What do elephants eat

What do elephants eat? Elephants are herbivores, which means they eat only plants. They consume everything, including leaves, twigs, bark, roots, fruit, and flowers. They even try to consume a tree’s soul! However, this is not possible. If there’s anything green around, they’ll grab it. There is no such thing as gazing left or right. They have to consume a lot to maintain such a massive physique. A single spoon of dessert on their plate is a twig of a tree.

:round_pushpin: Elephant

Elephants are the world’s biggest terrestrial mammals. The African bush elephant, African forest elephant, and Asian elephant are the three extant species currently recognized. Within the proboscideans family Elephantidae, they constitute an informal subgroup. The mastodons are among the extinct members of the Elephantidae family of proboscideans.

:round_pushpin: Anatomy and morphology of elephant

The anatomy and morphology of elephants are described below:

:elephant: Bones

The elephant’s skeleton consists of 326–351 bones. Tight joints link the vertebrae, limiting the backbone’s flexibility. African elephants have 21 pairs of ribs, compared to 19 or 20 pairs of Asian elephants.

:elephant: Head

The skull of an elephant is strong enough to resist the forces created by the tusks’ leverage and head-to-head collisions. The rear of the skull has become flattened and fanned out, forming arches that shield the brain from all sides. Air cavities in the skull lower the weight of the skull while retaining its overall strength.

The interior of the skull has a honeycomb-like appearance due to many cavities. The skull is exceptionally big, allowing adequate space for muscles to attach and support the entire head. The lower jaw is strong and substantial. The neck is quite short to give greater support due to the size of the head.

The eye relies on the harderian gland to keep it wet since it lacks a lacrimal mechanism. The eye globe is protected by a long-lasting nictitating membrane. The placement and restricted movement of the eyes limit the animal’s field of view. Elephants are dichromats, meaning that they can see well in low light but not in strong light.

:elephant: Ears

Elephant ears are thick at the base and narrow at the tip. The pinnae contain many blood veins known as capillaries. Warmblood pours into the capillaries, allowing excess body heat to escape into the surroundings. This happens when the animal’s pinnae remain stationary, and fluttering them increases the impact.

Larger ear surfaces have more capillaries, allowing more heat to escape. African bush elephants have the widest earflaps and dwell in the warmest conditions of all the elephants. Elephants can hear at low frequencies, with a maximum sensitivity of 1 kHz.

:elephant: Trunk

Although the upper lip and trunk are separated in early fetal life, the trunk, or proboscis, is a fusion of the nose and top lip. The elephant’s trunk is extended and specialized, making it the most significant and flexible limb. It has up to 150,000 distinct muscular fascicles, no bone, and very little fat.

There are two types of paired muscles: superficial and internal. The former is classified as dorsal, ventral, and lateral, while the latter are classified as transverse and radiating. The trunk muscles attach to a bony hole in the skull. Between the nostrils, the nasal septum is made up of small muscle units that span horizontally.

The nostrils are divided at the base by cartilage. The trunk moves as a muscular hydrostat thanks to finely synchronized muscle contractions. Muscles cooperate and compete with one another. The maxillary and facial nerves create the probosci’s nerve, which travels along both sides of the trunk.

Breathing, olfaction, touching, gripping, and sound generation are all performed by elephant trunks. The animal’s sense of smell may be four times more sensitive than a bloodhound’s. The trunk’s tremendous twisting and coiling actions enable it to acquire food, struggle with other elephants, and lift to 350 kilograms (770 lb).

It is capable of doing delicate duties like cleaning an eye and examining an orifice, as well as cracking a peanut shell without damaging the seed. An elephant’s trunk can reach anything up to 7 m (23 ft) in height and dig for water under mud or sand.

When gripping with their trunks, some people like to twist them to the left, while others prefer to twist them to the right. Elephants can dilate their nostrils by about 30%, increasing nasal capacity by 64%, and can inhale at speeds of up to 150 m/s (490 ft/s), which is around 30 times faster than a human sneeze.

Elephants can suck up food and water, which they may then spray in their mouths or sprinkle on their body. An adult Asian elephant’s trunk can carry 8.5 liters (2.2 US gallons) of water. They will also smear themselves with dust or grass. The elephant uses its trunk as a snorkel when submerged.

