Phormium, also known as Formio, are long-lasting plants that belong to the Agavaceae family, and their scientific name is Phormium Tenax. This plant is from New Zealand, and its lush foliage is what draws the most attention to it. Initially, due to its strong fibers, the Formio was transported to other parts of the world; nevertheless, it was eventually converted.
Características del Phormium
El formio is una planta de tipo herbácea with espada-like hojas, alargadas y puntiagudas, and peut llegar a crecer hasta tres metros de altura y ensancharse hasta casi los 13 centimetros. Although the majority of Phormium varieties grown for commercial purposes have a dark green tint, there are some varieties that have a bright green colour. Phormium is also known as Lino de Nueva Zelanda, Fornio, or Cáamo de Nueva Zelanda, and as the summer season progresses, this plant produces a few racimos of flowers that resemble a curvy tubo similar to a candelabro, and these racimos outgrow the height of the hojas. Its flowers have an enticing deep naranja colour.
Cultivo del Phormium
Por división de segmentos
One of the procedures used in the cultivation of Phormium is division, which should begin in the first month of the autumn season or at the start of the spring season. The technique is carried out by separating plant segments that have a part of a rizoma, a raz, or at least one hoja. Each of these portions must be placed in a small container.
The best time to collect Formio semillas is between the end of the summer and the beginning of the fall season, when no treatment is required and the semillas can be seen immediately.
Simply place a semilla into a recipient, cover with a little terra cotta top, and keep at 21°C.
The best thing to do is to return to the ground on a regular basis.
Cuidados del Formio
These are hardy plants that don’t require much attention. However, if we want the plant to grow quickly and under perfect conditions, we must keep the following in mind:
*** El suelo**
The optimal soil for growing Fornio must have a lot of depth while also having a lot of drenaje. In terms of composition, it’s best if it’s of the franco arenosa kind. Likewise, these are plants that adapt well to low-nutrient soils with a lot of stones; more importantly, they do not store water.
*** El clima**
These plants grow best in areas with oceanic climates, but they can adapt to any climate. The more rustic species can withstand the wind as well as the salty air. The Fornio can withstand temperatures between -6 and -10 °C without causing any damage to its races, and it can even withstand the intense heat produced in the oven.
*** La situación**
Planting them in a location with enough sunlight would be great, since their colours would become even more intense. Varieties with softer tones can be used in semi-shadowed areas.
*** El riego**
These plants prefer to be irrigated on a regular basis, especially during the months that are favourable to their growth, such as spring and summer. However, they are plants that can withstand dry seasons well because their tejidos can store a large amount of water, which they use as a reservoir. The best way to care for this type of long-stemmed plant.
Las plagas del Phormium
Plantas that are prone to attacking parasites, with the exception of the well-known cochinilla algodonosa and caracoles:
These are found in the supports of the leaves, and one way to combat them is to use penetrating or sistémic insecticides.
Caracoles are a common theme in gardening, and in this case, they give Fornio a number of agujeros in his leaves, especially if they are still tiernas and plegadas. We can use helcidas to separate them. Phormium, or New Zealand Flax, is an attractive long-lived evergreen shrub with robust clumps of elongated sword-shaped leaves. The lovely, frequently colourful foliage is attractive all year and serves as an excellent foil for other plants in borders, raised beds, gravel gardens, and pots. Olive-green, purple, yellow, cream, red, and apricot variegations are among the leaf colours available.
How to grow Phormium?
Plant Phormium in a sunny location in good, well-drained soil in the spring or early summer. For the first growth season, keep moist during dry spells, but after that, Phormium in the ground require little attention, while pot-grown plants just require watering.
Growing phormium: jump links
Phosphormium is being planted.
Phormium propagation is a term used to describe the process of propagating a Phorm.
Pests and problem-solving when growing phormium.
Grow a variety of phormium plants.
Where to grow phormiums?
Phormiums can be used in a number of circumstances in the garden, including coastal areas in warmer climates. Plant in beds and borders, along banks, as a screen plant, and the smaller variety are great in pots. Plant phormiums in direct sunlight. Cutting back phormiums to lessen their height without damaging their lovely shape is impossible, so picking the proper kind for your needs is essential.
How to plant phormiums?
The best soil for phormiums is fertile, moist, and well-drained. Unless the soil is already in good shape, add organic matter like well-rotted garden compost or soil conditioner before planting. Remove the pot and unwind any congested roots, spreading them out in the planting hole.
How to care for phormiums?
