Definition of Petroleum:
Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found beneath the earth’s surface that can be refined into fuel. Petroleum is a fossil fuel, meaning that it has been created by the decomposition of organic matter over millions of years. Petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms–primarily zooplankton and algae–underneath sedimentary rock are subjected to intense heat and pressure.
A liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that is present in certain rock strata and can be extracted and refined to produce fuels including gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil; oil.
Literally rock oil, it is a general term for crude oil and natural gas. Primary source of automotive fuels and lubricant oils, petroleum is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and paraffins in some areas, and aromatics and cyclo-paraffins in other areas. Thought to have been formed from decomposition of animal and vegetable life under heat and pressure during geologic periods, it occurs usually in deep rock strata but sometimes near to the surface. When cracked and refined, it produces hundreds of petrochemicals that are converted into tens of thousands of products, with new ones appearing continually. Crude petroleum (crude oil) contains about 80 percent carbon compounds, 11 percent hydrogen, and 1 to 2 percent of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. In most oil fields, oil and natural gas occur together, gas being the top layer on crude oil under which may lie water. One barrel of petroleum equals 5604 cubic-feet of natural gas, 1.45 barrels of liquefied natural gas (LNG), or about one barrel of gas oil. Called also crude oil or mineral oil.
Petroleum is used as fuel to power vehicles, heating units, and machines, as well as being converted into plastics and other materials. Because the majority of the world relies on petroleum for many goods and services, the petroleum industry is extremely powerful and is a major influence on world politics and the global economy.
Synonyms of Petroleum
Avgas, Benzine, Coal oil, Crude, Crude oil, Electricity, Ethyl, Ethyl gas, Fossil oil, Gas, Gasoline, High-octane gas, High-test, Illuminant, Illuminating gas, Kerosene, Lead-free gas, Light source, Low-lead gas, Luminant, Motor oil, Oil, Paraffin, Petrol, Premium gas, Regular, Rock oil, Lubricant, Lubrication, Grease
How to use Petroleum in a sentence?
- The new technology allowed for petroleum to be refined more quickly and cleanly, and therefore the new method was quickly adopted by all major exporters.
- Liquid paraffin is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.
- If you are driving your car the main fuel that you will use is petroleum . It is what gives your car the power to operate.
- Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found beneath the earth’s surface that can be refined into fuel.
- The extraction and processing of petroleum, and thus, its availability, is a major driver of the world's economy and global politics.
- The petroleum was spilling into the ocean at an alarming rate and there were many countries that were trying everything they could to stop the spill from damaging anymore of their coastlines.
- Petroleum is used as fuel to power vehicles, heating units, and machines, as well as it can be converted into plastics and other materials.
Meaning of Petroleum & Petroleum Definition