At the tip of its trunk, the African elephant possesses two finger-like extensions that allow it to grab and deliver food to its mouth. The Asian elephant only has one and feeds by wrapping a food item around its trunk and pressing it into its mouth.

Asian elephants have better muscular coordination and are capable of doing more difficult activities. Although individuals have survived with reduced trunks in rare situations, losing the trunk would be harmful to an elephant’s life.

One elephant was seen grazing by crouching on its front legs, elevating on its hind legs, and sucking grass with its lips. Floppy trunk syndrome is a disorder in African bush elephants that causes trunk paralysis due to the degeneration of peripheral nerves and muscles starting at the tip of the trunk.

:elephant: Teeth

Elephants have 26 teeth.

Teeth 26
Incisors (tusks) 2
Premolars 12
Molars 12

Elephants are polyphyodonts, which undergo cycles of tooth rotation throughout their lifetimes, unlike other mammals, which acquire baby teeth and then replace them with a single permanent set of adult teeth. In a typical elephant’s lifespan, the chewing teeth are replaced six times.

In contrast to other animals, teeth are not replaced by new ones sprouting vertically from the jaws. Instead, new teeth emerge from the rear of the mouth and advance, pushing the old ones out. When the elephant is two to three years old, the first chewing tooth on either side of the jaw falls out.

At the age of four to six, the second set of chewing teeth falls out. Set three lasts from 9 to 15 years of age, whereas set four lasts from 18 to 28 years of age. In the early 40s, the fifth set of teeth falls out. The elephant’s sixth set must endure the remainder of its life. The dental ridges of elephant teeth are loop-shaped, although they are larger and more diamond-shaped in African elephants.

:elephant: Tusks

Elephant tusks are a modified version of the upper jaw’s second incisors. They take the place of deciduous milk teeth around the age of 6–12 months and continue to grow at a rate of roughly 17 cm each year. The smooth enamel top on a newly grown tusk ultimately fades off.

Dentine is also known as ivory, and its cross-section is made up of crisscrossing line patterns called “engine turning,” which result in diamond-shaped sections. A tusk is relatively delicate as a piece of living tissue; it is as hard as the crystal calcite.

The outside of the tusk is visible, while the remainder is encased in a socket in the skull. The pulp is found in at least one-third of the tusk, and some have nerves that run to the tip. As a result, removing it without killing the animal would be challenging.

If not maintained cold and moist after removal, ivory tends to dry out and fracture. Tusks have a variety of uses. They’re used for digging for water, salt, and roots, debarking or marking trees, and creating a passage by moving trees and branches. They are used to protect and defend, as well as to protect the trunk, during the fighting.

Elephants, like humans, have right-handed or left-handed tusks. The dominant tusk, also known as the master tusk, is shorter and has a rounded tip, making it more worn down. Tusks are found in both males and females of African elephants, and they are about the same length in both sexes, reaching up to 300 cm, although males’ tusks are heavier. Elephant tusks measuring more than 200 pounds were frequent in the past, but they are now uncommon, weighing less than 100 pounds.

Only the males of Asian species have huge tusks. Female Asians have either no tusks or extremely few tusks. Male elephants without tusks do occur, and they’re especially abundant in Sri Lanka. Asian males can develop tusks that are as long as African males’, but they are often thinner and lighter; the biggest documented was 302 cm long and weighed 39 kg. Elephant ivory hunting in Africa and Asia has resulted in natural selection towards shorter tusks and tusklessness.

:elephant: Skin

The skin of an elephant is robust, measuring 2.5 cm thick on the back and sections of the head. The skin around the mouth and the inside of the ear is much thinner. Elephants usually have grey skin. However, after wallowing in colored mud, African elephants appear brown or reddish.

Patches of depigmentation can be found on Asian elephants’ foreheads and ears, as well as the regions surrounding them. Calves’ hair is brownish or reddish, particularly on the head and back. Elephants’ hair darkens and grows sparser as they grow older, although thick clusters of hair and bristles persist on the end of the tail, the genitals, and the regions surrounding the eyes and ear holes.

An Asian elephant’s skin is often covered with thicker hair than its African cousin. Their hair is supposed to assist them to regulate their body temperature by allowing them to dissipate heat in hot settings.

An elephant utilizes mud as a sunscreen to protect its skin from the sun’s harmful rays. The skin of an elephant, despite its toughness, is extremely sensitive. An elephant’s skin suffers substantial harm if it is not given regular mud baths to prevent it from scorching, insect bites, and moisture loss.

