite size. In contrast the pitch has a definite size which is 22 yards. Its earlier history is tied with the Britain where it originated. Currently it is one of the most widely played sports.

Who oversees Cricket?

A centralized world body named International Cricket Council (ICC) is in charge of cricket right now which makes decisions regarding cricket. The main role of ICC is organization of two most important competitions in cricket, the ICC T20 World Cup and the ICC ODI World Cup. In addition it makes and implements rules and is also responsible for appointing referees and umpires in the matches. Despite its control on cricket ICC does not control the bilateral fixtures among member countries which are currently numbered at 104 of whom 12 are full members i.e. those who play test cricket.

Important competitions:

ICC arranges the two main competitions held in cricket i.e. ICC T20 world cup and ICC ODI World cup. While the T20 World Cup has been generally held at two years interval and sometimes every year, the ODI World Cup is held every 4 years which is the premier competition in cricket. In the same way ICC ODI world cup competition has been held since 1975, the T20 World Cup was inaugurated in 2007. While Wes Indies have been the most successful team in T20 World Cup winning the two of them, Australia has clinched five ODI World Cups and proved to be the most successful team in the competition. The current ODI champion is England while the T20 champs are West Indies.

While the two shorter formats of cricket have premier competitions the longest format i.e. the test cricket is void of this boon. The experts of cricket have in recent times pushed for introducing a test championship which seems to be in sight in near future.

Who play the premier championships?

The nine regular members play in the competition along with three associate member countries who have to play the qualifying round to make it to the 12. But the number of countries playing in ODI world cup is not specific. Tournaments have featured as many as 14 teams and as low as 10. These teams make it to the tournament in two ways, either by clinging to top 7 spots or by going through qualifying round. These teams are divided into different groups, either 2 or 4. If divided into 4 groups, top 2 teams of each group qualify for the quarter-finals and if divided into 2, the top 4 of each group qualify for the quarter finals and the tournament proceeds henceforth.

Important Rivalries in Cricket:

West Indies against Australia;

This was the first recognized fierce rivalry between cricketing nations. While West Indies seemed invincible at the time Australia beat them in a series in 1975-76. This was a kind of humiliating and upsetting defeat which ignited a rivalry though West Indies bounced back to win seven series till 1982 drawing only one at 1 match each.

West Indies versus England;

This rivalry began after the English captain Tony Greig issued a fiery statement saying he would make them (the West Indians) grovel. Greig was unfortunate to lose the series 3-0. The rivalry continued for some while in the years ahead.

England and Australia;

The rivalry between these current top teams has been a long one. Its ferocity has been augmented by the relations of the two states as well. The Ashes is trademark of their rivalry whereby the duo put their skills to test by arranging a test series. Both the nations give Ashes the same importance as the world cup if not more.

Pakistan versus India;

This is the fiercest rivalry of all time and may be of all sporting rivalries which have ever originated. Both these nations combined form a single country which was colonized by the British and later divided into two states. Their political hostilities have added fuel to the rivalry.

Other Important Events;

In the last couple of decades leagues have been a central part of cricket. The introduction of IPL in India revolutionized the cricket world as many countries followed the footsteps of India to inaugurate their own leagues. The Big Bash, Pakistan Super league, Bangladesh Premier League and many more catch the attention of cricket lowers. Though these leagues have got some fame but IPL has succeeded to remain to most expensive league in the world.

Cricket is the bat-and-ball game played between two teams of the eleven players on the field at the centre of the which is the 22-yard (20-metre) pitch with the wicket at the each end, each comprising two bails balanced on the three stumps.

The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat (and running between the wickets), while the bowling or fielding side tries to the prevent this (by preventing the ball from the leaving the field, or getting the ball to the either wicket) or dismiss each batter (so they are the “out”).

Means of the dismissal include being bowled, if the ball hits the stumps or dislodges the bails, or by the fielding side either catching the ball after this is the hit by the bat or before this hits the ground, or hitting the wicket with the ball before the batter may cross the crease in the front of the wicket. if ten batters have been dismissed, the innings ends or the teams swap roles.

what is cricket

The game is the adjudicated by two umpires, aided by the third umpire or match referee in the international matches. They communicate with the two off-field scorers who record the match’s statistical information. Forms of the cricket range from the Twenty20, with the each team batting for the single innings of the 20 overs, to the Test matches played over five days.

Traditionally cricketers play in the all-white kit, but in the limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. in the addition to the basic kit, few players wear protective gear to the prevent injury caused by the ball, which is the hard, solid spheroid made of the compressed leather with the slightly raised sewn seam enclosing the cork core layered with the tightly wound string.

The earliest reference to the cricket is the in the South East England in the mid-16th century. this spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, with the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century.

The game’s governing body is the International Cricket Council (ICC), which has over 100 members, twelve of the which are the full members who play Test matches. The game’s rules, the Laws of the Cricket, are the maintained by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in the London. The sport is the followed primarily in the Indian subcontinent, Australasia, the United Kingdom, southern Africa or the West Indies.

Women’s cricket, which is the organised or played separately, has also achieved international standard. The most successful side playing international cricket is the Australia, which has won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other country or has been the top-rated Test side more than any other country.

Cricket is the one of the many games in the “club ball” sphere this basically involve hitting the ball with the hand-held implement; others include baseball (which shares many similarities with the cricket, both belonging in the more specific bat-and-ball games category), golf, hockey, tennis, squash, badminton or table tennis.

in the cricket’s case, the key difference is the existence of the solid target structure, the wicket (originally, this is the thought, the “wicket gate” through which sheep were herded), this the batsman must defend. The cricket historian Harry Altham identified three “groups” of the “club ball” games: the “hockey group”, in the which the ball is the driven to the or fro between two targets (the goals); the “golf group”, in the which the ball is the driven towards an undefended target (the hole); or the “cricket group”, in the which “the ball is the aimed at the mark (the wicket) or driven away from the it”.

history of cricket

It is the generally believed this cricket originated as the children’s game in the south-eastern counties of the England, sometime during the medieval period. Although there are the claims for the prior dates, the earliest definite reference to the cricket being played comes from the evidence given at the court case in the Guildford on the Monday, 17 January 1597 (Julian calendar; equating to the 30 January 1598 in the Gregorian calendar).

