In addition to well-combed hair, Mayan, Aztec, and Inca men and women wore hats and headdresses in many different styles. Montezuma II, Emperor of Mexico, with elaborate headdress. Some of these headdresses resemble the head of a jaguar, snake or bird.
The Maya wore elaborate headdresses as part of their headdress. The use of such a headdress was limited to the nobility. The headdress usually marked the wearer’s social importance, profession, and sometimes even the family. The most beautiful headdress uses quetzal feathers.
Yes, that’s right, the Xib (Maya) wore dreadlocks. It is not a matter of opinion, this painting by Maya Vaas speaks for itself.
Ordinary people wore simpler clothes. Men often wore loincloths while women wore long skirts. Both men and women used a blanket called a manta ray to wrap their shoulders in cold weather. Both men and women wore their hair long.
Maya architects used readily available local materials such as limestone in Palenque and Tikal, sandstone in Quiriguá and volcanic tuff in Copan. The blocks were cut only with stone tools. Quick lime cement was used to make a form of concrete and was sometimes used as a mortar, just like plain mud.
The women gathered their long hair into long ponytails atop their heads. On special occasions, they wove ponytails and decorated them with ornaments and ribbons. Maya men let their long hair grow but burned it on the forehead to accentuate their elongated profiles.
Children and school. In the ancient Mayan community there was a special class of clergy responsible for the education of noble children. That priest or group of priests taught math, science, astronomy, medicine, writing, and other subjects. But there was no formal school for normal children.
Corn was the main food, along with vegetables such as beans and squash. Potatoes and a small grain called quinoa were often grown by the Incas. Avocados and tomatoes were mainly eaten by the Aztecs and Maya, as well as a variety of fruits.
Most Maya today have a religion made up of ancient Mayan ideas, animism and Catholicism. For example, some Maya still believe that their village is the ceremonial center of a world supported by the four corners of the gods. When one of these gods moves the load, they think it’s causing an earthquake.
These gods are listed below, but the list is by no means exhaustive.
To represent long periods of time, the Maya developed the so-called long calendar. The main function of the long calendar was to keep track of what the Maya called the great cycle, which included about 13 baktuns and was considered the Middle Ages of the world.
Researchers have suggested a number of possible causes for the demise of the Maya civilization in the southern plains, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting of trade routes and prolonged drought. It is likely that there was a complex combination of factors behind the collapse.
Most of the nobles were elite warriors, priests, scribes or officials. The focus was on artisans, merchants, weavers, potters and warriors. As the Maya culture relied on agriculture for food and trade, most Maya were farmers during the growing season. Peasant families lived simply but ate well.
The shape of the houses was the same for the two main classes. The houses consist of clay and stone walls with thatched roofs. The houses also have a thatched roof to protect them from rain and snow. Ancient Mayan homes haven’t changed for over a thousand years.
The Maya were a smaller race of people with dark skin, dark eyes and straight black hair, but for them physical beauty was not their birth, but a long, sloping and slightly crossed forehead. The Maya appreciated the long, sloping forehead.
The Maya loved to wear one loose garment over the other. The women wore loose blouses and long skirts that wrapped around them. You can add a belt or a brightly colored fabric scarf, then other fabric garments like a waist band, a long scarf that is wrapped around the hips and tied at the sides or back.
Meat and fish were usually cooked in stews with various vegetables and peppers. The fish was salted and dried or cooked over high heat. The fruits consumed are guava, papaya, avocado, custard and candy. A frothy chocolate and honey drink were also popular sweets.
The Maya ate chocolate by first collecting the seeds or beans from cocoa trees. They fermented and dried them, boiled them, removed the pods and crushed them into a paste. This nutritious drink appears to have been the most common Mayan method of consuming chocolate.