Medical or pure asepsis reduces the number of organisms and prevents the spread of surgical or sterile asepsis, includes procedures for removing microorganisms from an area, and is performed by surgical technicians and nurses in operating rooms and treatment areas .
A. Medical asepsis is the prerequisite for the absence of pathogenic microorganisms. Medical asepsis aims to prevent the spread of microorganisms through plant practices.
Surgical asepsis. Surgical asepsis is the absence of all microorganisms in any type of invasive procedure. Sterile engineering is a set of specific practices and procedures that are performed to purify equipment and areas of all microorganisms and to maintain sterility (BC Center for Disease Control, 2010).
Unlike medical asepsis, surgical asepsis, also known as a surgical technique, removes all microorganisms. The principles and techniques of surgical asepsis are used when the skin is not intact and internal parts of the body are also inserted, cured or treated.
Asepsis or asepsis is free from pathogenic microorganisms. Some authors distinguish between surgical asepsis, or sterile technique, used in surgery, and medical asepsis, or pure technique, which involves procedures aimed at reducing the number and transmission of pathogens.
There are two types of medical and surgical asepsis. Practices that reduce dullness, growth, transmission and spread of pathogenic microorganisms. This includes hand washing, bathing, environmental cleaning, gloves, clothing, mask, headgear and shoes, disinfectants, and the use of disinfectants.
Healthcare professionals use aseptic techniques when:
Surgical asepsis is often used when a foreign object is introduced into a patient’s body, thus opening a potential pathway for an infectious agent to pass through. For example, a patient must have a urinary catheter. Finally, and most clearly, surgical asepsis is used in surgical procedures.
Examples include removing spills, dirty surfaces, and using a disinfectant. Medical asepsis also includes the use of personal protective equipment such as gloves, gowns and even masks, eye and face protection.
According to the Joint Commission, aseptic technique has four main aspects: barriers, patient equipment and preparation, environmental controls, and contact guidelines. Some barriers used in aseptic techniques are:
The highest level of asepsis is sterilization.
A pathogen is a small living organism, such as a bacterium or virus, that makes people sick. By washing your hands often, you avoid pathogens that can make you sick.
Hand washing (or hand washing), also known as hand hygiene, is hand cleaning with the goal of removing dirt, grime and microorganisms. Medical hand hygiene refers to the hygiene practices associated with medical procedures.
This includes standard precautions (hand hygiene, personal protective equipment, injection safety, environmental and respiratory hygiene / cough label) and transmission-based precautions (contact, drip and air).
Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid (now known as phenol) to sterilize surgical instruments and clean wounds. Building on Louis Pasteur’s advances in microbiology, Lister defended the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic, making it the first widely used antiseptic in surgery.
A good aseptic technique prevents contamination of crops by foreign bacteria present in the environment. Furthermore, proper aseptic technique prevents microbes used in the laboratory from being inadvertently released into the environment and / or contaminating those working in the laboratory.
The purpose of surgical hand peeling is to: remove dirt and volatile microorganisms from nails, hands and forearms. Minimize the number of microbial residents e. Prevent rapid rebound growth of microorganisms.
Surgical asepsis. sterile drapes during surgery and interventions prevent contamination of wounds and surgical areas from uncontrollable environments. Standard Precautions. The principles of infection and spread prevention and control apply to all body fluids and apply to all patients.