Once established, phormiums in the ground require little attention. To protect the roots from frost and enhance the soil, mulch it with composted bark or garden compost once a year, and apply a general fertiliser in the spring. To enhance flowering, use a fertiliser with a high potash content. Water phormiums in pots on a regular basis to keep the soil equally moist, but don’t over-water. Each sp should be fed.
How to propagate phormiums?
In the spring, divide phormiums by digging up and separating plants that are several years old and have established good-sized clumps, or by cutting outer parts, together with sufficient of both leaves and roots, if the phormium is too huge to handle easily. Replant or pot up the divisions at the same depth as before. Stake and tie for their first game, as the new divisions can be top-heavy.
Growing phormium: problem solving
Phormiums are trouble-free if grown under the appropriate conditions. Mealy bug can be found around the base of leaves, especially on older plants, however it is typically handled by birds. Wind can damage the leaves, tearing at the tips and splitting them if they are over-exposed in particularly windy areas. Soil that has become saturated with water is prone to rotting, and plants may perish as a result.
Where it is used?
Phormiums, often known as New Zealand flax, are commonly used to provide architectural interest to a range of planting schemes. Because their lovely long leaves are evergreen, they make excellent winter plants. Because of their tolerance for saline breezes, they provide an excellent focal point in gravel gardens and broad borders, as well as in seaside gardens.
The blad of Phormium tenax ‘Joker’ is quite impressive.
Phormium is a plant genus of two species in the Asphodelaceae family. The first is unique to New Zealand, whereas the second is native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island. The two species are often known in New Zealand as flax or by their Mori names wharariki and harakeke, and worldwide as New Zealand flax or flax lily, but they are not closely related to flax in the Northern Hemisphere .
Recent categorization systems (particularly the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group) have determined Phormium to be closely related to daylilies (Hemerocallis), placing it in the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Hemerocallidoideae. Phormium was once classified as part of the Agavaceae family, and many classification systems still classify it as such.
Description and ecology
Phormium is a monocotyledonous herbaceous perennial herb. The robust, sword-shaped leaves can reach a length of 3 meters (10 feet) and a width of 125 millimeters (5 inches). They are darker green in color, with colored edges and central ribs on occasion. The cultivated varieties range in color from bright green to deep reddish bronze. In shady areas, there are a variety of variegated cultivars with contrasting stripes on the leaves.
Distribution and habitat
P. colensoi is indigenous to New Zealand, while Phormium tenax grows naturally in New Zealand and Norfolk Island. As a source of economic fiber and ornamental plants, both species have been widely dispersed throughout temperate regions of the globe. They grow in a range of settings, but primarily in swamps or low-lying places.
What is Phormium Tenax used for?
In traditional Mori civilization, phormium tenax served a variety of purposes. After acute (paper mulberry), the traditional tree used to make fabric in Polynesia, failed to survive in New Zealand’s climate, it became the major material used for weaving.
How do you care for Phormium Tenax?
Phormiums need full sun and moist but well-drained soil to thrive. They will thrive on poorer soils if fed granular nitrogen-based fertiliser on a regular basis. Phormiums are greedy plants that thrive when given plenty of food.
Is Phormium Tenax Hardy?
This plant is exceptionally hardy in the winter and is grown via division, so they’re all the same plant. Phormium with broad leaves is less hardy than Phormium with narrow leaves and a more upright growth habit. Phormium tenax is what we call them.
How big does a Phormium grow?
Depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, taller selections will reach a height of 1.5-2.1 meters (5-7 feet). Phormium tenax, for example, can reach a height of 2.4 meters (8 feet).
Are Phormium poisonous to dogs?
Azalea. All portions of azaleas and rhododendrons can cause nausea, vomiting, sadness, trouble breathing, and even coma when consumed. If consumed in sufficient numbers, they can be lethal to dogs.
How do you prune Phormium?
Remove old, withering, or winter-damaged leaves in the spring by hand, while wearing gloves, or by cutting them off as near to the base as possible.
Cut the old flower stems as low as possible without hurting the surrounding foliage while cleaning up in the spring.
How deep are flax roots?
In the first 2 to 8 inches, a single, thin thread-like tap-root travels vertically downward, producing a slew of little, short side roots and feeders. Some of the roots are three feet deep.
What can I plant with Phormium Tenax?
On the plains, phormium To generate maximum impact in wider spaces – or even borders – combine beautiful grasses and colourful perennials. The finest effects will come from a combination of tall and short grasses, umbellifers, daisies, and globe and spire flowers.