Salt

Salt,

Definition of Salt:

  1. A white crystalline substance which gives seawater its characteristic taste and is used for seasoning or preserving food.Something which adds freshness or piquancy.A saltcellar.

  2. Impregnated with, treated with, or tasting of salt.

  3. Compound resulting from a chemical reaction between an acid and a base, in which the acids hydrogen atoms are replaced by metal atoms of the base. Most salts are crystalline ionic compounds, such as the common table salt (sodium chloride).

  4. Season or preserve with salt.

  5. (of a plant) growing on the coast or in salt marshes.

  6. An experienced sailor.

  7. Fraudulently make (a mine) appear to be a profitable one by placing rich ore into it.

  8. Any chemical compound formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, with all or part of the hydrogen of the acid replaced by a metal or other cation.

  9. Sprinkle (a road or path) with salt in order to melt snow or ice.

Synonyms of Salt

Salty, Salted, Saline, Briny, Brackish, Seaman, Sailor, Seafarer, Seafaring man, Mariner, Boatman, Hand, Crew member, Rating, AB, Ancient Mariner, Argonaut, Attic, Atticism, Dylan, Flying Dutchman, Neptune, OD, Poseidon, Tabasco, Varuna, Worcestershire sauce, Able seaman, Able-bodied seaman, Accumulate, Adulterate, Aftertaste, Agile wit, Alimentation, Alimony, Allspice, Amass, Anchovies, Angelica, Anhydrate, Applesauce, Basil, Bell pepper, Bite, Biting, Bitter, Black humor, Black pepper, Blast-freeze, Bluejacket, Borage, Brackish, Brackishness, Bread, Brilliant, Brine, Brininess, Briny, Buccaneer, Burlesque, Burnet, Caper, Capsicum, Caraway seeds, Cardamom, Caricature, Catsup, Cautiously, Celery salt, Chervil, Chili, Chili sauce, Chili vinegar, Chives, Chutney, Cinnamon, Clever, Cloves, Comedy, Condiments, Cook, Coriander, Corn, Cranberry sauce, Cubeb, Cumin, Cure, Cured, Curry, Dahl sauce, Deep-sea man, Dehydrate, Desiccate, Dill, Dillseed, Doctor, Doctor accounts, Doubtfully, Droll, Dry, Dry wit, Dry-cure, Dry-salt, Duck sauce, Embalm, Embalming fluid, Esprit, Evaporate, Facetious, Fagara, Fair-weather sailor, Fake, Farce, Fennel, File, Fisherman, Five spice powder, Flavor, Formaldehyde, Freeze, Freeze-dry, Fume, Funny, Garble accounts, Garlic, Garlic butter, Garlic powder, Garlic salt, Ginger, Green pepper, Gust, Hearty, Hedge garlic, Hoard, Horseradish, Humor, Humorous, Humorsome, Hyssop, Irony, Irradiate, Jack, Jack afloat, Jack-tar, Jacky, Jerk, Jesting, Jocose, Jocular, Joking, Joky, Joshing, Juggle, Keen, Keen-witted, Keep, Kipper, Lampoon, Leek, Limey, Livelihood, Liveliness, Load, Lobsterman, Mace, Maintenance, Manipulate, Marinade, Marinate, Mariner, Marjoram, Matelot, Mayonnaise, Mint, Mordant, Mummify, Mustard, Navigator, Nimble wit, Nimble-witted, Nutmeg, Old campaigner, Old hand, Old pro, Old salt, Old sea dog, Old-timer, Onion, Onion salt, Oregano, Pack, Palate, Paprika, Parody, Parsley, Pep, Pepper, Peppercorn, Peppermint, Piccalilli, Pickle, Pickled, Pile up, Pimento, Pimpernel, Piquancy, Pirate, Plant, Pleasantry, Poignancy, Pointed, Potherb, Preservative, Preservative medium, Preservatize, Preserve, Pretty wit, Privateer, Punch, Pungency, Pungent, Quick wit, Quick-freeze, Quick-witted, Radish, Rapier-like, Ready wit, Red pepper, Refrigerate, Relish, Reservedly, Retouch, Rig, Saffron, Sage, Sailor, Salad dressing, Saline, Salinity, Salt away, Salted, Saltiness, Saltish, Salty, Sapidity, Sapor, Sarcasm, Satire, Sauce, Sauce-alone, Save up, Savor, Savor of wit, Savoriness, Savory, Sceptically, Scintillating, Sea dog, Sea rover, Seafarer, Seafaring man, Seaman, Season, Seasoned salt, Seasoned veteran, Seasoning, Sesame oil, Sesame seeds, Shallot, Sharp, Shellback, Shipman, Slapstick, Slapstick humor, Smack, Smart, Smoke, Smoke-cure, Sock away, Sodium chloride, Sophisticate, Sour, Souse, Soused, Soy, Soy sauce, Sparkling, Spice, Spiciness, Sprightly, Squib, Squirrel away, Stack, Star anise, Stockpile, Stomach, Store up, Stuff, Subsistence, Subtle wit, Support, Surcharge, Suspiciously, Sustenance, Sweet, Tamper with, Tang, Tar, Tarpaulin, Tarragon, Tartar sauce, Taste, Thyme, Tomato paste, Tongue, Tooth, Travesty, Turmeric, Vanilla, Vet, Veteran, Vigor, Viking, Vinegar, Visual humor, Vitality, War-horse, Warily, Water dog, Whaler, Whimsical, White pepper, Windjammer, Windsailor, Wit, With qualifications, With reservations, Witty, Zest, Zing, Zip, Sodium chloride

