How to identify gold ore

How to identify gold ore? There are several tests to identify gold ores. These include fire tests, sharp stone scratch tests, sand crushing tests, acid tests, gold detector tests, destructive tests,non-destructive tests, and hiring an assayer for identifying ore in the lab.


Ore is a naturally occurring deposit of rock that contains a sufficient quantity of one or more elements. These substances include platinum, iron, copper, silver, gold, and others. Miner removes ores from the soil through mining.

Gold ore

The Au-W-Ag-Te compositional pattern that includes wall stone enrichments in V, S, B As, Ba, Sb, CO2, and Rb characterize gold ore.

Types of gold ore

There are several kinds of gold ores, including granite, silver, tellurium, iron, blue clay, silver, and gold sulfide.


Types are as follows:

  • Quartz gold ore.
  • Silver gold ore.
  • Iron gold ore.
  • Gold sulfide ore.
  • Blue clay gold ore.
  • Tellurium gold ore.
  • Granite gold ore.

Signs to check gold in rocks

The indicators are as follows:

  1. Alterations in vegetation and rock type.
  2. Iron patches.
  3. Rotten rocks and quartz.
  4. Existence of various minerals.
  5. Soil color changes to yellow or reddish color.
  6. Check the nearby areas where you found gold in history.
  7. Accumulation of quartz vein matter.
  8. Zones of rock contact.

Useful Information for gold prospecting

Information is as follows:

  • You should be aware of gold discoveries.
  • You must have a complete tool kit for prospection.
  • You must know about the mining of hard rocks.
  • You must know about geological survey sites.
  • You must be aware of state laws.

Tests for identification of gold ore

The tests used to identify gold ore are as follows:

1. Fire Test

Burn the gold ore with fire. After burning, gold will not change its yellow color.

2. Sharp Stone Scratch Test

Scratch the sharp stone on the gold ore. This scratching will result in yellow marks on gold ore.

3. Sand Crushing Test

Crush some sand on gold ore and wash away the sand. If you notice a heavy metal that is bright yellow, that is gold ore.

4. Acid Test

Place a gold ore in a jar. Add some amount of vinegar or nitric acid to the gold ore. It is a gold ore if no reaction takes place.

5. Gold Detector Test

The gold detector can detect the gold ore even at a one-foot depth.

6. Hiring an assayer

An assayer is employed to evaluate the mineral samples in the lab for the most reliable results.

7. Destructive Tests

Destructive tests are as follows:

Destructive Tests: Procedure: What to watch out for:
1. Hardness Test Use gold ore to scratch the glass. Gold will not scratch glass.
2. Streak Test Rub the gold ore with a streak plate. Gold will leave a gold streak.
3. Ductility Test Take a gold ore and try to bend it. Gold will deform its shape.
4. Sectility Test Take a blade or knife and try to cut the gold ore. Gold will cut easily.
5. Panning Test Crush the gold ore and pan the crushed powder on a gold pan. Gold will gather at the pan’s bottom.

8. Non-Destructive Tests

Non-destructive tests are as follows:

Non-Destructive Tests: Procedure: What to watch out for:
1. Visual Test Remove the dust and make a keen observation. Gold in color and non-cubic mineral.
2. Magnetism Test Take a magnet and test gold ore. Magnet will draw gold.

Warnings for gold ore identification

The warnings are:

  • Store the acid in a safe place.
  • Always wear gloves while performing the acid test, as it can harm your skin.
  • Always use a lower concentration of acid.
  • Dilute the acid before the test to make it less acidic.
  • When you are diluting the solution, add acid to water, not water in acid.
  • Keep aqua regia away from the gold as it reacts quickly.

Mistakes you may encounter when identifying gold ores

  • You may confuse when differentiating between gold and pyrite.To avoid this error, remember that gold ore is unblemished and free of strings, whereas pyrites are stained and have lines on their surface. To test them dip both of them in sulfuric acid; if the bubbles form on the surface, then it is pyrite; otherwise, it is gold.
  • You may confuse when differentiating between gold ore and chalcopyrite. So to avoid this confusion, burning is performed. Gold will not change color, while chalcopyrite will turn black.
  • Some people get deceived by biotite ore while identifying gold ore. Therefore, we perform crushing, mining, and extracting gold ore to identify gold ore.

Methods for testing the nature of gold ore

Testing of gold ore occurs in the following ways:

  1. Detailed mineral characterization of gold ore occurs through X-ray fluorescence, diffraction, and petrography.
  2. Determination of acid consumption.
  3. Biooxidation is performed.
  4. Tank reactor tests are performed.

Methods for testing the nature of gold ore

Techniques for gold extraction from rocks

Techniques used for gold extraction are as follows:

Technique no 1:

Crushing the stones is a gold extraction technique. First, wear gloves, glasses, and earplugs to protect yourself before crushing the stone. Take a container and add the gold ore to it. With a mighty ■■■■, strike the container through a sledgehammer. Continue until the gold ore turns into pebbles. Grind the gravel with a metal rod. Filter the gravel with a mining pan. Shake it well and take the gold pieces out.

Technique no 2:

Mercury is used for gold extraction from rocks. First, wear a jumpsuit, gloves, glasses, and earplugs to protect yourself. Break the stone with a sledgehammer into pebbles. Add mercury to the gravel and stir with a metal rod. Liquid gold will separate and react with mercury to form an amalgam. Pour the amalgam on a leather surface. Make a pouch and squeeze to remove the mercury from the holes in the leather. Pour the leftover amalgam into the saucepan. Keep the amalgam in the saucepan covered with the help of potato slices. Heat the amalgam. Potato slices will absorb the mercury gas. Now refine the gold and keep it in a safe place.

