Definition of Syllogism:
Type of formal-logic argument in which only three sentences (called Propositions) are employed: (1) the major premise asserts a general relationship, (2) the minor premise asserts something about a specific case, and (3) the conclusion follows (is deduced from) the two premises. A famous example states All men are mortal (the major premise). Socrates is a man (the minor premise). Therefore, Socrates is mortal (the conclusion). Theory of syllogism was developed by the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.).
An instance of a form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn (whether validly or not) from two given or assumed propositions (premises), each of which shares a term with the conclusion, and shares a common or middle term not present in the conclusion (e.g., all dogs are animals; all animals have four legs; therefore all dogs have four legs).
Synonyms of Syllogism
Aristotelian sorites, Baconian method, Goclenian sorites, A fortiori reasoning, A posteriori reasoning, A priori reasoning, Analysis, Categorical syllogism, Deduction, Deductive reasoning, Dilemma, Enthymeme, Epagoge, Figure, Generalization, Hypothesis and verification, Induction, Inductive reasoning, Inference, Mode, Modus tollens, Mood, Paralogism, Particularization, Philosophical induction, Prosyllogism, Pseudosyllogism, Rule, Rule of deduction, Sorites, Syllogistic reasoning, Synthesis
How to use Syllogism in a sentence?
- Moreover, modern usage distinguishes between valid syllogisms (the conclusions of which follow from their premises) and invalid syllogisms (the conclusions of which do not follow from their premises).
- Hillarys syllogism for the upcoming election seems to be that since she is running, and no one else with a recognizable name is, she can expect your vote.
- At first Steve thought his logic was watertight, but when a coworker broke it down using a syllogism , he saw the error of his ways.
- The winner of the debate was well versed in Greek philosophy and was able to employ syllogism rather elegantly in his compelling argument in favour of vegetarianism.
Meaning of Syllogism & Syllogism Definition