How to use Salt in a sentence?

  1. Food can be flavored with many different kinds of spices but two of the most popular flavors used the world over are salt and pepper.
  2. After stuffing the fish, I salted and peppered it.
  3. Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.
  4. Local authorities worked to improve travel conditions by gritting and salting roads.
  5. Before she was done cooking the soup she tasted it and thought it was bland so she added more salt for flavor.
  6. Salt water.
  7. Add the braised chicken and season to taste with salt and pepper sauce.
  8. The region is rich in salt plant communities and reed beds.
  9. Sodium chloride is the best known salt to the general public, but chemists will point out that almost any positively and negatively charged metals can form a salt .

Meaning of Salt & Salt Definition

SALT:

Salt is formed when acid and base react. This reaction is called a neutralization reaction. The salt is composed of cation and anion. The term salt is additionally used for regular table salt or sodium chloride. When in a mixture of solute and solvent or the liquid state, most salts are totally separated into positive and negative charged particles and are acceptable electrolytes causing the production of electricity. How many of each type of ion the salt has is important because the compound must have an overall electrical charge of zero - that is, an equal balance between a positive charge and a negative charge. A typical solar “crop” usually takes five years to produce. Sea salt is made by channeling Pacific Ocean seawater into ponds and letting the wind and sun evaporate it naturally.

IMPORTANCE OF SALT:

The human body regulates how much sodium it contains. If levels are too high, we get thirsty and drink, and the kidneys speed up the process of getting rid of it. Too much sodium and cardiovascular disease.Too little sodium hyponatremia, and symptoms of dizziness, confusion, muscle twitches, and seizures. Most Americans consume too much salt and sodium, due to a high intake of the processed, restaurant, and convenience foods. How far should we go in cutting out the salt? What we know as salt is really sodium chloride. It is 40 percent sodium and the rest is chlorine.

FACTS ABOUT SALT

  1. The body needs salt, but too much or too little can cause problems.
  2. Sodium makes up 40 percent of salt. If a food label lists sodium instead of salt, multiply the answer by 2.5 for an accurate picture of the salt content.
  3. Most Americans take in too much salt, and 75 percent of it is hidden in processed and packaged food.
  4. A maximum intake of no more than 2.3 grams (g) or 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium a day, or around 1 teaspoon, and preferably no more than 1,500 mg.

TYPES OF SALT:

TABLE SALT:

Also called an “iodized salt,” table salt has very small grains and have potassium iodide and an anti-caking agent that eradicate it to form any clumping as an anti-caking agent is used that not only give metallic taste if used in anything in bulk but also table salt consumption is recommended to not used in savory dishes. In sweet dishes, table salt is rarely used mostly in pinch in order to not make the taste of the sweet dish a salt flavor.

KOSHER SALT:

Its texture is light but coarse (which helps you avoid over-salting) and dissolves quickly in water. It can be used in any dish for a taste and it is cheap also. This salt comes in boxes of 3-pound having a price of $4. There is variety in the taste of kosher salt, therefore with the different brands using kosher salt, there is a difference in the taste of their salt also. One brand called Morton is about 5.5 times salty than Diamond crystal salt company. It has been rightly said for kosher salt that,

Don’t buy the salt if you haven’t licked it yet. ~ Congolese Proverbs

HIMALAYAN PINK SALT:

This salt is only produced in Pakistan, as Pakistan has the second biggest salt mine that is of Khewra. It is of pink color and the body also has 84 minerals in it that are present in Himalayan pink salt without adding any ingredient in it. Its price is steep and has a different taste than other salts. This Himalayan pink salt is used in finishing dishes as well.

