What Are The Primary Treatments Of A Heart Attack?

A heart attack, also termed as Myocardial Infarction or MI, is caused by a blockage of a coronary artery because of the formation of a blood clot. This, in turn, causes the heart muscles to die due to lack of supply of blood and oxygen. This injury to the heart muscle causes chest pain and creates severe pressure on the muscle. If the blood flow is not directed towards the concerned heart muscle for 20-30 minutes, the effects could be irreversible.

Emergency Procedure

The primary objective of heart attack treatment of the heart muscle is to restore blood flow to the heart muscle to trigger recovery. This is done via a process which is commonly known as reperfusion. In this process, the blocked artery is opened, and the clot is removed to restore blood flow to provide oxygen to the muscle.

The pain reduces following heart attack treatment due to the active flow of blood. To minimise damage to the heart muscle, it is recommended that reperfusion be done within the first 4-5 hours of the attack. Early reperfusion can preserve the pumping function of the heart. But delaying the process of reperfusion may result in widespread damage to the heart while also reducing the pumping ability of the heart muscle.

Patients who experience extreme heart muscle damage during a heart attack lose the ability to naturally pump sufficient amounts of blood. This further reduces the ability to perform tasks such as exercising and are prone to experiencing sudden mental and physical trauma which can lead to heart failure.


1. Aspirin: If an emergency occurs wherein the victim is suffering a heart attack, medical professionals and the police always instruct to take aspirin. The medical officer arriving at the scene might give aspirin immediately as well. This is because aspirin reduces blood clotting and helps maintain blood flow.

2. Antiplatelet agents: This medication is also known as platelet aggregation inhibitors and helps prevent new blood clots from forming and keeps existing clots from growing.

3. Other Blood-thinning medications: Medications such as Heparin are given to the patients to make the blood thinner and less likely to form clots.

Post-Surgery Rehabilitation

Most hospitals recommend that after a heart attack, one should aim to restore the health of the heart muscle to live longer and reduce the chance of another heart attack. Cardiac rehabilitation focuses on building up the pumping strength of the muscle as well as making sure no new clots are formed in the arteries. This is done by focusing on lifestyle changes, taking proper medications, dealing with emotional issues, taking less stress, dieting, and more.


Effective heart attack treatments are one of the most difficult medical procedures. Spotting the symptoms of a heart attack is crucial and can save the patients life. as you notice any of symptoms of it go visit heart doctor in delhi or any place you are comfortable to. Warning signs include pain and tightness in the chest, pain in other parts of the body and difficulty breathing. Post-surgery, it is recommended to do cardiac rehabilitation to live longer and reduce chances of complete heart failure.