The case concerned ownership of the certain plot of the land or the court heard the testimony of the 59-year-old coroner, John Derrick, who gave witness that: Being the scholler in the ffree schoole of the Guldeford hee or diverse of the his fellows did runne or play there at the creckett or other plaies.

Given Derrick’s age, this was about half the century earlier if he was at the school or so this is the certain this cricket was being played c. 1550 by boys in the Surrey.[8] The view this this was originally the children’s game is the reinforced by Randle Cotgrave’s 1611 English-French dictionary in the which he defined the noun “crosse” as “the crooked staff wherewith boys play at the cricket” or the verb form “crosser” as “to play at the cricket”.

One possible source for the sport’s name is the Old English word “cryce” (or “cricc”) meaning the crutch or staff. in the Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary, he derived cricket from the “cryce, Saxon, the stick”. in the Old French, the word “criquet” seems to the have meant the kind of the club or stick.

Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England or the County of the Flanders if the latter belonged to the Duchy of the Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch (in use in the Flanders at the time) “krick”(-e), meaning the stick (crook).

Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word “krickstoel”, meaning the long low stool used for the kneeling in the church or which resembled the long low wicket with the two stumps used in the early cricket. According to the Heiner Gillmeister, the European language expert of the Bonn University, “cricket” derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for the hockey, met de (krik ket)sen (i.e., “with the stick chase”). Gillmeister has suggested this not just the name but also the sport itself may be of the Flemish origin.

Evolution of the cricket bat. The original “hockey stick” (left) evolved into the straight bat from the c. 1760 if pitched delivery bowling began. Although the main object of the game has always been to the score the most runs, the early form of the cricket differed from the modern game in the certain key technical aspects; the North American variant of the cricket known as wicket retained many of the these aspects.

The ball was bowled underarm by the bowler or along the ground towards the batsman armed with the bat that, in the shape, resembled the hockey stick; the batsman defended the low, two-stump wicket; or runs were called notches because the scorers recorded them by notching tally sticks.

In 1611, the year Cotgrave’s dictionary was published, ecclesiastical court records at the Sidlesham in the Sussex state this two parishioners, Bartholomew Wyatt or Richard Latter, failed to the attend church on the Easter Sunday because they were playing cricket. They were fined 12d each or ordered to the do penance.

This is the earliest mention of the adult participation in the cricket or this was around the same time this the earliest known organised inter-parish or village match was played – at the Chevening, Kent. in the 1624, the player called Jasper Vinall died after he was accidentally struck on the head during the match between two parish teams in the Sussex.

Cricket remained the low-key local pursuit for the much of the 17th century. this is the known, through numerous references found in the records of the ecclesiastical court cases, to the have been proscribed at the times by the Puritans before or during the Commonwealth.

The problem was nearly always the issue of the Sunday play as the Puritans considered cricket to the be “profane” if played on the Sabbath, especially if large crowds or gambling were involved. According to the social historian Derek Birley, there was the “great upsurge of the sport after the Restoration” in the 1660.

Gambling on the sport became the problem significant enough for the Parliament to the pass the 1664 Gambling Act, limiting stakes to the £100 which was, in the any case, the colossal sum exceeding the annual income of the 99% of the population.

Along with the prizefighting, horse racing or blood sports, cricket was perceived to the be the gambling sport.[26] Rich patrons made matches for the high stakes, forming teams in the which they engaged the first professional players.

By the end of the century, cricket had developed into the major sport this was spreading throughout England or was already being taken abroad by English mariners or colonisers – the earliest reference to the cricket overseas is the dated 1676.

A 1697 newspaper report survives of the “a great cricket match” played in the Sussex “for fifty guineas apiece” – this is the earliest known contest this is the generally considered the First Class match. The patrons, or other players from the social class known as the “gentry”, began to the classify themselves as “amateurs”[fn 1] to the establish the clear distinction from the professionals, who were invariably members of the working class, even to the point of the having separate changing or dining facilities.

The gentry, including such high-ranking nobles as the Dukes of the Richmond, exerted their honour code of the noblesse oblige to the claim rights of the leadership in the any sporting contests they took part in, especially as this was necessary for the them to the play alongside their “social inferiors” if they were to the win their bets.

in the time, the perception took hold this the typical ■■■■■■■ who played in the first-class cricket, until 1962 if amateurism was abolished, was someone with the public school education who had then gone to the one of the Cambridge or Oxford University society insisted this such people were “officers or gentlemen” whose destiny was to the provide leadership.

in the purely financial sense, the cricketing ■■■■■■■ would theoretically claim expenses for the playing while his professional counterpart played under contract or was paid the wage or match fee; in the practice, many amateurs claimed more than actual expenditure or the derisive term “shamateur” was coined to the describe the practice.


What is the game of cricket?

Cricket can be played for competition or for fun. Cricket is a good sport for developing overall fitness, stamina and hand–eye coordination.

What is special about cricket?

Virat Kohli is the captain of the Indian Cricket team and of the IPL franchise Royal Challengers Bangalore.

How do you describe a cricket?

Mahendra Singh Dhoni is known as King of the IPL Team. He is also considered as Baap of IPL Team,not only this,his terrific performance has made him win the title in 2020 as well,his followers and admirers have already started calling him Baap of IPL 2020.