SEA SALT:

It is collected from the evaporation of seawater, sea salt has different taste depending on its location, so it is recommended to always taste it before buying it. Different countries have different varieties of this salt. Sea salt also has different kinds of minerals in it giving it an intricate flavor, but it is of fine and mid-level grained texture, therefore it can be used in the preparation of different kinds of salty and sweet dishes including chocolate cake. A famous American Johny Johnny luzzini chef says that,

Adding salt to desserts helps to balance and pronounce flavors

CELTIC GREY SEA SALT:

It is gathered from Atlantic tidal ponds present in France, Celtic sea salt is also called sel gris (in French this salt is called gray salt). It is called gray salt because it is of a gray color. The gray color is because when the se water is evaporated it leaves behind minerals that are gray in color. It can also be used in the preparation of roasted vegetables or grilled meat or seafood. It is used in these dishes as a finishing salt.

FLUER DE SEL:

This salt is also sold throughout the world from France (in French, the meaning of this salt is “flower of salt”) .Fluer de sel salt is obtained from the evaporation that is caused by seawater in France, but it comes specifically from the coast of Brittany. When you taste or smell this Salt, you will feel you’re tasting and smelling the seawater. It’s a liquid salt, so it has a thick texture, but due to its moist nature, the taste of this salt remains for a long period of time. It is mostly used as a finishing salt in different dishes.

FLAKE SALT:

Flake salt is obtained from the evaporation of water from the sea. It has a different shape and quite a unique texture than other salts. This salt doesn’t have any regular shape and is quite thin and light in weight. Flake salt contains low mineral content and has a different and strong taste. It is expensive as compared to other salts and is mostly used as a finishing salt. It is used in salads, on cakes, and on chocolate ships cookies giving it a sweet- salt taste.

RED HAWAIIAN:

Red Hawaiian salt is a salt that combined with iron oxide- that is abundant in clay presents in volcanoes. With respect to its taste, it has a nut like flavor. It has a bright red color. Due to its red striking color, it is used in different dishes for garnishing purposes.

BLACK HAWAIIAN SALT:

This salt is made that include ingredients like charcoal that has been highly activated and sea salt. Black Hawaiian salt is known because it has a strong flavor and is called “earthy.” It is used for sprinkling on finished dishes.

SMOKED SALT:

Smoked salt is created by cold smoking salt with wood and is created in two weeks. Its flavor and color can vary depending on the type of wood used and the length of time smoked. It is usually used when we need to add a smoky flavor in a dish. It also gives the taste of barbecue and chili sauce usually used in spicy dishes.

HIMALAYAN BLACK SALT:

It is widely called Kala Namak (in Nepalese language this salt is called Kala Namak), Himalayan black salt has a reddish-brown salt is made by cooking rock salt with charcoal, herbs, seeds, and bark in a furnace for 24 hours. It has a very unique flavor and smell. It is mostly used in boiled eggs to give a light salty taste and is commonly used in vegan recipes to mimic the taste of eggs.

PICKLING SALT:

It is usually used for preserving of different foods. This coarse salt has no defined amount of iodine, minerals, or caking agent.

DISEASE CAUSED BY SALT:

MÉNIÈRE’S DISEASE:

Ménière is a commonly known disease, having a rate of 1 in 1000 people in the UK being affected by it. This disease is found in 1 of 10 people that have their parents having this condition. Ménière’s is increased with the passage of time and causes severe damage in-ear area. At the beginning of Ménière’s disease, the person having this feels like dizziness following with the feeling of nausea and vomiting, that lasts from minutes to days and hours. As the disease spreads, there is tinnitus (ringing in the ear)that is heard by the diseased person. In the later stages, with the progression of this disease, loss of hearing is being noticed by patients, and 50% of the people say that they have problems hearing from both of their ears. Ménière’s can occur to any person, whether he/she is young or aged, but it is seen to be affecting the people between 20 and 60.

Causes of Ménière’s:

One reason for Ménière’s is that there will be metabolic imbalances. If the inner ear having fluid has an excess or decreased amount of fluid, then there is a risk of this disease. The fluid has an imbalance if a high amount of salt is consumed. Also, it is one of the factors of excess fluid retention all over the body. If there are fluids present in the ear, then the high pressure will more likely be the reason for Meniere’s disease. Atmospheric pressure is considered to be a possible trigger for spikes in Ménière’s symptoms and attacks. It is recommended by doctors to take a diet that has a low level of salt in it. Scientists have researched Meniere’s disease from a long run and found that if a person takes the only 3g of salt in a day then it can be effective in reducing the risks of Mineares disease.

