Hard drive sizes
How big of a hard drive do I Need? (Again, size doesn't matter - if your computer had 1 GB of hard drive space, it wouldn't be faster or slower.) How big should your hard drive be? Unfortunately one size does not fit all. Anywhere at 120700 is standard on most laptops and will suit any casual user.
Which one is better SSD or hard drive?
A hard drive uses a magnetic drive for storage while an SSD uses storage. Hard drives are cheaper and you can get more space. However, SSDs are faster, lighter, more durable and consume less power. Your needs will determine which storage space is best for you.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive?
Hard drive size. The size of the hard drive refers to the actual dimensions of the hard drive. Hard drives come in two main sizes: the drives commonly found in laptops and some desktop computers, and the versatile drives commonly used in office servers and towers.
How do I find the hard drive type and specifications?
Right click on the hard drive icon and select Properties. This shows the characteristics of your hard drives. Click the General tab. The General tab graphically shows the total amount of memory on your hard drive, the used and remaining memory.
What is the normal hard drive size?
Hard drive sizes Hard drives come in two main physical sizes: y These sizes refer to the size of the data drives, not the size of the hard drive mechanism. Traditionally, drives were used for laptops and drives for desktop computers.
How big of a SSD do I Need?
According to the specifications and requirements of Windows 10, users must have 16 GB of free SSD space for 32-bit to install the operating system on a computer. However, if users choose the 64-bit version, 20 GB of free SSD space is required.
Is 1TB a lot of storage?
Terabyte (TB) is the most commonly used unit for measuring hard drive size and a number you may encounter from time to time. Tuberculosis takes up a lot of space. To store just 1 TB of information, you need 728,177 floppy disks or 1,498 CDs.
Which SSD size will fit my laptop?
The Samsung SSD 840 Pro is 7 mm thick. This is the standard thickness for SATA 3 6Gb/sssd. It should be suitable for notebooks, notebooks, netbooks and some ultrabooks. Samsung produces the 840 Pro Solid State Drives especially for mobile computing.
How big of a hard drive do i need laptop
Top 5 Largest External Hard Drives Seagate Backup Plus Slim for MAC Western Digital My Passport for MAC Synology Disk Station DS214 + Transcend 1TB MilitaryGrade Samsung SSD 16TB Shockproof.
How does hard drive size affect a computer?
The size of the hard drive does not directly affect the performance of your computer. However, some hard drives have different properties than others. For example, the new Western Digital Green Power hard drives are more energy efficient than conventional hard drives.
What is Dell technical support phone number?
Dell's customer support and technical support phone number is 18008793355. The number above is Dell's technical support phone number and that number is also Dell's customer support phone number.
What are Dell products and services?
Dell is an American multinational computer company that develops, markets, repairs and supports computers and related products and services.
Does Dell buy back computers?
Dell has an enterprise hardware buyback program. They do not have a commercial laptop buyback program. Dell helps you sell your laptop by issuing a Dell gift card, but older laptops are not traded in or sold.
Are Dell Computers good computers?
Dell is one of the most popular and recognized PC brands in the PC market, making both desktop and laptop computers. Dell computers are great for watching movies and other videos because they have built-in high-quality graphics cards.
How big of a hard drive do i need for windows 10
The maximum hard drive size is Windows 7/8 or Windows 10. As with other Windows operating systems, Windows 10, regardless of the hard drive size, allows users to use only 2 TB or 16 TB of space when initializing your hard drive with MBR. At this point, some of you may be wondering why there are 2TB and 16TB limits.
What are the storage requirements for Windows 10?
- Processor compatible with a clock speed of 1 GHz or higher
- 1 GB RAM for 32-bit 2 GB for 64-bit
- Up to 20 GB of free hard drive space
- Video card: screen resolution 800 x 600 or higher. DirectX 9 compatible GPU with WDDM driver
- internet access
What are the hardware requirements for Windows 10?
Hardware requirements for Windows 10 on a desktop include a processor or SoC clocked at 1 GHz or higher, 2 GB of RAM, and at least one network connection option.
How big of a hard drive is required?
How big should your hard drive be? Unfortunately one size does not fit all. Anywhere at 120700 is standard on most laptops and will suit any casual user. Even those who store 30MB of photos as a paperclip don't forget how useful these external hard drives are.