The elephant will normally use its trunk to blast dust onto its body after washing, which will dry into a protective crust. Elephants have a tough time releasing heat via their skin due to their tiny surface-to-volume ratio, which is several times that of humans. They’ve even been seen raising their legs in the air, apparently to expose their soles to the air.

:elephant: Legs, locomotion, and posture

Elephants’ limbs are positioned more vertically under the torso than most other animals to support the animal’s weight. Cancellous bone replaces medullary cavities in the long bones of the limbs. This strengthens the bones while allowing for hematopoiesis to continue.

The front and hind limbs can both sustain an elephant’s weight, albeit the front carries 60% of it. An elephant can stay stationary for lengthy periods without consuming much energy because the leg bones are stacked on top of each other and under the torso.

Elephants can’t rotate their front legs because the ulna and radius are stuck in pronation, and the manus’ “palm” faces backward. The pronator quadratus and pronator teres are either missing or severely diminished.

Soft tissues or “cushion pads” beneath the manus or pes of an elephant’s round feet transfer the animal’s weight. They appear to have a sesamoid, an additional “toe” that assists with weight distribution and looks similar to a giant panda’s extra “thumb.” On both the front and back foot, up to five toenails can be found.

Elephants can walk forward and backward, but they can’t trot, leap, or gallop. When traveling on land, they only employ two gaits: the walk and a quicker gait similar to running. When walking, the legs operate like pendulums, rising and falling with the hips and shoulders while the foot remains firmly on the ground.

The rapid gait does not fit all of the criteria for running because it lacks an “aerial phase,” even though the elephant uses its legs in a similar way to other running animals, with the hips and shoulders lowering and then rising while the feet are on the ground. Elephants that move quickly appear to ‘run’ with their front legs but ‘walk’ with their rear legs, reaching speeds of up to 25 km/h.

Even when leg length is taken into consideration, most other quadrupeds are well into a gallop at this speed. The difference in mobility between elephants and other animals might be explained by spring-like dynamics.

The cushion cushions stretch and compress during locomotion, reducing the pain and noise associated with a heavy animal moving. Elephants can swim rather well. They’ve been observed swimming for up to six hours without touching the ground, covering distances of up to 48 kilometers at a time and reaching speeds of up to 2.1 kilometers per hour.

:elephant: Organs

An elephant’s brain weighs 4.5–5.5 kg, whereas a human brain weighs 1.6 kg. While the elephant brain is greater in size overall, it is smaller in proportion. An elephant’s brain weighs 30–40 percent of its mature weight at birth.

The cerebrum and cerebellum are highly developed, and the temporal lobes protrude laterally. An elephant’s neck looks to have a pouch in which it can store water for later use. The elephant’s larynx is the biggest known among animals’ larynxes.

The vocal folds are lengthy and connected towards the base of the epiglottis. When compared to human vocal folds, elephants’ vocal folds are longer, thicker, and have a bigger cross-sectional area. They are also 45 degrees slanted and positioned more anteriorly than human voice folds.

An elephant’s heart weighs between 12 and 21 kg. It features a double-pointed apex, which is uncommon in mammals. Furthermore, like sirenians, they have ventricles that separate towards the apex of the heart.

The elephant’s heart beats about 30 times per minute while standing. When the elephant is lying down, unlike many other animals, its heart rate increases by 8 to 10 beats per minute. The majority of the body’s blood arteries are large and thick, allowing them to handle high blood pressure.

Lungs are connected to the diaphragm, and breathing is mostly accomplished through the diaphragm rather than ribcage expansion. The pleural cavity has been replaced by connective tissue. Although this theory has been questioned, it may allow the animal to deal with pressure variations when its body is submerged and its trunk is breaching the surface for air.

Another role of this adaptation might be to assist the animal in sucking water via the trunk. Elephants breathe mostly via their trunks. However, they may breathe through their mouths. Their big and small intestines are 35 meters long, and they contain a hindgut fermentation system. Even though the procedure might take up to a day, the majority of an elephant’s diet goes undigested.

The testes of a male elephant are positioned near the kidneys on the inside of the body. The elephant’s penis may grow to be 100 cm (39 in) long and 16 cm in diameter at the base. When fully straight, it features an S-shaped opening and a Y-shaped orifice.