Asthma

Asthma is most commonly found in 1.1 million children (1 in 11) and 4.3 million adults (1 in 12) in the world. It has been found that currently, people affected by this are of different ages. One study shows that on average, although the prevalence of this disease is high the mortality rate is not so high.3 people die every day due to this disease. In 2006, there were 1,200 deaths from asthma in the UK. There is a strong chance that people who have asthma, allergy, eczema in their family history are more likely to be affected by this disease. The people affected by this disease have difficulty breathing followed by unconsciousness, and they are more sensitive to smoke, cigarette, and viral infections.

High salt-containing foods are not believed to be a reason for asthma, yet a few examinations have indicated that a high salt eating routine can contribute to asthma. Salt is thought to add to physiological weakening and grimness in people affected by asthma. Salt may likewise cause an increment in bronchial hyperactivity. An ongoing study based examination in kids of age from 6-7 years shows that adding salt to their foods were causing firmly an expanded danger of respiratory problems, for example, wheezing and asthma. So, if your kid experiences asthma, decreasing their salt consumption might be helpful in reducing asthma.

Diabetes

There are right now over 2.5 million individuals with diabetes in the UK and it is anticipated that there is a further a large portion of 1,000,000 individuals who are uninformed that they have the condition. The NHS is going through roughly £1million/day on the treatment of diabetes and its complexities (10% of absolute financial plan). Particularly when untreated, diabetes can prompt cardiovascular problems, kidney complications,and visual impairment and is thought to split a person’s life span.

Individuals with hypertension are 2.5 times more prone to get diabetes than those with typical blood pressure. People of African and South Asian backgrounds and are overweight and dormant are most likely to get diabetes.

Salt builds the danger of creating diabetes because it increases blood pressure that sometimes leads to heart attacks and causes of death. One examination likewise proposed that higher salt consumption was legitimately connected with an expanded danger of diabetes. Salt decrease is suggested for individuals with diabetes since keeping blood pressure in the range will assist with lessening the danger of different diseases associated with diabetes.

IMPACT OF SALT:

The body utilizes sodium to balance the liquids present in i . For proper functioning of the heart, liver, and kidneys it is crucial to have a proper balance of fluids in the body. It maintains the levels of fluids and preventing from low pressure of blood.

LESS SALT

If there is excess amount of fluid present in the body then that will cause the sodium content in the body to lessen. For prevention of this disease, doctors give drugs that increase the production of urine.

Following are some causes that led to low sodium content in the body:

  1. Addison disease(glands donot produce steroid hormones)

  2. A blockage in the small intestine

  3. diarrhea and vomiting

  4. Hypothyroidism(no production of enough hormones )

  5. heart failure

  6. Excess intake of water

Sunburns

If the sodium levels in the body fall below the range then the normal brain activity of a patient is also affected, leading him/her to feel tired, sleepy, and inactive.in the extreme conditions, there are muscle twitches, brain seizures, unconsciousness, coma, and death. If sodium levels fall quickly then the above conditions happen very quickly. It is observed from studies that old age people have more of these above-mentioned symptoms.

In order for further research, rats were used. When the sodium levels of rats fall below the normal levels then they were found to be inactive. The researchers also concluded that sodium sometimes act as an antidepressant

EXCESS SALT

Excess sodium intake has been linked to health problems, such as osteoporosis, kidney disease, and hypertension, or high blood pressure, which can lead to cardiovascular disease and stroke. that when there is too much sodium in the blood, it “pulls more water into the bloodstream.” As the volume of blood increases, the heart has to work harder to pump it around the body. In time, this can stretch the walls of the blood vessels, making them more susceptible to damage.

High blood pressure also contributes to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, leading to a greater risk of stroke and [heart disease] people to consume more [potassium]at the same time as reducing their sodium intake. Potassium is believed to lessen the negative effects of sodium. Sodium has also to overstimulate the immune system, suggesting a link with autoimmune diseases such as lupus allergies, and other conditions. Researchers have found that children who consume salty foods are more likely to have a sugary drink with it. The combination could increase the risk of obesity

CONCLUSION:
Salt is not bad if it is taken in a normal range, but too much salt can lead to various diseases including heart attacks, leading to death. Salt is necessary to the human body as it contains sodium, that is beneficial to be taken in your daily diet for fluids balance.