How large hard drive do I Need?
Most of the best PCs come with large hard drives that will meet most of your storage needs. The standard size for most PCs is about 2 TB, while most of the best laptops are between 512 GB and 1 TB, which is more than enough for the average user who stores photos, documents, music and a limited number of videos.
Why is my external hard disk not detected?
- Bad sectors due to improper removal of disk from PC without following removal protocol.
- Mechanical failure caused by dropping the reader.
- A virus or malware is caused by opening a poorly designed website or file.
- The driver problem is caused by a software glitch.
How big of a hard drive do i need for time machine
What size do I need for Time Machine? To maintain adequate backup depth, Time Machine generally requires 2 to 4 times the backup space (not necessarily the total size of your internal hard drive). Don't forget to add the size of the data on any other drives/partitions you want to back up.
How big should my Time Machine backup drive be?
The size of your drive doesn't matter, it's the size of your data. If you're really only using 120GB, a 240GB external drive might be enough (provided you're not using more, of course). its historical changes.
What kind of drive does time machine use?
Time Machine can use any of these storage devices as backup drives: an external USB drive, a Thunderbolt or FireWire drive connected to your Mac An external hard drive connected to an AirPort Extreme Base Station or AirPort Time Capsule. AirPort time capsule.
Why does time machine fill up the hard drive?
The 1TB hard drive is full because Time Machine stores and deletes your backups when your hard drive is full. More than one backup is stored on this hard drive. As the staff pointed out, Time Machine allows you to restore a previous backup as Time Machine can store 7 or 8 backups on this 1TB hard drive.
How does time machine work on a Mac?
Once you've set up your storage device, you can use Time Machine to back up your Mac, and after you've backed up, you can use Time Machine to restore your files from a backup. Time Machine can back up to an external drive connected to a USB, Thunderbolt, or FireWire port on your Mac.
How much faster is a SSD vs HDD?
An SSD has an access speed of 35 to 100 microseconds, which is almost 100 times faster than a conventional mechanical hard drive. This means faster read/write speeds, faster application loading and shorter boot times.
Which SSD drive should I buy?
If your budget allows, you should buy a laptop with at least a 256GB SSD drive instead of a mechanical hard drive. An NVMe PCIe SSD generally offers a nice performance boost over a regular SATA drive, but only if it's available in a system you can afford.
Is SSD better than HDD?
The main differences between SSD and HDD The performance of SSD is much better than that of HDD. SSDs are more durable and resistant than hard drives because all their parts are solid, unlike hard drives, which have moving parts and are prone to damage.
What is the difference between a SSD and a hard drive?
Solid-state drives (SSD) and hard disk drives (HDD) share the same physical characteristics, but they store data in different ways. The difference between hard drives and solid state drives lies in the technology used to store and retrieve data. A hard drive uses a magnetic drive for storage while an SSD uses storage.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive for gaming
Whether an SSD or a hard drive is the best option depends on the situation. People who are more concerned with speed prefer a system with SSDs, as they run about 100 times faster than machines with hard drives. Desktop and laptop computers with solid-state drives start up significantly faster than comparable systems with hard drives.
Can I use SSD instead of HDD?
Yes, SSDs are definitely the way to go for gaming PCs, but they are quite expensive and don't have as much space as hard drives. So if you want to install a lot of games on this computer, you need more than just an SSD. Or you can just take a small hard drive with an SSD and put less demanding games on it.
Do I really need a SSD for gaming?
SSD uses flash memory to store data. Because it has no moving mechanical components, it is not prone to damage and therefore more reliable. More importantly, at least for gamers, it's better than a hard drive. A PC that uses an SSD as a boot drive is faster, boots faster, and transfers files faster.
Is a SSD drive bad for gaming?
