What is the molar mass of NaCl (table salt)?
$58.44277 g/mol$Sodium chloride, also known as table salt, is an ionic compound composed of sodium cations, Na^(+), and chloride anions, Cl^(-) that has the formula unit NaCl.
The molar mass of an anionic compound tells you what the mass of one mole of formula units of that respective compound is.
You know that sodium chlorides formula unit contains
one sodium atom
one chlorine atom
This means that sodium chlorides molar mass will be the sum of the molar masses of those two atoms.
M_M NaCl = M_ MNaCl + M_M Cl
A quick look in the periodic table and youll see that the molar masses of sodium and chlorine, respectively, are
Na -> 22.989770 g/mol
$Cl -> 35.453 g/mol
Therefore, the molar mass of sodium chloride will be
M_M = 22.989770 g/mol + 35.453 g/mol = color(green)(58.44277 g/mol)
In stoichiometric calculations, this value is often used as 58.44 g/mol. The molar mass of sodium chloride is 58.44 g/mol.NaCl
The molar mass of sodium is 22.990 g/mol. The molar mass of chlorine is 35.45 g/mol.
To calculate the molar mass of NaCl, multiply the subscript of each element times its molar mass, then add them together. If there is no subscript, it is understood to be 1.