Unlike other animals, the vulva is located between the hind legs rather than towards the tail. Due to the animal’s huge belly cavity, determining pregnancy status might be challenging. The mammary glands of the female occupy the gap between the front legs, allowing the suckling calf to reach the mother’s trunk.

The temporal gland, which is found on both sides of the elephant’s head, is a unique organ. This organ is linked to sexual behavior, and when men are in musth, it secretes fluid. Females have also been reported with temporal gland secretions.

:elephant: Body temperature

Elephants are homeotherms, with an average body temperature of 36 degrees Celsius, with a minimum of 35.2 degrees Celsius during the chilly season, and a maximum of 38.0 degrees Celsius during the hot dry season. The elephant’s skin lacks sweat glands, yet water diffuses through it, providing for evaporative cooling.

Other physiological or behavioral aspects, including flapping ears, mud bathing, spraying water on the skin, seeking shade, and adopting altered movement patterns, may help with thermoregulation. Furthermore, the elephant’s skin’s linked fissures are considered to prevent dryness and promote heat regulation over time.

:writing_hand: Summary

What do elephants eat? Elephants eat only plants. Elephants are the world’s biggest terrestrial mammals. There are 326 to 351 bones in the skeleton of an elephant. They are homeotherms. The average body temperature of an elephant is 36 degrees Celsius.

:round_pushpin: What do elephants eat?

Elephants consume between 149 and 169 kg of vegetation per day (330-375 lb.). An elephant’s day is spent feeding for sixteen to eighteen hours, or about 80 percent of the time. Grass, tiny plants, shrubs, fruit, twigs, tree bark, and roots are all consumed by elephants.

Elephants like tree bark as a dietary source. It’s high in calcium and roughage, both of which help with digestion. Tusks are used to slice into the trunk and remove bark strips. Elephants need from 68.4 to 98.8 liters (18 to 26 gallons) of water per day, but they can drink up to 152 liters (40 gal.).

In less than five minutes, an adult male elephant may drink up to 212 L (55 gal.) of water. Elephants will dig up dirt to get salt and minerals to augment their diet. The earth is churned with the tusks. To collect nutrients, the elephant then inserts loosened earth fragments into its mouth. These places frequently result in several-foot-deep pits where critical minerals are made available to other creatures.

:elephant: What do African bush elephants eat?

The African bush elephant eats only plants. Grass, creepers, and plants make up the majority of its food. Adults may eat up to 150 kilograms (330 pounds) every day. During the dry season, leaves and bark are also consumed.

The calcium content of tree bark is very high. Elephants at the Babille Elephant Sanctuary eat cherimoya, papaya, banana, guava, and maize, sorghum, and sugarcane leaves, stems, and seeds. Mineral-rich waterholes, termite mounds, and mineral licks are where they go to augment their diet with minerals.

Elephants visit salt licks in the Kalahari, which contain high levels of water-soluble sodium. Elephants consume 180–230 liters of water per day and appear to favor sodium-rich water and soil. Elephants have been recorded ingesting wood ash, which also contains sodium, in Kruger National Park and along the shores of Lake Kariba.

:elephant: What do African forest elephants eat?

Herbivore, the African woodland elephant is. Elephants at Lopé National Park were recorded eating primarily tree bark and leaves, as well as at least 72 different fruits. They cluster around mineral-rich waterholes and mineral licks to augment their diet with minerals.

Elephant intestine seeds germinate more quickly. The African forest elephant is one of the most successful seed dispersers in the tropics, earning the moniker “megagardener of the forest” for its contribution to preserving plant variety.

14 of the 18 megafaunal tree species in the Cuvette Centrale rely on African forest elephants for seed dispersal, including wild mango, Parinari excelsa, and Tridesmostemon omphalocarpoides. These 14 species would perish if elephants were not present. Forest elephants in Africa contribute to the composition and structure of Central African forests by providing ecological benefits.

:elephant: What do Asian elephants eat?

The Asian Elephant (Elephans Maximus) is a threatened species in the wild. In the wild, there are just 40,000 to 50,000 remaining. They are currently only found in tiny scattered populations in five South Asian nations (India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal) and eight Southeast Asian countries.

Asian elephants, like African elephants, are herbivores that solely consume plants. They eat grasses, herbs, and numerous portions of woody plants, just like African elephants. Asian elephants consume a broad array of vegetation due to the huge variation in environments over this large area.

