Toothpaste on keloid - No, toothpaste should never be used on a keloid, it can cause redness, scarring, and further, it causes blackish discoloration which can worsen the condition. Whenever an injury is in the process of healing, it is expected that the mark becomes clear and smooth and that after some time it becomes almost imperceptible on the skin. However, in some cases, during this healing process, the skin undergoes some changes and ends up developing a keloid, an anomaly that appears in different types of scars.
What is a keloid?
After the skin undergoes some kind of cut, it is expected that it will start to close naturally or with the help of stitches to form a clear, flat scar. However, in some situations the scar suffers an anomaly in the healing process and ends up becoming more reddish and embossed, often becoming hard and thick.
Another feature of the keloid is that it is not limited to the injured area, and often invades the healthy areas of skin around the wound, and may even gradually expand over the years.
Its formation usually takes place 3 to 4 weeks after the healing process starts, and it can appear after 3 and 4 months in specific cases.
The formation of keloids is still unknown and it is known that black people and Asians have a greater tendency to produce chemical mediators that cause the proliferation of fibroblasts. These fibroblasts are cells that repair and produce collagen so that wounds heal.
When this proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen happens in an exaggerated way, the individual ends up developing the keloid, which is the explanation for why this type of scarring is more common in black people and Asians.
What are the causes of keloids?
This skin change can happen in any part of the body where there are already healed wounds such as:
- acne ;
- surgical cuts;
- piercing holes;
- vaccine perforations;
- traumatic wounds.
However, there is no direct cause for the anomaly in healing. It is only known that women between 10 and 20 years of age of Asian and African-American descent have a greater tendency to develop the problem due to a natural alteration. That’s because these people tend to develop scar cells in excessive amounts.
How does a keloid arise?
The precise origin of the keloid is still unknown. It is known that some individuals, especially those of black and Asian ethnicity, are more likely to produce chemical mediators that stimulate the proliferation of fibroblasts. Fibroblasts are repair cells and produce the collagen that gives rise to scarring. Keloids are, therefore, a benign tumor that arises from excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen.
Attention, the keloid is a benign tumor, which has nothing to do with cancer. Those who have keloids do not have a higher risk of skin cancer.
Keloids can arise from any lesion that needs healing. The most common cases are surgical wounds, but people with high predisposition can create keloids from tattoos, nose or ear piercing, chickenpox lesions, lesions caused by acne, or even vaccinations, especially BCG for tuberculosis. Burns and lesions that take a long time to heal are those with the greatest risk of keloid formation.
The occurrence of keloids is often unpredictable. A person can get a piercing in each ear and develop keloids in just one ear.
The areas of the body most subject to skin and muscle traction, such as the front region of the chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms are the most frequently affected.
Despite the unwanted aesthetic effect, the keloid itself does not cause major health problems, except for some degree of itching or local pain. When they are very extensive or appear in highly exposed areas, such as in cases of keloids in the nose, face or ear, this lesion can cause serious emotional problems.
What is the difference between a keloid and hypertrophic scar?
The normal and desirable healing process is one that leads to the formation of a flat, clear scar that is limited to the area of the skin that was injured. Both keloid and hypertrophic scarring are abnormal forms of scarring, as they lead to large and aesthetically uncomfortable scars.
A keloid is a thick, raised, hard scar with a reddish/violet color. In black people, it can be quite dark. Itching or pain is common, especially in the first few weeks after the event that caused the wound. However, the main characteristic of the keloid is the fact that it is not restricted to the injured area. A keloid scar tends to “invade” healthy areas of skin around the wound and may continue to slowly expand over the years.
The scar does not form the keloid immediately. It takes at least 3 to 4 weeks, but in some cases, it may only appear after 3 to 4 months.
A hypertrophic scar, on the other hand, appears after about 2 weeks. In the first few months, it can even become large, reddish, and embossed, but it tends to be restricted to the wound area. Another big difference is the fact that the hypertrophic scar regresses over time, becoming thinner and with a similar color to the skin. In the regression phase, which can take 1 to 2 years, the hypertrophic scar can be even a little deeper than the skin. In cases of large wounds and in areas of fat accumulation, this depression can also be aesthetically uncomfortable.