Hard drives and solid state drives are good for gaming. As long as your hard drive has enough space to store your games (modern games range from 20GB to 180GB for a single install) and fast enough to support graphics, you shouldn't have a problem. Hard drives are worse than gaming SDDs in loading times.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive for windows
Solid-state drives are significantly faster than conventional hard drives. They are durable, quiet and do not overheat. Solid State Drives (SSDs) significantly outperform hard drives, especially when it comes to random reads and writes.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive for pc
However, SATA drives are more common, generally cheaper, and still offer excellent performance for common applications. Any SSD is better than a hard drive - even the worst SSD is at least three times faster than a hard drive in the most common cases. Depending on the load, the performance difference between a good SSD and a good SSD can be negligible.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive laptop
If you are looking for a laptop for more than 5 years, an SSD is the best option for you. SSD read/write speeds are much faster than hard drives, meaning you get better performance with an SSD. SSD affects laptop performance in the following ways. (A) The start time is shorter.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive for mac
This mechanism is the old version of the hard drive. The latest version of the hard drive is an SSD or solid state drive. It has a stationary mechanism that uses NAND flash memory. A hard drive is the most common type of hard drive on a Mac computer.
What kind of SSD drive do I need for a MacBook Pro?
Mac Compatible SATA Solid State Drives For many older Macs and MacBooks, a very inexpensive, commercially available 6Gb/s SATA III SSD is the way to go. When used with a drive cage or adapter, it's also the right choice for tower Mac Pro and older iMac computers that use full-size inch drives.
Which is better an external hard disk or a MacBook Pro?
In addition, external hard drives are less prone to damage and are inherently portable. Macbooks often have solid-state drives that can load a program quickly, but have more space. SSDs are also quite expensive and the switch from SSD to Macbook is considerably more expensive than you might think.
Which is the best solid state drive for Mac Pro?
OWC / MacSales is your best option, followed by MCE, which offers larger and more original Apple PCIe modules with more capacity than your Mac Pro. Mac Pro Aluminum Towers offer two SSD upgrade options.
Which one is better ssd or hard drive for chromebook
Simply put, an SSD is the fastest storage option on the market. However, high capacity SSDs are still quite expensive at the same price as the $80 2TB hard drive. Are consumers lucky enough to have a 256GB SSD in my Chromebook?
What does a SSD do on a Chromebook?
Chromebooks usually have a small internal SSD whose sole purpose is to launch ChromeOS. The files you save are NOT stored on your Chromebook, but on your cloud-based Google Drive file system.
Which is better a hard disk drive or a SSD?
Hard drives are also heavier and consume more power than comparable SSDs. The advantages of hard drives are that they are a proven technology and are often cheaper than SSDs with the same amount of memory. Nowadays there are also hard drives with more memory than solid state drives.
How big of a hard drive do I need for a Chromebook?
On a 128 GB SSD, you should have 105-110 GB of free space after a fresh install. Once you've added more local storage to your Chromebook, you can simply install Crouton to get a full Linux desktop alongside ChromeOS, or you can redo it and boot your new drive and install something like GalliumOS.
How to upgrade or replace the SSD drive in a Dell Chromebook?
How to Upgrade or Replace an SSD in a Dell Chromebook 13 Follow the step-by-step instructions to increase the storage space on your Dell Chromebook 13. Before you start Step 1 - Create a ChromeOS recovery CD. Step 2 - Remove the screws from the bottom of the Chromebook. Step 3 - Open the lever and remove the bottom cover.
What is SSD and SATA in a laptop?
SATA is a type of hard drive interface and SSD is a type of hard drive that can use different interfaces including SATA, SAS, etc. So you can't say an SSD is faster than SATA if you don't have a SATA hard drive.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive connector
Typically, the hard drive adapter only supports integrated hard drives (HDD) and solid state drives (SSD). The drives generally require a 12V power supply, which is not available through a USB port or hard drive adapter.
What kind of hard drive adapter do I need for my laptop?
Usually there are 2 types of USB to SATA or USB to IDE hard drive adapters for laptops. The laptop USB to SATA/IDE hard drive adapter is also widely available in the market. Which adapter do you need? It depends on the interface of your hard drive.
How big is my hardrive?
The actual dimensions of your hard drives determine their rating. Inch discs are 146mm long, 19mm wide and 19mm high. Inch discs are 100mm long, mm wide and 5.7mm high (the most common), 15 or 19mm.
What's the average size of a hard drive on a laptop?
Photos, videos and media calls take up a lot of memory. Remember to delete or save them from time to time to free up space. Inch drives are standard on desktop computers, while laptops almost always have inch hard drives.
How can I tell if my hard drive adapter can power my hard?