One research, for example, found that elephants in Southern India eat more than 112 different types of plants, but that the majority of their diet consists of 25 varieties of legumes, palm trees, and grasses. Elephants in Nepal’s dry season consume 24 percent grass and 65 percent browse, but elephants in Thailand’s rain forests eat far more fruits and play a key role in seed dissemination.

:elephant: What do elephants eat in wild?

Elephants consume grass, tree leaves, flowers, wild fruits, twigs, bushes, bamboo, and bananas in their native habitat. When grass is available, they eat it along with some leaves.

They will consume nearly any type of plant they can find if the weather gets dry and the grass falls back. Trees will be felled for them to devour the leaves. They’ll even eat bark and other plant pieces that are woody.

Elephants also dig for roots with their tusks. A lot of the coarse food they eat goes straight through their system without being fully digested. They also dig for water using their tusks, making it available to not just themselves but also other animals.

Female elephants, of course, consume considerably more while they’re pregnant — and they’re pregnant for the longest duration of any terrestrial species. The gestation time of an Indian elephant is typically approximately 21 months, whereas that of an African elephant is often over 22 months, nearly two years.

The Indian elephant, which weighs between 5,500 and 13,000 pounds, is so fond of sugar cane and other crops that it has turned into an agricultural problem, invading and destroying gardens and rice terraces. Farmers and elephants will inevitably clash as humans continue to produce more and more land that was formerly elephant habitat.

Elephant teeth are affected by consuming a lot of food, as you might anticipate. Elephants grind their big rear teeth together while they feed. This activity wears away the tooth enamel over time. But, unlike most other creatures, it isn’t an issue for them.

Elephants acquire new teeth throughout their lifetimes, which push forward from the rear of their jaws, replacing the old, worn-out ones, which are pushed out in pieces at the front.

:writing_hand: Summary

What do elephants eat? Elephants consume between 149 and 169 kg of vegetation per day. Elephants like tree bark. The Africa bush elephants eat only plants while the African forest elephants eat leaves, barks, and almost 72 types of fruits.

:round_pushpin: How much do elephants eat and drink?

Elephants eat a lot of food every day – roughly 70 kg to be exact – so it’s no wonder that they consume a lot of it. They also use an absurd quantity of water — around 45 liters each day!

The quantity of food consumed by an elephant, on the other hand, is dependent on its surroundings and food availability. For example, elephants in hotter climates are more likely to drink more water than elephants in temperate climates.

Elephants in some regions are forced to drink massive volumes of water in one sitting to compensate for a lack of water nearby. Elephants will walk 10-20 kilometers every day just to locate enough food and water for their whole herd.

Elephants in Namibia’s Etosha area have been observed moving up to 180 kilometers each day in search of food, according to experts. They are eager to go to any length! When looking for food, elephants will most likely remain with their herd and enjoy the results of their effort together.

:elephant: Why do elephants eat too much?

The massive size of elephants necessitates a big amount of food to keep them alive. They’d never be able to eat a twig and then sleep for the rest of the day. Elephants consume roughly 150 kg of food and 40 liters of water every day for a variety of reasons:

  • To survive, they require a lot of energy, which may be obtained from food.

  • Traveling 15-30 kilometers while carrying a lot of weight necessitates a large amount of food to get through the journey.

  • Elephants need to drink a lot of water to keep hydrated in dry locations when water is limited.

:elephant: Main reason for elephants eating too much

The fundamental reason for an elephant eating so much is as follows. The bulk of the food consumed by an elephant is not digested. Their bodies are continually in a state of an energy crisis due to a lack of digestion.

To compensate for the loss, they consume a large amount of food. The digesting process, on the other hand, might take up to a day. There is no way to get out of this situation. They’ll have to wait a long time for their stomachs to be filled again.

:writing_hand: Summary

Elephants eat too much. They are the largest mammals so they require a lot of energy to carry out their body functions and to survive. The bulk of the food consumed by an elephant is not digested. Their bodies are continually in a state of an energy crisis due to a lack of digestion.

:round_pushpin: Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

People usually ask many questions about “what do elephants eat?”. Some related questions are given below:

:one: What are elephants afraid of?