Hypertrophic scars are much more common than keloids. If you have a scar that you think is a keloid, but after a few years it becomes much more discreet, you probably have a hypertrophic scar that is regressing.
Both keloid and hypertrophic scarring can occur in anyone, but keloid is much more common in black, mestizo, or Asian people. Hypertrophic scarring occurs equally in any ethnicity.
Summary: Unlike what you might imagine, there is no type of cut that is more likely to develop a keloid, and the problem can arise from a scar from a small cut to tattoo scars, piercings, surgeries, and vaccine Although it does not harm health, keloid ends up bothering most patients who develop the problem for aesthetic reasons, especially because it is darker than the skin and thicker and more bulging than normal.
How long does it take for keloids to come out?
Keloids are unfortunately a skin condition that cannot be cured, and it hardly ever goes away with time. However, depending on the treatment, it may decrease and become smoother over the years, which will also depend on the individual’s skin.
It is worth remembering that surgeries to remove keloids end up leaving another scar that can form an even bigger keloid, and it is recommended to opt for treatments that minimize the problem, such as creams and lasers, for example.
What are the risk factors of keloids?
- keloid back story
- family history of keloid
- darker skin types
What are the symptoms of keloids?
The main symptom is actually the visual, noting that a lesion has irregularities, bumps and hardening with a more reddish and darker surface than the rest of the skin.
Although the keloid does not hurt, some patients report some discomfort when tissue ends up touching the scar.
Main diagnostic factors of keloids
- presence of risk factors
- after-effects of inciting event (eg, piercing, surgery, insect bite, vaccination)
- slow growth
- raised, erythematous, smooth, and shiny scar with protruding edge
- itching, tingling, or pain
How is the problem diagnosed?
Diagnosis can be made in a clinical office by observation of the lesion. However, depending on the location and the wound, some specialists cannot differentiate the keloid from a hypertrophic scar, and it is necessary to perform a lesion biopsy to resolve the doubt.
Home remedies for keloid treatments:
1. Apply lemon juice to lighten scars.
You can apply lemon juice on darker scars in order to lighten them. Vitamin C is important during normal healing, and the high concentration of it in lemon juice will help lighten scars. Soak a cotton ball in lemon juice and apply directly to the scar. Let the juice air dry and rinse it off with warm water. Repeat the process once a day.
- Keep in mind that exposing the skin treated with the lemon juice to sunlight could discolor it.
- While most of the steps outlined later in this section can work in combination, don’t try to mix lemon juice with other remedies. If you want to use other methods to apply simultaneously to the scar, rinse off the lemon juice and wait two to three hours to do so.
2. Use an organic healing cream that contains onion extract.
Recent studies have shown promising information indicating that healing creams containing onion extract can reduce the size of scar tissue. This product will also help prevent increased scar tissue if you apply it to a lesion with healing tissue that you fear may become keloids.
3. Keep skin clean and moisturized
Proper skincare will be essential in treating any skin condition, and keloids are no exception. By keeping your skin clean and moisturized, you can promote its rejuvenation. This means older, scarred skin will shed and be replaced with new, smooth layers.
- Wash scarred skin at least once a day (twice if it’s your face) with a mild cleanser that does not contain dyes or fragrances. However, be sure not to over wash it, as this can dry out and irritate it.
- Moisturize your skin after cleansing in order to keep it hydrated. You can use a commercial moisturizer or apply a natural oil like coconut or olive oil.**
4. Use sunscreen daily to avoid skin damage.
Scarred skin is particularly sensitive, making it prone to sunburn and hyperpigmentation from the sun’s deadly rays. As a result, it’s important to apply sunscreen to your keloids every time you need to be outside during the day.
- Use a high SPF of 30 or higher and don’t forget to apply it at least 30 minutes before going out.
- The sun’s rays can be harmful to your skin, even when it’s not hot or sunny outside. Therefore, it is important to apply sunscreen regardless of the weather.
