It settles every year in rich soil.
The Nile cataract has helped and damaged Egypt every year by flooding and cutting down rocks and trees. This made attacks on Egypt very difficult.
The Egyptians were protected from intruders thanks to their geographical location. Furthermore, the cataracts of the Nile to the south protected the Egyptians from the land below. The cataract was the pressure of the river. This shows that the countries of southern Egypt had to travel on water to reach civilization.
Nile cataracts are flat sections (or aggregates) of the Nile between Aswan and Khartoum, where the surface of the water is interrupted by many small boulders and stones protruding from the river bed and numerous rocky islets.
Geologists point out that the northern region of Sudan is tectonically active and this activity has given the river youthful characteristics. The Nubian wave shifted the river’s course to the west, but kept the depth low and created cataracts.
Cataracts prevented Nubians from trading on the river, so Nubian trade routes had to cross the country. Kemet means black earth. They called their country this because it consisted of the dark land left by the floods of the Nile.
Natural barriers made the invasion of Egypt difficult. The desert in the west was too large and difficult to cross. The Mediterranean and the Red Sea offered protection from invasions. Cataracts in the Nile made invasion from the south difficult.
Cataract, a waterfall (q.v.), especially one with large amounts of water flowing over a cliff.
The desert protected Egypt from external attacks. The Nile, the desert and the foreseeable floods made ancient Egypt one of the first river civilizations in the world.
The Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt the gift of Egypt because the kingdom owed its survival to the annual flooding of the Nile and the consequent deposition of fertile silt. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea and there is a delta at its mouth.
The first six cataracts on the Nile were the main obstacles to ships sailing the Nile in ancient times. Upstream rain (north to south), the first cataract is in modern Egypt, the rest in Sudan. The word cataract comes from the Greek kataraktes, which means waterfall.
Mountains, swamps, deserts, expanses of ice, and bodies of water such as rivers, large lakes, and seas are examples of natural barriers. North of Egypt lies the Mediterranean Sea. East of the Nile are the Eastern Desert and the Red Sea. West of the Nile lies the Western Desert.
The natural barriers of ancient Egypt did not fully protect them. The ancient Egyptians built fortresses in the delta region to protect themselves from the enemies of the Mediterranean. They built a series of fortresses in the south to protect themselves from their African neighbor, the Nubians.
adDelta) is the delta formed in Lower Egypt at the mouth of the Nile in the Mediterranean Sea. From north to south the delta is about 160 km long. Delta starts off a little while coming down from Cairo.
The most important thing the Nile gave the ancient Egyptians was fertile land. Most of Egypt is desert, but along the Nile the soil is rich and suitable for cultivation. The three main crops were wheat, flax and papyrus.
The Nile: the longest river in the world. The Nile Delta is 160 kilometers long and 250 kilometers wide.
This can get confusing when looking at a map as Lower Egypt is at the top of the map and Upper Egypt is at the bottom. In fact, the Nile flows from the southern highlands to the northern lowlands.
Blue Nile White Nile
Location: North Africa. Egypt borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Israel to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.