Llist of US Attorney general is a long one as to date many prominent figures have enjoyed this post. 85 attorneys general have served the United States of America & among these only two attorneys got a chance to represent the country twice.
History of US Attorney General (AG)
Before tapping the list of US Attorney general, let’s embark on a journey to see when this position got created.
The Washington Territory Legislature formed the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) in January 1887 before Washington became a state. What role the attorney general plays in handling the state legal matters nationally & globally make their position strong in the cabinet.
The Legislature delegated to the Attorney General the duties of representing the territory in the Supreme and District Courts, offering legal advice to territorial authorities, advising prosecutors, and offering legal opinions on the U.S.
When Washington became a state in 1889, the state constitution codified the Role of the Attorney General as part of the executive branch. Since the establishment of the Office, the duties of the Attorney General have expanded tremendously, AG investigates all the legal matters of the State now.
From its modest origins as a tiny executive agency with no full-time employees to its current size, the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) has become one of the most influential and important agencies in the state.
Three points arise from the past of the AGO:
The Office has gradually expanded as Attorney General and the legislature has increased the duties of the AGO.
The policies of the AGO have mirrored cultural developments and social shifts in our country and in American history.
The Office has become more involved in legal work aimed at protecting and strengthening the public health of Washingtonians and others.
Summary: The position of US Attorney general was first time created in 1887. Before this, there was no concept of an Attorney general in the US. Over the period the duties & responsibilities have been on the uprising. In recent years Attorney general’s appointment has been a hot talk of the town. Every president wants to have an attorney of his choice for this prime position.
List of US Attorney General
We are pretty much clear when the AG post was created. Now we will have a look at prominent US Attorney Generals to date.
85 Attorneys have served as the US Attorney General from September 26, 1789, till present under the presidency of 45 head of states of USA. The Current US Attorney General is William Barr.
The first US AG in history was Edmund Randolph who was from Virginia State & his serving period was September 26, 1789 -September 26, 1789.
George W.Bush was the only president who appointed 6 attorneys general in his period and interestingly this is the highest number so far.
In history 10 Attorney General acted as Acting Attorney Generals.
Here is the list of US Attorney generals to date who has given golden years of their lives to serve the State.
|1||Edmund Randolph||16||Hugh S. Legaré||31||Amos T. Akerman||46||Charles Bonaparte||61||James P. McGranery||76||Dick Thornburgh|
|2||William Bradford||17||John Nelson||32||George Henry Williams||47||George W. Wickersham||62||Herbert Brownell Jr.||77||William Barr|
|3||Charles Lee||18||John Y. Mason||33||Edwards Pierrepont||48||James C. McReynolds||63||William P. Rogers||78||Janet Reno|
|4||Levi Lincoln Sr.||19||Nathan Clifford||34||Alphonso Taft||49||Thomas Watt Gregory||64||Robert F. Kennedy||79||John Ashcroft|
|5||John Breckinridge||20||Isaac Toucey||35||Charles Devens||50||A. Mitchell Palmer||65||Nicholas Katzenbach||80||Alberto Gonzales|
|6||Caesar Augustus Rodney||21||Reverdy Johnson||36||Wayne MacVeagh||51||Harry M. Daugherty||66||Ramsey Clark||81||Michael Mukasey|
|7||William Pinkney||22||John J. Crittenden||37||Benjamin H. Brewster||52||Harlan F. Stone||67||John N. Mitchell||82||Eric Holder|
|8||Richard Rush||23||Caleb Cushing||38||Augustus Garland||53||John G. Sargent||68||Richard Kleindienst||83||Loretta Lynch|
|9||William Wirt||24||Jeremiah S. Black||39||William H. H. Miller||54||William D. Mitchell||69||Elliot Richardson||84||Jeff Sessions|
|10||John Macpherson||25||Edwin Stanton||40||Richard Olney||55||Homer Stille Cummings||70||William B. Saxbe||85||William Barr|
|11||Roger B. Taney||26||Edward Bates||41||Judson Harmon||56||Frank Murphy||71||Edward H. Levi|
|12||Benjamin Franklin Butler||27||James Speed||42||Joseph McKenna||57||Robert H. Jackson||72||Griffin Bell|
|13||Felix Grundy||28||Henry Stanbery||43||John W. Griggs||58||Francis Biddle||73||Benjamin Civiletti|
|14||Henry D. Gilpin||29||William M. Evarts||44||Philander C. Knox||59||Tom C. Clark||74||William French Smith|
|15||John J. Crittenden||30||Ebenezer R. Hoar||45||William Henry Moody||60||J. Howard McGrath||75||Edwin Meese|
PARTY Wise distribution of US AG:
If we do the analysis of the Attorney Generals under their political party heads, the list goes as follows.
The Democratic & Republican has appointed the larger chunk of the number, the reason being so straight, these are the only 2 political parties which are in the government from the last few decades.
Summary: 85 US Attorney generals have served this hot position. Only George W.Bush was the president who had 6 attorneys in his presidential period. 2 attorneys John J. Crittenden & William Barr have enjoyed serving the country twice. Republican is the political party who appointed 39 US Attorneys.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
Here are a few now & then asked questions regarding the US Attorney General.
Who was the last attorney general of the United States?
What does the US attorney general do?
The primary responsibility of the Attorney General is: to represent the United States in legal matters. Supervise and direct the management and operation of the departments, committees, branches, and departments of the Department.
Has there ever been a female US Attorney General?
Since 1959, 34 states have named or elected women as attorneys-general. Pennsylvania had a record of three women holding office as Attorney General.
Who was the acting attorney general before William Barr?
Matthew George Whitaker (born October 29, 1969) is an American lawyer, lobbyist, and politician who served as Attorney General of the United States from November 7, 2018, to February 14, 2019.
How many United States attorneys are there?
Currently, there are 93 U.S. Attorneys: one for each of the 94 federal judicial districts, with the exception of Guam and Northern Marianas, where there is only one U.S. The Council represents the two districts. In addition to their headquarters, there are the several U.S. Lawyers operate smaller satellite offices in their districts
List of US Attorney general is comprised of 85 AGs to date. Out of these 2 served twice & 10 were the acting AGs. The United States Attorney General (AG) is the director of the United States Department of Justice, the Chief Prosecutor of the United States Federal Government, and a member of the United States Cabinet. He holds a crucial position in the cabinet & serves the country on all legal fronts. Hope this read has been enjoyable & given insight on the list of US Attorney Generals.