5. It uses castor oil to break down scar tissue and detoxify the skin.
Castor oil possesses the ability to penetrate the skin and break down scar tissue. In healthy skin cells, it will help increase circulation and eliminate toxins.
- To treat keloids, soak a clean piece of cloth in castor oil and press it on the scar for an hour or two a day. You can also rub castor oil directly on the keloids daily.
- You can also use it to prevent keloid formation by applying it directly to cuts or scrapes to promote better healing.
6. Massage aloe vera into the scar to soften the tissue.
Aloe vera has been shown to help reduce the formation of burn scars, and you can also safely reduce the appearance of keloids. Aloe vera is an anti-inflammatory herb. Reducing inflammation, especially during the early stages of scar formation, can be important in increasing the elasticity of new tissue.
7. Place green tea bags on the scar.
Researchers believe that green tea can reduce scars due to its antioxidant activity. Dip an organic green tea bag in warm water. Then place it directly on the scar 3-4 times a day for about 10-15 minutes.
- You can also dip a cotton towel in green tea, squeeze the excess and place it on the scar 3-4 times a day for 10-15 minutes.
8. It uses vitamins E and D.
These vitamins have been used to improve the appearance of scars. If you are going to consume any of them, open a liquid capsule of the vitamin, mix the contents with four to five drops of castor oil and massage the liquid into the skin with the scar 3 to 4 times a day.
- For vitamin E, use a liquid capsule that contains 400 IU.
- For vitamin D, use a liquid capsule that contains 2,000 IU.
Treatment of Keloids
The keloid treatments are aimed at improving the appearance of the skin, the most common are creams to soften the scar and reduce the bulge, cosmetic procedures like laser, and, ultimately, surgery to remove the keloid.
Remember that treatments must be done by a dermatologist, making the procedure safer and more efficient.
1. Corticosteroid injection
The most used steroid injections to treat keloids are triamcinolone acetate, and it is the most recommended treatment for those who want to minimize abnormal scarring. However, it can be used as an early treatment to prevent scars from becoming too extensive and irregular.
Dermatologist doctor administering steroid injection inpatient.
steroid injection is one of the treatments used to reduce keloids
The injection can be given monthly and its main disadvantage is pain, which ends up being a big problem for those who want to continue the treatment.
2. Silicone gel
Another treatment available is the application of silicone gel to the scar, especially in the first days of keloid to improve its appearance. The treatment usually takes around 3 months and is done with silicone gel plates that are applied daily under the scar as if they were adhesives.
Today there are chemotherapy drugs such as fluorouracil that are used to treat certain types of cancer, but which help to minimize the appearance of keloids, especially when combined with steroids and laser therapy.
4. Surgical Removal
Many people who are bothered by keloids end up resorting to surgery to remove them.
However, it is important to keep in mind that this surgery may end up leaving an even larger keloid, as it will leave a scar on the skin like any other surgery.
In most cases, however, the new scar ends up being smaller and more regular compared to the scar that ended up developing the keloid, but it is important to try other types of treatment before going to surgery to try to solve the problem without needing one. so invasive treatment.
5. Radiotherapy (beta therapy):
The application of radiotherapy, which must be started the day after surgery, is extremely effective, but its long-term safety is still uncertain. Apparently, the amount of radiation is very low and the risk of malignant tumor formation is small. Despite being a technique already widely used, long-term studies are needed until this treatment is considered fully safe for application in young people.
Laser treatments have also been widely used when removing abnormal scars, the most used being:
- PDL – pulsed dye laser;
- IPL – intense pulse light;
- fCO2 – fractional carbon dioxide laser;
- diode laser or alexandrite laser.
It is usual for two or more of these modalities to be combined to improve the result.
Indications for the use of laser in the treatment of scars are usually:
- Immature hypertrophic scars resulting from surgery or trauma that present with persistent redness for more than a month despite preventive treatment with silicone gel.
- Generalized hypertrophic burn scars that did not improve with silicone gel treatment or other types of treatment after 8 to 12 weeks.
