Definition of Social Darwinism:
Theory of social selection that attempts to explain the success of certain social groups. Based on the laissez faire doctrine with heavily racial bias, it interprets survival of the fittest concept to mean that only the best adapted (those already well off) survive the natural conflict between social groups and thereby enhance the survival capacity of the remaining society. Popular in the 19th and 20th century Europe and USA and embraced by the Nazis, it has nothing to do with the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-82) or his theory of natural selection, and precedes the publication of his book Origin Of Species..
The theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Now largely discredited, social Darwinism was advocated by Herbert Spencer and others in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform.
How to use Social Darwinism in a sentence?
- Making the situation worse were the quasi-scientific theories of social Darwinism, which helped justify Congresss refusal to grant full citizenship to the territorial inhabitants.
- Social Darwinism , the belief that humans, like animals and plants, struggle for existence in a competition that results in survival of the fittest, is considered to have contributed to the rise of Nazism in Germany.
- I believe in social darwinism because I am a Nazi and support eugenic theories about race and how our society ought to function instead of the mess we are in today.
- Many racist organizations have defended their heinous beliefs as a form of social Darwinism where the fittest race was meant to rule over others.
Meaning of Social Darwinism & Social Darwinism Definition