Technique no 3:

Cyanide is used for gold extraction. In a tank filled with weak cyanide, add gold ore. Now add zinc to the tank, which will react with gold ore to separate the gold from the ore. The filter press will filter out the gold from the solution.

Technique no 4:

Flotation separates the gold. Add ground ore into a frothing agent, coating organic chemicals and collecting agents. The frothing agent converts the solution into form. The collecting agent reacts with the gold, forming an oily layer on the surface. Bubbles will form on the surface. Air is allowed to pass, and bubbles will rise on the top. Remove the gold via skimming.

Technique no 5:

In the heap-leaching technique, Spray cyanide on ore placed on the open-air pads. Add the solution to the recovery plant to recover gold from it.


Techniques used for gold extraction are:

  • Rocks crushing.
  • Mercury usage.
  • Cyanide usage.
  • Flotation.
  • Heap-Leaching.

Frequently Asked Questions

The following are some questions people usually ask about How to identify gold ore:

1. What is the value of gold ore?

That makes the gold in a one-pound ore sample worth about 75 cents, provided the ore is wealthy. Since numerous mines can profit on many lower-grade ores, the average value of ore may easily fall to 25 cents or less per pound.

2. How does gold ore appear?

The gold ore is typically brown iron-stained rock or enormous white quartz with minute traces of gold.

3. Where are gold ore mines?

Gold ore mines are in:

  1. South Africa.
  2. Russia.
  3. Canada.
  4. Australia.
  5. the USA.

4. Does gold ore contain real gold?

99.9% of the gold obtained from gold ores is not real gold.

5. How do you discover gold in a rock?

We can discover gold from quartz rock.

6.How can you use vinegar to test gold?

One of the most excellent at-home ways of testing gold is using vinegar. The gold is placed in the vinegar to observe if it changes color or stays gleaming. Vinegar does not affect the color or sheen of genuine gold.

7. Is gold ore consistently shiny?

Generally speaking, gold does not reflect light well. Although dazzling and golden, its hue does not change depending on the lighting.

8. How do you use baking soda to test gold?

After washing the stone with the baking soda/water mixture, rinse it with water and pat it dry with a paper towel. There is a reaction that indicates your sample is less pure. If there is any reaction, you have gold with the same karat; if there is none, you have gold with a more fabulous karat.

9. How can you distinguish between genuine gold and fake gold?

Pure gold is denser than other metals. Thus, anything made of it will sink rapidly to the bottom of a water bottle or tub. Fake gold may float or descend more gradually. Unlike gold-plated goods, real gold won’t tarnish or rust when placed in water.

10. How is gold extracted from quartz?

Separate the gold from the quartz by using the gold panning technique. Rotate the gold pan when submerged in water. Continue spinning while lifting the pan out of the water. Continue doing this until all of the material in the pan is gone.

11. How is gold discovered from the quartz with gold veins?

Look for and thoroughly study any quartz rocks you come across with natural fissures and lines to discover the gold. Detecting gold in white quartz is simple. Break quartz and potentially gold-bearing stones open with your geology hammer and sledgehammer.

12. How can you use water at home to test gold?

Bring a cup or glass of water with the gold you want to analyze. Please put it in the glass or mirror that is already full. As gold floats, so it is fake; on the other hand, gold that sinks to the bottom of the glass is real gold. Since genuine gold is a heavy metal, it will sink.

13. How can you test gold without acid at home?

On a piece of unglazed porcelain, rub the gold object. If a dark stripe is left behind, the substance is not gold. The thing is gold if it goes with a golden-yellow stripe.

14. How can a metal detector find gold?

A metal detector sends an electromagnetic field into the ground and examines the signal it reflects. Eddy currents naturally form an electromagnetic field, which the sensor detects and analyzes. In this way, metal detectors detect gold.

15. Does fool gold(pyrite) sticks to a magnet?

Yes, fool gold sticks to a magnet because it contains high iron content.

16. What purpose does gold ore serve mostly?

In the field of art, jewelry-making accounts for around 65% of all processed gold. Along with jewelry, other uses for gold include industrial energy, electronics, and ceramics. These commercial uses have increased in recent years and are now taking 25% of the gold market.

17. Where does gold come from naturally?

According to the Gem & Jewelry Bureau, the discovery of gold occurred in gem reserves in the Kirara region. Sri Lanka’s history and current state. Due to its abundant natural mineral resources, it is well known globally. This small town is frequently referred to as Ruwanpura because the Ratnapura district is well-known for its diamonds.

18. Which electronics contain gold?

Electronics containing gold are:

  • Connectors.
  • Switches.
  • Contacts.
  • Relays.
  • Soldering points.
  • Connecting wires.
  • Connecting links.

19. Mention the famous gold ore.

The most well-known exogenous gold ore is Alluvial gold. Alluvial gold deposits are present near rivers and lowlands. Storms, wind, rain, and temperature variations in the gold mines all play a part in the formation of alluvial gold deposits.

20. What is the primary application for gold ore globally?

Jewellery and ornaments are made out of gold. Gold clumps are found in streams and are one of the best metals used by humanity for a thousand years. They are also relatively easy to manufacture. Most gold jewelry today is either newly mined or recycled.


Identification of gold ore occurs through:

  • fire test.
  • sharp stone scratch test.
  • sand crushing test.
  • acid test.
  • gold detector test.
  • destructive tests.
  • non-destructive tests.
  • hiring an assayer for testing ore in the lab.

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