- Small keloids that did not improve within 8 to 12 weeks with silicone gel coverage and intralesional corticosteroids.
- Large keloids that did not improve with intralesional corticosteroids and fluorouracil.
7. Keloid specific creams
Another treatment that helps to minimize keloids and leave it with a smoother appearance are creams formulated with actives that act on the scar and make it thinner. However, the creams should be used as a conjoint treatment with treatments such as laser and steroid injections to maximize results.
Remember that cosmetics must be used daily to ensure the success of the treatment, in order to leave the scar smoother, thinner, and clearer.
What are the possible complications of keloids?
Keloids are not considered health problems, but aesthetic problems, as they pose no risk to the patient’s health.
What can happen in cases of very extensive keloids is limited mobility in the affected regions, sensitivity in the area, and a little discomfort with the friction of clothing and tissue in the lesion.
Is keloid curable?
Unfortunately, the keloid does not disappear from the skin, not even with treatment, and in most cases, it can decrease and become smoother and more discreet over time, as long as the treatment is done correctly and regularly.
There are cases in which the keloid does not show improvement yet, and it may be necessary to resort to surgery combined with laser procedures and daily application of creams. Because there is a high risk of generating an even greater keloid after surgery, however, many people look for procedures that smooth the skin mark to avoid this risk.
Patient performing an aesthetic procedure to soften keloid appearance.
In most cases, keloids form without an explanation or related cause, as it is a natural skin process. What can be done is to take some precautions that can reduce the risk of it developing, such as:
- Avoid scratching the skin or removing the crusts that form on top of the lesion;
- Consume foods rich in vitamin E such as tomatoes, peppers, seeds, liver, eggs, and cereals;
- Seek help from a dermatologist if you notice that the scar has started to redden more than usual;
- Clean the wound daily and cover it with clean gauze to avoid direct contact with airborne bacteria;
- Apply sunscreen daily;
- Quit smoking.
After learning more about keloids, their causes, symptoms, and treatments, be sure to seek medical help if you notice that a scar is forming a keloid, or you have a keloid from an old scar.
Although the old ones are more difficult to treat, using daily creams and performing cosmetic procedures periodically it is possible to smooth the mark on the skin and make it smaller and clearer.
Prevention for keloids
People with a personal or family history of keloids should avoid situations that could lead to scarring at all costs. If you already have at least one keloid, it is wise to avoid, for example, the implantation of piercings, especially in the nose or ear, which are very visible areas of the body. Elective surgeries or those with a purely cosmetic purpose must be done with great care, as the result can be catastrophic.
If surgery is unavoidable or if the patient suffers an accident with deep trauma to the skin, the best thing to do is to consult a dermatologist or plastic surgeon so that the measures described above can be started early, in order to prevent the appearance of scars with extensive keloids.
However, when the patient has a higher risk, such as a personal or family history, the doctor can take some measures to reduce the chances of this complication during surgery, for example:
Compressive dressings: help to reduce vascularization and the growth of keloids, being applied even in the operating room. They are also widely used in scars located on the earlobe;
Gel and silicone sheets: are used together with pressure dressings to prevent the appearance of keloids in people at increased risk;
Compression clothing: for people with extensive injuries, the use of compression clothing, such as girdles and socks, may be indicated in order to protect a larger area more efficiently;
Corticosteroid injections: they can also be done while in the operating room, in order to inhibit the factors that favor the appearance of keloids (as they will still be active).
Toothpaste: see some different uses!
Did you know that toothpaste can clean many things besides our teeth? We made a list of 13 different uses that toothpaste can have.
1- Relieves irritation from insect bites, wounds, and blisters
These skin irritations tend to swell and, in the case of insect bites, are itchy. Apply a dab of toothpaste to the insect bite to relieve the itching and reduce any swelling. When applied to wounds or blisters, it helps to dry, allowing the wound to heal faster.
2- Helps against burning burns
For minor burns that do not involve an open wound, toothpaste can provide temporary cooling relief. Gently apply to the affected area immediately after the burn, it temporarily soothes the area and prevents the wound from opening.