Elephants, according to experts, would be terrified of anything moving about their feet, regardless of its size. Elephants aren’t the only ones that are afraid of mice and other rodent-like animals. When they come upon something they weren’t expecting, most animals bolt back or act frightened.

:two: Can elephants eat human?

When elephants and tigers are threatened by humans, they fight back and may even eat people. Elephants have been reported on the loose in one section of the nation, crushing homes and killing over 200 people in the last year. This normally plant-eating animal is said to have eaten a person in one odd occurrence.

:three: Do elephants eat with their trunk?

Plant resources like leaves, fruit, and roots make up a substantial part of the elephant’s diet. Elephants consume these by sweeping loose objects into a mound and crushing them into a manageable solid that can be scooped up by the trunk. “They don’t only press the plants together with the trunk’s powerful muscles,” says one observer.

:four: How do elephants communicate with each other?

Elephants use their trunks to communicate with each other. Individuals welcome one another by touching or wrapping their trunks; this is also done during moderate competition. To punish younger elephants, older elephants employ trunk slaps, kicks, and shoves.

During meetings or when enthusiastic, people of all ages and genders will touch each other’s lips, temporal glands, and genitals. Individuals can detect chemical signals as a result of this. For mother-calf connection, touch is extremely crucial.

When elephant moms are walking side by side, they will touch their calves with their trunks or feet, or with their tails if the calf is behind them. When a calf wants to relax, it presses against its mother’s front legs, and when it wants to feed, it presses on her leg.

:five: Are elephants intelligent?

Yes, elephants are intelligent. Elephants exhibited mirror self-recognition, a sign of self-awareness and cognition that has previously been seen in apes and dolphins. According to one research, a confined female Asian elephant was capable of learning and differentiating between a variety of visual and audio discrimination pairs.

When re-tested with the identical visual pairings a year later, this individual was able to get a high accuracy rating. Elephants are some of the creatures that have been observed using tools. An Asian elephant has been seen altering branches to use as flyswatters. These animals’ tool modification is not as advanced as that of chimps.

Elephants have a reputation for having exceptional memories. This may be true; they may have cognitive maps that enable them to recall large-scale places for lengthy periods. Individuals appear to be able to maintain track of their family members’ present whereabouts.

:six: Do elephants feel emotions?

Yes, they do. Elephants’ ability to perceive emotion is a subject of contention among scientists. Regardless of whether they are related, they appear to be interested in the bones of their species. A dying elephant, like chimps and dolphins, may evoke attention and assistance from others, including those from different groups.

This has been interpreted as exhibiting “worry,” however some argue that this is anthropomorphic; according to the Oxford Companion to Animal Behavior (1987), “one is best advised to examine the behavior rather than seeking to get at any underlying emotion.”

:seven: Are elephants working animals?

Yes, they are. Elephants have been utilized as working animals since the Indus Valley Civilization and are being used today. In the year 2000, Asia employed 13,000–16,500 working elephants.

These animals are often acquired from the wild between the ages of 10 and 20 when they are more easily educated and have a longer working life. Traps and lassos were once employed to capture them, but tranquilizers have been utilized since 1950.

:eight: Are elephants the symbol of strength?

Elephants are symbolic of strength, power, wisdom, longevity, stamina, leadership, sociability, nurturance, and loyalty in many civilizations. The elephant’s size and exotic character are emphasized in several cultural allusions.

A “white elephant,” for example, is a term that refers to anything costly, worthless, and unusual. The phrase “elephant in the room” refers to an evident reality that is overlooked or neglected in some way.

:nine: What is the worth of elephant tusk?

The two tusks of a single adult elephant may weigh more than 250 pounds, and a pound of ivory can sell for as much as $1,500 on the black market.

:keycap_ten: Do female elephants have teeth?

Male and female African elephants both have tusks, but Asian elephants only have males. While we only use our incisors to bite food, elephants utilize them for a variety of tasks, including excavating holes and peeling bark from trees, as well as fighting. Even a tired trunk will rest on their tusks.

:round_pushpin: Conclusion

What do elephants eat? Elephants eat only plants. Elephants are the world’s biggest terrestrial mammals. Elephants consume between 149 and 169 kg of vegetation per day. Elephants like tree bark.

Elephants are the largest mammals so they require a lot of energy to carry out their body functions and to survive. This is the reason why they eat too much. Their bodies are continually in a state of an energy crisis due to a lack of digestion.

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