What is Algodon? Algodon is simply the Spanish word used for the English word cotton Algodon term is used for both plant and fabric of it. There is no specific difference in Algodon or normal cotton .
In Latin,Algodon means polyester and in French polyester means cotton.
In this article, it will be deeply discussed about Algodon/cotton, its history, production and some uses.
The word cotton is derived from an Arabic word Al-qutn which in Spanish language is called Algodon and in English language it is called cotton.
- Scientific name: The scientific name of Algodon or cotton is Gossypiuem. In today world all the cotton we get is from the species Gossypiuem Hirsutum but before the 19th century it was obtained from 4 different Gossypiuem species of Malvaceae family. These were:
- Gossypiuem Arboretum L.
- Gossypiuem Herbaceum L.
- Gossypiuem Hirsutum L.
- Gossypiuem Barbadens L.
Cotton or Algodon is a natural, soft fiber that is produced along the seeds of the cotton plant. There are different types of the cotton plants. Some are grown in wild tropical and some in subtropical areas of the world. Cotton is mainly produced over the millions of acres all over the world. The Cotton fibers are long and thin, like hair. So a single fiber is not enough strong. Numerous curling fibers are folded or straightened together so, they form a smooth thread that is further used for knitting.
Cotton or Algodon has been used as a fixture of the textile industry for centuries. It is the most important seed and food crop all over the world. Cotton is used to make soft fabrics. Its seeds are crushed to extract oil from it. It is sometimes blended with the other products as well as to make different kinds of fabrics. Denim, Terry cloth, chambray, seersucker, twill and some others are the fabrics made from the cotton.
Algodon Paise known as country cotton is a type of cotton that grows in Peru and comes in different natural colors like white, tan, maroon and few others. It is the only cotton that provides numbers of natural colors and is not be lighten by the sunlight or washing.
The exact dawn of the inception of the cotton use is not confirmed but it is generally said that many civilizations had their executions at the same time. No one is quite sure about from where the cotton we use is originated from.
Cotton or Algodon is known for its role in history of India, the British Empire and US. It is known as one of the most important crop all over the world.
It has been said that the earliest cotton fabric was found in Peru dated to about 6000 BC.
Many scientists also says that the first proof of the cotton use was found in Pakistan and India that dates from about 6000-7000 BC.
Some cotton bolls were discovered in the caves of Mexico that dated to as early as 5500 BC. Although, there is a bit of doubt in this date.
It has been said that cotton has been used as a fabric since 3000 BC in India and Americas. Some pieces of the 4000 years old cotton cloth were found at the Indus valley.
The Arab merchants introduced the cotton cloth to the Spain and Italy in 800 AD. In this way, the Europe was introduced to the cotton or Algodon. The Chinese developed the cotton in the 13th century. When America was discovered, it was found by Columbus that cotton was cultivating on the Bahama Island. By 1500, cotton/Algodon was known by all over the world.
After the industrial revolution, the importance of the Algodon was enhanced by the invention of cotton grin in England.
England was the first country to spin the cotton by machinery. England begun to spin cotton and developed a textile industry. But it was carried out by manual labor. But when Eli Whitney invented the first cotton grin in 1793, all was changed. The cotton grin separated cotton from the seeds by the power of the 10. This machine contributed a lot in to the growth of the textile industry all over the world.
The process of the cotton production is a very long process. It takes a lot of time to convert the field cotton into the fabric cotton. It generally is divided into 4 processes that are as under:
The cultivation and growth of the cotton plant can take up to 6-7 months. So, it is important to plant the seeds as early as possible and the farmers must understand the requirements of these plants and keep check on avoiding the potential problems.
In spring, the cotton seeds are planted by the farmers or machines. The seeds should be planted more deeply in hot and warmer areas and more shallowly in cool areas. The seedlings start to grow after 5 for 7 days of planting if the soil moisture and temperature are kept well at the time of cultivation. Nearly after 6 weeks of seedlings emergence, the flower buds are formed. After, the bloom the cotton balls are formed. Each cotton ball contains round about 25 seeds. Approximately after 8 weeks the cotton bolls are broken apart and a fluffy white cotton is formed. In the next step, harvesting is done. Various types of cotton pickers and strippers are used to collect huge quantities of cotton at once. This recently picked cotton is then converted into large modules.