3- Decreases the size of pimples
Want to speed up the healing of a pimple? Apply some toothpaste to the area at night before bed. Wash the area in the morning.
4- Clean your nails
Our teeth are made of enamel and toothpaste is good for them. So it makes sense that toothpaste is also good for our nails. For cleaner, shiny and stronger nails, simply rub toothpaste all over your nails and rinse.
5- Keeps hair in place
Gel toothpaste contain the same water-soluble polymers that many hair gels are made of. If you run out of hair gel, don’t worry (it’s also a great trick for fixing baby hair).
6- Removes strong odors
Garlic, fish, onions, and other foods can leave the skin cells on your hands impregnated with strong smells. Rub your hands and fingertips briefly with toothpaste, it removes all the bad smell.
7- Remove stains
Toothpaste can make stubborn stains on both clothes and rugs disappear. For clothes, apply toothpaste directly to the stain and rub quickly until the toothpaste covers the entire area. Then wash as usual. (Caution: using a whitening toothpaste on colored clothing can sometimes yellow the fabric.) For carpet stains, apply toothpaste to the stain and scrub it with an abrasive brush, then rinse immediately.
8- Shine the shoes
This tactic works great with running shoes or leather shoes. As with carpet stains, apply toothpaste directly to the dirty or chafed area, then scrub with a brush and clean.
9- Removes crayon and crayon stains on painted walls
Gently rub a cloth dampened with toothpaste on the marked wall and watch the drawings disappear.
10- Make silver jewelry and other silver pieces shine
Put toothpaste on the jewelry and leave it overnight. Clean with a soft cloth in the morning. For diamonds, gently scrub the paste using a toothbrush and a little water. Rinse thoroughly to remove all traces of toothpaste. Do not use this method on pearls as this will damage their finish.
11- Removes scratches on DVDs and CDs
Apply a thin coat of toothpaste to the disc and rub gently, then rinse thoroughly.
12- Deodorize baby bottles and cups
If baby bottles smell like sour milk after a while, a good cleaning with some toothpaste and bottle cleaner will clean up residue and deodorize. Always be sure to rinse thoroughly.
13- How to clean iron with toothpaste
For those who use iron, it is normal, after a while, for the plate to have a burnt crust. Gently rub toothpaste on the iron, then wipe it off with a damp cloth. The rusty look will fade.
Frequently Asked Questions
What causes keloid formation?
Keloid or keloid scar is a bulge caused by excess protein (collagen) in the skin that happens due to too much healing process - as if the cells did not know the right time to stop producing new tissue for the skin.
Where do you get more keloids?
In very rare cases, keloids form in people who have not broken the skin. They are called " spontaneous keloids ". The most involved sites are the chest, neck, anterior neck, shoulders, arms, and ears, but other sites can be affected.
Do you have to remove the piercing if you get a keloid?
First, the piercing must be removed immediately! These symptoms (pain and itching) are very common in keloids and usually indicate elevated inflammatory activity. Corticosteroid ointments can relieve symptoms but are unlikely to regress the lesion (when used alone).
What happens if I burst a keloid?
Removal of the keloid can produce an even larger and more anomalous scar than before. Keloid removal may not be permanent either.
What can I do to avoid getting keloids?
Four Basic Tips Help Prevent Post-Plastic Keloids
- Use of elastic bandana and silicone tape. …
- Bet on steroid creams.
- Apply silicone ointments.
- Avoid sun exposure.
Keloids are an abnormal and aesthetically unwanted form of skin scarring, characterized by being an exuberant, thick, raised, reddish-colored scar. The term keloid has a Greek origin and means something like “tumor appearance”. The name is quite appropriate since the keloid is really a benign tumor. Keloids can appear after any type of skin injury, including common wounds, surgical cuts, acne, piercing, and even tattoos. It is important to note that not every big and ugly scar is necessarily a keloid. Many people who seek help from a dermatologist to treat supposed keloid scars actually have only one hypertrophic scar.
Belly button keloid
Nose Ring Keloid