Kidney Failure, Symptoms, Complications and Preventions

When kidneys abruptly become incapable of filtering waste from your blood, it is called kidney failure. When the kidneys lose the ability to filter, unsafe waste levels may accumulate, and your blood’s chemical makeup gets out of balance.

Kidney failure (renal failure) or kidney injury — quickly happens, generally in a few days or less.

Kidney failure can be deadly and demands concentrated treatment. However, it can be reversible if the condition is acute. If a person’s body is in good health, they can recover early and quickly with nearly healthy kidney functions.

Symptoms of kidney failure may incorporate:

  • Sometimes urine output continues to be expected, but mostly urine output gets decreased.

  • swelling in legs because of fluid retention

  • Fatigue and Shortness of breath

  • Irregular heartbeat or Chest pain

  • In severe cases, you people can experience Seizures or coma.

Sometimes kidney failure shows no signs or symptoms and is later caught through lab tests for another diagnosis.


Causes of kidney failure (acute) consist of:

  • A condition that hinders blood flow to the kidneys.

  • Some direct injury or damage to the kidneys.

  • Ureters are getting blocked.

  • Hospital stay for a severe illness that needs intensive care.

  • Growing age.

  • Peripheral artery disease.

  • Diabetes Or High blood pressure.

  • Kidney, Liver diseases.

Complications caused by Kidney failure:

Complications of kidney failure Potentially include:

  • A build-up of fluid. Kidney failure(acute) may lead to fluid build-up in the lungs, which causes breathing issues.

  • Pain in the chest. If pericardium(the lining that covers your heart) gets inflamed, it causes pain in your chest.

  • Muscle weakness. When there is an imbalance in your body’s electrolytes and fluids, it results in muscle weakness.

  • Permanent kidney damage. When not diagnosed or neglected, acute kidney failure causes irreversible loss of the kidney. People with this condition (end-stage renal disease) require dialysis permanently — or a kidney transplant to sustain life.

  • Death: kidney failure means loss of kidney functioning, meaning death ultimately.

Damage to the kidneys

kidney failure can happen because of these conditions:

  • Cholesterol deposits or Blood clots that obstruct the flow of blood in your kidneys

  • Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of tiny filters in the kidneys).

  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (premature dissolution of red blood cells)

  • Viral infection.

  • Lupus

  • Certain medications and their inadequate use.

  • Blood Disorders or diseases like Scleroderma.

  • heavy metals, Toxins, such as alcohol, and drugs like cocaine.

  • Rhabdomyolysis (Muscle tissue breakdown) that leads to damage in kidney, by toxins from damage muscle tissue.

  • Tumor lysis syndrome (Breakdown of tumor cells) which leads to the release of toxins that can cause kidney injury.


Although Kidney failure is often diagnosed late and difficult to prevent, As the saying goes, Prevention is better than cure because then you may reduce your risk by taking care of your kidneys. Try should consider:

  • Taking too much pain medication may increase your risk of kidney injury, particularly if you have pre-existing conditions like diabetes, or high blood pressure p or kidney disease. So you should pay consideration to labels when getting pain medications. Follow the prescribed directions for OTC medicines, such as aspirin, Tylenol, ibuprofen (Advil), and naproxen sodium (Aleve, others).

  • Suppose you have any diseases related to kidneys or other illnesses that may increase your kidney failure treatment risk. In that case, you should be extra careful about following your doctor’s direction and recommendations to manage your condition.

  • Healthy lifestyle: Living a healthy lifestyle should be a priority**.** Eating a balanced diet and avoiding alcohol or drinking in moderation should be considered.