To be used for thread or fabric, this cotton is first be cleaned and the seeds should get separated from the cotton. The cotton in cleaned from the debris, and the seeds are removed by the process of grinning. Large trucks move the modules to the cotton gin. In the cotton gin the machines feeds the modules in cotton gin. The cotton gin pull the fiber apart, and remove the useless debris, leaves, stem and other blurry materials after the gin separates the seeds from the cotton fibers. The seeds are collected on the other side that is used for various other purposes like* animal feeds, paper production and many others. The fiber which is called lint is then converted into bales. That weighs about 500 pound (0.23 t) in case of each bale. These bales are then sent to the cotton mills for further processing to convert them into fabrics. The video below will help you learning ginning process of cotton.
Ginning process of cotton
Now if the lint is cleaned and the seeds are separated, it is further processed to produce thread before it is converted into fabric. This process is called spinning. This process is a bit long and quiet complicated process. In this process the lint is passed through various processes in which it is converted into a strong and thin yarn by stretching, twisting and spinning. These processes are carding, combing, roving and some others.
The yarn is the spun around a large cone from there it is ready for the next step.
In the next step the cotton yarn is passed through the process of weaving to produce the fabric or cloth. In this process two unmistakable arrangements of yarns or strings are intertwined at the right points to frame a texture or fabric. Different strategies of weaving are knitting, felting, interlacing and plaiting.
In the last step, this fabric is converted into a usable thing after passing it through the processes if dying or bleaching, printing and it is given a PRE shrunk before being made into the cloths and other products if home. The other machines make the knits for the sweaters and blankets.
- Algodon is most useful plants in the world
- Algodon is soft
- Algodon is lightweight.
- Algodon is sometimes blended with other fabrics to make different kinds of fabrics.
- Algodon cottons are strong and dye absorbent
The cotton/Algodon is considered as the backbone of the textile industry as it is the most important textile fiber in the world. It is produced in many countries of the world.
Whenever you are passing along a retail store, you will be known of a lot of materials that are produced from different types of fabrics. In these, one of the most common materials is the cotton products that are present in the shelves of almost every retail shops. It is very important for making the clothing all over the world. In spite of that, it also has some other common uses of cotton/Algodon which are mentioned below:
One of the most important and popular use of cotton is its use in clothing. Cotton is mostly used in the manufacturing of blue jeans, shirts, sweaters and dresses. Its soft texture, adaptable quality, soft feel, permeability, and mass production has made it a unit of the textile industry.
Algodon or cotton is used to make a lot of woven fabrics like damask, flannel and more.
Bed sheets and Towels:
As cotton is very soft and spongy, it is considered very beneficial for making bed sheets and towels.
As many disposable diapers are a source of waste, the cotton diapers are now used by many parents as they are pleasant to skin and are reusable for several times.
As I mentioned above that the cotton fabric is quite soft and gentle, comfortable undergarments can be made from this.
Cotton is also used in manufacturing of number of home accessories like curtains, pillows, rugs and many other things.
Animal feed and Fertilizer:
The cotton seeds are used for many purposes. The seeds after passing through the crushing process are transformed into three different components. These components are used for livestock feed and in fertilizers to increase the agriculture.
Cotton seed oil:
The cotton seed oil after the extraction is used in various bathing products, cosmetics and candles. These are also used for salad dressing and margarine.
The cotton linters can be used to manufacture the synthetic products like plastic. These linters contain large amount of cellulose.
Paper and cupboard:
There is no specific difference in the term Algodon and the normal cotton. Algodon is the Spanish word used for the English word cotton. Cotton is regarded is one of the main crops of the world. Its history is not much confirmed. However, by the 1500 all the world knew about it The cotton is mainly used in generating fabric that is used in clothing and some other materials. The process of the conversion of the field cotton to the fabric cotton is based on 5 steps in which the cotton is passed through a number of processes to turn into the fabrics. There are many uses of cotton. It is used in clothing, home accessories, making of paper, in cosmetics, bathing products, diapers and many other things.
Yes, cotton Algodon shrinks as you wash it after first wash it will shrink definitely.
From its original size about 20% of cotton shrink.
As we can see cotton’s percentage is higher than polyester so it will not shrink .Even so wash it with cold water then it will prevent full shrinkage.
Around three centuries Egyptian cotton is found the best cotton in the world due to its strength and softness and due to its many other characteristics.
The word Algodon is the Spanish translation of the English word cotton. In Latin, it means polyester. Algodon is not different from the cotton. The term Algodon is used for both the plant and the fabric of cotton in Spanish language. We can also say that Algodon is derived merely from Arabic language.