The performance of the USB port combined with the power consumption of the attached drive determines whether the hard drive adapter will work in your configuration. The current (in mA) supplied through the USB port must exceed the requirements of the device.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive removal
To remove the hard drive from the laptop, you need to prepare a screwdriver that will allow you to remove the screws from the laptop. 2. Then disconnect all cables connected to the laptop, including the power cord, USB cable, network cable, telephone line, or any other attached device.
How do you remove a hard drive from a tower?
You will need a screwdriver to open the case and handle the drive when the hard drive is in a fixed or removable case. Newer and more modern cases often require no tools, meaning all you need to do is pull a lever or switch to eject the hard drive. Remove the hard drive from its place on the tower.
How do you replace a hard drive on a HP computer?
Use the Mylar tab on the hard drive to lift it off the edge and remove it from the computer. Remove the four Phillips screws (two on each side) that secure the hard drive to the bracket. Keep the screws to replace the hard drive. Lift the hard drive and remove it from the bracket.
How long does it take to remove HDD platters?
The drill took about 5 minutes to completely remove the head, plates and magnets, leaving the hard drive cage empty. Hope this is helpful to someone. You must login or register to comment here.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive enclosure
Two sizes are available: inch hard drives used in desktop computers and inch hard drives used in laptops. The former is bigger, faster and cheaper, but the latter is essential for those upgrading their laptops. Number of slots: One or two slots are available.
How big of an external hard drive do I Need?
The size of the external hard drive enclosure you need depends a lot on the size of the entire hard drive. You can usually get inch hard drives that you often find in desktop computers, or there are much smaller hard drives that you usually find in laptops.
What to look for in a hard drive enclosure?
A hard drive enclosure generally contains at least activity indicators. They are useful because they tell you if your computer's drive is configured correctly. They also have an on/off switch on the housing to avoid wasting energy when you're not using the hard drive.
How does an external hard drive enclosure work?
Materials: External hard drive enclosures are made of different materials. Connection type: Most external hard drives connect to your computer via Universal Serial Bus (USB) and USB or FireWire. Interface: When you buy an internal hard drive, there are two interfaces: IDE and SATA.
How big is a 5 inch hard drive?
The physical size of the hard drive. The 15” discs are 146mm long, 19mm wide and 19mm high. 2 5-inch discs are 100mm long, 5, 7, 15 or 19mm wide and high.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive replacement
Another thing to check before purchasing a replacement SSD is the form factor of your drives, which you need to make sure the drive will fit in your laptop. Most laptops have drives, but ultraportables can use the drive size.
What's the best way to replace a hard drive on a laptop?
The steps are very simple if you follow the instructions above. Once you're done cloning your hard drive, replace your laptop's hard drive with an SSD. Then restart your laptop, Windows starts up very quickly. In short, MiniTool ShadowMaker is a good helper to replace laptop hard drive with SSD without reinstalling operating system.
How big is the smallest hard drive on a laptop?
The smallest total SSD size is only 128 GB, which is about 25% of the 500 GB hard drives found in many budget laptops.
What are the dimensions of a laptop hard drive case external
Product Dimensions: x x inch (LxWxH) oz AmazonBasics External Hard Drive Case The AmazonBasics Portable Hard Drive Case provides reliable protection for your Seagate or other portable hard drive.
Which is the best external hard drive case?
Willstar SATA to the hard drive cage. ORICO T. ORICO External Hard Drive Enclosure 5 Bays for External USB Hard Drive - SATA Includes USB SATA External HDD Enclosure Mobile Hard Drive. Supports ORICO external hard drive enclosure. ORICO External Hard Drive Enclosure 3.
What are the specifications of an external hard drive enclosure?
Specifications: Tool-less design, portable storage is truly a portable solution. Transforms your entry-level enclosure key B to SATA SSD via USB Gen 2 connection in a storage solution up to 10 Gbps. The SSD enclosure fits easily into a laptop bag, perfect for travel and portability.
How big of a hard drive do you need for a laptop?
For home users, the laptop hard drive size is between 250 GB and 500 GB, and most laptop users use a 500 GB hard drive, which is more than enough for the system. I pre-installed an old laptop with a 500GB hard drive.
What are the dimensions of a HDD platter?
