The principal leaders of the New England colonies were John Winthrop of Massachusetts, Roger Williams and Ann Hutchinson of Rhode Island, John Mason of New Hampshire and Thomas Hoker of Connecticut.
John Winthrop was a spiritual and political leader of the Massachusetts Bay colony. In 1629 he was elected governor of the colony.
Confederation of New England, a mutual security and welfare association founded in 1643 by representatives of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven colonies. They met in Boston and adopted a written constitution that linked the colonies into a league like the United Colonies of New England.
anne hutchinson and william penn james oglethorpe and anne hutchinson george calvert, james oglethorpe and john smith roger williams, john winthrop and william bradford.
Immediately after pilgrims settled in the northeast, Puritans from England founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop, the Puritans had fled religious persecution in England and wanted the possibility of establishing a rigid religious government.
Their finances were based on trade, timber, fishing, whaling, shipping, fur trade (forest animals) and shipbuilding.
Reasons for Settlement: British colonies sprang up on the east coast for various reasons. The New England colonies were established to escape religious persecution in England.
Farmland was not abundant in the New England colonies, and many settlers worked rather than farm. Trade, manufacturing, and fishing were common in the New England colonies. Mills, sawmills, and shipyards were popular businesses, and the ports along the coast were excellent for facilitating trade.
The English colony of the original 13 colonies was located on the Atlantic coast of North America and was founded between 1607 in Virginia and 1733 in Georgia. The 13 colonies.
Eventually they gave the land to England. After the War of Independence, the war in which all 13 colonies separated from England, the young nation created the constitution and ratified each of the 13 colonies as part of the new United States.
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The settlements in the north were mostly mountains with a colder climate and a thin layer of soil only for subsistence. Settlements in the south were mostly lowlands with warmer climates and rich, fertile soils suitable for agriculture. Economic activity in the northern colonies was based on production and trade.
The systems of government in the southern colonies were real or private. Royal Government: The royal colonies were directly ruled by the English monarchy. Government property: The king gave the land to the people of North America who then created their own settlements.
Maryland. In 1634 George Calvert received from King Charles I the deed of founding the colony of Maryland. The county began as a colony owned by the English Lord Baltimore, who wanted to create a refuge for Catholics in the New World during the War of European Religions.
England established four more colonies in the south: Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Maryland began in 1632 when King Charles I landed a Catholic named Cecilius Calvert. Calvert wanted Maryland to be a paradise for Catholics.
South Maryland Colonies • The colony had two problems: a disagreement with Penn over the Maryland and Pennsylvania borders and freedom of religion. To solve the initial problems, two British astronomers, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, worked on a dividing line between these two colonies: the Mason Dixon Line.