Definition of Utilitarianism:
Utilitarianism is a tradition of ethical philosophy that is associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, two late 18th- and 19th-century British philosophers, economists, and political thinkers. Utilitarianism holds that an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it tends to produce sadness, or the reverse of happiness—not just the happiness of the actor but that of everyone affected by it. At work, you display utilitarianism when you take actions to ensure that the office is a positive environment for your co-workers to be in, and then make it so for yourself.
The doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority.
An ethical philosophy in which the happiness of the greatest number of people in the society is considered the greatest good. According to this philosophy, an action is morally right if its consequences lead to happiness (absence of pain), and wrong if it ends in unhappiness (pain).
Since the link between actions and their happy or unhappy outcomes depends on the circumstances, no moral principle is absolute or necessary in itself under utilitarianism. Proposed by the English philosopher-reformer Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) in his 1789 book Principles Of Morals And Legislation it was developed by the English philosopher-economist John Stuart Mill (1806-73) in his 1863 book Utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism is a theory of morality, which advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and opposes actions that cause unhappiness or harm. When directed toward making social, economic, or political decisions, a utilitarian philosophy would aim for the betterment of society as a whole. Utilitarianism would say that an action is right if it results in the happiness of the greatest number of people in a society or a group.
How to use Utilitarianism in a sentence?
- He was very skilled in utilitarianism , he believed that he could fix anything given a good box of tools and materials.
- Many people in the United States believe military drone usage is a form of utilitarianism because it removes the potential pain and sadness of losing a loved one to war.
- Utilitarianism promotes "the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people.".
- When used in a sociopolitical construct, utilitarian ethics aims for the betterment of society as a whole.
- The requirement to vaccinate children against diseases such as polio, measles, and whooping cough is an example of utilitarianism , or serving the public good, as opposed to allowing parents to opt out of vaccination based upon religious grounds.
- After all, moral theories such as Kantianism, utilitarianism, and common-sense morality require that an agent give weight to the interests of others.
- Utilitarianism is a theory of morality, which advocates actions that foster happiness and opposes actions that cause unhappiness.
- Utilitarianism is a reason-based approach to determining right and wrong, but it has limitations.
Meaning of Utilitarianism & Utilitarianism Definition