Cord blood is the blood that remains in your navel after your baby is born.
What is cord blood?
During pregnancy, the umbilical cord connects a developing fetus to the placenta. The placenta is an organ in the womb of a pregnant woman. It provides oxygen and nutrients for the growing baby and removes waste products from the baby’s blood. The cord contains blood vessels that help the baby carry oxygen and nutrient-rich blood and carry blood away from the baby.
Why is cord blood stored?
Blood that flows through the placenta and veins has a high concentration of stem cells. Stem cells develop into mature blood cells:
- Red blood cells
- White blood cells
Stem cells are an important treatment for many diseases, including cancer, blood disorders, and genetic and metabolic diseases. For many patients, vascular stem cells are life-saving.
How is cord blood collected?
Usually, the umbilical cord and placenta are discarded after birth. If a mother wants to collect her umbilical cord blood, the health team will do so after the baby is born. Using a sterile needle, they draw the blood from the umbilical cord into the collection bag. The blood is packaged and sent to an umbilical cord blood bank for long-term storage.
How is cord blood stored?
There are two types of cord blood banks:
- Public Bank: Stores umbilical blood donations for these processes and public use or research. Once donated, cord blood is less likely to be available for personal use in the future. There is no storage fee. Mothers donate their babies’ umbilical cord blood to government banks to help other people.
- Private Bank: This is where cord blood is stored for the personal use of the family. Long-term storage costs may be higher.
Is Cord Blood Right for Me?
If you are considering cord blood banking for your newborn, speak to your doctor about your options. Your supplier can discuss the pros and cons of public and private cord blood banking.
- Personal cord blood banking can be helpful if you or a family member has a stem cell treated disease.
- A child is very unlikely to develop a disease that can be treated with their own stem cells.
- Donations to the public umbilical cord blood bank can provide needy patients with life-saving stem cells.
What is Cord Blood Banking?
Cord Blood Banking means the preservation of newborn stem cells in umbilical cord blood and placental blood. When a baby is born, there is still blood after birth that is rich in stem cells and has healing properties, even if the umbilical cord is late.
Although cord blood stem cells are not embryos, they are more spiritual than adult stem cells because their age was low and the infection due to their disease or environmental factors was very low. Cord blood stem cells can be collected without risk to the baby or mother.
Cord blood is used for therapy in various hospitals around the world today. There are clinical studies in which cord blood is used for both stem cell transplants and emerging therapies in regenerative medicine.
Cord Blood Banking encompasses the entire process from collection to preservation of newborn stem cells for future therapeutic purposes. If treatment is needed, the cord blood bank will pass the stem cells on to your doctor.
It is up to you to decide what type of cord blood to keep - public or private (family):
- it costs nothing for parents to donate their cord blood to a public cord blood bank. Not all parents are eligible for scholarships and only the largest donations are saved. The reserved grants are listed on a register that doctors can search for on behalf of transplant patients.
- Family cord blood banks accept a cord blood preservation fee as a biological insurance for children and close family members. When parents pay to keep them in the family, it is a kind of biological insurance for their children and family.
What are the odds that we will need our cord blood?
The reaction to your child’s cord blood consumption is that your child or a close family member may have a condition that cord blood can be treated, as the Family Cord Blood Bank tells parents that there are 60 diseases for which stem cell transplants require one Standard treatment are.
This is a true statement, but it can be misleading. Most of these 80 diseases are rare in children. In the United States, the net chance that a child will need some type of stem cell transplant by age 20 is 5000, or 3.06%. So, the answers for a baby replacement are only 3 out of 5,000 out of a total of 60!
When does cord blood stored in banks have significant odds of use?
Family members: The graph on the left shows that the rate of cancer increases with age and the likelihood of a stem cell transplant increases. In the United States, 1 in 217, or 0.46 %%, will receive a stem cell transplant (not just one, but one) by age 70. An immediate family member of Cord Blood fits in with first-level relatives: siblings and parents.
Hereditary Disadvantages: The disadvantages of using quotations for the average person in the United States do not apply to some households or other countries. For example, some parents want cord blood banks because they have many relatives with autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and know that stem cell transplants hold the promise of autoimmune diseases. In Asian countries where the hereditary blood disorder is thalassemia, family cord blood banks are meeting public health requirements. Families can transfer cord blood from a healthy child to a cord blood transfusion from a sibling to an older child with thalassemia. In Thailand, we have set up a fertility clinic to help parents of a child with thalassemia imagine a suitable rescuer sibling. African cord blood banks can benefit public health by replacing cord blood for sickle cell disease and providing stem cells that contain genetic mutations that can fight HIV and AIDS.
Regenerative Medicine: In the US, parents suffer from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), apraxia, ataxia, cerebral palsy, hydrocephalus, autism, stroke in the womb, and more traumatic brain disease. Nobody would imagine that their child could be born with a brain injury, but the reality is that it happens in 2 of the full 1000 years, and in both cases, it is 10 times more common. Cerebral palsy of 2 or 2% in 100 premieres. Another relatively common condition that may benefit from a cord blood therapy study is an autism spectrum disorder.