Old and current hard drive form factors Form factor (inches) Condition Dimensions (any dimension in mm) Dimensions (any dimension in mm) Bays (max) Length Width Height Current 9 Current 100 5 Obsolete 78.
What are the dimensions of a micro SATA hard drive?
The SATA version has standardized the internal Micro-SATA connection and device dimensions. 51mm×mm×mm. This form factor was used in the HP C3013A, called the HP Kittyhawk Microdrive, introduced in June 1992. mm × 5 mm × mm.
What physical size of hard drive are installed in laptops?
Hard drives come in two main physical formats: and. These dimensions refer to the size of the data disks, not the size of the disk mechanism. Traditionally, drives were used for laptops while drives were used for desktop computers.
What kind of hard drive connectors are there?
These 50-pin flat cable connectors have been found on all types of computers and servers since their introduction in 1986 through the mid-1990s and are still in use, albeit in their updated 68U Ultra-SCSI form. connectors. and a contactless plug, similar to a USB port.
How big is the HDD cable for an Asus Laptop?
Cable to connect the hard drive to the Asus laptop Features of the flat hard drive cable: Type: FFC Hard drive length: cm Width: 1.
What kind of hard drive does a laptop have?
Laptop hard drives are only a fraction of the profile of desktop hard drives and often offer lower performance and less storage space for the same price as desktop hard drives. SATA laptop hard drives can be identified by the two L-shaped connectors on the back of the device. The data connection is about half the length of the electrical connection.
How do you determine the size of a drive?
Open the system information file. In the System Information window, click the + sign next to the Components field. Click the + sign next to Storage and select Disks. On the right side of the window, you will find information about the hard drive, including its capacity and serial number.
How do you identify a hard drive?
To determine the format type of your hard drive: Connect the hard drive directly to your computer. After the computer recognizes the hard drive, type the name of the disk partition. Click Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools. Double click on Computer Management. Click Disk Management. Right-click in the Volume number field. Click Properties.
How do you check your PC spec?
Check the full specifications of your computer in Windows 10. Follow these steps to view basic information:
Step 1 : Press the Windows symbol + X on your keyboard. Click System. You can view the full specifications of your computer, including Windows version, processor type, and RAM size. If you need more information, follow:
How do i find the hard drive type and specifications of windows 10
In Windows 10, you can view information about your hardware (including hard drives) using the System Information utility. To open the System Information utility in Windows 10: Press the Windows key, type system information and press Enter. You can also use the Run box to open the System Information utility. Press Windows key + hotkey R.
How do I Check my HDD in Windows 10?
Windows 10 and other modern desktop operating systems have a standard utility that you can use to check the characteristics of your hard drive. In Windows 10, the utility is System Information, which can be accessed from the Start menu.
How can I find out what disk drive I have?
Start opening. Locate the command prompt and click on the first result to open the application. To check the name, make, model and serial number, type the following command and press Enter: wmic disk drive get model, serial number, size, mediaType. Source: Windows HQ.
Where do I find my hard drive serial number?
In the System Information window, click the + sign next to the Components field. Click the + sign next to Storage and select Disks. On the right side of the window, you will find information about the hard drive, including its capacity and serial number.
What are the dimensions of a hard drive?
The physical size of the hard drive. When it comes to the physical size of a hard drive, hard drives come in two main sizes, inches and inches, which is a technical classification that refers to the width of the hard drive space, but not the overall dimensions of the hard drive.. necessarily.. The 5-inch discs are 146mm long, 19mm wide and 19mm high.
What is the size of a hard disk?
A hard drive is a non-volatile hardware device used to permanently store and retrieve information. Of course, these are different options, but the sizes are usually "and" - for desktops and laptops.
What is the storage capacity of a hard disk?
In 2018, the largest hard drive had a capacity of 15 TB, while the largest SSD had a capacity of 100 TB. As of the of 2018, hard drives are expected to reach 100 TB by 2025 , but as of the of 2019, the expected upgrade speed has been reduced to 50 TB in 2026.
What is hard disk capacity?
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard drive or hard drive is a storage device for computers that uses magnetic memory to store data. Hard drive capacity is generally measured in gigabytes (GB), but hard drive capacity can also be measured in terabytes if the capacity is greater than 1000 gigabytes.
