The earthing requirements have to be very easily fulfilled by the organizations in case they want to ensure top-notch quality installation of the things at their premises. Going with the option of installation of the earthing systems is very important for every kind of organization so that they can enjoy a higher level of protection in the whole process and can ensure operations to be conducted in a streamlined manner. In case any of the surfaces of any kind of equipment has leakage of the current then there can be different kinds of problems with that particular appliance or person. In case any of the people touch the appliance then he or she might face the problem of current flowing through his or her body which could ultimately shock him or her and this can even be a deadly shock. Secondly, on the other hand in case, the leaked current remains on the surface of the equipment then it might increase the temperature and can cause different kinds of damages to the equipment as well as the person operating the equipment. Hence, people need to provide and have a safe path to that particular current and ensure that there is no such issue associated with the whole process. Hence, to ensure that the conductivity of the earth has been dealt with perfectly the organization needs to indulge in the effective installation of the earthing systems so that resistance always remains under the control and has always a great path.
It is very important to ensure safety in all kinds of conditions because the safety of the person is the very first priority of everybody and then comes the safety of equipment which is only possible in case the organizations indulge in the proper implementation of the concept of earthing. Hence, the whole process includes various kinds of steps as well as components to be implemented perfectly so that transmission, as well as the distribution of electricity to the end-users, can be done efficiently and there is no issue in the whole process. The whole comprehensive process also includes various kinds of components of the earthing system and they have been categorized as follows:
- There should be a relatively low resistance solid.
- There should be ground electrodes including the copper rods which could penetrate very easily into the ground and can help the organization to achieve the goals of very lower resistance.
- Conductors that can very easily connect the electrode to the equipment body which has to be earthed in the whole process.
At the time of indulging in the installation of the earthing system the very first step is to make sure that measurement of the resistance of the earth has been perfectly done because there are different kinds of factors which have to be considered for example the resistivity of the soil, the percentage of moisture, number of rods, parallel implementation, depth of electrodes and several other kinds of associated things which will help in making sure that overall goals are easily and efficiently achieved. The installation of the earthing system will also include the following things:
- It is very important to calculate the relative resistivity of the soil which will always depend upon the length and number of rods to be used in both horizontal as well as vertical correction factors. This particular concept will always depend upon the distance between two rods as well as the length of rods.
- Increase or decrease of the number of the rod will always depend upon the achievement of required resistance or usage of chemicals so that the specifications of the soil can be dealt with perfectly.
- Further, it is very important to choose the proper type of rod which will always depend upon the probability of corrosion and the environmental conditions in which the organization is operating.
- A very important step to be paid attention to in the whole process is to calculate the cross-section area of the conductor which will connect the rods perfectly so that equipment always will depend upon the short circuit current and will ensure that efficiency, as well as protection, will be ensured in the whole process.
Following are some of the very basic advantages provided by these kinds of installation of the systems:
- There will be a high level of personal protection which will further make sure that living beings will be in the know situation of exposing themselves to unsafe potentials and will always be protected from electricity-related problems.
- There will be a top-notch priority of the electrical system operational protection that will be only possible with the installation of these kinds of earthing systems.
- The earthing system will also provide the organizations with electromagnetic pulses protection along with a higher level of lightning protection
- It will always ensure that there will be a low impedance path that will further help in providing satisfactory protection as well as operation under the faulty conditions to the people which will further ensure effectiveness as well as efficiency in the whole process.
- There will be a significant amount of voltage protection under reasonable limits that will further make sure that installation breakdown will never be exceeded and installation coordination will always be achieved by the concerned people in the whole process.
- There will be proper grading-based installation into the power transformers that will further ensure top-notch quality implementation of things.
- The voltage will always remain limited to the earth on the conductive materials that will further ensure that electrical conductors and equipment will always be protected in the whole process.
- It will provide a high level of stabilization to the earth voltages under different kinds of conditions which will further make sure that monitoring of the installation of the power delivery system will be perfectly done.
- It will always provide the equipotential platform on the electronic equipment operations so that top-notch quality implementation can take place.
Hence, to avail all the above-mentioned advantages the organization needs to indulge in earthing system installation depending upon different kinds of national as well as international standards so that there is no issue in the long run.