Definition of Taylorism:
Production efficiency methodology that breaks every action, job, or task into small and simple segments which can be easily analyzed and taught. Introduced in the early 20th century, Taylorism (1) aims to achieve maximum job fragmentation to minimize skill requirements and job learning time, (2) separates execution of work from work-planning, (3) separates direct labor from indirect labor (4) replaces rule of thumb productivity estimates with precise measurements, (5) introduces time and motion study for optimum job performance, cost accounting, tool and work station design, and (6) makes possible payment-by-result method of wage determination. Named after the US industrial engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) who in his 1911 book Principles Of Scientific Management laid down the fundamental principles of large-scale manufacturing through assembly-line factories. He emphasized gaining maximum efficiency from both machine and worker, and maximization of profit for the benefit of both workers and management. Although rightly criticized for alienating workers by (indirectly but substantially) treating them as mindless, emotionless, and easily replicable factors of production, Taylorism was a critical factor in the unprecedented scale of US factory output that led to Allied victory in Second World War, and the subsequent US dominance of the industrial world. See also Fordism.
The principles or practice of scientific management.
How to use Taylorism in a sentence?
- You can try to set your employees up to use taylorism so that they can always focus on the one small task at hand.
- You may want to assign certain tasks to certain people in your office as a way of taylorism for what fits their needs.
- We were taught taylorism and it made us happy because we thought it would work well for us and out companies overall efficiency.
- Many accounting historians have advanced the argument that Taylorism and scientific management were not merely theoretical successes at the turn of the 20th century, but practical successes as well.
Meaning of Taylorism & Taylorism Definition