What is the physical size of a hard drive?
Hard drive dimensions. Hard drives come in two main physical formats: and. These dimensions refer to the size of the data disks, not the size of the disk mechanism.
What are the dimensions of the PS4 hard drive?
Player (Western Digital) (standard for laptops) 500 GB 5400 RPM is built into every PS4. Unlike the PS3, where hard drives were limited to a maximum height, the PS4's hard drive bay accommodates hard drives up to.
Computer hard drive sizes
Hard drives come in two main physical formats: and. These dimensions refer to the size of the data disks, not the size of the disk mechanism. Traditionally, drives were used for laptops while drives were used for desktop computers.
How much disk space left on computer?
To check how much space is left on your Windows computer: double-click the My Computer icon on your desktop or download Windows Explorer (explorer, not browser). On the left you will see "Computer" and then "Local Disk". C: "or maybe more if you have multiple partitions.
How to check your PC's storage capacity?
- Click the Start button and then click the Settings gear icon.
- Click System and then Storage in the left pane. To advertise
- You should see detailed information about your main hard drive named C: Here Windows will show you the remaining storage space and the current status of your drive.
What is the size of a hard disk drive?
When it comes to the physical size of hard drives, hard drives come in two main sizes, inches and inches, which is a technical classification that refers to the width of the hard drive space, but not the overall dimensions of the hard drive. the hard drive. Bay.
What size hard drive do I Need?
Computers with hard drives of about 250-500 GB should work just fine, and you can even explore the world of cloud computing with small hard drives (about 32 GB without an operating system). ) with a focus on cloud file storage.
What is the best hard drive for a desktop computer?
People who do a lot of computer work, such as video/music editing, graphic design, or computer simulations, may also need a lot of storage capacity. When storage space is needed, the WD Blue 4TB is the best option. This hard drive contains a 4 TB drive.
What is size of hard drive do I need for my laptop?
Most systems have between 500GB and 1TB of storage, which is more than enough for a typical portable system. If you're planning to replace your desktop with a laptop as the main system for all your documents, videos, programs, and more, consider getting a laptop with a 750GB hard drive or larger.
Hard drive sizes capacity
Desktop hard drives typically ranged from 1 terabyte to 8 terabytes, with a maximum capacity of 20 terabytes (single and dual drives up to 24 terabytes are available). Smaller laptop internal drives are available up to 5 TB.
What is the storage capacity of a hard drive?
When it comes to measuring hard drive capacity, the main unit of measurement is GB (gigabytes), which equates to 1000 MB (megabytes), the latter often being used to describe the size of files stored on your hard drive. are saved.. Most modern hard drives offer several TB or terabytes of storage space. One TB equals 1000 GB.
What is hard disk capacity in Windows 10?
Windows 10 32-bit requires at least 16 GB (16 GB) of hard drive space, while Windows 10 64-bit requires at least 20 GB (20 GB) of hard drive space on your computer. If you store a lot of large files, such as movies, songs, games, etc., your computer needs more storage space.
What's better SSD or HDD?
Solid State Drives and Hard Drives Comparison Hard drives are an older storage technology that uses spinning drives to read and write data. Solid State drives are faster and more energy efficient than hard drives. Hard drives are cheaper, but SSD prices are falling.
What is the largest capacity SSD drive?
As of November 2020, the largest SSD you can buy for a home PC is 8TB, and while that could be a big drop compared to the 18TB drive mentioned above, the higher speed means you get an 8TB drive. tuberculosis. much better experience.
Is a SSD still a hard drive?
A solid-state hard drive (SSD) with no moving parts works a little differently. Instead of a drive and a SATA bus, solid-state drives use an integrated processor called a controller to read and write data to interconnected flash memory chips.
Desktop hard drive sizes
The two most common form factors for modern hard drives are inches, for desktops and especially for laptops. Hard drives can be connected to systems using standard interface cables, such as PATA (Parallel ATA), SATA (Serial ATA), USB or SAS (Serial Attached SCSI) cables.
Can a NAS HDD be used in a desktop?
Yes, you can use it as a normal desktop reader. The NAS is designed to be used only 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Therefore, it is slightly more reliable than a desktop reader. In other words, it is a business reader and a normal desktop reader is a consumer reader.